Dhs Sports Medicine Ankle Test

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| By Chris Zessau
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Chris Zessau
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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 2,631
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Dhs Sports Medicine Ankle Test - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Define each letter in SOAP (notes)

  • 2. 

    Injury Situation:  A male college senior-year lacrosse player stepped into a rut on the field, causing a major twist of the left ankle.  At the time of the injury the athlete felt severe pain on the lateral aspect of the ankle before he fell to the ground.S&Sx:  After the injury the athlete complained of excruciating pain over the anterolateral aspect of the ankle.  During palpation there was severe pain just under the lateral malleolus.  A rapid , diffuse swelling occurred over the lateral ankle region, and an anterior drawer test showed some minor instability.  X-ray examination indicated no fx.  The sprain was determined to be second degree.Please tell me your management plan for the first 2-3 days in 2 phases:  Therapy and Exercise Rehab. 

  • 3. 

    What mechanism is the most common for ankle sprain injuries?

    • A.

      Eversion

    • B.

      Inversion

    • C.

      Plantar Flexion

    Correct Answer
    B. Inversion
    Explanation
    Ankle sprain injuries are most commonly caused by inversion. Inversion refers to the inward rolling of the foot, where the sole of the foot turns inward towards the other foot. This mechanism puts stress on the ligaments on the outer side of the ankle, leading to sprains. Eversion, on the other hand, is the outward rolling of the foot, and plantar flexion refers to the pointing of the toes downward, neither of which are as commonly associated with ankle sprains.

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  • 4. 

    Taping an ankle eliminates risk of injury.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Taping an ankle does not eliminate the risk of injury. While ankle taping can provide some support and stability, it does not guarantee complete protection against injuries. There are various factors that can contribute to ankle injuries, such as improper technique, weak muscles, or sudden movements. Therefore, it is important to take other preventive measures, such as strengthening exercises and proper footwear, in addition to ankle taping, to reduce the risk of injury.

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  • 5. 

    Which ligament is most commonly injured by an inversion mechanism?

    • A.

      ATF

    • B.

      CF

    • C.

      PTF

    Correct Answer
    A. ATF
    Explanation
    The ATF (anterior talofibular) ligament is most commonly injured by an inversion mechanism. Inversion refers to the inward rolling of the foot, which can put excessive stress on the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. The ATF ligament is located on the outside of the ankle and is often stretched or torn during this type of injury.

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  • 6. 

    How many stirrups are in a close-basket weave tape job?

    • A.

      0

    • B.

      1

    • C.

      3

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    A close-basket weave tape job is a technique used to provide support and stability to an injured joint or muscle. It involves overlapping strips of tape in a crisscross pattern. In this particular tape job, there are three stirrups. Stirrups are the strips of tape that run perpendicular to the main strips and provide additional support. Therefore, the correct answer is 3.

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  • 7. 

    How many heel locks are included in a normal close-basket weave tape job?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      2

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    In a normal close-basket weave tape job, there are four heel locks included. Heel locks are used to provide stability and support to the heel area, and they help prevent excessive movement and potential injuries. By applying tape in a specific pattern, four heel locks can be created to secure the heel and provide additional reinforcement.

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  • 8. 

    Eversion ankle sprains are the most common type of sprains.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Eversion ankle sprains are not the most common type of sprains. In fact, inversion ankle sprains, where the foot rolls inward, are more common. Eversion ankle sprains occur when the foot rolls outward, which is less common.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is not a reason ankles are taped?

    • A.

      Increase stability of the joint

    • B.

      Increase proprioception of the joint

    • C.

      Looks good

    Correct Answer
    C. Looks good
    Explanation
    Taping ankles is primarily done to increase stability of the joint and enhance proprioception. It helps prevent excessive movement and provides support during physical activities. The aesthetic aspect of "looking good" is not a valid reason for taping ankles as it does not contribute to the functional benefits provided by taping.

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  • 10. 

    Lateral ankle sprains are the most common sports-related injuries in the United States.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Lateral ankle sprains being the most common sports-related injuries in the United States is a widely accepted fact. This is supported by numerous studies and statistics that show a high incidence of ankle sprains in athletes across various sports. The lateral ligaments of the ankle are particularly vulnerable to injury due to their anatomical structure and the biomechanics involved in sports activities. Therefore, it can be concluded that the statement "Lateral ankle sprains are the most common sports-related injuries in the United States" is true.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following are aspects of the closed-basket taping technique.

