Knowledge Test About Ancient Egypt: Quiz!

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Knowledge Test About Ancient Egypt: Quiz! - Quiz


Do you believe you have knowledge of all there is to understand regarding Ancient Egypt? Stay right here and find out with this quiz. Cleopatra was not Egyptian. She was born in Egypt, but she found her beginnings in a Macedonian Greek named Ptolemy, one of Alexander the Great’s generals. She was the first individual in her family to learn the Egyptian language. Good luck interpreting this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What do we call a family of rulers whose power is passed down for many generations (usually from father to son)?

    Explanation
    A family of rulers whose power is passed down for many generations is called a dynasty. This term is commonly used to describe a succession of rulers within a specific family, where power is typically inherited from the father to the son. Dynasties can be found in various cultures and historical periods, such as the Ming Dynasty in China or the Romanov Dynasty in Russia.

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  • 2. 

    This is the title of the Egyptian ruler - it means "great house".

    Explanation
    The correct answer is pharaoh. In ancient Egypt, the title "pharaoh" was given to the ruler, and it translates to "great house." The pharaoh was considered to be the political and religious leader of Egypt, and they were believed to have divine powers and a direct connection to the gods. The term "pharaoh" was used to refer to the king as well as the institution of kingship in ancient Egypt.

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  • 3. 

    What is the name of the Egyptian writing system?

    Explanation
    The name of the Egyptian writing system is hieroglyphs or hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphs are a system of writing that uses pictorial symbols to represent words and sounds. This writing system was used by the ancient Egyptians to record their language and communicate important information. The term hieroglyphs is derived from the Greek words "hieros" meaning sacred and "glyphein" meaning to carve, reflecting the sacred and artistic nature of this ancient writing system.

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  • 4. 

    What is the ancient name for the strip of very dark, very fertile soil on each side of the Nile river?

    Explanation
    The ancient name for the strip of very dark, very fertile soil on each side of the Nile river is "black land". This term was used to describe the rich and fertile soil that was deposited by the annual flooding of the Nile river. The black land was vital for agriculture and was the main source of food and resources for the ancient Egyptians.

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  • 5. 

    Where were most of Egypt's major cities located?

    • A.

      The Delta

    • B.

      Lower Egypt

    • C.

      West of the Nile

    • D.

      Upper Egypt

    • E.

      Both A and B

    • F.

      Both A and D

    Correct Answer
    E. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Most of Egypt's major cities were located in both the Delta and Lower Egypt. The Delta region, located in the northern part of the country, is known for its fertile soil and proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, making it an ideal location for settlement and agriculture. Lower Egypt, which encompasses the Nile Delta and stretches along the Mediterranean coast, was also a hub of economic and political activity in ancient Egypt. Therefore, the correct answer is "Both A and B" as most major cities were situated in both the Delta and Lower Egypt.

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  • 6. 

    Egypt was protected from invasion by.....

    • A.

      Natural barriers

    • B.

      Large fortification walls

    • C.

      A standing army of over 100,000 men

    • D.

      Making alliances with surrounding kingdoms

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural barriers
    Explanation
    Egypt was protected from invasion by natural barriers. These natural barriers include the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Red Sea to the east, and the vast Sahara Desert to the west. These geographical features acted as obstacles for potential invaders, making it difficult for them to penetrate and conquer Egypt. The natural barriers provided a certain level of protection and isolation, allowing the ancient Egyptians to develop their civilization relatively undisturbed by external threats.

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  • 7. 

    Egypt was divided into two major regions known as...

    • A.

      Upper Class Egypt and Working Class Egypt

    • B.

      Highland Egypt and Lowland Egypt

    • C.

      Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt

    • D.

      Northern Kingdom and Southern Kingdom

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
    Explanation
    Egypt was divided into two major regions known as Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt referred to the southern part of Egypt, while Lower Egypt referred to the northern part. This division was based on the flow of the Nile River, with Upper Egypt being located upstream and Lower Egypt downstream. The division played a significant role in the political and cultural history of ancient Egypt, as it led to the unification of the two regions under a single ruler and the establishment of the first dynasty.

