Anatomy And Physiology Questions - Muscle Tissue

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Hermine0817
H
Hermine0817
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 13 | Total Attempts: 154,775
Questions: 72 | Attempts: 1,718

SettingsSettingsSettings
Anatomy And Physiology Questions - Muscle Tissue - Quiz

Questions about muscle tissue. Some of the questions are related to the mega case unit "Childhood" (muscle contraction, neuromuscular junction) and some of the questions are related to the "Maturity 1" case unit (differences between cardiac, skeletal and smooth muscles).


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How much of the total body weight of an average adult is muscle tissue?

    • A.

      20-30%

    • B.

      30-40%

    • C.

      40-50%

    • D.

      50-60%

    • E.

      60-70%

    Correct Answer
    C. 40-50%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 40-50%. Muscle tissue makes up a significant portion of the total body weight in an average adult. This is because muscles are responsible for movement and play a crucial role in maintaining posture and stability. Additionally, muscle tissue is denser than fat tissue, which contributes to its higher percentage in the total body weight.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The three different types of muscle tissue differ from each other by:

    • A.

      Microscopic anatomy

    • B.

      Location

    • C.

      Type of control

    • D.

      A and B

    • E.

      A, B and C

    Correct Answer
    E. A, B and C
    Explanation
    The three different types of muscle tissue (skeletal, cardiac, and smooth) differ from each other in terms of microscopic anatomy, location, and type of control. Skeletal muscle tissue is striated and multinucleated, located attached to bones, and is under voluntary control. Cardiac muscle tissue is striated and uninucleated, found in the walls of the heart, and is under involuntary control. Smooth muscle tissue is non-striated and uninucleated, located in the walls of hollow organs, blood vessels, and the respiratory system, and is under involuntary control. Therefore, the correct answer is A, B, and C.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which of the following is NOT a major function of muscle tissue?

    • A.

      Moving blood throughout the body

    • B.

      Generating heat through contractions

    • C.

      Stopping the movement of joints

    • D.

      Promoting movement of body structures

    • E.

      Storing energy

    Correct Answer
    E. Storing energy
    Explanation
    Muscle tissue is responsible for various functions in the body, including generating heat through contractions, promoting movement of body structures, and moving blood throughout the body. However, storing energy is not a major function of muscle tissue. The primary role of muscle tissue is to contract and produce force, allowing for movement and maintaining posture. Energy storage is primarily carried out by adipose tissue in the form of fat cells. Therefore, muscle tissue does not play a significant role in storing energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    This is the property of muscle that gives it the ability to stretch without damage.

    • A.

      Electrical excitability

    • B.

      Contractility

    • C.

      Extensibility

    • D.

      Elasticity

    • E.

      Thermogenesis

    Correct Answer
    C. Extensibility
    Explanation
    Extensibility is the property of muscle that allows it to stretch without damage. This means that muscles can be elongated or stretched to their full length without tearing or breaking. This is essential for muscle function, as it allows for movements such as stretching, reaching, and flexing. Without extensibility, muscles would be limited in their range of motion and flexibility.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    In an isometric contraction the muscle develops tension but does not

    • A.

      Lengthen

    • B.

      Widen

    • C.

      Shorten

    • D.

      Conduct electrical current

    • E.

      Exhibit elasticity

    Correct Answer
    C. Shorten
    Explanation
    In an isometric contraction, the muscle develops tension but does not shorten. This means that the muscle is contracting and generating force, but there is no change in its length. Isometric contractions are commonly seen in activities such as holding a heavy object or maintaining a static posture. During this type of contraction, the muscle fibers are actively generating force, but the overall length of the muscle remains the same.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    This is a band of connective tissue that surrounds muscles.

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Ligament

    • C.

      Endomysium

    • D.

      Epimysium

    • E.

      Perimysium

    Correct Answer
    D. Epimysium
    Explanation
    Epimysium is the correct answer because it is a band of connective tissue that surrounds muscles. It is the outermost layer of connective tissue that covers the entire muscle, providing support and protection. It helps to maintain the shape of the muscle and allows for efficient transmission of force generated by the muscle fibers.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    When connective tissue extends as a broad flat layer, the tendon is referred to as

    • A.

      Perimysium

    • B.

      Deep fascia

    • C.

      Fascicle

    • D.

      Aponeurosis

    • E.