    • A.

      Anchor

    • B.

      Heel Locks

    • C.

      Figure 8

    • D.

      Planks

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Anchor
    B. Heel Locks
    C. Figure 8
    Explanation
    The closed-basket taping technique involves using an anchor to secure the tape, heel locks to provide stability to the ankle, and figure 8 wraps to support the ligaments. Planks are not a part of this taping technique.

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  • 12. 

    The deltoid ligament is the thicker and more stable than the lateral stabilizing ligaments.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The deltoid ligament is indeed thicker and more stable than the lateral stabilizing ligaments. This ligament is located on the inner side of the ankle and is responsible for stabilizing the joint. It consists of strong, fibrous bands that connect the tibia bone to the bones of the foot. Due to its thickness and stability, the deltoid ligament provides important support to the ankle, preventing excessive inward or outward movement.

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  • 13. 

    The ankle is the following type of joint.

    • A.

      Ball and Socket

    • B.

      Hinge

    • C.

      Syndesmosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Hinge
    Explanation
    The ankle joint is classified as a hinge joint because it allows movement in only one plane, similar to the action of a hinge. This type of joint permits flexion and extension, allowing the foot to move up and down. The ball and socket joint allows movement in multiple directions, while a syndesmosis joint is a type of fibrous joint found between bones that are connected by ligaments.

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  • 14. 

    Name the tan colored bone

    Correct Answer
    tibia
    Explanation
    The tan colored bone is called the tibia.

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  • 15. 

    Name the white colored bone

    Correct Answer
    fibula
    Explanation
    The fibula is a bone in the human body that is commonly referred to as the "white colored bone." It is one of the two bones in the lower leg, along with the tibia. The fibula is slender and located on the outer side of the leg. It helps to provide support and stability to the leg, but its main function is to serve as a site for muscle attachment. The fibula is also involved in the formation of the ankle joint.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following muscles would be strengthened by thisExercise; using an elastic band, the athlete loops the bandaround one foot and steps on the other end; then the wrappedfoot is pulled up against the resistance? 

    • A.

      Tibialis Anteriior

    • B.

      Peronus brevus

    • C.

      Tibilalis Posterior

    Correct Answer
    A. Tibialis Anteriior
    Explanation
    This exercise involves pulling the wrapped foot up against resistance, which requires the contraction of the muscles responsible for dorsiflexion (pulling the foot towards the shin). The Tibialis Anterior is the primary muscle responsible for dorsiflexion, so it would be strengthened by this exercise. The Peroneus Brevus and Tibialis Posterior are not directly involved in dorsiflexion and would not be specifically targeted or strengthened by this exercise.

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  • 17. 

    When treating an ankle sprain, it is acceptable for the athleteto exercise as long as the pain is not severe. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    When treating an ankle sprain, it is not acceptable for the athlete to exercise, even if the pain is not severe. Exercising can worsen the injury and delay the healing process. It is important for the athlete to rest, elevate, and ice the affected ankle to reduce swelling and promote healing. Physical activity should only be resumed under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is injured if an athlete has turf toe?Correct 

    • A.

      Fifth Metatarsal

    • B.

      Medial Lateral Arch

    • C.

      Greater Toe

    Correct Answer
    C. Greater Toe
    Explanation
    Turf toe is a common injury among athletes that occurs when the ligaments around the base of the big toe are sprained or torn. This injury is often caused by excessive bending or hyperextension of the toe, such as when pushing off forcefully during running or jumping. Therefore, the correct answer is the "Greater Toe" as it is the specific toe that is affected in cases of turf toe.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following are tough bands of tissue that connectbones to each other?

    • A.

      Ligaments

    • B.

      Tendons

    • C.

      Retinaculum

    Correct Answer
    A. Ligaments
    Explanation
    Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that connect bones to each other. They provide stability and support to joints by restricting excessive movement. Unlike tendons, which connect muscles to bones, ligaments primarily function to hold bones together and prevent them from dislocating or moving out of their normal position. Retinaculum, on the other hand, is a thin band of connective tissue that holds tendons in place. Therefore, the correct answer is ligaments.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following bones of the lower leg is also known asthe shin bone? 

