The Ideal Quiz On 5th Grade Social Studies

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5th Grade Social Study Quizzes & Trivia

Are you a fifth grader looking for revision material for the social studies quiz on Rome and the roman people you have this coming week? Take up the quiz below and polish up on what you already know so far. All the best and good luck on the test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Roman citizens included?

    • A.

      Plebeians and patricians

    • B.

      Plebeians and senate

    • C.

      Senate and parables

    • D.

      Gladiators and patricians

    Correct Answer
    A. Plebeians and patricians
    Explanation
    Roman citizens were divided into two main classes: plebeians and patricians. The plebeians were the common people, comprising the majority of the population, while the patricians were the aristocracy, consisting of the wealthy and influential families. Both plebeians and patricians had certain rights and privileges as Roman citizens, although the patricians held more political power and social status. This division between plebeians and patricians played a significant role in Roman society and politics.

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  • 2. 

    Members of Romes noble families controlled the

    • A.

      Elevation

    • B.

      Pope

    • C.

      Senate

    • D.

      Republec

    Correct Answer
    C. Senate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "senate." During the time of ancient Rome, the senate was composed of members from noble families who held significant power and influence. They played a crucial role in the political system, controlling the election and appointment of various positions, including the Pope. The senate was also responsible for making important decisions regarding the governance of the republic.

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  • 3. 

    During the Punic Wars, Rome Defeated ______________ to become the most powerful Mediterranean nation.

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Carthage

    • C.

      Pantheon

    • D.

      Elephants

    Correct Answer
    B. Carthage
    Explanation
    During the Punic Wars, Rome defeated Carthage to become the most powerful Mediterranean nation. The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage, which lasted for over a century. Carthage was a powerful city-state in North Africa and a major rival to Rome. The wars were fought for control over trade routes and territories in the Mediterranean. Rome's victory over Carthage in the Third Punic War resulted in the complete destruction of Carthage and established Rome as the dominant power in the region.

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  • 4. 

    Constantine moved his capital city from Rome to _________ when he become emperor.

    • A.

      Alexandira

    • B.

      Plebeians

    • C.

      Constantinople

    • D.

      Forum

    Correct Answer
    C. Constantinople
    Explanation
    Constantine moved his capital city from Rome to Constantinople when he became emperor. Constantinople, which is now known as Istanbul, was strategically located at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, making it a more defensible and economically advantageous location for the empire. The move also symbolized a shift in power from the western Roman Empire to the eastern Roman Empire, as Constantine sought to strengthen the eastern region. This relocation played a significant role in shaping the future of the Roman Empire and its subsequent Byzantine Empire.

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  • 5. 

    Waterways in Rome were called ______________

    • A.

      Carthage

    • B.

      Aquaducts

    • C.

      Remus

    • D.

      Parables

    Correct Answer
    B. Aquaducts
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "aquaducts". Aqueducts were the waterways in Rome that were used to transport water from distant sources to the city. These structures were vital for supplying Rome with clean water for drinking, bathing, and other everyday uses. The aqueducts were impressive engineering feats, consisting of a series of arches that allowed the water to flow downhill towards the city. They played a crucial role in the development and growth of Rome, ensuring a reliable water supply for its inhabitants.

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  • 6. 

    The city of Rome were founded on __________hills.

    • A.

      Elephants

    • B.

      Pope

    • C.

      Seven

    • D.

      Apostles

    Correct Answer
    C. Seven
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "seven". The city of Rome was founded on seven hills. These hills, known as the Seven Hills of Rome, are Aventine Hill, Caelian Hill, Capitoline Hill, Esquiline Hill, Palatine Hill, Quirinal Hill, and Viminal Hill. These hills played a significant role in the development and defense of the ancient city.

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  • 7. 

    Rome was named after __________ who killed his brother

    • A.

      Remus

    • B.

      Romulus

    • C.

      Pax Romana

    • D.

      Jesus

    Correct Answer
    B. Romulus
    Explanation
    Rome was named after Romulus, who killed his brother Remus. According to Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus were twin brothers who were abandoned in the wilderness and raised by a she-wolf. As adults, they decided to establish a city but disagreed on its location. In a heated argument, Romulus killed Remus and went on to found the city of Rome, naming it after himself. This mythological story is widely believed to be the origin of the city's name.

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  • 8. 

    Rome's new government was called a _______________.

    • A.

      Forum

    • B.

      Senate

    • C.

      Apostles

    • D.

      Republic

    Correct Answer
    D. Republic
    Explanation
    Rome's new government was called a republic. This form of government is characterized by elected representatives who make decisions on behalf of the citizens. In a republic, power is not concentrated in the hands of a single ruler or monarch, but rather distributed among multiple individuals. The Roman Republic was established after the overthrow of the monarchy and lasted for several centuries before transitioning into the Roman Empire. The term "republic" accurately describes the type of government that was put in place in Rome during this period.