      Endomysium

    Correct Answer
    D. Aponeurosis
    Explanation
    An aponeurosis is a type of connective tissue that extends as a broad flat layer. It is different from a tendon, which is a dense connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone. While tendons are rope-like structures, aponeuroses are flat and sheet-like. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is aponeurosis.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    For every nerve that penetrates a skeletal muscle there are generally how many arteries and veins?

    • A.

      One artery and one or two veins

    • B.

      Two arteries and two veins

    • C.

      Three arteries and two veins

    • D.

      One artery and three veins

    • E.

      One artery and a varied amount of veins

    Correct Answer
    A. One artery and one or two veins
    Explanation
    For every nerve that penetrates a skeletal muscle, there is generally one artery and one or two veins. This means that there is usually one main artery that supplies blood to the muscle, and one or two veins that carry blood away from the muscle. The presence of both arteries and veins is important for the proper functioning of the muscle, as the arteries provide oxygen and nutrients, while the veins remove waste products and deoxygenated blood.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Axon terminal clusters at the ends of neuromuscular junctions are referred to as:

    • A.

      Myelin bulbs

    • B.

      Neuromuscular bulbs

    • C.

      Synaptic end bulbs

    • D.

      Axon collateral bulb

    • E.

      Tubule bulb

    Correct Answer
    C. Synaptic end bulbs
    Explanation
    Axon terminal clusters at the ends of neuromuscular junctions are referred to as synaptic end bulbs. These bulbs contain synaptic vesicles that store neurotransmitters, which are released into the synaptic cleft to transmit signals to the target muscle cell. The term "synaptic" refers to the connection between neurons, while "end bulbs" describe the bulb-like structures at the end of the axon terminals. Therefore, synaptic end bulbs accurately describe the anatomical features of these structures.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    After the fusion fo myoblasts, the muscle fibre loses its ability to do what?

    • A.

      Grow

    • B.

      Lengthen

    • C.

      Contract

    • D.

      Go through mitosis

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Go through mitosis
    Explanation
    After the fusion of myoblasts, the muscle fiber loses its ability to go through mitosis. This is because myoblasts are immature muscle cells that have the ability to divide and differentiate into mature muscle fibers. Once fusion occurs, the myoblasts lose their individual identities and merge together to form a single, multinucleated muscle fiber. As a result, the muscle fiber can no longer undergo mitosis, which is the process of cell division.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    The sequence that muscle action potentials must go through to excite a muscle cell is

    • A.

      Sarcolemma, axon of neuron, T tubules

    • B.

      T tubules, sarcolemma, myofilament

    • C.

      Muscle fibre, axon of neuron, myofibrils

    • D.

      Axon of neuron, sarcolemma, T tubles

    • E.

      Myofibrils, myofilaments, mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    D. Axon of neuron, sarcolemma, T tubles
  • 12. 

    The mitochondria in muscle fibre are arranged

    • A.

      Randomly

    • B.

      In circles

    • C.

      Around the nuclei

    • D.

      In rows

    • E.

      Closest to the sarcolemma

    Correct Answer
    E. Closest to the sarcolemma
    Explanation
    The mitochondria in muscle fibers are arranged closest to the sarcolemma. This arrangement allows for efficient energy production and distribution to the muscle cells. The sarcolemma is the cell membrane of the muscle fiber, and having the mitochondria close to it ensures that ATP, the energy currency of the cell, can be readily supplied to the contractile proteins for muscle contraction. This proximity also facilitates the removal of waste products generated during muscle activity.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    These are the contractile organelles of the muscle fibre.

    • A.

      Myofibrils

    • B.

      Myoglobin

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Z disc

    • E.

      M line

    Correct Answer
    A. Myofibrils
    Explanation
    Myofibrils are the contractile organelles of the muscle fiber. They are responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscles. Made up of thick and thin filaments, myofibrils play a crucial role in muscle movement by sliding past each other during contraction. They are composed of repeating units called sarcomeres, which contain the proteins actin and myosin. The interaction between these proteins allows myofibrils to generate force and produce muscle contractions. Therefore, myofibrils are the correct answer as they are directly involved in muscle contraction.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    This part of the skeletal muscle cell releases calcium when stimulated by the T tubules.

    • A.

      Myofibrils

    • B.

      Sarcoplasm

    • C.

      Terminal cisterns of sarcoplasmic reticulum

    • D.

