Anatomical Principles & Cell Basics

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 31

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Anatomical Principles & Cell Basics

Units 1 & 2 Review


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A group of tissues is a(n):
    • A. 

      Cell

    • B. 

      Organ

    • C. 

      Organism

    • D. 

      Molecule

  • 2. 
    A cell is best defined as:
    • A. 

      A group of organs

    • B. 

      An individual living thing

    • C. 

      A group of tissues

    • D. 

      The basic unit of life

  • 3. 
    The organ system that helps us receive messages and respond to them is the:
    • A. 

      Skeletal system

    • B. 

      Respiratory system

    • C. 

      Nervous system

    • D. 

      Immune system

  • 4. 
    Name the organ system shown below:  
    • A. 

      Digestive system

    • B. 

      Urinary system

    • C. 

      Endocrine system

    • D. 

      Respiratory system

  • 5. 
    Antoinetta contracts a viral infection after babysitting for her friend's small children. The system that responds to fight this infection is the:
    • A. 

      Immune system

    • B. 

      Nervous system

    • C. 

      Urinary system

    • D. 

      Reproductive system

  • 6. 
    The organ system that helps humans combine egg and sperm cells to create new life is called the:
    • A. 

      Cardiovascular system

    • B. 

      Respiratory system

    • C. 

      Reproductive system

    • D. 

      Nervous system

  • 7. 
    Mr. Carter has trouble filtering waste from his blood, and needs dialysis treatment. Which organ system is affected?
    • A. 

      Urinary system

    • B. 

      Reproductive system

    • C. 

      Muscular system

    • D. 

      Skeletal system

  • 8. 
    The lungs are located in which body cavity?
    • A. 

      Pelvic

    • B. 

      Abdominal

    • C. 

      Thoracic

    • D. 

      Cranial

  • 9. 
    Deonsae is having a heart attack and needs an emergency procedure!! Which body cavity do you need to access?
    • A. 

      Thoracic

    • B. 

      Abdominal

    • C. 

      Pelvic

    • D. 

      Vertebral

  • 10. 
    Maurice has a bad headache. Which body cavity is affected?
    • A. 

      Cranial

    • B. 

      Vertebral

    • C. 

      Pelvic

    • D. 

      Thoracic

  • 11. 
    Which plane is shown below:
    • A. 

      Sagittal

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Transverse

  • 12. 
    Which plane is shown below:
    • A. 

      Transverse

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Sagittal

  • 13. 
    Which plane is shown below:
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Sagittal

    • C. 

      Transverse

  • 14. 
    This arrow is going from the _____________ to the _________________ of the patient.
    • A. 

      Anterior; posterior

    • B. 

      Superior; inferior

    • C. 

      Posterior; inferior

    • D. 

      Anterior; superior

  • 15. 
    This arrow is pointing towards the _____________________ end of the patient.
    • A. 

      Superior

    • B. 

      Inferior

    • C. 

      Anterior

    • D. 

      Posterior

  • 16. 
    Which type of organic molecule stores long-term energy for the body?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate

    • B. 

      Protein

    • C. 

      Lipid

    • D. 

      Nucleic acid

  • 17. 
    Which type of organic molecule provides structure for the hair, muscle, skin and nails?
    • A. 

      Protein

    • B. 

      Lipid

    • C. 

      Nucleic acid

    • D. 

      Carbohydrate

  • 18. 
    Fruits like oranges contain a lot of glucose, which is a molecule we break down to provide energy for our cells. These fruits are full of what kind of molecule? 
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate

    • B. 

      Lipid

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      Nucleic acid

  • 19. 
    This food is high in what kind of organic molecule?
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Nucleic acid

  • 20. 
    The type of organic molecule that makes up our DNA is called:
    • A. 

      Nucleic acids

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Lipids

    • D. 

      Proteins

  • 21. 
    Mitosis is cell division that creates:
    • A. 

      Somatic cells for growth and repair

    • B. 

      Sex cells for reproduction

    • C. 

      Sperm and egg cells

    • D. 

      All types of cells

  • 22. 
    Meiosis is cell division that creates:
    • A. 

      Sex cells for reproduction

    • B. 

      Somatic cells for growth and repair

    • C. 

      Brain cells to transmit messages

    • D. 

      Muscle cells for movement

  • 23. 
    Jaylin sprained his ankle running in the hallway to get to class.  What type of cell division is happening to repair the damaged muscle?
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Meiosis

    • C. 

      Neither

  • 24. 
    The type of cell divisions that create new sperm cells is called:
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Meiosis

    • C. 

      Neither

  • 25. 
    This boy has Down's Syndrome. Which of the following BEST explains how this happened?
    • A. 

      One of the parent's sex cells was missing a chromosome due to mistakes in meiosis

    • B. 

      The baby lost chromosomes while growing in the mother's womb through mitosis

    • C. 

      A mistake during mitosis caused the baby's chromosomes to multiply

    • D. 

      A mistake during fertilization caused the baby to have an extra sex cell

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