Ancient Rome: Transition From Republic To Empire! Quiz

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 179

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Ancient Rome Quizzes & Trivia

Below is Trivia Quiz on Ancient Rome, Transition from Republic to Empire. Rome became an empire after the overthrowing of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, which marked the beginning of a great economic growth for the Romans. Do you know what happened in this transition? How about you take this quiz and get to find out some more about this transition?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Roman Empire began because of the collapse of the Roman Republic. Why did the Republic end?
    • A. 

      Carthage attacked Rome.

    • B. 

      Augustus declared himself King.

    • C. 

      The Plebeians went on strike.

    • D. 

      Julius Caesar was murdered by members of the Senate.

  • 2. 
    What happened immediately after the Republic collapsed?
    • A. 

      Roman citizens left Italy.

    • B. 

      Octavian became emperor.

    • C. 

      A civil war broke out.

    • D. 

      The Etruscan kings came back.

  • 3. 
    What was the Pax Romana?
    • A. 

      It the biggest war in history.

    • B. 

      Rome's greatest Emperor.

    • C. 

      A long period of peace when the empire flourished.

    • D. 

      The most popular Italian video game of the 1980s.

  • 4. 
    The Roman Empire was spread out through....
    • A. 

      Europe.

    • B. 

      Asia.

    • C. 

      North Africa.

    • D. 

      Europe, Asia, and North Africa.

  • 5. 
    Who ruled as the first emperor of the Roman Empire?
    • A. 

      Trajan Hadrian

    • B. 

      Julius Caesar

    • C. 

      Caligula Nero

    • D. 

      Caesar Augustus

  • 6. 
    Marc Antony was a popular general who opposed Octavian for control of Rome. What did Marc Antony do to try to defeat Octavian?
    • A. 

      He sailed up the Tiber River and attacked Rome with his navy.

    • B. 

      He merged his army with Queen Cleopatra of Egypt and declared himself Pharaoh.

    • C. 

      He supplied the slave Spartacus with weapons so that Octavian would be distracted fighting on land.

    • D. 

      He fought Octavian in a sea battle near Actium but was defeated.

  • 7. 
    During the Pax Romana, Rome reached its peak of political power, economic prosperity, and artistic creativity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    What was Julius Caesar's vision for Rome?
    • A. 

      To be establish republic government throughout all the world

    • B. 

      To become a great empire

    • C. 

      To have the citizens only worship Roman gods and religion  

    • D. 

      To establish centers of learning and education globally

  • 9. 
    What happened during the First Period of Expansion - Rome's conquest of the Italian Peninsula?
    • A. 

      509 B.C The last Etruscan king was driven out of Rome

    • B. 

      493 BC Roman leaders signed a treaty with their Latin neighbors promising peace and made them allies. 

    • C. 

      390 B.C. a band of Gauls crushed the Roman army and surged into the city, looted and burned most of the city down. 

    • D. 

      391 B.C. the Romans, led by Cincinnatus, fought the Gauls and defeated them because the Roman army developed superior weapons.

    • E. 

      264 B.C. Roman had completed the conquest of the Italian Peninsula, but at a great loss of life especially, for the patricians who made up most of the army. 

  • 10. 
    What is the name of the mountain range that was crossed in 218 B.C. to attack Rome? [Blank]
  • 11. 
    The Punic Wars were a series of wars fought between the armies of  [Blank] and [Blank]
  • 12. 
    Study the diagram titled “Roman Government” and then answer the question below.   In what way could the Senate control the magistrates?
    • A. 

      By vetoing laws

    • B. 

      Bypassing laws

    • C. 

      By controlling the magistrates’ budget

    • D. 

      By vetoing the actions of the magistrates

  • 13. 
    Julius Caesar was a Roman general who ended the Roman Republic when they lost the 3rd Punic War.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    A civil war is a war between groups in the same country.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    The Roman general Lucius Brutus seized power in the 40's B.C.E. and overthrow Julius Caesar.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Caesar Augustus made himself dictator for life to save the Roman Republic.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    What was a common way to become a Roman slave?
    • A. 

      Having skill at a craft

    • B. 

      Doing poorly in school

    • C. 

      Being captured in a war

    • D. 

      Losing a political election

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