      Sarcomeres

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Terminal cisterns of sarcoplasmic reticulum
    Explanation
    The terminal cisterns of the sarcoplasmic reticulum are responsible for releasing calcium when stimulated by the T tubules. Calcium release is a crucial step in muscle contraction, as it allows the interaction between actin and myosin filaments, leading to muscle fiber contraction. The terminal cisterns are specialized regions of the sarcoplasmic reticulum that are located adjacent to the T tubules, allowing for efficient communication between these structures. Therefore, the correct answer is the terminal cisterns of the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    The sarcoplasmic reticulum is used for storing

    • A.

      Oxygen

    • B.

      ATP

    • C.

      Phosphate ions

    • D.

      Sodium ions

    • E.

      Calcium ions

    Correct Answer
    E. Calcium ions
    Explanation
    The sarcoplasmic reticulum is a specialized organelle found in muscle cells that is responsible for storing and releasing calcium ions. Calcium ions are crucial for muscle contraction as they bind to proteins in the muscle fibers, allowing the sliding of actin and myosin filaments and generating muscle force. When a muscle is stimulated, the sarcoplasmic reticulum releases calcium ions into the cytoplasm, triggering muscle contraction. Therefore, the sarcoplasmic reticulum plays a vital role in regulating muscle contraction by storing and releasing calcium ions.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Which of the following contains thin filaments?

    • A.

      I band

    • B.

      A band

    • C.

      H zone

    • D.

      A and B

    • E.

      A, B and C

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B
    Explanation
    The I band and the A band both contain thin filaments. The I band is the region of the sarcomere where only thin filaments are present, while the A band contains both thin and thick filaments. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Which of the following contain thick filament?

    • A.

      Zone of overlap

    • B.

      A band

    • C.

      H zone

    • D.

      B and C

    • E.

      A, B and C

    Correct Answer
    E. A, B and C
    Explanation
    The thick filament is found in all three options: the zone of overlap, A band, and H zone. The zone of overlap is the region where thick and thin filaments overlap, allowing for cross-bridge formation during muscle contraction. The A band contains thick filaments in their entirety, while the H zone is the central region of the A band where only thick filaments are present. Therefore, options A, B, and C all contain the thick filament.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Myofibrils contain

    • A.

      Contractile proteins

    • B.

      Regulatory proteins

    • C.

      Structural proteins

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". Myofibrils are the contractile units of muscle cells and they contain various types of proteins. Contractile proteins, such as actin and myosin, are responsible for muscle contraction. Regulatory proteins, such as troponin and tropomyosin, regulate the interaction between actin and myosin. Structural proteins, such as titin and dystrophin, provide support and stability to the myofibrils. Therefore, all three types of proteins - contractile, regulatory, and structural - are present in myofibrils.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Which of the following functions as a motor protein in all three types of muscle tissue?

    • A.

      Actin

    • B.

      Myosin

    • C.

      Troponin

    • D.

      Titin

    • E.

      Tropomyosin

    Correct Answer
    B. Myosin
    Explanation
    Myosin is the correct answer because it is a motor protein that is found in all three types of muscle tissue. It plays a crucial role in muscle contraction by interacting with actin filaments and generating the force necessary for muscle movement. Myosin binds to actin and undergoes a conformational change, causing the actin filaments to slide past each other, resulting in muscle contraction. Therefore, myosin is essential for the functioning of muscles in all three types of muscle tissue.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    What regulatory proteins can be found on an actin molecule?

    • A.

      Troponin and titin

    • B.

      Tropomyosin and troponin

    • C.

      Myosin and titin

    • D.

      Titin and tropomyosin

    • E.

      Titin and actin

    Correct Answer
    B. Tropomyosin and troponin
    Explanation
    Tropomyosin and troponin are regulatory proteins that can be found on an actin molecule. Tropomyosin is a long, filamentous protein that wraps around the actin filament and helps regulate muscle contraction by blocking the myosin-binding sites on actin in the absence of calcium ions. Troponin is a complex of three subunits that is bound to tropomyosin. It helps regulate muscle contraction by binding to calcium ions and causing a conformational change in tropomyosin, which allows myosin to bind to actin and initiate muscle contraction.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Titin is found in a sarcomere

    • A.

      In the A band only

    • B.

      In the H zone only

    • C.

      From Z disc to Z disc

    • D.

      From M line to Z disc

    • E.

