American History II - Exam Review 1 (spring 2017)

20 Questions

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American History II - Exam Review 1 (spring 2017)

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Between 1880 and 1920, the majority of the “new” immigrants to the United States came from...
    • A. 

      Northern and western Europe

    • B. 

      Southern and eastern Europe

    • C. 

      Canada and Latin America

    • D. 

      China and Southeast Asia

  • 2. 
    The Harlem Renaissance was influenced by the...
    • A. 

      Migration of African Americans from the rural South to the urban North

    • B. 

      Passage of federal laws outlawing racial discrimination in public facilities

    • C. 

      Racial integration of the military during World War I

    • D. 

      Use of affirmative action after World War II

  • 3. 
    Upton Sinclair, Ida M. Tarbell, and Lincoln Steffens were considered muckrakers because they...
    • A. 

      opposed railroad monopolies

    • B. 

      Criticized the growing power of labor unions

    • C. 

      Raised concerns about the negative effects of industrialization

    • D. 

      Supported the need for reforms in education

  • 4. 
    One way in which President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal and President Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society are similar is that both programs...
    • A. 

      made civil rights for African Americans a major goal

    • B. 

      Drew wide support and few critics

    • C. 

      Helped to end major depressions

    • D. 

      Attempted to improve the lives of the poor and the aged

  • 5. 
    Which factor is most closely associated with the decision of the United States to declare war on Spain in 1898?
    • A. 

      Isolationist policy

    • B. 

      Labor union pressure

    • C. 

      Yellow journalism

    • D. 

      Unrestricted submarine warfare

  • 6. 
     ‘‘. . . Under a government which imprisons any unjustly, the true place for a just man is also a prison. . . .’’—Henry David ThoreauWhich leader’s reform efforts reflect the idea in this statement by Thoreau?
    • A. 

      Booker T. Washington’s support for vocational education

    • B. 

      Jane Addams’s establishment of Hull House

    • C. 

      Rachel Carson’s books about the environment

    • D. 

      Martin Luther King Jr.’s advocacy of civil disobedience

  • 7. 
    Which statement best expresses President Theodore Roosevelt’s philosophy on regulating big business?
    • A. 

      Regulation of big business should be left to the states

    • B. 

      Any regulation of big business is undesirable

    • C. 

      Abusive trusts should be broken up by a vigilant federal government

    • D. 

      Government ownership of key industries will benefit consumers

  • 8. 
    One way in which the Progressive movement of the early 1900s and the women’s rights movement of the 1960s are similar is that each resulted in...
    • A. 

      Restrictions on immigration

    • B. 

      Limits on labor union activities

    • C. 

      Passage of reform legislation

    • D. 

      A return to laissez-faire economic policies

  • 9. 
    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) were created primarily to...
    • A. 

      Support environmentalism

    • B. 

      maintain mutual defense

    • C. 

      Improve public health worldwide

    • D. 

      promote economic interdependence

  • 10. 
    Which heading best completes the partial outline below?I. _________________________________    A. The United States claims the Hawaiian Islands.    B. Puerto Rico becomes a United States territory.    C. The United States fights an insurrection in the Philippine Islands.    D. The United States Senate ratifies the Panama Canal treaty.
    • A. 

      Rise of American Imperialism

    • B. 

      Causes of World War I

    • C. 

      Enforcement of the Monroe Doctrine

    • D. 

      Trade Expansion in East Asia

  • 11. 
    In New York Times v. United States (1971) and United States v. Nixon (1974), the Supreme Court placed limits on the...
    • A. 

      authority of federal judges

    • B. 

      exercise of freedom of religion

    • C. 

      powers of the president

    • D. 

      right of Congress to declare war

  • 12. 
    A major purpose of President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points (1918) was to...
    • A. 

      Ask Congress to enter World War I

    • B. 

      set goals for achieving peace after World War I

    • C. 

      Provide an aid program for rebuilding war-torn nations

    • D. 

      retaliate for the sinking of the Lusitania

  • 13. 
     President Ronald Reagan supported supply-side economics through reduced tax rates to...
    • A. 

      Encourage economic growth

    • B. 

      Create more public-works jobs

    • C. 

      increase government regulation of business

    • D. 

      decrease defense spending

  • 14. 
    In the latter half of the 1800s, a large labor supply, an abundance of natural resources, and the construction of new railroads contributed most directly to the...
    • A. 

      Growth of American industry

    • B. 

      Dependence on imported goods

    • C. 

      Demand for limits on immigration

    • D. 

      Rejection of high tariffs by the United States

  • 15. 
    “…And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.…”— President John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Address, January 20, 1961President Kennedy sought to achieve the goal described in this speech through support for the formation of the...
    • A. 

      Peace Corps

    • B. 

      World Bank

    • C. 

      Organization of American States (OAS)

    • D. 

      South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)

  • 16. 
    The 1957 launch of Sputnik by the Soviet Union embarrassed the United States because it....
    • A. 

      Allowed the Soviets to place missiles in Turkey

    • B. 

      revealed that the Soviets had nuclear weapons

    • C. 

      Appeared that the United States had failed to keep up in scientific achievement

    • D. 

      Confirmed the United States use of U-2 spy planes

  • 17. 
    The “clear and present danger” doctrine established in Schenck v. United States (1919) concerned the issue of...
    • A. 

      Freedom of speech

    • B. 

      the right to bear arms

    • C. 

      The right to an attorney

    • D. 

      separation of church and state

  • 18. 
    What was a major achievement of the presidency of Jimmy Carter?
    • A. 

      Uniting East Germany and West Germany

    • B. 

      negotiating the peace accord between Egypt and Israel at Camp David

    • C. 

      Ending United States dependence on imported oil

    • D. 

      Rescuing United States hostages in Iran

  • 19. 
    …I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people. Let us all here assembled constitute ourselves prophets of a new order of competence and of courage. This is more than a political campaign; it is a call to arms. Give me your help, not to win votes alone, but to win in this crusade to restore America to its own people.—Franklin D. Roosevelt, Acceptance Speech, Democratic National Convention, 1932In this statement, Franklin D. Roosevelt promised to...
    • A. 

      build up the military

    • B. 

      Reduce government interference in business

    • C. 

      End an isolationist foreign policy

    • D. 

      Provide government assistance to combat the Great Depression

  • 20. 
    • Alger Hiss conviction• Rosenberg trial• McCarthy hearingsThese post–World War II events are most closely associated with the fear of...
    • A. 

      an increase in immigration from the Soviet Union

    • B. 

      Labor conflicts in United States cities

    • C. 

      An expansion of communism into Cuba

    • D. 

      A communist threat inside the United States