Ancient History Final Test

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| By Celebrate_the_ir
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Ancient History Final Test - Quiz

A quiz I created to help me study for my Ancient History final exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How did the Hellenistic age emerge?

    • A.

      Greece and Persia signed an allience.

    • B.

      The Persian Wars changed the way the two cultures thought about each other.

    • C.

      Alexander The Great spread Greece culture to the east and the west.

    • D.

      The two cultures came together when the found out that they had common ancestors.

    Correct Answer
    C. Alexander The Great spread Greece culture to the east and the west.
    Explanation
    During the Hellenistic age, Alexander the Great played a significant role in spreading Greek culture to both the eastern and western regions. Through his conquests, he established a vast empire that encompassed various cultures and civilizations. As he expanded his empire, he encouraged the adoption of Greek language, customs, and traditions, effectively disseminating Hellenistic culture throughout his conquered territories. This cultural diffusion and assimilation led to the emergence of the Hellenistic age, characterized by the blending of Greek and other local cultures in the conquered regions.

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  • 2. 

    Egyptian gods were...

    • A.

      Anthopomorphic

    • B.

      Zoomorphic

    • C.

      Animistic

    Correct Answer
    A. Anthopomorphic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is anthropomorphic. This means that the Egyptian gods were depicted with human characteristics or forms. They were often depicted with human bodies and animal heads or with entirely human-like features. This anthropomorphic representation allowed the ancient Egyptians to relate to and understand their gods better, as they could recognize and connect with the human-like qualities.

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  • 3. 

    Who united Lower and Upper Egypt?

    • A.

      King Tut

    • B.

      Narmar

    • C.

      Assernassurpaul

    Correct Answer
    B. Narmar
    Explanation
    Narmar is the correct answer because he is known as the pharaoh who united Lower and Upper Egypt. He is credited with establishing the first dynasty of Ancient Egypt and merging the two regions into one kingdom. Narmar's reign marked a significant turning point in Egyptian history, leading to the formation of a centralized government and the beginning of the Old Kingdom period.

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  • 4. 

    In Egyptian religion what was the spirit that lead you to the after life?

    • A.

      Ka

    • B.

      Karma

    • C.

      Dharma

    • D.

      Zeus

    Correct Answer
    A. Ka
    Explanation
    In Egyptian religion, the spirit that leads you to the afterlife is called Ka. The Ka was believed to be a person's life force or soul, which continued to live on after death. It was important to maintain a strong and healthy Ka in order to ensure a successful journey to the afterlife. The Ka was often depicted as a double of the physical body and was believed to reside in the tomb or burial place.

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  • 5. 

    Why did Cyrus the great bring the Persians together?

    • A.

      To create a unified society

    • B.

      To take over Meades

    • C.

      To make an agreement between two feuding city-states.

    Correct Answer
    B. To take over Meades
    Explanation
    Cyrus the Great brought the Persians together in order to take over the Medes. This suggests that he aimed to expand his empire and exert control over the Medes, possibly for strategic or political reasons. By uniting the Persians, Cyrus could have amassed a stronger and more organized force to conquer the Medes and establish his dominance over the region.

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  • 6. 

    Which is NOT a characteristic of Zoroastranism?

    • A.

      The religion had an impact on Judea-Christianity

    • B.

      There was a good god, Ahura Mezda, and a bad god, Ahriman

    • C.

      Their afterlife included a final judgement

    • D.

      They were monotheistic

    Correct Answer
    D. They were monotheistic
    Explanation
    Zoroastrianism is known for its dualistic belief system, which includes the existence of both a good god (Ahura Mazda) and a bad god (Ahriman). It also incorporates the concept of a final judgment in the afterlife. However, it is not considered a monotheistic religion because it acknowledges the presence of multiple deities.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following was NOT an Egyptian god?

    • A.

      Re

    • B.

      Ra-Amon

    • C.

      Hor-Amon

    • D.

      Horus

    Correct Answer
    C. Hor-Amon
    Explanation
    Hor-Amon was not an Egyptian god. The other options, Re, Ra-Amon, and Horus, were all deities worshipped in ancient Egypt. Re was the sun god, Ra-Amon was a combination of the sun god Ra and the god Amun, and Horus was the god of the sky and protector of the pharaoh. However, there is no record or evidence of a god named Hor-Amon in Egyptian mythology.