      In the I band only

    Correct Answer
    D. From M line to Z disc
    Explanation
    Titin is a protein that is found in the sarcomere, which is the basic functional unit of a muscle fiber. The sarcomere is composed of various bands and zones, including the A band, H zone, I band, and the regions between the Z disc and M line. However, titin is specifically located from the M line to the Z disc within the sarcomere. It acts as a molecular spring, providing elasticity to the muscle and playing a crucial role in muscle contraction and relaxation.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Which of the following is used to reinforce the sarcolemma?

    • A.

      Troponin

    • B.

      Tropomyosin

    • C.

      Myosin

    • D.

      Actin

    • E.

      Dystrophin

    Correct Answer
    E. Dystrophin
    Explanation
    Dystrophin is used to reinforce the sarcolemma. The sarcolemma is the cell membrane of a muscle fiber, and it needs to be strong and stable to withstand the force generated during muscle contractions. Dystrophin is a protein that helps anchor the structural components of the muscle fiber to the sarcolemma, providing stability and preventing damage. Mutations in the dystrophin gene can lead to muscular dystrophy, a group of genetic disorders characterized by muscle weakness and degeneration.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    In the sliding filament mechanism, the thin filament is being pulled towards the

    • A.

      Z disc

    • B.

      Sarcolemma

    • C.

      M line

    • D.

      A band

    • E.

      I band

    Correct Answer
    C. M line
    Explanation
    In the sliding filament mechanism, the thin filament is being pulled towards the M line. The M line is located in the center of the sarcomere and serves as the attachment point for the thick filaments. As the thin filaments slide past the thick filaments during muscle contraction, they are pulled towards the M line, causing the sarcomere to shorten. This movement is essential for muscle contraction and allows for the generation of force.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    The sarcoplasmic reticulum releases calcium ions into the cytosol

    • A.

      At the beginning of a contraction

    • B.

      Throughout the entire contraction

    • C.

      During the midpoint only of the contraction

    • D.

      After the contraction ends

    • E.

      Not during the contraction

    Correct Answer
    A. At the beginning of a contraction
    Explanation
    During muscle contraction, the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) releases calcium ions into the cytosol. This is necessary for the contraction process to occur. Calcium ions bind to the protein troponin, which causes a conformational change in the tropomyosin-troponin complex. This change exposes the myosin-binding sites on the actin filaments, allowing the myosin heads to attach and initiate the sliding of actin and myosin filaments, resulting in muscle contraction. Therefore, the release of calcium ions from the SR at the beginning of a contraction is crucial for the initiation of muscle contraction.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    What energizes the myosin head?

    • A.

      The actin filaments

    • B.

      Calcium ions

    • C.

      Potassium ions

    • D.

      ATP hydrolysis reaction

    • E.

      ADP synthesis

    Correct Answer
    D. ATP hydrolysis reaction
    Explanation
    The myosin head is energized by the ATP hydrolysis reaction. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is a molecule that stores and releases energy for cellular processes. During muscle contraction, ATP is hydrolyzed into ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and inorganic phosphate. This hydrolysis reaction releases energy, which is used to power the movement of the myosin head along the actin filaments. Therefore, the ATP hydrolysis reaction provides the necessary energy for the myosin head to perform its function in muscle contraction.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    What is needed for the contraction cycle to continue?

    • A.

      Calcium ion

    • B.

      ATP

    • C.

      ACh

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    For the contraction cycle to continue, several factors are required. Calcium ions play a crucial role in muscle contraction as they bind to the troponin protein, which triggers the movement of tropomyosin and allows the myosin heads to bind to actin. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is needed as an energy source for the contraction process. It provides the energy required for the myosin heads to detach from actin and reset for another contraction. ACh (acetylcholine) is a neurotransmitter that is released at the neuromuscular junction, allowing the muscle fibers to receive the signal to contract. Therefore, all of the above factors are necessary for the contraction cycle to continue.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    This results from a muscle action potential propagating along the sarcolemma and into the T tubules.

    • A.

      Summation

    • B.

      Relaxation

    • C.

      Excitation

    • D.

      Release channel

    • E.

      ATP hydrolysis

    Correct Answer
    C. Excitation
    Explanation
    Excitation is the correct answer because when a muscle is stimulated, a muscle action potential is generated. This action potential travels along the sarcolemma (cell membrane of muscle fibers) and into the T tubules (invaginations of the sarcolemma). This excitation triggers the release of calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, leading to muscle contraction. Therefore, the statement accurately describes the process of excitation in muscle cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    The signal to excite a muscle cell must cross the neuromuscular junction by the diffusion of acetylcholine across the

    • A.