    • A.

      Fibula

    • B.

      Achilles Tendon

    • C.

      Tibia

    • D.

      Calcaneous

    Correct Answer
    C. Tibia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Tibia. The tibia is also known as the shin bone. It is the larger and stronger of the two bones in the lower leg, located on the inner side. The fibula is the smaller bone in the lower leg, located on the outer side. The Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. The calcaneus is the bone that forms the heel of the foot.

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  • 21. 

    Check the boxes that apply to Palpation

    • A.

      Pulse

    • B.

      Primary Purpose is to find pain and point tender

    • C.

      Sensory

    • D.

      To put compound fracture back into the skin

    • E.

      Temperature of skin

    • F.

      Just check the affected side

    • G.

      Deformity

    • H.

      Admire the lotion they use

    • I.

      Bilateral

    • J.

      Body Fat

    • K.

      Crepitation

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pulse
    B. Primary Purpose is to find pain and point tender
    C. Sensory
    E. Temperature of skin
    G. Deformity
    I. Bilateral
    K. Crepitation
    Explanation
    Palpation is a technique used by healthcare professionals to examine the body by touch. The primary purpose of palpation is to find pain and point tender areas. It involves using the hands to feel for abnormalities such as deformities, changes in temperature of the skin, presence of pulses, crepitation (grating or crackling sounds), and sensory changes. Palpation is usually performed bilaterally, meaning both sides of the body are examined. It is not used to put a compound fracture back into the skin, check body fat, or admire lotion used.

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  • 22. 

    Laxity is Instability of ligaments

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Laxity refers to the looseness or instability of ligaments. Ligaments are strong bands of connective tissue that connect bones to each other and provide stability to joints. When ligaments become lax, they are unable to adequately support the joint, leading to instability. This can result in joint pain, swelling, and a higher risk of injuries such as sprains or dislocations. Therefore, the statement that laxity is instability of ligaments is true.

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  • 23. 

    Check the 3 major bones that make up the ankle joint.

    • A.

      Tibia

    • B.

      Calcaneus

    • C.

      Fibula

    • D.

      Navicular

    • E.

      Talus

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Tibia
    C. Fibula
    E. Talus
    Explanation
    The question asks for the three major bones that make up the ankle joint. The correct answer includes the tibia, fibula, and talus. The tibia is the larger of the two lower leg bones and forms the inner part of the ankle joint. The fibula is the smaller bone and forms the outer part of the ankle joint. The talus is a bone in the foot that articulates with the tibia and fibula to form the ankle joint. These three bones work together to allow for movement and stability in the ankle joint.

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  • 24. 

    If girls basketball plays 4 quarters.  How many quarters does the boys Lacrosse team play?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      2 halves

    Correct Answer
    C. 4
    Explanation
    The question asks how many quarters the boys Lacrosse team plays, and the correct answer is 4. This suggests that the boys Lacrosse team also plays 4 quarters, just like the girls basketball team.

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  • 25. 

    Check the boxes for Fall Sports

    • A.

      Boys Cross Country

    • B.

      Girls Cross Country

    • C.

      Girls Tennis

    • D.

      Football

    • E.

      Boys Water polo

    • F.

      Girls Golf

    • G.

      Girls Volleyball

    • H.

      Boys Soccer

    • I.

      Girls Soccer

    • J.

      Girls Water polo

    • K.

      Girls Basketball

    • L.

      Boys Basketball

    • M.

      Wrestling

    • N.

      Softball

    • O.

      Baseball

    • P.

      Girls Track and Field

    • Q.

      Boys Track and Field

    • R.

      Girls Lacrosse

    • S.

      Boys Lacrosse

    • T.

      Boys Tennis

    • U.

      Boys Swim

    • V.

      Girls Swim

    • W.

      Boys Golf

    • X.

      Boys Volleyball

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Boys Cross Country
    B. Girls Cross Country
    C. Girls Tennis
    D. Football
    E. Boys Water polo
    F. Girls Golf
    G. Girls Volleyball
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes Boys Cross Country, Girls Cross Country, Girls Tennis, Football, Boys Water polo, Girls Golf, and Girls Volleyball. These sports are all fall sports.

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  • 26. 

    Check the boxes for Winter Sports

    • A.

