Anatomy And Kinesiology-Chapter 3

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

In this quiz we’ll take another look at the human anatomy, with specific reference to the study of kinesiology – also known as the science of bodily movement. What can you tell us about the different planes associated with certain parts of the body? Let’s find out in this quiz on anatomy and kinesiology – chapter 3!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The ________________plane, sometimes called the tranverse plane, divides the body into upper and lower portions.

    • A.

      Sagittal plane

    • B.

      Horizontal plane

    • C.

      Frontal plane

    • D.

      Flexion plane

    Correct Answer
    B. Horizontal plane
    Explanation
    The horizontal plane, sometimes called the transverse plane, divides the body into upper and lower portions. This plane is perpendicular to the sagittal and frontal planes, which divide the body into left and right portions and front and back portions, respectively. The horizontal plane is important in understanding anatomical relationships and is commonly used in medical imaging and surgical procedures.

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  • 2. 

    The ________________ plane, sometimes called the coronal pland, divides the body into front and back.front

    • A.

      Frontal plane

    • B.

      Sagittal plane

    • C.

      Horizontal plane

    • D.

      Rotation plane

    Correct Answer
    A. Frontal plane
    Explanation
    The frontal plane, also known as the coronal plane, is a vertical plane that divides the body into front and back sections. This plane runs from side to side, perpendicular to the sagittal plane. It is commonly used in anatomy to describe the position or movement of structures in the body. For example, if a person raises their arm out to the side, it is moving in the frontal plane.

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  • 3. 

    The __________________ plane, sometimes called the medial plane, divides the body into right and left portions.

    • A.

      Frontal plane

    • B.

      Coronal plane

    • C.

      Horizontal plane

    • D.

      Sagittal plane

    Correct Answer
    D. Sagittal plane
    Explanation
    The sagittal plane, sometimes called the medial plane, divides the body into right and left portions. This plane runs vertically from front to back, dividing the body into symmetrical halves. The other options, such as the frontal plane, coronal plane, and horizontal plane, do not specifically divide the body into right and left portions.

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  • 4. 

    Rotation occurs in the __________________ plane. Abduction and adduction occurs in the _________________ plane and flexion and extension occurs within the _______________plane.

    Correct Answer
    frontal
    horizontal
    vertical
    sagittal
    Explanation
    Rotation occurs in the sagittal plane. Abduction and adduction occurs in the frontal plane and flexion and extension occurs within the sagittal plane.

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  • 5. 

    ________________ is movement away from the midline of the body. ________________is movement around an axis or pivot point. ________________ is movement that shortens the angle between two bones(characterized by the joint angel diminishing). _______________ is movement toward the midline of the body. ____________is movement that increases the angle between two bones.

    Correct Answer
    flexion
    adduction
    extension
    abduction
    rotation
    Explanation
    Flexion is movement that shortens the angle between two bones. Adduction is movement toward the midline of the body. Extension is movement that increases the angle between two bones. Abduction is movement away from the midline of the body. Rotation is movement around an axis or pivot point.

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  • 6. 

    ___________________ is movement in which an extremity describes a circle.

    • A.

      Rotation

    • B.

      Circumduction

    • C.

      Adduction

    • D.

      Flexion

    Correct Answer
    B. Circumduction
    Explanation
    Circumduction is the movement in which an extremity describes a circle. This involves the sequential combination of flexion, abduction, extension, and adduction. It allows for a wide range of motion and is commonly observed in ball-and-socket joints like the shoulder and hip. Rotation refers to the movement around an axis, adduction is the movement towards the midline of the body, and flexion is the bending of a joint. Therefore, the correct answer is circumduction.

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  • 7. 

    Kinesiology terms for body and movement positions:1. _____________lying face down 2. ____________= to the front         3. __________=below 4. _____________=toward the midline 5.______________=closer to the trunk 6. ______________= on or near the surface of the body

    Correct Answer
    proximal
    medial
    prone superficial
    inferior
    anterior
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the terms "proximal," "medial," and "prone" which refer to positions or directions in kinesiology. "Proximal" means closer to the trunk or point of reference, "medial" refers to being toward the midline of the body, and "prone" indicates lying face down. The terms "superficial," "inferior," and "anterior" are also included, which mean on or near the surface of the body, below, and to the front respectively.

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  • 8. 

    More kinesiology body and movement positions: 1. ____________=away from the midline  2. ____________=lying on the spine  3. ____________=further from the trunk   4. _____________=to the back  5. _______________=further from the surface of the body  6.______________=above

    Correct Answer
    posterior supine
    distal
    lateral
    deep
    superior
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly matches the kinesiology terms with their corresponding definitions. "Posterior" refers to a position that is towards the back of the body, "supine" refers to lying on the spine, "distal" refers to a position that is further from the trunk, "lateral" refers to a position away from the midline, "deep" refers to a position that is further from the surface of the body, and "superior" refers to a position that is above.

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  • Mar 19, 2023
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  • Apr 22, 2011
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    Afsingerchick
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