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  • 8. 

    Which structure was used for grain storage, as well as worship for the the gods?

    • A.

      Ziggurats

    • B.

      Pyramids

    • C.

      Temples

    • D.

      Palaces

    Correct Answer
    A. Ziggurats
    Explanation
    Ziggurats were used for both grain storage and worship for the gods. These ancient Mesopotamian structures were massive stepped pyramids made of mud bricks. The lower levels of the ziggurats were used for storage purposes, while the upper levels served as religious temples where rituals and offerings were made to the gods. The ziggurats were considered sacred and were believed to be a connection between the earthly and divine realms. They were prominent features in Mesopotamian cities and symbolized the power and authority of the gods and the ruling elite.

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  • 9. 

    What is Pericles biggest achievement in the period of classical Greece?

    • A.

      He created the peace treaty between Athens and Sparta

    • B.

      He set the stage for the Golden Age

    • C.

      He was a powerful Spartan General

    • D.

      He was a great playwrite

    Correct Answer
    B. He set the stage for the Golden Age
    Explanation
    Pericles is credited with setting the stage for the Golden Age of classical Greece. During his time as a statesman and general in Athens, he implemented various political and social reforms that strengthened democracy and promoted the arts and sciences. He initiated the construction of iconic buildings like the Parthenon and supported renowned playwrights, philosophers, and artists. His leadership and vision laid the foundation for a period of cultural and intellectual flourishing, which became known as the Golden Age of Athens.

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  • 10. 

    Osiris, Anubis, and Isis are all...

    • A.

      Burial Gods

    • B.

      Characters in the Odyssey

    • C.

      Egyptian pharaohs

    • D.

      Constants on America's Next Top Model

    Correct Answer
    A. Burial Gods
    Explanation
    Osiris, Anubis, and Isis are all associated with the concept of death and the afterlife in ancient Egyptian mythology. They are considered burial gods because they played significant roles in the Egyptian funerary rituals and beliefs. Osiris was the god of the dead and ruler of the underworld, Anubis was the god of embalming and mummification, and Isis was the goddess of magic and protector of the dead. Together, they were closely connected to the Egyptian burial practices and the journey of the soul in the afterlife.

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  • 11. 

    What was the biggest contribution Philip made to military tactics for the Macedonians?

    • A.

      His innovations with chariots

    • B.

      His 10 feet long spears

    • C.

      His well organized Phalanx

    • D.

      New materials used to make armor

    Correct Answer
    C. His well organized Phalanx
    Explanation
    Philip's biggest contribution to military tactics for the Macedonians was his well-organized Phalanx. The Phalanx was a formation of heavily armed infantry soldiers who would lock their shields together to form a solid wall. This formation provided excellent protection and allowed for coordinated attacks. Philip's innovation was to organize the Phalanx into a more flexible and disciplined unit, which greatly improved the effectiveness of the Macedonian army in battle. This tactical advancement played a crucial role in the success of the Macedonian military under Philip and his son, Alexander the Great.

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  • 12. 

    Who defeated the combined force of Thebes and Athens in the battle of Charonia?

    • A.

      Alexander The Great

    • B.

      Darius III

    • C.

      Philip of Macedonia

    • D.

      Cleon

    Correct Answer
    C. Philip of Macedonia
    Explanation
    Philip of Macedonia defeated the combined force of Thebes and Athens in the battle of Charonia. This victory solidified Philip's control over Greece and marked a turning point in his campaign to unite the Greek city-states under Macedonian rule. Philip's military tactics and leadership skills played a crucial role in securing this victory, allowing him to establish himself as a dominant force in the region.

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  • 13. 

    Which pharaoh's tomb was the only pharaoh's to be found undisturbed?

    • A.

      Hatshepsut

    • B.

      Thutmoses II

    • C.

      Amenhotep

    • D.

      King Tut

    Correct Answer
    D. King Tut
    Explanation
    King Tut's tomb was the only pharaoh's tomb to be found undisturbed. This is because his tomb was hidden and buried deep in the Valley of the Kings, which helped protect it from grave robbers and looters. The discovery of King Tut's tomb in 1922 by Howard Carter was a significant archaeological find, as it provided valuable insights into the life and treasures of an ancient Egyptian pharaoh. The tomb contained a wealth of artifacts and treasures, including the famous golden mask of King Tut.

