The History Of Ancient Greece

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The History Of Ancient Greece - Quiz


The history of the religious practices followed by the Ancient Greek, Roman And Egyptian involves belief in Gods and Goddesses. We have covered the different gods and what they were associated with in the three civilizations. Take up the quiz below and check if you understood the topic fully. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Define hoplite.

    • A.

      Heavily armed infantryman or foot soldier

    • B.

      A wall of shields created by foot soldiers marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation

    • C.

      A citizen of Sparta

    • D.

      Soldiers who fought on horseback

    Correct Answer
    A. Heavily armed infantryman or foot soldier
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "heavily armed infantryman or foot soldier." A hoplite was a type of ancient Greek soldier who fought on foot and was known for their heavy armor and weaponry. They played a crucial role in Greek warfare, particularly during the classical period. The hoplites formed the backbone of the Greek army and were organized in a phalanx formation, which involved soldiers marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation, creating a wall of shields.

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  • 2. 

    Heaviliy armed infantrymen or foot soldiers are known as __________.

    • A.

      Hoplites

    • B.

      Phalanx

    • C.

      Spartans

    • D.

      Cavalry

    Correct Answer
    A. Hoplites
    Explanation
    Hoplites were heavily armed infantrymen or foot soldiers in ancient Greece. They were known for their distinctive armor, including a large round shield, a spear, and a bronze helmet. Hoplites fought in a formation called a phalanx, where they would line up shoulder to shoulder, creating a wall of shields and spears. This formation provided them with protection and allowed them to push forward as a unified force. Spartans were a famous group of hoplites known for their military prowess and discipline. Cavalry, on the other hand, refers to soldiers on horseback and is not the correct answer in this context.

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  • 3. 

    Define ostracism.

    • A.

      The process for temporarily banning ambitious politicians from the city by popular vote

    • B.

      The practice by which a somebody seizes power by force from aristocrats to become the leader and gains support from the newly rich and the poor and maintains power by using hired soldiers and fighting tactics

    • C.

      "the rule of many," government by the people, either directly or through their elected representatives

    • D.

      Engagement in or the activities involved in war or conflict

    Correct Answer
    A. The process for temporarily banning ambitious politicians from the city by popular vote
    Explanation
    Ostracism refers to the process of temporarily banning ambitious politicians from the city by popular vote. This means that if a politician is deemed too ambitious or powerful, the citizens can vote to banish them from the city for a specific period of time. This practice was common in ancient Greece as a way to prevent any individual from becoming too powerful and potentially threatening the democratic system.

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  • 4. 

    Athenians devised the practice of ________ to protect themselves against overly ambitious politicians.

    • A.

      Ostracism

    • B.

      Tyranny

    • C.

      Democracy

    • D.

      Warfare

    Correct Answer
    A. Ostracism
    Explanation
    Athenians devised the practice of ostracism to protect themselves against overly ambitious politicians. Ostracism allowed the citizens to vote on whether to exile a politician for a period of ten years. This practice was aimed at preventing the rise of tyrants or dictators who could potentially threaten the democratic system. By giving the people the power to remove individuals who posed a threat to their freedom and democracy, ostracism served as a safeguard against the concentration of power in the hands of a few.

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  • 5. 

    In order to know the will of the gods, the Greeks consulted a(n) _________.

    • A.

      Oracle

    • B.

      Delphi

    • C.

      Festival

    • D.

      Temple

    Correct Answer
    A. Oracle
    Explanation
    The Greeks consulted an oracle in order to know the will of the gods. The oracle was a person or a place believed to be able to communicate with the gods and provide guidance or predictions. Delphi is a famous example of an oracle in ancient Greece, known for its temple dedicated to Apollo and the Pythia, the priestess who delivered the prophecies. A festival is a celebration or event, and a temple is a religious building.

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  • 6. 

    Define oracle.

    • A.

      A sacred shrine where a god or goddess was said to reveal the future through a priest or priestess

    • B.

      One of the most important religious sanctuaries of the ancient Greek world

    • C.

      A day or period of celebration, typically a religious commemoration

    • D.

      A building devoted to the worship, or regarded as the dwelling place, of a god or gods or other objects of religious reverence

    Correct Answer
    A. A sacred shrine where a god or goddess was said to reveal the future through a priest or priestess
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a sacred shrine where a god or goddess was said to reveal the future through a priest or priestess." This definition accurately describes what an oracle is in ancient Greek culture. Oracles were considered to be sacred places where individuals could seek guidance and insight into the future through the intermediation of a priest or priestess who acted as a conduit for the gods or goddesses. The oracle would provide prophetic messages and advice to those who sought their wisdom.

