Anatomy Final Exam 3 Review

33 Questions | Total Attempts: 119

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

A quiz on anatomy and physiology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In Order for a lymphocyte to respond to an antigen, the antigen must
    • A. 

      Be phagocytized by lymphocyte

    • B. 

      Enter the cytoplasm of the lymphocyte

    • C. 

      Bind to the DNA of lymphocyte

    • D. 

      Bind to specific receptors on the lymphocyte membrane

    • E. 

      Depolarize the lymphocyte membrane

  • 2. 
    Stem Cells that will form t cells are modified in the
    • A. 

      Bone Marrow

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Thymus

    • E. 

      Kidneys

  • 3. 
    What happens to a tissue that generate high levels of carbon dioxide
    • A. 

      More carbon dioxide is delivered to it

    • B. 

      More blood is delivered to it

    • C. 

      Local blood pressure increases

    • D. 

      Local blood pressure decreases

    • E. 

      Inflow vessels are constricted

  • 4. 
    Edema would be likely to form when
    • A. 

      The concentration of protein in the blood increases

    • B. 

      Hemorrhage occurs

    • C. 

      Blood hydrostatic pressure at the capillary decreases

    • D. 

      Blood osmotic pressure at the capillary decreases

    • E. 

      The blood hydrostatic pressure in capillary is equal to blood osmotic pressure

  • 5. 
    Blood flow through a capillary is regulated by the
    • A. 

      Endothelium

    • B. 

      Capillary bed itself

    • C. 

      Precapillary sphincter

    • D. 

      Heart action

    • E. 

      Central channel

  • 6. 
    A capillary containing substantially fewer proteins that normal will have
    • A. 

      Greater hydrostatic pressure inside capillary

    • B. 

      Less water entering lymphatics

    • C. 

      More ions leaving capillary

    • D. 

      Lower hydrostatic pressure outside

    • E. 

      More water leaving capillary

  • 7. 
    Each of the following changes will result in increased blood flow to a tissue except one. identify the exception
    • A. 

      Decrease vessel diameter

    • B. 

      Increased blood volume

    • C. 

      Increased blood pressure

    • D. 

      Decreased peripheral resistance

    • E. 

      Relaxation of precapillary sphincters

  • 8. 
    If peripheral resistance does not change, causing higher blood pressure will
    • A. 

      Cause blood to pool in veins

    • B. 

      Cause greater blood flow

    • C. 

      Cause sphincters to open

    • D. 

      Cause sphincters to close

    • E. 

      Cause greater volume

  • 9. 
    The direct effects of the autonomic nervous system on heart function is
    • A. 

      To change the heart rate

    • B. 

      To change heart contractility

    • C. 

      To change venous return

    • D. 

      A and B but not C

    • E. 

      A and C but not B

  • 10. 
    Lymph Nodes
    • A. 

      Produce antibodies from specialized T cells

    • B. 

      Monitor the contents of lymph by removing debris and pathogens

    • C. 

      Acts as a check station for cancer cells

    • D. 

      B and C but not A

    • E. 

      Do A, B and C

  • 11. 
    If heart rate increases and stroke volume decrease, cardiac output
    • A. 

      Decreases

    • B. 

      Increases

    • C. 

      Stays exactly the same

    • D. 

      Depends upon 02 levels

    • E. 

      Change is uncertain

  • 12. 
    The primary pacemaker cells of the heart are located in the
    • A. 

      Medulla oblongata

    • B. 

      AV node

    • C. 

      SA node

    • D. 

      Pons

    • E. 

      Thalamus

  • 13. 
    Which of the following happens during ventricular systole
    • A. 

      Aortic valves open

    • B. 

      The "lub" heart sound occurs

    • C. 

      AV node activated

    • D. 

      Mitral valve opens

    • E. 

      The T wave propagates

  • 14. 
    The P Wave of the ECG corresponds to
    • A. 

      Ventricular repolarization

    • B. 

      Ventricular depolarization

    • C. 

      Ventricular systole

    • D. 

      Atrial repolarization

    • E. 

      Atrial depolarization

  • 15. 
    The long lasting plateau of the cardiac action potential is due to a prolonged
    • A. 

      Sodium ion entry

    • B. 

      Calcium ion entry

    • C. 

      Potassium ion entry

    • D. 

      Potassium ion leaving heart cells

    • E. 

      T-wave propagation

  • 16. 
    According to Starlings law of the heart, the cardiac output is directly related to
    • A. 

      The size of ventricle

    • B. 

      The heart rate

    • C. 

      The amount of blood in circulation

    • D. 

      The thickness of myocardium

    • E. 

      The venous return

  • 17. 
    One should expect___ after injecting EPO into a health body
    • A. 

      No effect

    • B. 

      Leukemia

    • C. 

      Anemia

    • D. 

      Polycythemia

    • E. 

      Leukopenia

  • 18. 
    If you have a hemotocrit value 30, you are___
    • A. 

      Normal

    • B. 

      Anemic

    • C. 

      Polycythemic

    • D. 

      Hemoglotic

    • E. 

      Hemophiliac

  • 19. 
    Excess secretion of growth hormone prior to puberty will cause
    • A. 

      Dwarfism

    • B. 

      Cancer

    • C. 

      Gigantism

    • D. 

      Acromegaly

    • E. 

      Diabetes

  • 20. 
    Steroid Hormones
    • A. 

      Bind to receptors on the surface of the cell

    • B. 

      Function by way of a second messanger system

    • C. 

      Cannot diffuse through the cell membrane

    • D. 

      Bind to intracellular receptors

    • E. 

      Functioning by activating camp

  • 21. 
    Iodine is often added to table salt to help the body make sufficient mounts of___
    • A. 

      Thyroxin

    • B. 

      Tyrosine

    • C. 

      Adrenaline

    • D. 

      Glucocorticoids

    • E. 

      Androgens

  • 22. 
    Protruding eye balls is likely indicator for___
    • A. 

      Acromegaly

    • B. 

      Goiter

    • C. 

      Cretinism

    • D. 

      Hypothriodism

    • E. 

      Hyperthyroidism

  • 23. 
    Hormones that control the function of the anterior pituitary are released from the
    • A. 

      Thalamus

    • B. 

      Medulla oblongata

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Pineal body

    • E. 

      Basal nuclei

  • 24. 
    What endocrine structure releases HGH
    • A. 

      Anterior pituitary

    • B. 

      Posterior pituitary

    • C. 

      Thyroid

    • D. 

      Thymus

    • E. 

      Adrenal gland

  • 25. 
    The cells responsible for the production of ciruculating antibodies are
    • A. 

      NK Cells

    • B. 

      Plasma cells

    • C. 

      Helper T cells

    • D. 

      Cytotoxic T cells

    • E. 

      Suppressor T Cells

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