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  • 14. 

    True or false?Greece is located in the black sea.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False, it's located in the Med. sea

    Correct Answer
    B. False, it's located in the Med. sea
    Explanation
    The correct answer is False, it's located in the Med. sea. Greece is not located in the Black Sea, but rather in the Mediterranean Sea. The Black Sea is located to the northeast of Greece, while Greece is situated in southeastern Europe, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

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  • 15. 

    Alexanders generals, Ptolemy, Seleurus, and Antigonus get which empires respectively? 

    • A.

      Greece and Asia Minor, Egypt, Persia

    • B.

      Persia, Egypt, Greece and Asia Minor

    • C.

      Egypt, Persia, Greece and Asia Minor

    • D.

      Persia, Greece and Asia Minor, Egyt

    Correct Answer
    C. Egypt, Persia, Greece and Asia Minor
    Explanation
    Ptolemy, Seleucus, and Antigonus were generals of Alexander the Great. Ptolemy received Egypt as his empire, Seleucus received Persia, and Antigonus received Greece and Asia Minor.

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  • 16. 

    Hieroglyphics were developed by...

    • A.

      Persians

    • B.

      Mesopotamians

    • C.

      Sumarians

    • D.

      Egyptians

    Correct Answer
    D. Egyptians
    Explanation
    Hieroglyphics were developed by the Egyptians. This ancient writing system consisted of pictorial symbols that represented words or sounds. The Egyptians used hieroglyphics to record important events, religious texts, and administrative information. The development of hieroglyphics was a significant achievement in Egyptian culture, as it allowed for the preservation and communication of their history and knowledge.

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  • 17. 

    Which period in Egyptian culture is also know as the "Pyramid Age?"

    • A.

      Old Kingdom

    • B.

      New Kingdom

    • C.

      Middle Kingdom

    • D.

      1st Intermediate period

    • E.

      2nd Intermediate period

    Correct Answer
    A. Old Kingdom
    Explanation
    The period in Egyptian culture that is also known as the "Pyramid Age" is the Old Kingdom. During this time, which lasted from around 2686 to 2181 BCE, the ancient Egyptians built the iconic pyramids at Giza, including the Great Pyramid of Khufu. The Old Kingdom was characterized by strong centralized government, economic prosperity, and the development of monumental architecture, including the pyramids, which served as tombs for the pharaohs.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is NOT a contribution of the Phoenicians?

    • A.

      Bow and arrows

    • B.

      Purple dye

    • C.

      The alphabet

    • D.

      Polytheistic religion

    • E.

      Navigation systems

    Correct Answer
    A. Bow and arrows
    Explanation
    The Phoenicians were known for their contributions in various fields, such as trade, navigation, and language. They are credited with the invention of the alphabet, which had a significant impact on the development of writing systems. Purple dye, derived from the murex snail, was also a major contribution of the Phoenicians, as it was highly valued and used for clothing and textiles. Navigation systems, such as the use of stars and landmarks, were crucial for their successful maritime trade. However, there is no historical evidence to suggest that the Phoenicians were the inventors or major users of the bow and arrows, making it the correct answer.

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  • 19. 

    Leonidas was the first the great general who lead 300 Spartans to Thermopaele to fight.True or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False, that was Themistocles

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Leonidas was indeed the first great general who led 300 Spartans to Thermopylae to fight. This historical event, known as the Battle of Thermopylae, took place in 480 BCE during the Persian Wars. Leonidas and his small force bravely defended against a much larger Persian army led by King Xerxes I, ultimately sacrificing themselves in order to delay the Persian advance. Their courage and sacrifice have made this battle legendary in history.

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  • 20. 

    Who was Darius I?

    • A.

      An egyptian pharaoh

    • B.

      An athenian hero

    • C.

      Alexander the great's lover

    • D.

      A great persian general

    Correct Answer
    D. A great persian general
    Explanation
    Darius I was a great Persian general. He ruled the Achaemenid Empire from 522 to 486 BC and expanded its territories through military campaigns. He is known for his administrative reforms, including the establishment of a standardized currency and a network of roads. Darius I also organized the construction of the famous Persian capital, Persepolis. His reign marked a period of stability and prosperity for the Persian Empire, making him a significant figure in Persian history.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the follow rivers are where the birth place of civilization started 6,000 years ago?