      Motor neuron axon

    • B.

      Synaptic cleft

    • C.

      Sarcolemma

    • D.

      Synaptic vesicles

    • E.

      Myofibril

    Correct Answer
    B. Synaptic cleft
    Explanation
    The signal to excite a muscle cell must cross the synaptic cleft. The synaptic cleft is the small gap between the motor neuron axon and the muscle cell's sarcolemma. When an action potential reaches the end of the motor neuron axon, it triggers the release of acetylcholine from synaptic vesicles into the synaptic cleft. Acetylcholine then diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to receptors on the sarcolemma, initiating a series of events that lead to muscle contraction. Therefore, the diffusion of acetylcholine across the synaptic cleft is necessary for the signal to reach the muscle cell.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    How many molecules of acetylcholine need to bind to open the ion channel of the ACh receptor?

    • A.

      100

    • B.

      More than 1000

    • C.

      10

    • D.

      50

    • E.

      An unknown amount

    Correct Answer
    B. More than 1000
    Explanation
    Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter that binds to the ion channel of the ACh receptor to open it. The question is asking how many molecules of acetylcholine are required to open the ion channel. The correct answer is "More than 1000", indicating that a large number of acetylcholine molecules are needed to activate the ion channel and allow ions to pass through. This suggests that the binding of acetylcholine to the ACh receptor is a cooperative process, where multiple molecules need to bind together to induce the conformational changes required for channel opening.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    How do muscles produce ATP?

    • A.

      Creatine phosphate

    • B.

      Anaerobic cellular respiration

    • C.

      Aerobic cellular respiration

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Muscles produce ATP through multiple processes. Creatine phosphate is a quick source of ATP during short bursts of intense activity. Anaerobic cellular respiration occurs when there is not enough oxygen available, and it produces ATP through the breakdown of glucose. Aerobic cellular respiration is the most efficient process and occurs when there is sufficient oxygen, producing ATP through the breakdown of glucose or fatty acids. Therefore, all of the mentioned processes contribute to ATP production in muscles.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    Creatine phosphate and ATP together create enough energy for a muscle to contract for

    • A.

      15 seconds

    • B.

      15 minutes

    • C.

      1.5 minutes

    • D.

      Less than 5 seconds

    • E.

      1 minute

    Correct Answer
    A. 15 seconds
    Explanation
    Creatine phosphate and ATP are both energy sources used by muscles during contraction. ATP is the immediate source of energy, but it is quickly depleted. Creatine phosphate can regenerate ATP, allowing for a continuous supply of energy. However, the amount of creatine phosphate stored in muscles is limited, and it can only sustain muscle contraction for a short period of time. Therefore, the correct answer is 15 seconds, as this is the approximate duration that the combined energy from creatine phosphate and ATP can support muscle contraction.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    What is NOT a factor that can lead to muscle fatigue?

    • A.

      Build up of lactic acid

    • B.

      Inadequate levels of creatine phosphate

    • C.

      Inadequate levels of oxygen

    • D.

      Inadequate levels of calcium

    • E.

      Inadequate levels of vitamin B

    Correct Answer
    E. Inadequate levels of vitamin B
    Explanation
    Inadequate levels of vitamin B is not a factor that can lead to muscle fatigue. Vitamin B is not directly involved in muscle function or energy production. Muscle fatigue is commonly caused by factors such as lactic acid build-up, inadequate levels of creatine phosphate, inadequate levels of oxygen, and inadequate levels of calcium. However, vitamin B deficiency can cause other health issues, but it is not directly related to muscle fatigue.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    This consists of a somatic motor neuron plus all the skeletal muscle fibres it stimulates.

    • A.

      Sarcomere

    • B.

      Motor unit

    • C.

      Neuromuscular junction

    • D.

      Somatic motor neuron

    • E.

      Muscle fibre

    Correct Answer
    B. Motor unit
    Explanation
    A motor unit consists of a somatic motor neuron and all the skeletal muscle fibers that it stimulates. When the somatic motor neuron is activated, it sends an electrical signal to the muscle fibers, causing them to contract. This coordinated contraction of multiple muscle fibers allows for precise and controlled movement. The motor unit is the functional unit of muscle contraction, and it plays a crucial role in the overall functioning of the muscular system.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    This is a brief contraction of all muscle fibres in a motor unit in response to a single action potential.