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  • 7. 

    Define philosophy.

    • A.

      An organized system of thought

    • B.

      Written works, esp. those considered of superior or lasting artistic merit

    • C.

      The art of writing and producing plays

    • D.

      The abstract science of number, quantity, and space

    Correct Answer
    A. An organized system of thought
    Explanation
    Philosophy is defined as an organized system of thought. It refers to the study of fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, and more. It involves critical thinking, analysis, and reasoning to understand and explore various aspects of life and the world. Philosophy seeks to provide a framework for understanding and interpreting the world around us and our place in it. It involves examining concepts, beliefs, and principles to gain insights into the nature of reality and the human experience.

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  • 8. 

    _________ comes from the Greek word that means "love of wisdom."

    • A.

      Philosophy

    • B.

      Literature

    • C.

      Theatre

    • D.

      Mathematics

    Correct Answer
    A. Philosophy
    Explanation
    The word "philosophy" comes from the Greek word that means "love of wisdom." This is because philosophy is the study and pursuit of knowledge and understanding, particularly in areas such as ethics, logic, and metaphysics. It involves asking fundamental questions about the nature of reality, existence, and human existence. Therefore, "philosophy" is the correct answer as it aligns with the meaning of the Greek word and accurately describes the field of study.

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  • 9. 

    What helped to make Greek city-states fiercely independent?

    • A.

      The physical geography

    • B.

      The political differences

    • C.

      The different religious beliefs

    • D.

      The cultural differences

    Correct Answer
    A. The physical geography
    Explanation
    The physical geography of Greece, with its mountainous terrain and numerous islands, played a significant role in making Greek city-states fiercely independent. The mountains acted as natural barriers, isolating each city-state and making it difficult for outside forces to invade or exert control. The presence of islands also contributed to the independence, as it allowed for the development of separate communities with their own unique identities. Additionally, the rugged landscape made communication and transportation challenging, further reinforcing the independence of each city-state.

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  • 10. 

    How did the physical geography of Greece affect the Greeks?

    • A.

      It helped to make their city-states fiercely independent.

    • B.

      It encouraged them to focus on truth and beauty.

    • C.

      It was one of the factors that made them fierce, skilled warriors.

    • D.

      It prevented contact with other civilizations.

    Correct Answer
    A. It helped to make their city-states fiercely independent.
    Explanation
    The physical geography of Greece, with its mountainous terrain and numerous islands, made it difficult for a centralized government to control the entire region. As a result, the Greeks developed independent city-states, each with its own government, laws, and culture. This geographical isolation fostered a sense of autonomy and self-governance among the Greeks, leading to the development of fiercely independent city-states.

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  • 11. 

    Which Greek civilization was a military state focused on the art of war?

    • A.

      Sparta

    • B.

      Athens

    • C.

      Persia

    • D.

      Minoan

    • E.

      Mycenae

    • F.

      Macedonia

    Correct Answer
    A. Sparta
    Explanation
    Sparta was a Greek civilization that was known for its military state and its focus on the art of war. The Spartans were renowned for their disciplined and highly trained army, which played a crucial role in their dominance over other Greek city-states. The entire society of Sparta revolved around military training and warfare, with the goal of producing strong and skilled soldiers. This emphasis on military strength and discipline set Sparta apart from other Greek civilizations, making it the correct answer to the question.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following best describes Sparta?

    • A.

      A city-state that valued alliances with other cultures

    • B.

      A Macedonian democracy

    • C.

      A strict society run by helots

    • D.

      A military state focused on the art of war

    Correct Answer
    A. A city-state that valued alliances with other cultures
  • 13. 

    How did the Cleisthenes' giving Athenian assembly a central political role affect Athens?

    • A.

      They created the foundation for democracy in Athens.

    • B.

      They began to practice ostracism.

    • C.

      Greece became the first even monarchy.

    • D.

      Greeks became interested in philosophy and theatre.

    Correct Answer
    A. They created the foundation for democracy in Athens.
    Explanation
    Cleisthenes giving the Athenian assembly a central political role affected Athens by creating the foundation for democracy. This means that the power to make decisions and govern was given to the people, rather than being concentrated in the hands of a few individuals. This shift towards democracy allowed for greater participation and representation of the citizens in the political process, leading to a more inclusive and egalitarian society.