    • A.

      The Tigris

    • B.

      Eurphrates

    • C.

      Indus

    • D.

      Mississippi

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The Tigris
    B. Eurphrates
    Explanation
    The Tigris and Euphrates rivers are considered to be the birthplace of civilization as they were the location of the ancient Mesopotamian civilization, which emerged around 6,000 years ago. These rivers provided fertile land for agriculture and facilitated trade and transportation, leading to the development of advanced societies in the region. The Indus River is also associated with the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, which emerged around the same time, but it is not mentioned in the question. The Mississippi River, on the other hand, is not associated with the birthplace of civilization.

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  • 22. 

    Who were the first true greeks?

    • A.

      Menoans

    • B.

      Athenians

    • C.

      Mycenaeans

    • D.

      Spartans

    Correct Answer
    C. Mycenaeans
    Explanation
    The Mycenaeans were the first true Greeks. They were an ancient civilization that existed in the late Bronze Age, around 1600-1100 BC. They were known for their advanced culture, including their architecture, art, and writing system. The Mycenaeans also played a significant role in the development of Greek mythology and influenced later Greek civilizations, such as the Athenians and Spartans.

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  • 23. 

    Who wrote the illiad and the odyssey?

    • A.

      Socrates

    • B.

      Homer

    • C.

      Plato

    • D.

      Aristotle

    Correct Answer
    B. Homer
    Explanation
    Homer is the correct answer because he is widely believed to be the author of both the Iliad and the Odyssey. These epic poems are considered to be among the greatest works of ancient Greek literature. Homer's authorship of these poems has been a subject of debate among scholars, but he is traditionally credited as their writer. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are all famous Greek philosophers, but they did not write the Iliad and the Odyssey.

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  • 24. 

    The gods in Sumer where...

    • A.

      Zoomorphic

    • B.

      Anthropomorphic

    • C.

      Animistic

    Correct Answer
    B. Anthropomorphic
    Explanation
    The gods in Sumer were anthropomorphic, meaning they were depicted with human characteristics and forms. This is evident in the Sumerian art and literature, where the gods were portrayed as human-like beings with emotions, personalities, and physical features. The anthropomorphic nature of the gods allowed the Sumerians to relate to them on a more personal level and understand their actions and intentions.

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  • 25. 

    Cuneiform was pictures that represented letters.True or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False, it represented words

    Correct Answer
    B. False, it represented words
    Explanation
    Cuneiform was a system of writing used in ancient Mesopotamia, and it did not represent letters but rather words. Cuneiform was composed of wedge-shaped marks made on clay tablets using a stylus, and each mark represented a whole word or syllable. It was a complex writing system that included thousands of different signs, each with its own meaning. Therefore, the statement that cuneiform represented letters is incorrect.

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  • 26. 

    What was set up for protection from the Persians during ancient greece?

    • A.

      The Delian League

    • B.

      The Anti-Persian League

    • C.

      The United Nations

    • D.

      The New Deal

    Correct Answer
    A. The Delian League
    Explanation
    The Delian League was established for protection from the Persians during ancient Greece. This league was formed by a group of Greek city-states led by Athens, with the goal of defending against Persian aggression and maintaining peace in the region. The member states contributed resources and military forces to the league, creating a united front against the Persian threat.

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  • 27. 

    What time period is known as the Old Stone Age?

    • A.

      Paleolithic Culture

    • B.

      Mesolithic Culture

    • C.

      Neolithic Culture

    Correct Answer
    A. Paleolithic Culture
    Explanation
    The Old Stone Age is known as the Paleolithic Culture. This time period, which lasted from about 2.6 million years ago to around 10,000 BCE, is characterized by the use of stone tools and the development of early human societies. During this period, humans were primarily hunter-gatherers, relying on hunting animals and gathering wild plants for survival. The Paleolithic Culture is considered the earliest and longest period of human history, marking significant advancements in tool-making and cultural development.

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  • 28. 

    David divides the Herbrew kingdom into 2 halves: Judah and Israel.True or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False, Solomon does.

    Correct Answer
    B. False, Solomon does.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is False because it was actually Solomon, not David, who divided the Hebrew kingdom into two halves: Judah and Israel.

