America And World War II (Ah) Ch21

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America And World War II (Ah) Ch21 - Quiz

Students will evidence their knowledge and understanding of America during World War II.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    One complaint of African Americans in the beginning of World War II was they were

    • A.

      Integrated

    • B.

      Employed

    • C.

      Empowered

    • D.

      Disenfranchised

    Correct Answer
    D. Disenfranchised
    Explanation
    During the beginning of World War II, African Americans faced disenfranchisement. This means that they were denied their rights and privileges, particularly in terms of voting and political participation. African Americans were often subjected to discriminatory practices, such as poll taxes and literacy tests, which effectively prevented them from exercising their right to vote. This disenfranchisement contributed to the overall inequality and discrimination experienced by African Americans during this period.

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  • 2. 

    Winston  Churchill wanted to attack the____, of edges of the German empire.

    • A.

      Eastern front

    • B.

      Periphery

    • C.

      Left flank

    • D.

      Western front

    Correct Answer
    B. Periphery
    Explanation
    Winston Churchill wanted to attack the periphery, or the outer edges, of the German empire. This strategy would involve targeting areas that were not heavily fortified or defended, in order to weaken the overall strength of the German forces. By attacking the periphery, Churchill hoped to create openings and vulnerabilities that could be exploited by Allied forces, ultimately leading to a successful defeat of the German empire.

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  • 3. 

    To aid in the war effort, American citizens accepted the ____ of some items.

    • A.

      Rationing

    • B.

      Disappearance

    • C.

      Abundance

    • D.

      Commandeering

    Correct Answer
    A. Rationing
    Explanation
    During times of war, it is common for resources to become scarce. In order to ensure that these resources are distributed fairly and efficiently, a system of rationing is often implemented. Rationing involves limiting the amount of certain items that individuals can obtain, in order to ensure that everyone has access to at least a minimum amount. Therefore, in order to aid in the war effort, American citizens accepted the rationing of some items.

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  • 4. 

    Japanese suicide pilots were known as ____ pilots.

    • A.

      Shinto

    • B.

      Samurai

    • C.

      Kamikaze

    • D.

      Amphtrac

    Correct Answer
    C. Kamikaze
    Explanation
    During World War II, Japanese suicide pilots were known as kamikaze pilots. The term "kamikaze" translates to "divine wind" in Japanese, and it refers to the belief that these pilots were carrying out a sacred mission to protect their homeland. These pilots would deliberately crash their planes into enemy targets, sacrificing their own lives in the process. The kamikaze pilots were seen as heroes in Japan, embodying the spirit of self-sacrifice and loyalty to the nation.

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  • 5. 

    The Liberty ship was superior to many warships because it was 

    • A.

      Welded instead of riveted.

    • B.

      Riveted instead of welded.

    • C.

      Painted in camouflage colors.

    • D.

      Painted red white and blue.

    Correct Answer
    A. Welded instead of riveted.
    Explanation
    The Liberty ship was superior to many warships because it was welded instead of riveted. Welding the ship's components together creates a stronger and more durable structure compared to riveting, which involves fastening pieces with metal bolts. Welding eliminates the weak points that can occur with rivets and provides a smoother surface, reducing drag and increasing the ship's speed. This innovation in construction technique made the Liberty ship more efficient and reliable during wartime operations.

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  • 6. 

    African Americans pushed for a ____ victory in the war effort.

    • A.

      Tuskegee

    • B.

      Triple C

    • C.

      Double V

    • D.

      Carver

    Correct Answer
    C. Double V
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Double V." This refers to the Double V campaign, which was a slogan used by African Americans during World War II. The "V" stands for victory, and the campaign called for victory over both fascism abroad and racism at home. African Americans pushed for a double victory in the war effort, fighting for equality and civil rights while also supporting the war against the Axis powers.

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  • 7. 

    The Japanese were determined to destroy the American fleet in the Pacific after

    • A.

      They were successful at Pearl Harbor.

    • B.

      The Americans surrendered at Bataan

    • C.

      The crew of the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

    • D.

      James Doolittle dropped the bombs on Tokyo.

    Correct Answer
    D. James Doolittle dropped the bombs on Tokyo.
  • 8. 

    To prevent huge shipping losses in the Atlantic, Americans used

    • A.

      Antisubmarine devices.

    • B.

      A convoy system.

    • C.

      An air force escort

    • D.

      Minesweepers

    Correct Answer
    B. A convoy system.
    Explanation
    During World War II, the Americans implemented a convoy system to prevent huge shipping losses in the Atlantic. This system involved grouping merchant ships together and providing them with naval escorts for protection against German submarines. By traveling in a convoy, the ships could deter and defend against submarine attacks more effectively. This strategy greatly reduced the success rate of German U-boats and ensured the safe transportation of essential supplies and troops across the Atlantic.

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  • 9. 

    During the war, Americans ____ to collect materials that could be used for the war effort.

    • A.

      Planted victory gardens

    • B.