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  • 14. 

    How did Cleisthenes create the foundation for the democracy in Athens?

    • A.

      By giving the Athenian assembly a central political role

    • B.

      By declaring war on Sparta

    • C.

      By giving aristocrats' land to the poor

    • D.

      By discouraging the study of the arts

    Correct Answer
    A. By giving the Athenian assembly a central political role
    Explanation
    Cleisthenes created the foundation for democracy in Athens by giving the Athenian assembly a central political role. This means that he empowered the assembly, which was made up of all male citizens, to participate in decision-making and have a say in the governance of the city-state. By doing so, Cleisthenes ensured that the power was not concentrated in the hands of a few aristocrats or elites, but was distributed among the citizens, promoting a more inclusive and participatory form of government. This central political role of the assembly was a crucial step towards the establishment of democracy in Athens.

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  • 15. 

    How did Greeks react to the threat of the Persian Empire?

    • A.

      They set aside their differences and became allies.

    • B.

      They fled Greece.

    • C.

      They battled Persia AND each other in a big four-way war.

    • D.

      They welcomed the Persians into their homes.

    Correct Answer
    A. They set aside their differences and became allies.
    Explanation
    During the threat of the Persian Empire, the Greeks reacted by setting aside their differences and forming alliances. This was a strategic move to unite their forces and defend against the common enemy. By putting aside their internal conflicts and joining forces, the Greeks were able to strengthen their defense and increase their chances of successfully resisting the Persian invasion. This unity among the Greeks played a crucial role in their eventual victory over the Persian Empire.

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  • 16. 

    What brought Sparta and Athens together as allies?

    • A.

      The threat of the Persian Empire

    • B.

      Their common values, beliefs, and culture

    • C.

      The movement of the Delian League to Athens

    • D.

      The Great Peloponnesian War

    Correct Answer
    A. The threat of the Persian Empire
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the threat of the Persian Empire. The Persian Empire posed a common enemy and threat to both Sparta and Athens, which led them to form an alliance. They recognized the need to unite in order to defend themselves against the Persians and protect their own interests. This alliance allowed them to combine their military forces and resources, ultimately leading to their victory in the Persian Wars.

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  • 17. 

    Who benefited from the power struggles of Athens, Sparta, and Thebes?

    • A.

      Philip II of Macedonia

    • B.

      The Delian League

    • C.

      Women in all three societies

    • D.

      Pericles of Athens

    Correct Answer
    A. Philip II of Macedonia
    Explanation
    Philip II of Macedonia benefited from the power struggles of Athens, Sparta, and Thebes. During this time, these city-states were engaged in conflicts and wars, weakening each other and creating a power vacuum. Philip II seized this opportunity to expand his own kingdom and influence over Greece. He used diplomacy, military tactics, and alliances to gradually conquer and unify the Greek city-states under his rule. This allowed him to establish the Macedonian Empire and lay the foundation for his son, Alexander the Great, to later conquer much of the known world.

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  • 18. 

    Who was Philip II?

    • A.

      King of ancient Macedonia

    • B.

      King of ancient Greece

    • C.

      One of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers

    • D.

      He conquered Persia, Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Bactria, and the Punjab

    Correct Answer
    A. King of ancient Macedonia
    Explanation
    Philip II was the king of ancient Macedonia. He is known for his military achievements and for expanding the territory of Macedonia. He successfully conquered Persia, Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Bactria, and the Punjab, establishing a vast empire. His reign also saw significant cultural and political developments in Macedonia.

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  • 19. 

    Who defined the subject of logic?

    • A.

      Aristotle

    • B.

      Plato

    • C.

      Socrates

    • D.

      Alexander the Great

    Correct Answer
    A. Aristotle
    Explanation
    Aristotle is credited with defining the subject of logic. He was a Greek philosopher who made significant contributions to various fields of study, including logic. Aristotle's work in logic laid the foundation for the discipline and established many of the fundamental principles that are still used today. His writings on logic, particularly in his work "Organon," provided a comprehensive framework for reasoning and argumentation, making him the most influential figure in the development of the subject.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is true of Aristotle?

    • A.

      He defined the subject of logic.

    • B.

      He developed the Pythagorean theorem.

    • C.

      He designed the Parthenon, the greatest example of the classical Greek temple.