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  • 9. 

    Hannibal led an army on ___________ against Rome during the Punic Wars.

    • A.

      Hippopotumuses

    • B.

      Horses

    • C.

      Elephants

    • D.

      Mice

    Correct Answer
    C. Elephants
    Explanation
    During the Punic Wars, Hannibal led an army against Rome. One of the most notable aspects of Hannibal's army was his use of elephants. These elephants played a crucial role in his military strategies, as they provided a significant advantage in battle. They were intimidating to the enemy forces, capable of causing chaos and disruption, and could also be used as a form of transportation. Therefore, the correct answer is elephants.

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  • 10. 

    The Latin word for "Roman peace" is _____________, it lasted 200 years

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Pax Romana

    • C.

      Alexandria

    • D.

      Remus

    Correct Answer
    B. Pax Romana
    Explanation
    Pax Romana is the correct answer because it is the Latin term that translates to "Roman peace." It refers to a period of relative peace and stability in the Roman Empire that lasted for approximately 200 years. During this time, the Roman Empire experienced minimal internal conflicts and expanded its influence through diplomacy and military strength.

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  • 11. 

    Romans honored gods/goddesses in the temple called the ____________

    • A.

      Pantheon

    • B.

      Plebeians

    • C.

      Patricians

    • D.

      Parables

    Correct Answer
    A. Pantheon
    Explanation
    The Pantheon was a temple in ancient Rome where the gods and goddesses were honored. It was a symbol of Roman religious devotion and a place where people would come to worship and make offerings to the gods. The word "pantheon" itself means "all gods" in Greek, reflecting the fact that it was dedicated to multiple deities. The Pantheon is still standing today in Rome and is considered a remarkable architectural achievement.

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  • 12. 

    Men who fought in the Colosseum against lions were called __________.

    • A.

      Aquaducts

    • B.

      Republic

    • C.

      Gladiators

    • D.

      Pantheon

    Correct Answer
    C. Gladiators
    Explanation
    Gladiators were the men who fought in the Colosseum against lions. The term "gladiator" refers to the professional fighters who entertained the ancient Roman audiences with their combat skills and bravery. These gladiators were often slaves or criminals who were trained to fight in the arena, and their battles with wild animals like lions were a popular form of entertainment in ancient Rome. The term "aquaducts" refers to the structures used for transporting water, "republic" refers to a form of government, and the "Pantheon" is a famous ancient Roman temple.

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  • 13. 

    The twelve men that followed Jesus were called _____________.

    • A.

      Three wise men

    • B.

      Parables

    • C.

      Gladiators

    • D.

      Apostles

    Correct Answer
    D. Apostles
    Explanation
    The twelve men that followed Jesus were called apostles. This term refers to the chosen disciples who were specifically selected by Jesus to be his closest followers and to spread his teachings. The apostles played a crucial role in the formation and growth of early Christianity, carrying out Jesus' mission and spreading his message to others.

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  • 14. 

    Jesus often used simple stories called ________ to give messages.

    • A.

      Augustus

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Patricians

    • D.

      Parables

    Correct Answer
    D. Parables
    Explanation
    Jesus often used simple stories called parables to give messages. Parables are short narratives that convey moral or spiritual lessons in a relatable and easily understandable way. Jesus used parables to teach his followers about the kingdom of God and to illustrate important principles and teachings. These stories allowed his audience to grasp complex concepts through familiar and everyday examples, making his messages more accessible and memorable.

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  • 15. 

    The bishop of Rome has the title of __________.

    • A.

      Pope

    • B.

      Jesus

    • C.

      Remus

    • D.

      Romulus

    Correct Answer
    A. Pope
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pope. The bishop of Rome is commonly referred to as the Pope. This title is given to the head of the Roman Catholic Church and is considered to be the successor of Saint Peter, who is believed to be the first Pope. The Pope holds significant religious authority and is considered the spiritual leader of Catholics worldwide.

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  • 16. 

    To easily comare differences in elevation, one might want to use a ___________ map.

    • A.

      Pie graph

    • B.

      Elevation map

    • C.

      Pantheon

    • D.

      Road map

    Correct Answer
    B. Elevation map
    Explanation
    An elevation map is the most suitable option for easily comparing differences in elevation. This type of map provides visual representation of the varying heights and depths of different geographical areas. It allows users to easily identify and compare the elevation levels of different locations, making it an ideal choice for those who need to analyze or understand elevation differences.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2022
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 12, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Bluesfan79
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