    • A.

      Recovery oxygen uptake

    • B.

      Motor unit movement

    • C.

      Muscle fatigue

    • D.

      Refractory period

    • E.

      Twitch contraction

    Correct Answer
    E. Twitch contraction
    Explanation
    A twitch contraction refers to the brief contraction of all muscle fibers in a motor unit in response to a single action potential. This contraction is a result of the release of calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, which triggers the sliding of actin and myosin filaments and leads to muscle contraction. The twitch contraction is a quick and transient response and is often used to study muscle physiology.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    This is also referred to as the period of lost excitability.

    • A.

      Refractory period

    • B.

      Contraction period

    • C.

      Latent period

    • D.

      Relaxation period

    • E.

      Wave summation

    Correct Answer
    A. Refractory period
    Explanation
    The refractory period is the time during which a neuron or muscle cell is unable to respond to a stimulus, as it is recovering from a previous action potential or contraction. This period is often referred to as the period of lost excitability because the cell is temporarily unable to generate another action potential or contraction. During this time, the cell's ion channels are inactivated and need time to reset before they can be activated again. This ensures that the cell has enough time to recover and prevents excessive stimulation or contraction.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    A sustained contraction is

    • A.

      Myogram

    • B.

      Muscle tone

    • C.

      Flaccid

    • D.

      Tetanus

    • E.

      Twitch

    Correct Answer
    D. Tetanus
    Explanation
    Tetanus refers to a sustained contraction of a muscle caused by rapid and repetitive stimulation of its motor neurons. This results in a continuous and prolonged contraction without any relaxation phase. It is different from a twitch, which is a brief and involuntary contraction of a muscle fiber. Muscle tone refers to the slight tension or firmness present in a muscle at rest, while flaccid describes a muscle that is limp and lacking tone. A myogram is a graphical representation of muscle activity.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    Increasing the number of active motor units is called

    • A.

      Wave summation

    • B.

      Fused tetanus

    • C.

      Motor unit recruitment

    • D.

      Muscle tone

    • E.

      Flaccid

    Correct Answer
    C. Motor unit recruitment
    Explanation
    Motor unit recruitment refers to the process of activating additional motor units in a muscle to generate more force. When a muscle needs to exert more force, the nervous system recruits more motor units to contract. This recruitment occurs in a sequential manner, starting with the smallest motor units and progressing to larger ones. By increasing the number of active motor units, the muscle can generate more force and perform stronger contractions.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    This is the least powerful type of muscle fibre.

    • A.

      Slow oxidative fibre

    • B.

      Fast oxidative fibre

    • C.

      Fast glycolytic fibre

    • D.

      Slow glycolytic fibre

    • E.

      Slow Krebs fibre

    Correct Answer
    A. Slow oxidative fibre
    Explanation
    Slow oxidative fibers are the least powerful type of muscle fibers. These fibers are characterized by their ability to contract slowly and sustain contractions for long periods of time. They have a high capacity for aerobic metabolism, meaning they rely on oxygen to produce energy. This allows them to generate energy efficiently, but at a slower rate compared to other muscle fiber types. Slow oxidative fibers are commonly found in muscles that require endurance, such as the muscles used in long-distance running or cycling.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    Which of the below structures is found in cardiac muscle tissue but not skeletal muscle tissue?

    • A.

      Myosin

    • B.

      Tropomyosin

    • C.

      Sarcomeres

    • D.

      Intercalated discs

    • E.

      Striations

    Correct Answer
    D. Intercalated discs
    Explanation
    Intercalated discs are found in cardiac muscle tissue but not in skeletal muscle tissue. These specialized structures are unique to cardiac muscle and help in coordinating the contraction of cardiac muscle cells. Intercalated discs contain gap junctions, which allow for the rapid transmission of electrical impulses between cells, ensuring synchronized contractions of the heart. This allows the heart to function as a single unit, pumping blood efficiently. In contrast, skeletal muscle tissue does not have intercalated discs and relies on a different mechanism for muscle contraction.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    Which of the following exhibits autorhythmicity?

    • A.

      Cardiac muscle fibres

    • B.

      Actin fibres

    • C.