    • D.

      He is considered the greatest historian of the ancient world.

    Correct Answer
    A. He defined the subject of logic.
    Explanation
    Aristotle defined the subject of logic. This means that he established the principles and methods of reasoning and argumentation, which are fundamental to the study of logic. Aristotle's work in logic laid the foundation for the field and greatly influenced subsequent philosophers and scholars in their understanding and development of logical reasoning.

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  • 21. 

    Who was Aristotle?

    • A.

      One of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers

    • B.

      Pupil of Plato

    • C.

      Teacher of Alexander the Great

    • D.

      ALL OF THESE!!!

    • E.

      NONE OF THESE!!!

    Correct Answer
    D. ALL OF THESE!!!
    Explanation
    Aristotle was a philosopher who is considered one of the greatest in ancient Athens. He was a pupil of Plato and later became the teacher of Alexander the Great. Therefore, the correct answer is "ALL OF THESE!!!" as all the given statements accurately describe Aristotle.

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  • 22. 

    Who was Aeschylus?

    • A.

      The father of Greek tragic drama

    • B.

      A great archaeologist who constructed the Parthenon

    • C.

      Ancient Greece's greatest philosopher

    • D.

      Philip II's son, ruler of ancient Macedonia

    Correct Answer
    A. The father of Greek tragic drama
    Explanation
    Aeschylus is known as the father of Greek tragic drama because he was one of the earliest and most influential playwrights in ancient Greece. He is credited with introducing many important elements of tragedy, such as the use of multiple actors and the inclusion of dialogue and music. Aeschylus's plays, such as "The Oresteia" and "Prometheus Bound," were highly innovative and set the foundation for the development of tragic drama in Western literature. His works explored themes of justice, fate, and the relationship between humans and the gods, making him a significant figure in the history of Greek literature and theater.

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  • 23. 

    Who was Sophocles?

    • A.

      The second of the three ancient Greek tragedians whose work has survived

    • B.

      The greatest archaeologist of ancient times

    • C.

      An ancient mathematician

    • D.

      ALL!!!

    Correct Answer
    A. The second of the three ancient Greek tragedians whose work has survived
    Explanation
    Sophocles was one of the three ancient Greek tragedians whose work has survived. He was known for his contributions to the development of Greek tragedy and is considered one of the greatest playwrights of all time. His plays, such as "Oedipus Rex" and "Antigone," continue to be studied and performed today, showcasing his mastery of dramatic storytelling and exploration of complex themes.

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  • 24. 

    What do Aeschylus and Sophocles have in common?

    • A.

      They wrote tragedies.

    • B.

      They developed mathematical proofs.

    • C.

      The studied under Plato.

    • D.

      They were gifted historians.

    Correct Answer
    A. They wrote tragedies.
    Explanation
    Aeschylus and Sophocles have in common the fact that they both wrote tragedies. This means that they were playwrights who focused on creating dramatic works that explored the human condition through stories of suffering and loss. Tragedy was a popular genre in ancient Greece, and both Aeschylus and Sophocles made significant contributions to its development and popularity. Their works continue to be studied and performed today, showcasing their lasting impact on the world of theater.

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  • 25. 

    How did Alexander benefit from being brought on military campaigns by his father?

    • A.

      He became better prepared for kingship.

    • B.

      He was suitable to join the military.

    • C.

      He could now legally vote.

    • D.

      His teacher didn't have to worry about Alexander not being ready to be king.

    Correct Answer
    A. He became better prepared for kingship.
    Explanation
    Alexander benefited from being brought on military campaigns by his father because it helped him become better prepared for kingship. By participating in military campaigns, Alexander gained firsthand experience in strategy, leadership, and warfare, which were essential skills for a future king. He learned valuable lessons and developed the necessary qualities to effectively govern and lead his own army. This experience would prove crucial in his later conquests and his establishment of one of the largest empires in history.

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  • 26. 

    How did Alexander's father prepare him for kingship?

    • A.

      By bringing him on military campaigns

    • B.

      By having him brought up in Athens

    • C.

      By enlisting him in the Spartan army

    • D.

      By sending for Socrates to tutor him

    Correct Answer
    A. By bringing him on military campaigns
    Explanation
    Alexander's father prepared him for kingship by bringing him on military campaigns. This experience exposed Alexander to the realities of war and allowed him to develop strategic thinking, leadership skills, and a deep understanding of military tactics. By witnessing his father's military successes and learning from experienced commanders, Alexander gained invaluable knowledge and practical skills that would later prove crucial in his own conquests as a king.