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  • 29. 

    Who created the idea that Pharaohs are military leaders, not gods?

    • A.

      Thutmoses

    • B.

      Ramses

    • C.

      King Tut

    • D.

      Akenation

    Correct Answer
    A. Thutmoses
    Explanation
    Thutmoses is the correct answer because he was the pharaoh who initiated the idea that pharaohs are military leaders rather than gods. He was one of the most successful military leaders in ancient Egypt and expanded the empire through his military campaigns. This shift in perception challenged the traditional belief that pharaohs were divine beings and instead emphasized their role as powerful rulers and warriors.

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  • 30. 

    What is the literal meaning for Pharaoh?

    • A.

      Leader

    • B.

      Man

    • C.

      God

    • D.

      House

    Correct Answer
    D. House
    Explanation
    The literal meaning of "Pharaoh" is "House". This term refers to the ancient Egyptian kings who were believed to be the earthly embodiment of the gods and ruled from their royal palaces, which were considered as the "house" of the Pharaoh. The word "Pharaoh" itself comes from the Egyptian word "per-aa" which means "great house" or "palace". Thus, "House" is the correct answer as it directly translates the meaning of Pharaoh in its literal sense.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following is NOT a dominate city state of Greece?

    • A.

      Athens

    • B.

      Macedonia

    • C.

      Sparta

    • D.

      Thebes

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Macedonia
    Explanation
    Macedonia is not a dominant city-state of Greece. While Athens, Sparta, and Thebes were all powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Macedonia was a kingdom located to the north of Greece. Under the reign of Philip II and his son Alexander the Great, Macedonia eventually conquered Greece and became the dominant power in the region. However, it was not originally a city-state like the others mentioned in the question.

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  • 32. 

    Each city state was allowed to choose it's own government in ancient greece.True or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False, they all were a theocracy

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In ancient Greece, each city-state had the autonomy to select its own form of government. This allowed them to establish their own systems and structures, which could vary from monarchy to oligarchy or democracy. Therefore, the statement that each city-state was allowed to choose its own government is true.

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  • 33. 

    The most beautiful building on the arcopolis is the...

    • A.

      Parthenon

    • B.

      Panthemium

    • C.

      Pandaemonium

    • D.

      The white house

    Correct Answer
    A. Parthenon
    Explanation
    The Parthenon is considered the most beautiful building on the Acropolis due to its architectural grandeur and historical significance. It is a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena and was built in the 5th century BC. The Parthenon is renowned for its classical Greek design, including its iconic columns and intricate sculptures. Its harmonious proportions and exquisite craftsmanship make it a masterpiece of ancient Greek architecture, earning it the title of the most beautiful building on the Acropolis.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following is NOT a major battle site of the Persian wars?

    • A.

      Marathon

    • B.

      Thermopaly

    • C.

      Salamis

    • D.

      Hector

    • E.

      Platae

    Correct Answer
    D. Hector
  • 35. 

    Where did Akhenation move the capitol of Egypt to?

    • A.

      Opplosisys

    • B.

      Tell el Armama

    • C.

      Geoplaza

    • D.

      The Nile Mall

    Correct Answer
    B. Tell el Armama
    Explanation
    Akhenaten, the pharaoh of Egypt, moved the capital of Egypt to Tell el Amarna. This city, also known as Akhetaten, was established by Akhenaten as a new capital dedicated to the worship of the sun god Aten. The move was a significant shift from the traditional religious practices of Egypt, as Akhenaten sought to promote the worship of Aten as the supreme deity. Tell el Amarna became the center of political, religious, and artistic activities during Akhenaten's reign, making it the correct answer.

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  • 36. 

    Pyramids, temples, and shadoofs are all examples of...

    • A.

      Frescoes

    • B.

      Egyptian Architecture

    • C.

      Places where pharaohs were buried

    • D.

      Houses of the gods.

    Correct Answer
    B. Egyptian Architecture
    Explanation
    Pyramids, temples, and shadoofs are all examples of Egyptian Architecture. Egyptian Architecture refers to the various structures and buildings constructed by the ancient Egyptians, characterized by their grandeur, precision, and unique design elements. Pyramids were built as tombs for pharaohs, temples were religious structures dedicated to deities, and shadoofs were irrigation devices used for lifting water. These architectural marvels are iconic symbols of ancient Egypt and showcase the advanced engineering and artistic skills of the civilization.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following is NOT an Egyptian technology advancement?

