Ancient Rome: Transition From Republic To Empire! Quiz

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Ancient Rome Quizzes & Trivia

Below is Trivia Quiz on Ancient Rome, Transition from Republic to Empire. Rome became an empire after the overthrowing of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, which marked the beginning of a great economic growth for the Romans. Do you know what happened in this transition? How about you take this quiz and get to find out some more about this transition?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Roman Empire began because of the collapse of the Roman Republic. Why did the Republic end?

    • A.

      Carthage attacked Rome.

    • B.

      Augustus declared himself King.

    • C.

      The Plebeians went on strike.

    • D.

      Julius Caesar was murdered by members of the Senate.

    Correct Answer
    D. Julius Caesar was murdered by members of the Senate.
    Explanation
    The Roman Republic ended because Julius Caesar was murdered by members of the Senate. This event, known as the Ides of March, led to a power struggle and political instability in Rome. Caesar's assassination marked the end of the Republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire, as it paved the way for his adopted heir, Octavian (later known as Augustus), to rise to power and establish a new form of government.

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  • 2. 

    What happened immediately after the Republic collapsed?

    • A.

      Roman citizens left Italy.

    • B.

      Octavian became emperor.

    • C.

      A civil war broke out.

    • D.

      The Etruscan kings came back.

    Correct Answer
    C. A civil war broke out.
    Explanation
    After the collapse of the Republic, a civil war broke out. This is a logical outcome as the power vacuum left by the collapse of the Republic would have led to various factions vying for control. The struggle for power and authority would naturally result in conflict and violence, hence the outbreak of a civil war.

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  • 3. 

    What was the Pax Romana?

    • A.

      It the biggest war in history.

    • B.

      Rome's greatest Emperor.

    • C.

      A long period of peace when the empire flourished.

    • D.

      The most popular Italian video game of the 1980s.

    Correct Answer
    C. A long period of peace when the empire flourished.
    Explanation
    The Pax Romana refers to a long period of peace and stability that occurred in the Roman Empire, lasting approximately from 27 BCE to 180 CE. During this time, the empire experienced relative calm and prosperity, allowing for significant cultural, economic, and architectural advancements. It was characterized by the absence of major conflicts and the establishment of Roman law and order across the vast territories under Roman control. This period played a crucial role in the development and expansion of the empire, contributing to its overall flourishing and influence.

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  • 4. 

    The Roman Empire was spread out through....

    • A.

      Europe.

    • B.

      Asia.

    • C.

      North Africa.

    • D.

      Europe, Asia, and North Africa.

    Correct Answer
    D. Europe, Asia, and North Africa.
    Explanation
    The Roman Empire was spread out through Europe, Asia, and North Africa. This is because the Romans were known for their extensive conquests and expansion of their empire. They conquered various regions in Europe, including Italy, France, Spain, and Britain. They also expanded into Asia, capturing territories such as Greece, Turkey, and parts of the Middle East. Additionally, the Romans controlled large parts of North Africa, including Egypt and Carthage. Their empire spanned across these three continents, making them a dominant force in the ancient world.

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  • 5. 

    Who ruled as the first emperor of the Roman Empire?

    • A.

      Trajan Hadrian

    • B.

      Julius Caesar

    • C.

      Caligula Nero

    • D.

      Caesar Augustus

    Correct Answer
    D. Caesar Augustus
    Explanation
    Caesar Augustus ruled as the first emperor of the Roman Empire. He was the grandnephew and adopted son of Julius Caesar. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, Augustus emerged as the sole ruler and established the Roman Empire, marking the end of the Roman Republic. He ruled from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD and is known for his political and administrative reforms, which brought stability and prosperity to the empire.

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  • 6. 

    Marc Antony was a popular general who opposed Octavian for control of Rome. What did Marc Antony do to try to defeat Octavian?

    • A.

      He sailed up the Tiber River and attacked Rome with his navy.

    • B.

      He merged his army with Queen Cleopatra of Egypt and declared himself Pharaoh.

    • C.

      He supplied the slave Spartacus with weapons so that Octavian would be distracted fighting on land.

    • D.

      He fought Octavian in a sea battle near Actium but was defeated.

    Correct Answer
    D. He fought Octavian in a sea battle near Actium but was defeated.
    Explanation
    Marc Antony tried to defeat Octavian by engaging in a sea battle near Actium. However, he was ultimately defeated in this battle.

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  • 7. 

    During the Pax Romana, Rome reached its peak of political power, economic prosperity, and artistic creativity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Pax Romana, which was a period of relative peace and stability in the Roman Empire, Rome experienced significant advancements in political power, economic prosperity, and artistic creativity. This was due to various factors such as efficient governance, expanded trade networks, and patronage of the arts by wealthy individuals. Therefore, it is true that Rome reached its peak in these aspects during the Pax Romana.

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  • 8. 

    What was Julius Caesar's vision for Rome?

    • A.

      To be establish republic government throughout all the world

    • B.

      To become a great empire

    • C.

      To have the citizens only worship Roman gods and religion  

    • D.

      To establish centers of learning and education globally

    Correct Answer
    B. To become a great empire
    Explanation
    Julius Caesar's vision for Rome was to become a great empire. He aimed to expand the Roman territories and establish Rome as a dominant power in the world. Caesar's military campaigns and conquests were driven by his ambition to extend Roman influence and control over other regions. His ultimate goal was to create a vast empire that would bring wealth, power, and prestige to Rome.