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  • 27. 

    Who was Alexander's father?

    • A.

      Philip II

    • B.

      Socrates

    • C.

      Homer

    • D.

      An unknown helot

    Correct Answer
    A. Philip II
    Explanation
    Alexander's father was Philip II.

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  • 28. 

    What was Alexander's cultural legacy?

    • A.

      His strong skills as a military leader

    • B.

      The gold and silver that his conquests brought to Greece and Macedonia

    • C.

      The spread of Greek language, architecture, literature, and art

    • D.

      The possession of the entire Persian Empire

    Correct Answer
    A. His strong skills as a military leader
  • 29. 

    ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS OF GREECE:                     |MINOANS                   | MYCENEANS  | SPARTANS                     | ATHENIANS LOCATION| Crete                          | Peloponnese  | Peloponnese                 | Attica VALUES     | sports, nature           | heroic deeds  | discipline, military arts | philosophy, art TRADE       | sea trading empire | pottery              | trade discouraged         | pottery Which of the following statements is supported by the information in the table?

    • A.

      The Spartans had more in common with the Mycenaeans than with the other civilizations.

    • B.

      The Spartans and the Athenians had many common interests.

    • C.

      The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were allies.

    • D.

      All four civilizations existed at the same time.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Spartans had more in common with the Mycenaeans than with the other civilizations.
    Explanation
    The information in the table shows that the Spartans shared the value of discipline and military arts with the Mycenaeans, while the Minoans and Athenians had different values. This suggests that the Spartans had more in common with the Mycenaeans than with the other civilizations.

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  • 30. 

    What two Greek civilizations had the most in common?

    • A.

      Spartans and Mycenaeans

    • B.

      Spartans and Athenians

    • C.

      Minoans and Mycenaeans

    • D.

      Athenians and Minoans

    Correct Answer
    A. Spartans and Mycenaeans
    Explanation
    Spartans and Mycenaeans had the most in common because they both were ancient Greek civilizations. They shared similar cultural and historical backgrounds, as well as a militaristic society. Both civilizations were known for their military prowess and their emphasis on warfare. Additionally, they both had a hierarchical social structure and practiced a form of government where power was concentrated in the hands of a few individuals. The Mycenaeans were an early Greek civilization that flourished around 1600-1100 BCE, while the Spartans were a prominent city-state in ancient Greece known for their military strength and discipline.

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  • 31. 

    A Greek dramatist would most likely be a citizen of which of the following?

    • A.

      Athens

    • B.

      The Minoan civilization

    • C.

      The Mycenaean civilization

    • D.

      Sparta

    Correct Answer
    A. Athens
    Explanation
    A Greek dramatist would most likely be a citizen of Athens because Athens was known as the cultural and intellectual center of ancient Greece. It was the birthplace of drama, with famous playwrights like Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides emerging from this city. Athens had a thriving theater culture and held annual festivals dedicated to theatrical performances, such as the Dionysia. Therefore, it can be inferred that a Greek dramatist would be more likely to reside and work in Athens, where they would have access to a supportive audience and the resources necessary for their craft.

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  • 32. 

    Complete this table.

    • A.

      CLICK HERE!!!

    • B.

      NO, CLICK HERE!!!

    Correct Answer
    A. CLICK HERE!!!
    Explanation
    Your table should have looked like this:

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  • 33. 

    How did the formation of the Delian League give proof to the saying that strength lies in unity?

    • A.

      The Delian League provided a democratic forum for all Greek city-states.

    • B.

      After the collapse of the Delian League, the Greeks were conquered.

    • C.

      When the Macedonians and Greeks worked together, they ended the Persian Empire.

    • D.

      The Delian League led to the spread of Greek language in modern-day Pakistan.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Delian League provided a democratic forum for all Greek city-states.
    Explanation
    The formation of the Delian League gave proof to the saying that strength lies in unity because it provided a democratic forum for all Greek city-states. By coming together and forming an alliance, the city-states were able to pool their resources, military power, and political influence. This allowed them to effectively resist external threats, such as the Persian Empire, and maintain their independence. The democratic nature of the league also ensured that decisions were made collectively and represented the interests of all member states, further strengthening their unity and ability to act as a cohesive force.

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  • 34. 

    What did the Mycenaeans and Spartans have in common?

