Ancient Egypt: Unknown Interesting Facts! Trivia Quiz

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Ancient Egypt: Unknown Interesting Facts! Trivia Quiz - Quiz


Ancient Egypt was an empire of ancient North Africa and is situated along the Nile River. The triumph of ancient Egyptian civilization came from its ability to acclimate to the Nile River Valley conditions for agriculture. The most recognizable feature of ancient Egypt is the pyramids. If you are curious about Ancient Egypt, this quiz may be helpful.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The ancient Egyptians were polytheistic. This means they believed in ________ ______. (Spelling counts!)

    Explanation
    poly = many
    theo = god - like theocracy, polytheism, or monotheism.

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  • 2. 

    Who was the ancient Egyptian god of the Underworld?

    • A.

      Horus

    • B.

      Isis

    • C.

      Hathor

    • D.

      Osiris

    Correct Answer
    D. Osiris
    Explanation
    Osiris was the ancient Egyptian god of the Underworld. He was a prominent figure in Egyptian mythology and was believed to be the ruler of the afterlife. Osiris was associated with death, resurrection, and fertility. He was also considered the judge of the dead, weighing their hearts against the feather of truth. Osiris was depicted as a mummified figure, often shown with green or black skin. His cult was widespread and he was one of the most important gods in ancient Egypt.

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  • 3. 

    The only organ left in the body during ancient Egyptian embalming was the

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Brain

    • D.

      Lungs

    Correct Answer
    A. Heart
    Explanation
    During ancient Egyptian embalming, the heart was the only organ left in the body. The ancient Egyptians believed that the heart was the center of intelligence and emotions, and that it would be needed in the afterlife. They removed and preserved other organs, such as the liver, brain, and lungs, separately. However, the heart was considered the most vital organ and was left intact in the body to ensure a successful journey into the afterlife.

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  • 4. 

    Which pharaoh ordered this building to be constructed as his or her tomb?

    • A.

      Hatshepsut

    • B.

      Khufu

    • C.

      Ramses II

    • D.

      Akhenaten

    Correct Answer
    B. Khufu
    Explanation
    Khufu is the correct answer because he was the pharaoh who ordered the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza, which is one of the most iconic and well-preserved tombs in Egypt. This pyramid was built as Khufu's final resting place and is the largest of the three pyramids located on the Giza plateau. Khufu ruled during the Old Kingdom period and his pyramid is considered a remarkable architectural achievement and a testament to the power and wealth of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

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  • 5. 

    The writing  shown on this piece of papyrus is called

    • A.

      Hieroglyphics

    • B.

      Papyrus

    • C.

      Cuneiform

    • D.

      Scribe

    Correct Answer
    A. Hieroglyphics
    Explanation
    hiero = sacred
    glyph = symbols

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is an achievement of the pharaoh Hatshepsut?

    • A.

      She freed the Jews from slavery in Egypt.

    • B.

      She built the Great Pyramid at Giza.

    • C.

      She expanded Egypt's economy by trading with other lands.

    • D.

      She ruled during the Middle Kingdom.

    Correct Answer
    C. She expanded Egypt's economy by trading with other lands.
    Explanation
    Hatshepsut, the pharaoh of Egypt, achieved the expansion of Egypt's economy through trade with other lands. This is evident from her successful trading expeditions to the land of Punt, which brought back valuable resources such as gold, ivory, and incense. These trade ventures greatly contributed to the wealth and prosperity of Egypt during her reign.

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  • 7. 

    Which statement about the pharaoh Ramses II is NOT true?

    • A.

      He lived during the New Kingdom

    • B.

      He lived during the Old Kingdom

    • C.

      He had many wives and children

    • D.

      He expanded Egypt's territory

    Correct Answer
    B. He lived during the Old Kingdom
    Explanation
    The statement "He lived during the Old Kingdom" is not true. Ramses II lived during the New Kingdom, which was a period in ancient Egyptian history that lasted from the 16th century BC to the 11th century BC. He was one of the most powerful and influential pharaohs of this time, known for his military campaigns and extensive building projects. He had many wives and children, and he successfully expanded Egypt's territory through his military conquests.

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  • 8. 

    Which statement about the pharaoh Akhenaten is NOT true?

    • A.

      Akhenaten changed Egypt's religion from monotheism to polytheism.

    • B.

      Akhenaten's son was King Tutankamen, or King Tut.

    • C.

      Akhenaten changed Egypt's religion from polytheism to monotheism.