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  • 8. 

    When did Egyptian history begin according to historians?

    • A.

      C. 3100 BCE

    • B.

      When Menes united Upper & Lower Egypt

    • C.

      When the first pyramid was built

    • D.

      Both A and B

    • E.

      Both A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Both A and B are correct answers because Egyptian history is generally believed to have begun around 3100 BCE when the first pharaoh, Menes, united Upper and Lower Egypt. This event marked the beginning of the first dynasty and the establishment of a centralized government. Additionally, the construction of the first pyramid, the Step Pyramid of Djoser, also occurred around this time and is considered a significant milestone in Egyptian history. Therefore, both the unification of Egypt by Menes and the construction of the first pyramid mark important starting points for Egyptian history.

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  • 9. 

    Who was the first female pharaoh in Egyptian history?

    • A.

      Ramses

    • B.

      Thutmose

    • C.

      Tutankhamon

    • D.

      Akhenaten

    • E.

      Hatshepsut

    • F.

      Menes

    Correct Answer
    E. Hatshepsut
    Explanation
    Hatshepsut was the first female pharaoh in Egyptian history. She ruled Egypt during the 18th dynasty and is known for her successful reign and building projects. Hatshepsut took on the full power and titles of a pharaoh, even dressing as a male to assert her authority. She is considered one of the most successful pharaohs and played a crucial role in the development of ancient Egypt.

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  • 10. 

    Which pharaoh tried to make all of Egypt monotheistic?

    • A.

      Ramses

    • B.

      Thutmose

    • C.

      Tutankhamon

    • D.

      Akhenaten

    • E.

      Hatshepsut

    • F.

      Menes

    Correct Answer
    D. Akhenaten
    Explanation
    Akhenaten is the correct answer because he is known for his attempt to make all of Egypt monotheistic. During his reign, Akhenaten introduced the worship of a single god, the sun-disk Aten, and actively suppressed the worship of other gods. He even changed his own name from Amenhotep IV to Akhenaten, which means "effective for Aten." Akhenaten's religious reforms were radical for the time and had a significant impact on the religious and cultural landscape of ancient Egypt.

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  • 11. 

    Which pharaoh is credited with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt?

    • A.

      Ramses

    • B.

      Thutmose

    • C.

      Tutankhamon

    • D.

      Akhenaten

    • E.

      Hatshepsut

    • F.

      Menes

    Correct Answer
    F. Menes
    Explanation
    Menes is credited with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. He is considered the first pharaoh of ancient Egypt and is believed to have united the two regions around 3100 BCE. Menes established the capital city of Memphis and is known for his role in creating a centralized government and establishing the foundations of Egyptian civilization.

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  • 12. 

    Which pharaoh is famous for the discovery of his completely intact tomb?

    • A.

      Ramses

    • B.

      Thutmose

    • C.

      Tutankhamon

    • D.

      Akhenaten

    • E.

      Hatshepsut

    • F.

      Menes

    Correct Answer
    C. Tutankhamon
    Explanation
    Tutankhamon is famous for the discovery of his completely intact tomb. When his tomb was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter, it was found to be filled with a vast amount of treasures and artifacts, making it one of the most significant archaeological discoveries of all time. The intact state of the tomb allowed researchers to gain valuable insights into the life and culture of ancient Egypt.

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  • 13. 

    The 70-day long Egyptian process of preserving human remains is called...

    • A.

      Pickling

    • B.

      Resurrecting

    • C.

      Mummifying

    • D.

      Stuffing

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Mummifying
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mummifying. Mummifying is the process of preserving human remains, specifically in ancient Egypt. This process involved removing the internal organs, treating the body with preservatives, and wrapping it in linen bandages. The purpose of mummifying was to ensure the deceased's journey to the afterlife and to preserve their physical form for eternity.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following statements is true concerning Egyptian pyramids?

    • A.

      They show the power of the pharaoh

    • B.

      They serve as a protective tomb for the pharaoh

    • C.