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  • 9. 

    What happened during the First Period of Expansion - Rome's conquest of the Italian Peninsula?

    • A.

      509 B.C The last Etruscan king was driven out of Rome

    • B.

      493 BC Roman leaders signed a treaty with their Latin neighbors promising peace and made them allies. 

    • C.

      390 B.C. a band of Gauls crushed the Roman army and surged into the city, looted and burned most of the city down. 

    • D.

      391 B.C. the Romans, led by Cincinnatus, fought the Gauls and defeated them because the Roman army developed superior weapons.

    • E.

      264 B.C. Roman had completed the conquest of the Italian Peninsula, but at a great loss of life especially, for the patricians who made up most of the army. 

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 509 B.C The last Etruscan king was driven out of Rome
    B. 493 BC Roman leaders signed a treaty with their Latin neighbors promising peace and made them allies. 
    C. 390 B.C. a band of Gauls crushed the Roman army and surged into the city, looted and burned most of the city down. 
    Explanation
    During the First Period of Expansion, Rome experienced significant events. In 509 B.C., the last Etruscan king was driven out of Rome, marking the end of Etruscan rule and the establishment of the Roman Republic. In 493 BC, Roman leaders signed a treaty with their Latin neighbors, solidifying peace and forming alliances. However, in 390 B.C., a band of Gauls attacked Rome, causing destruction and devastation. Despite this setback, the Romans, led by Cincinnatus, fought back and defeated the Gauls in 391 B.C. These events demonstrate the early struggles and triumphs of Rome's expansion and consolidation of power in the Italian Peninsula.

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  • 10. 

    What is the name of the mountain range that was crossed in 218 B.C. to attack Rome? ________

    Correct Answer(s)
    Alps, Alps Mountains
    Explanation
    In 218 B.C., the mountain range that was crossed to attack Rome was the Alps. The Alps are a prominent mountain range in Europe, spanning several countries including Italy, France, Switzerland, and Austria. The crossing of the Alps by Hannibal and his army during the Second Punic War is a well-known historical event. The difficult terrain of the Alps presented a significant challenge for the invading army, but they managed to successfully cross and launch an attack on Rome.

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  • 11. 

    The Punic Wars were a series of wars fought between the armies of  ________ and ________

    Correct Answer(s)
    Rome, Carthage
    Carthage, Rome
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Rome, Carthage. The Punic Wars were a series of wars fought between the armies of Rome and Carthage. These wars were primarily fought over control of the Mediterranean Sea and dominance in the region. Rome ultimately emerged victorious, leading to the destruction of Carthage and the expansion of Roman power.

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  • 12. 

    Study the diagram titled “Roman Government” and then answer the question below.   In what way could the Senate control the magistrates?

    • A.

      By vetoing laws

    • B.

      Bypassing laws

    • C.

      By controlling the magistrates’ budget

    • D.

      By vetoing the actions of the magistrates

    Correct Answer
    C. By controlling the magistrates’ budget
    Explanation
    The Senate could control the magistrates by controlling their budget. This means that the Senate had the power to allocate and distribute funds to the magistrates, which allowed them to influence and control the actions and decisions of the magistrates. By controlling the budget, the Senate could limit the resources available to the magistrates and therefore limit their power and authority.

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  • 13. 

    Julius Caesar was a Roman general who ended the Roman Republic when they lost the 3rd Punic War.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Julius Caesar was a Roman general, but he did not end the Roman Republic when they lost the 3rd Punic War. The Roman Republic ended with the rise of Julius Caesar and the subsequent establishment of the Roman Empire. The 3rd Punic War, on the other hand, took place between Rome and Carthage from 149 to 146 BC, long before Julius Caesar's time. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 14. 

    A civil war is a war between groups in the same country.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A civil war is defined as a war that occurs within the boundaries of a single country, involving different groups or factions within that country. It is characterized by conflict and violence between these groups, often seeking control or power over the country. This definition aligns with the statement that a civil war is a war between groups in the same country, making the answer "True" correct.

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  • 15. 

    The Roman general Lucius Brutus seized power in the 40's B.C.E. and overthrow Julius Caesar.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Lucius Brutus did not seize power in the 40's B.C.E. and overthrow Julius Caesar. In fact, Lucius Brutus was not a Roman general and he did not play a role in overthrowing Julius Caesar. Brutus was a senator and a supporter of Julius Caesar, but he later joined the conspiracy to assassinate him in 44 B.C.E.

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  • 16. 

    Caesar Augustus made himself dictator for life to save the Roman Republic.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Caesar Augustus did not make himself dictator for life to save the Roman Republic. In fact, he was the first Roman Emperor and played a significant role in the transition from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. He consolidated his power and effectively ended the Republic by taking control of the government and military. While he did bring stability and prosperity to Rome during his rule, his actions ultimately marked the end of the Republic.

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  • 17. 

    What was a common way to become a Roman slave?

    • A.

      Having skill at a craft

    • B.

      Doing poorly in school

    • C.

      Being captured in a war

    • D.

      Losing a political election

    Correct Answer
    C. Being captured in a war
    Explanation
    During ancient Roman times, one common way to become a Roman slave was by being captured in a war. The Romans frequently engaged in military conflicts and would capture enemy soldiers and civilians as slaves. These captives would then be sold or kept as slaves, serving their Roman masters in various capacities. This practice of enslaving war captives was prevalent in Roman society and contributed to the large population of slaves within the empire.

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