      Multi-unit smooth muscle fibres

    • D.

      Intermediate fibres

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Cardiac muscle fibres
    Explanation
    Cardiac muscle fibers exhibit autorhythmicity, meaning they can generate their own electrical impulses without external stimulation. This allows the heart to beat in a coordinated and rhythmic manner. Unlike other types of muscle fibers, such as actin fibers, multi-unit smooth muscle fibers, and intermediate fibers, cardiac muscle fibers have specialized cells called pacemaker cells that initiate and regulate the electrical signals responsible for heart contractions. Therefore, the correct answer is cardiac muscle fibers.

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    Smooth muscle tone is due to the prolonged presence of what in the cytosol?

    • A.

      ATP

    • B.

      Calcium ions

    • C.

      Phosphate ions

    • D.

      Myoglobin

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Calcium ions
    Explanation
    Smooth muscle tone is maintained by the prolonged presence of calcium ions in the cytosol. Calcium ions play a crucial role in smooth muscle contraction by binding to the regulatory protein calmodulin, which then activates the enzyme myosin light chain kinase. This enzyme phosphorylates the myosin light chain, leading to the interaction between actin and myosin and subsequent muscle contraction. Therefore, the presence of calcium ions is essential for maintaining smooth muscle tone.

    Rate this question:

  • 42. 

    Hyperplasia is

    • A.

      An increase in the size of muscle fibres

    • B.

      A decrease in the size of muscle fibres

    • C.

      An increase in the number of muscle fibres

    • D.

      A decrease in the number of the muscle fibres

    • E.

      A sustained size of muscle fibres

    Correct Answer
    C. An increase in the number of muscle fibres
    Explanation
    Hyperplasia refers to an increase in the number of muscle fibers. This means that the overall muscle mass increases as new muscle fibers are formed. It is different from hypertrophy, which refers to an increase in the size of existing muscle fibers. Hyperplasia can occur in response to certain stimuli, such as resistance training or hormonal changes. This process allows the muscle to adapt and become stronger over time.

    Rate this question:

  • 43. 

    On the diagram, where is the deep fascia?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The deep fascia is located at position B on the diagram.

    Rate this question:

  • 44. 

    In the diagram, what all comes together as one broad sheet of connective tissue to make the tendon?

    • A.

      C

    • B.

      D

    • C.

      H

    • D.

      C and D

    • E.

      C, D and H

    Correct Answer
    E. C, D and H
    Explanation
    In order to make the tendon, three components come together as one broad sheet of connective tissue: C, D, and H.

    Rate this question:

  • 45. 

    In the diagram, what is made from dense irregular connective tissue?

    • A.

      F

    • B.

      G

    • C.

      I

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
  • 46. 

    In the diagram, where is the muscle fibre located?

    • A.

      E

    • B.

      F

    • C.

      G

    • D.

      H

    • E.

      I

    Correct Answer
    B. F
    Explanation
    The muscle fibre is located at point F in the diagram.

    Rate this question:

  • 47. 

    In the diagram, what is made from dense regular connective tissue?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The diagram shows dense regular connective tissue, which is characterized by tightly packed collagen fibers arranged in parallel. This type of tissue is found in tendons, ligaments, and aponeuroses, which are all structures involved in connecting and supporting different parts of the body. Therefore, the correct answer is A.

    Rate this question:

  • 48. 

    In the diagram, where is the epimysium located?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      D

    • D.

      B and D

    • E.

      H

    Correct Answer
    D. B and D
    Explanation
    The epimysium is the outermost layer of connective tissue that surrounds a muscle. It provides support and protection to the muscle fibers. In the given diagram, the epimysium is located in both region B and region D. Therefore, the correct answer is B and D.

    Rate this question:

  • 49. 

    In the diagram, which parts make up the neuromuscular junction?

    • A.

      A, B, E

    • B.

      C, A, B, E

    • C.

      B, E

    • D.

      A, B, C, D, E

    • E.

      C, E

    Correct Answer
    C. B, E
    Explanation
    The neuromuscular junction is the point of communication between a motor neuron and a muscle fiber. In the diagram, parts B and E are labeled, which represent the motor neuron and the muscle fiber respectively. Therefore, the correct answer is B, E.

    Rate this question:

  • 50. 

    In the diagram, where is the axon collateral?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The axon collateral is located at point C in the diagram.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 01, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Hermine0817
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.