    • A.

      Irrigation

    • B.

      Time

    • C.

      Calendars

    • D.

      Geometry

    • E.

      Algebra

    Correct Answer
    E. Algebra
    Explanation
    Algebra is not an Egyptian technology advancement. Although the ancient Egyptians were highly skilled in various fields such as irrigation, timekeeping with calendars, and geometry, there is no evidence to suggest that they developed algebra. Algebra as a mathematical discipline was developed by ancient Babylonians and later refined by Greek mathematicians.

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  • 38. 

    Which mesopotamian civilization was lead by Nebuchadnezzar?

    • A.

      Babylon

    • B.

      Sumer

    • C.

      Kassites

    • D.

      Akkandians

    Correct Answer
    A. Babylon
    Explanation
    Nebuchadnezzar was the leader of the Babylonian civilization. Babylon was a prominent Mesopotamian civilization known for its advanced architecture, such as the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar ruled over Babylon during the 6th century BCE and is remembered for his military campaigns, conquests, and the construction of various monumental structures in the city. Therefore, the correct answer is Babylon.

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  • 39. 

    Alcibades shown signs that he was a bad leader by...

    • A.

      Being a traitor

    • B.

      Being lazy

    • C.

      Having no courage

    • D.

      Getting killed in the first battle he ever fought in

    Correct Answer
    A. Being a traitor
    Explanation
    Alcibades demonstrated his incompetence as a leader by being a traitor. This implies that he betrayed the trust of his followers and acted against their interests. A traitorous leader lacks integrity and loyalty, which are essential qualities for effective leadership. By engaging in treacherous behavior, Alcibades not only undermined his own credibility but also jeopardized the unity and trust within his team or community. Such actions can have devastating consequences for a leader's ability to inspire and motivate others towards a common goal.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following was NOT an effect of the pelopennesian war?

    • A.

      Spartan navy destroys athenian ships.

    • B.

      Macedonia puts an end to Greek independence.

    • C.

      A peaceful country at last

    • D.

      No more democracy

    Correct Answer
    C. A peaceful country at last
    Explanation
    The Peloponnesian War resulted in various effects, including the destruction of Athenian ships by the Spartan navy and the end of Greek independence with the rise of Macedonia. However, the war did not lead to a peaceful country at last. The conflict between Athens and Sparta, along with their respective allies, resulted in widespread destruction, loss of life, and political instability. Therefore, the idea of a peaceful country as a result of the war is not supported by historical evidence.

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  • 41. 

    T or F?Cyrus the Great made hanging gardens.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False, nebuchadnezzar did.

    Correct Answer
    B. False, nebuchadnezzar did.
    Explanation
    The statement "Cyrus the Great made hanging gardens" is false. The hanging gardens were actually made by Nebuchadnezzar.

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  • 42. 

    Who wants to avenge Athens after the Persian defeat in Marathon?

    • A.

      Darius I

    • B.

      Darius III

    • C.

      Xerxes

    Correct Answer
    C. Xerxes
    Explanation
    Xerxes wants to avenge Athens after the Persian defeat in Marathon. After the Persian defeat in the Battle of Marathon, Xerxes, the King of Persia, sought revenge against Athens. He assembled a massive army and navy to launch the second Persian invasion of Greece, known as the Greco-Persian Wars. Xerxes' goal was to conquer and punish Athens for their role in the previous Persian defeat.

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  • 43. 

    What this imendiant cause of the peloponnesian war?

    • A.

      A disagreement between Athens and Sparta

    • B.

      The destruction at Melose

    • C.

      A navel fire

    • D.

      A miss communication of the alliences

    Correct Answer
    B. The destruction at Melose
    Explanation
    The destruction at Melos was a significant cause of the Peloponnesian War. In 416 BCE, Athens attacked the island of Melos, which was a neutral city-state. The Athenians demanded the surrender of Melos and threatened destruction if they refused. When the Melians refused, Athens laid siege to the city and eventually captured and enslaved the population. This brutal act by Athens showcased their imperialistic ambitions and disregard for the autonomy of other city-states, leading to increased tensions and ultimately contributing to the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War.