      Boys Cross Country

    • B.

      Girls Cross Country

    • C.

      Girls Tennis

    • D.

      Football

    • E.

      Boys Water polo

    • F.

      Girls Golf

    • G.

      Girls Volleyball

    • H.

      Boys Soccer

    • I.

      Girls Soccer

    • J.

      Girls Water polo

    • K.

      Girls Basketball

    • L.

      Boys Basketball

    • M.

      Wrestling

    • N.

      Softball

    • O.

      Baseball

    • P.

      Girls Track and Field

    • Q.

      Boys Track and Field

    • R.

      Girls Lacrosse

    • S.

      Boys Lacrosse

    • T.

      Boys Tennis

    • U.

      Boys Swim

    • V.

      Girls Swim

    • W.

      Boys Golf

    • X.

      Boys Volleyball

    Correct Answer(s)
    H. Boys Soccer
    I. Girls Soccer
    J. Girls Water polo
    K. Girls Basketball
    L. Boys Basketball
    M. Wrestling
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes Boys Soccer, Girls Soccer, Girls Water polo, Girls Basketball, Boys Basketball, and Wrestling. These sports are typically played during the winter season.

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  • 27. 

    Check the boxes for Spring Sports

    • A.

      Boys Cross Country

    • B.

      Girls Cross Country

    • C.

      Girls Tennis

    • D.

      Football

    • E.

      Boys Water polo

    • F.

      Girls Golf

    • G.

      Girls Volleyball

    • H.

      Boys Soccer

    • I.

      Girls Soccer

    • J.

      Girls Water polo

    • K.

      Girls Basketball

    • L.

      Boys Basketball

    • M.

      Wrestling

    • N.

      Softball

    • O.

      Baseball

    • P.

      Girls Track and Field

    • Q.

      Boys Track and Field

    • R.

      Girls Lacrosse

    • S.

      Boys Lacrosse

    • T.

      Boys Tennis

    • U.

      Boys Swim

    • V.

      Girls Swim

    • W.

      Boys Golf

    • X.

      Boys Volleyball

    Correct Answer(s)
    N. Softball
    O. Baseball
    P. Girls Track and Field
    Q. Boys Track and Field
    R. Girls Lacrosse
    S. Boys Lacrosse
    T. Boys Tennis
    U. Boys Swim
    V. Girls Swim
    W. Boys Golf
    X. Boys Volleyball
    Explanation
    The given correct answer includes sports that are typically played during the spring season. These sports include Softball, Baseball, Girls Track and Field, Boys Track and Field, Girls Lacrosse, Boys Lacrosse, Boys Tennis, Boys Swim, Girls Swim, Boys Golf, and Boys Volleyball. These sports are often played outdoors and require good weather conditions, which is why they are commonly associated with the spring season.

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  • 28. 

    The ankle can:

    • A.

      Evert

    • B.

      Invert

    • C.

      Dorsiflex

    • D.

      Plantarflex

    • E.

      Abduct

    • F.

      Adduct

    • G.

      Circumduction

    • H.

      Make a cool pattern

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Evert
    B. Invert
    C. Dorsiflex
    D. Plantarflex
    Explanation
    The correct answer is evert, invert, dorsiflex, and plantarflex. These are all movements that can be performed by the ankle joint. Eversion refers to the movement of the foot turning outward, while inversion refers to the movement of the foot turning inward. Dorsiflexion is the movement of bringing the top of the foot towards the shin, and plantarflexion is the movement of pointing the foot downward. These movements allow for a wide range of motion and stability in the ankle joint.

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  • 29. 

    Plantar fasciitis is caused from

    • A.

      Excessive loading on the foot

    • B.

      Excessive Pronation

    • C.

      High Arches

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Plantar fasciitis is a condition characterized by inflammation and pain in the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot. Excessive loading on the foot, such as prolonged standing or walking, can strain the plantar fascia and lead to the development of plantar fasciitis. Excessive pronation, which is the inward rolling of the foot during walking or running, can also contribute to the condition by placing additional stress on the plantar fascia. Additionally, individuals with high arches may be more prone to developing plantar fasciitis because the arch does not provide enough support and shock absorption. Therefore, all of the mentioned factors can contribute to the development of plantar fasciitis.

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  • 30. 

    Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis is 

    Correct Answer
    ice massage
    Orthotics
    RICE
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes three treatment options for Plantar Fasciitis: ice massage, orthotics, and RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Ice massage helps reduce inflammation and pain by numbing the affected area. Orthotics provide support and help distribute pressure evenly, reducing strain on the plantar fascia. RICE is a common treatment method for various injuries, including plantar fasciitis, as it helps reduce swelling and promote healing. These treatment options can be used individually or in combination to alleviate symptoms and promote recovery from Plantar Fasciitis.

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  • 31. 

    Sever's Disease is more common in

    Correct Answer
    boys
    Explanation
    Sever's Disease, also known as calcaneal apophysitis, is a condition that affects the growth plate in the heel bone. It is commonly found in children who are physically active and going through growth spurts. Although it can affect both boys and girls, it is more prevalent in boys. This is because boys tend to experience growth spurts at a slightly later age than girls, making them more susceptible to the condition. Additionally, boys may engage in more high-impact activities that put stress on the heel, increasing the likelihood of developing Sever's Disease.

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  • 32. 

    The three types of Achilles injuries that we discussed is 

    Correct Answer
    Acute
    chronic
    rupture
    Explanation
    The correct answer is acute, chronic, and rupture. Acute Achilles injuries refer to sudden and severe damage to the Achilles tendon, often caused by a traumatic event. Chronic Achilles injuries develop over time due to repetitive stress or overuse of the tendon. Rupture of the Achilles tendon occurs when the tendon tears completely or partially. These three types of injuries encompass the different ways in which the Achilles tendon can be damaged.

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  • 33. 

    Acute Achilles Tendonitis is caused from

    • A.

      Over use

    • B.

      Most common in males over 30

    • C.

      Gradual degeneration

    • D.

      Injury only happens to male athletes

    Correct Answer
    A. Over use
    Explanation
    Acute Achilles Tendonitis is caused by overuse of the Achilles tendon. This means that the tendon has been subjected to repetitive or excessive stress, leading to inflammation and pain. It is not exclusive to a specific gender or age group, although it is more commonly seen in males over the age of 30. Gradual degeneration of the tendon can also contribute to the development of Achilles Tendonitis.

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  • 34. 

    Check the best answers for Prevention and Treatment for Chronic Achilles Tendonitis  

    • A.

      Advanced stretching program

    • B.

      Quit sport

    • C.

      Heel lift

    • D.

      Increase plyometric exercise

    Correct Answer
    A. Advanced stretching program
    Explanation
    An advanced stretching program is the best answer for prevention and treatment of chronic Achilles tendonitis. Stretching exercises help to improve flexibility and range of motion in the Achilles tendon, reducing the risk of injury and promoting healing. These exercises should be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional or a qualified trainer to ensure they are performed correctly and safely. By incorporating advanced stretching techniques into a regular exercise routine, individuals can effectively prevent and manage chronic Achilles tendonitis.

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  • 35. 

    How would you test for a ruptured Achilles Tendon

    Correct Answer
    Palpate
    Palpate for tendon
    Palpate for Achilles
    Palpate for Achilles Tendon
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that one way to test for a ruptured Achilles Tendon is by palpating for it. Palpation involves using touch to examine and feel for abnormalities or changes in the body, such as swelling, tenderness, or a gap in the tendon. By palpating the area of the Achilles Tendon, a healthcare professional can assess if there is a rupture present. This method allows for a physical examination and can help in making a diagnosis.

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  • 36. 

    MMT stands for Muscle Movement Treatment

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. MMT does not stand for Muscle Movement Treatment. The correct expansion of MMT is Myasthenia Gravis, a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease that causes weakness in the skeletal muscles. Therefore, the statement is incorrect.

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  • 37. 

    What special test would you use to rule out Thrombophlebitis

    • A.

      Thompson Test

    • B.

      Squeeze Test

    • C.

      Homan's Test

    • D.

      MMT

    • E.

      Severs Test

    • F.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Thompson Test
    Explanation
    The Thompson test is used to rule out Thrombophlebitis. This test involves squeezing the calf muscle while the patient is lying face down. If there is no movement of the foot, it suggests a rupture of the Achilles tendon and rules out Thrombophlebitis. The other tests listed are not specific to ruling out Thrombophlebitis.

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