    • A.

      Location and values

    • B.

      Values and trade

    • C.

      Location and trade

    • D.

      Location, values, and trade

    Correct Answer
    A. Location and values
    Explanation
    The Mycenaeans and Spartans shared both location and values. Both civilizations were located in ancient Greece, with Mycenaeans being centered in the region of Mycenae and Spartans in the city-state of Sparta. Geographically, they were in close proximity to each other. Additionally, they shared similar cultural and societal values, such as a strong emphasis on military prowess, discipline, and loyalty to the state. These values were ingrained in both societies and played a significant role in shaping their respective histories and achievements.

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  • 35. 

    When did the Greek civilizations begin to unite?

    • A.

      When the Macedonians invaded Greece

    • B.

      During the Great Peloponnesian War

    • C.

      During the Age of Pericles

    • D.

      During the Dark Age

    Correct Answer
    A. When the Macedonians invaded Greece
    Explanation
    When the Macedonians invaded Greece, the Greek civilizations began to unite. The invasion of Greece by the Macedonians, led by Philip II and later his son Alexander the Great, marked the beginning of a period of political and cultural unity among the Greek city-states. The Macedonian conquests resulted in the establishment of the Hellenistic period, during which Greek culture spread throughout the conquered territories and influenced the development of various civilizations. This unification under Macedonian rule played a significant role in shaping the history and legacy of ancient Greece.

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  • 36. 

    Who did The Great Peloponnesian War involve?

    • A.

      Athens and Sparta

    • B.

      Athens and Persia

    • C.

      Persia and Sparta

    • D.

      Mycenae and Sparta

    Correct Answer
    A. Athens and Sparta
    Explanation
    The Great Peloponnesian War involved Athens and Sparta. This war was fought between the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, from 431 to 404 BC. The conflict arose due to a power struggle and rivalry between these two dominant states. Athens, known for its naval strength and democratic government, was supported by its allies, while Sparta, known for its military prowess and oligarchic government, led the Peloponnesian League. The war resulted in the defeat of Athens and the decline of its power, marking the end of the Athenian Golden Age.

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  • 37. 

    Just before the Great Peloponnesian War (and after the defeat of the Persians) what civilizations did Greece consist of?

    • A.

      Minoan

    • B.

      Mycenae

    • C.

      Sparta

    • D.

      Athens

    • E.

      Thebes

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Sparta
    D. Athens
    Explanation
    Before the Great Peloponnesian War and after the defeat of the Persians, Greece consisted of the civilizations of Sparta and Athens. Sparta was known for its militaristic society and emphasis on discipline and strength, while Athens was renowned for its democracy, philosophy, and cultural achievements. These two city-states were the most powerful and influential in Greece during this time period. Other civilizations like Minoan, Mycenae, and Thebes were significant in earlier periods but did not play a major role during the time specified in the question.

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  • 38. 

    What event blinded the major Greek states to the threat of Macedonia?

    • A.

      The Great Peloponnesian War

    • B.

      The Age of Pericles

    • C.

      The establishment of Sparta

    • D.

      The end of the Persian Empire

    Correct Answer
    A. The Great Peloponnesian War
    Explanation
    The Great Peloponnesian War, which occurred from 431 to 404 BC, was a devastating conflict between Athens and Sparta, the two major Greek states at the time. This war consumed the attention and resources of both states, causing them to become preoccupied with their own internal struggles and rivalries. As a result, they failed to recognize the growing threat posed by Macedonia, a kingdom to the north. This blindness to the Macedonian threat ultimately allowed Macedonia, under the leadership of Philip II and later his son Alexander the Great, to conquer Greece and establish a new empire.

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  • 39. 

    By colonizing, what was most likely the plan of the Greeks?

    • A.

      The Greeks relied heavily on their navy.

    • B.

      The Greeks planned to conquer all of Western Europe.

    • C.

      The Greeks had little interest in colonization.

    • D.

      Greece was the largest colony in the empire.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Greeks relied heavily on their navy.
    Explanation
    The Greeks relied heavily on their navy because they were a seafaring civilization and had a strong naval force. This allowed them to explore and establish colonies in various parts of the Mediterranean and Black Sea regions. Their naval power also played a significant role in their military strategies and defense against rival civilizations.

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  • 40. 

    What did Homer say about the city of Troy?

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  • Current Version
  • May 30, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 09, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Paige_Bee
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