    • D.

      Akhenaten had scuptures of himself made in a new, different style.

    Correct Answer
    A. Akhenaten changed Egypt's religion from monotheism to polytheism.
  • 9. 

    The people in Egypt who made things were called craftsmen. The people in ancient Egypt who sold things were called ______________________.

    • A.

      Slaves

    • B.

      Priests

    • C.

      Aristocrats

    • D.

      Merchants

    Correct Answer
    D. Merchants
    Explanation
    In ancient Egypt, the people who sold things were called merchants. This term refers to individuals who engaged in trading activities and exchanged goods for profit. Unlike craftsmen who were involved in the production of goods, merchants focused on the distribution and sale of these products. They played a crucial role in the economy of ancient Egypt by facilitating trade and commerce both within the country and with other regions.

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  • 10. 

    A poor farmer who does not own his own land is called a ______________________. 

    Correct Answer
    Peasant
    PEASANT
    peasant
    Explanation
    A poor farmer who does not own his own land is called a peasant. This term refers to individuals who work on land owned by others and typically have low social status and limited resources. Peasants often rely on agricultural labor as their main source of income and are commonly found in rural areas.

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  • 11. 

    During this time period, ancient Egypt began producing fine works of art, literature, and architecture.

    • A.

      Old Kingdom

    • B.

      Middle Kingdom

    • C.

      New Kingdom

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Middle Kingdom
    C. New Kingdom
    Explanation
    During the Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom periods in ancient Egypt, there was a significant flourishing of art, literature, and architecture. These periods are known for their remarkable artistic achievements, including the construction of grand temples and tombs, the creation of intricate sculptures and paintings, and the development of a sophisticated writing system. The Middle Kingdom saw the rise of monumental architecture and the emergence of new artistic styles, while the New Kingdom witnessed the construction of iconic structures like the temples of Karnak and Luxor. These periods marked a golden age of creativity and cultural advancement in ancient Egypt.

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  • 12. 

    This time period was the first time Egypt was united under a strong central government. During this time period, some pharoahs built pyramids as their tombs.

    • A.

      Old Kingdom

    • B.

      Middle Kingdom

    • C.

      New Kingdom

    Correct Answer
    A. Old Kingdom
    Explanation
    The Old Kingdom is the correct answer because it was the first time Egypt was united under a strong central government. During this time period, pharaohs built pyramids as their tombs.

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  • 13. 

    Ancient Egypt was not a democracy. It was a _____________________ because it was ruled by priests.

    Correct Answer
    theocracy
    THEOCRACY
    Theocracy
    Explanation
    Theo = gods
    Cracy = power

    Because gods can't actually run a government, a theocracy is run by priests. The pharaoh was considered the highest priest in ancient Egypt and also a living god!

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  • 14. 

    This picture is showing the royal family of England or the United Kingdom. This is a

    • A.

      Theocracy

    • B.

      Pharaoh

    • C.

      Democracy

    • D.

      Dynasty

    Correct Answer
    D. Dynasty
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Dynasty. A dynasty refers to a line of hereditary rulers from the same family who hold power over a country or region. In this context, the picture is depicting the royal family of England or the United Kingdom, which is a prime example of a dynasty. The monarchy in the UK has been passed down through generations within the same family, making it a hereditary dynasty.

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  • 15. 

    The Egyptian social class that was as powerful as aristocrats was:

    • A.

      Scribes

    • B.

      Priests

    • C.

      Pharaoh

    • D.

      Merchants & Craftsmen

    Correct Answer
    B. Priests
    Explanation
    The Egyptian social class that was as powerful as aristocrats was the priests. In ancient Egypt, priests held significant power and influence, as they were believed to have a direct connection with the gods. They played a crucial role in religious rituals, ceremonies, and the administration of temples. Priests were highly respected and had access to vast resources and wealth, making them comparable in power to the aristocrats.

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  • 16. 

    According to this map, the city of Rosetta is in this region:

    • A.

      Sinai Peninsula

    • B.

      Upper Egypt

    • C.

      Sahara Desert

    • D.

      Nile Delta

    Correct Answer
    D. Nile Delta
    Explanation
    The Nile Delta is the triangle-shaped fertile region where the Nile empties into the Mediterranean Sea.

    The Nile Delta is in Lower Egypt.

    Can you name a city in Upper Egypt?

    Can you find a city on the Sinai Peninsula?

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 09, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Ms.sutherland
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