      They took many years and thousands of workers to build

    • D.

      They are aligned with the stars to point to the "center of the heavens"

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Egyptian pyramids demonstrate the power of the pharaoh as they were built as monumental structures to showcase their authority and divine status. Additionally, pyramids served as protective tombs for the pharaohs, ensuring their safe passage into the afterlife. The construction of pyramids was a massive undertaking, requiring many years and thousands of workers to complete. Furthermore, the alignment of pyramids with the stars was believed to point to the "center of the heavens," emphasizing the pharaoh's connection to the gods. Therefore, all of the given statements are true concerning Egyptian pyramids.

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  • 15. 

    Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was the son of ________________ , god of the _______________.

    Correct Answer
    Ra sun
    Re sun
    Explanation
    The Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was the son of Ra sun, the god of the sun. Ra was considered the most powerful deity in the Egyptian pantheon, and the sun was seen as a symbol of life and power. The pharaoh, as the ruler of Egypt, was believed to have a divine connection to Ra and was therefore considered a god-like figure. This belief in the pharaoh's divine lineage and connection to the sun god reinforced their authority and legitimacy as rulers.

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  • 16. 

    Only men could become pharaohs of Egypt.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because women in ancient Egypt could also become pharaohs. One of the most famous female pharaohs was Hatshepsut, who ruled during the 15th century BCE. She successfully ruled Egypt for over 20 years and was known for her political and military achievements. Therefore, the statement that only men could become pharaohs is incorrect.

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  • 17. 

    Egypt was the first unified nation in history.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Egypt is widely recognized as the first unified nation in history. Ancient Egypt, located in the northeastern part of Africa, was united under a single ruler known as the Pharaoh. This centralized government allowed for the establishment of a unified legal system, a common language, and a shared cultural identity among the Egyptian people. The unification of Egypt occurred around 3100 BCE, making it the earliest known example of a unified nation-state in human history.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following describes the workforce responsible for building the pyramids?

    • A.

      They were slaves captured in war.

    • B.

      They were native Egyptians who volunteered their time & effort.

    • C.

      They were Egyptians who were conscripted to work by officials of the pharaoh.

    • D.

      They were Egyptians who were provided food and shelter in exchange for their work.

    • E.

      B and D only

    • F.

      C and D only

    Correct Answer
    F. C and D only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C and D only. This means that the workforce responsible for building the pyramids were Egyptians who were conscripted to work by officials of the pharaoh and were also provided food and shelter in exchange for their work. This suggests that the workers were not slaves captured in war, nor were they native Egyptians who volunteered their time and effort.

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  • 19. 

    Hieratic Script is....

    • A.

      A simplified version of hieroglyphics

    • B.

      A writing system used only by the pharaohs

    • C.

      A secret writing system used by Egyptian embalmers

    • D.

      A computer font used for official certificates

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A simplified version of hieroglyphics
    Explanation
    Hieratic Script is a simplified version of hieroglyphics. Hieratic Script was developed in ancient Egypt as a more practical and efficient writing system for everyday use. It was primarily used by scribes and priests for administrative and religious purposes. Unlike hieroglyphics, which were intricate and time-consuming to write, hieratic script consisted of simplified and cursive characters that could be written more quickly. This allowed for faster record-keeping and communication. Hence, the correct answer is that Hieratic Script is a simplified version of hieroglyphics.

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  • 20. 

    The three major periods of Egyptian history are known as...

    • A.

      The Old, New, and Improved Kingdoms

    • B.

      The First, Middle, and Last Kingdoms

    • C.

      The Old, Younger, and New Kingdoms

    • D.

      The Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. The Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms
    Explanation
    The three major periods of Egyptian history are known as the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms. These periods represent different dynasties and ruling families that were in power during those times. The Old Kingdom was characterized by the construction of the pyramids and the development of a centralized government. The Middle Kingdom saw a reunification of Egypt after a period of political fragmentation and was known for its literature and art. The New Kingdom was a time of great expansion and military conquests, with pharaohs like Hatshepsut and Ramses II ruling over a powerful empire.

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