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  • 44. 

    Which mesopotamian civilization was lead by Hammurabi, used cuniform, develops social classes?

    • A.

      Amorites

    • B.

      Ur III

    • C.

      Babylon

    • D.

      Chaldeans

    Correct Answer
    A. Amorites
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amorites. The Amorites were a Mesopotamian civilization that was led by Hammurabi. They were known for their use of cuneiform writing and their development of social classes. The other options, Ur III, Babylon, and Chaldeans, were also prominent civilizations in Mesopotamia, but they were not specifically associated with Hammurabi or the characteristics mentioned in the question.

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  • 45. 

    Which Meso civilization was a bureaucracy, and lead by Ur-Nammu?

    • A.

      Babylon

    • B.

      Amorites

    • C.

      Kassites

    • D.

      Ur III

    Correct Answer
    D. Ur III
    Explanation
    Ur III is the correct answer because it refers to the Ur III Dynasty, which was a Meso civilization that existed in ancient Mesopotamia. This civilization was known for its highly organized bureaucracy, with Ur-Nammu being one of its prominent leaders. The Ur III Dynasty was characterized by its centralized government and efficient administrative system, making it a prime example of a civilization with a bureaucratic structure.

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  • 46. 

    Because Moses couldn't enter the promise land, who lead the the Hebrews instead?

    • A.

      David

    • B.

      Saul

    • C.

      Joshua

    • D.

      Jacob

    Correct Answer
    C. Joshua
    Explanation
    After Moses died, Joshua was chosen by God to lead the Hebrews into the promised land. He was a faithful and courageous leader who followed God's instructions and successfully led the Hebrews in conquering the land of Canaan. David, Saul, and Jacob were important figures in Hebrew history, but they did not lead the Hebrews into the promised land.

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  • 47. 

    T or f?Buddha believed in the wheel of life.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Buddha did not believe in the concept of the wheel of life. The wheel of life, also known as samsara, is a fundamental belief in Hinduism and other Indian religions, but it is not a part of Buddhist teachings. Buddha taught the concept of reincarnation, but he did not believe in the cyclical nature of life and death as depicted in the wheel of life. Instead, he emphasized the importance of breaking free from the cycle of suffering and attaining enlightenment.

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  • 48. 

    What religion was developed by Siddhartha Geutama?

    • A.

      Buddhism

    • B.

      Islam

    • C.

      Christianity

    • D.

      Judaism

    Correct Answer
    A. Buddhism
    Explanation
    Siddhartha Gautama is widely recognized as the founder of Buddhism. He was born in ancient India and later became known as the Buddha, meaning "the awakened one." After experiencing a spiritual awakening, he dedicated his life to teaching others about the path to enlightenment and liberation from suffering. Buddhism emphasizes principles such as the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, which guide followers towards achieving inner peace and understanding. Therefore, the correct answer is Buddhism.

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  • 49. 

    What was the highest ranking in the Hindu faith?

    • A.

      God

    • B.

      Priest

    • C.

      Brahman

    • D.

      Buddha

    Correct Answer
    C. Brahman
    Explanation
    In the Hindu faith, Brahman is considered the highest ranking. Brahman is the ultimate reality, the supreme cosmic power that encompasses everything in the universe. It is believed to be the source of all creation and the essence of all existence. Brahman is considered to be formless, limitless, and beyond human comprehension. The concept of Brahman is central to Hindu philosophy and is worshipped as the ultimate divine principle. Priests and gods are important figures in Hinduism, but they are not considered to be higher than Brahman. Buddha, on the other hand, is not a part of the Hindu faith but is the central figure in Buddhism.

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  • 50. 

    If you follow the social, religious, and moral laws of your caste you will have good...

    Correct Answer
    Karma
    karma
    Explanation
    If you follow the social, religious, and moral laws of your caste, you will have good karma. Karma is a concept in Hinduism and Buddhism that refers to the consequences of one's actions. It is believed that by following the prescribed laws and guidelines of one's caste, an individual can accumulate positive karma, which will lead to favorable outcomes in future lives or in the present life. This suggests that adhering to the societal, religious, and moral norms of one's caste is seen as a way to ensure positive consequences and a harmonious existence.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 07, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Celebrate_the_ir
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