      Held scrap drives

    • C.

      Conserved energy

    • D.

      Sold was bonds

    Correct Answer
    B. Held scrap drives
    Explanation
    During the war, Americans held scrap drives to collect materials that could be used for the war effort. This involved organizing campaigns and events to encourage people to donate scrap metal, rubber, and other materials that could be repurposed for military use. These drives were an important part of mobilizing resources and supporting the war effort, as they helped to ensure a steady supply of materials needed for manufacturing weapons, vehicles, and other essential items.

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  • 10. 

    Where did the Allies begin their invasion of Italy

    • A.

      Sicily

    • B.

      Casablanca

    • C.

      Tehran

    • D.

      Normandy

    Correct Answer
    A. Sicily
    Explanation
    The Allies began their invasion of Italy in Sicily. This strategic decision was made to weaken the Axis powers and gain control over the Mediterranean region. By capturing Sicily, the Allies could establish a base for further operations in Italy and put pressure on the Italian government to surrender. The invasion of Sicily marked a significant turning point in the war, as it paved the way for the subsequent liberation of mainland Italy and the eventual collapse of the Axis powers in Europe.

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  • 11. 

    Planning for D-Day was complicated by concerns for the

    • A.

      German army.

    • B.

      Amphtracs

    • C.

      Weather

    • D.

      Air forces

    Correct Answer
    C. Weather
    Explanation
    The planning for D-Day was complicated by concerns for the weather. This is because the success of the operation heavily relied on favorable weather conditions. The invasion required a massive amphibious assault, and bad weather could have resulted in rough seas, making it difficult for the landing crafts and amphibious vehicles (amphtracs) to reach the beaches. Additionally, adverse weather conditions could have hindered the air forces' ability to provide air support and carry out strategic bombings. Therefore, careful consideration and monitoring of the weather were crucial in determining the timing and feasibility of the operation.

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  • 12. 

    What was the code name for the plan to build the atomic bomb?

    • A.

      Manhattan Project

    • B.

      Doolittle Raid

    • C.

      Operation Overload

    • D.

      V-J Day

    Correct Answer
    A. Manhattan Project
    Explanation
    The Manhattan Project was the code name for the plan to build the atomic bomb during World War II. It was a top-secret research and development project led by the United States with the goal of creating the world's first nuclear weapon. The project involved scientists, engineers, and military personnel working together to harness the power of nuclear fission. The successful completion of the Manhattan Project resulted in the creation of the atomic bombs that were later dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, leading to the end of the war.

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  • 13. 

    The invasion of Normandy was important because it

    • A.

      Brought the Soviet Union into the war.

    • B.

      Forced the Germans to fight a two-front war.

    • C.

      Marked the first successful invasion by sea.

    • D.

      Protected the Pacific fleet

    Correct Answer
    B. Forced the Germans to fight a two-front war.
    Explanation
    The invasion of Normandy was important because it forced the Germans to fight a two-front war. Prior to the invasion, Germany was primarily focused on fighting the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front. The invasion of Normandy by the Allied forces created a second front, dividing the German military's attention and resources. This significantly weakened the German forces and played a crucial role in their eventual defeat.

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  • 14. 

    Most of the relocation camps were located in what region of the United States?

    • A.

      The West

    • B.

      The Southeast

    • C.

      The Deep South

    • D.

      The Midwest

    Correct Answer
    A. The West
    Explanation
    During World War II, the United States government established relocation camps to detain Japanese Americans in response to fears of espionage and sabotage. The majority of these camps were located in the West region of the country. This decision was primarily influenced by the fact that the West had a larger population of Japanese Americans compared to other regions. Additionally, the West was seen as a more isolated and remote area, making it easier for the government to control and monitor the detainees.

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  • 15. 

    What was the purpose of the Japanese American Citizens League?

    • A.

      To fight the Japanese invasion of California

    • B.

      To fight Roosevelt's order to declare the western United States a military zone

    • C.

      To help Japanese Americans recover lost property from the relocation

    • D.

      To encourage Japanese Americans to join the armed forces

    Correct Answer
    C. To help Japanese Americans recover lost property from the relocation
    Explanation
    The purpose of the Japanese American Citizens League was to help Japanese Americans recover lost property from the relocation. This suggests that the organization aimed to assist Japanese Americans who had been affected by the forced relocation and internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. The organization likely provided support and resources to help individuals reclaim their belongings and assets that had been lost or confiscated during this time.

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  • 16. 

    Women were able to serve in noncombat positions in the military and in factories at home because

    • A.

      There were not enough men to fill the positions

    • B.

      No one else wanted the jobs

    • C.

      People realized it was unfair to keep them out

    • D.

      Woman organized, as they did to win the vote

    Correct Answer
    A. There were not enough men to fill the positions
    Explanation
    During times of war, many men are often drafted or voluntarily enlist in the military, leaving a shortage of male workers in various industries. In order to maintain production and support the war effort, women are then allowed to serve in noncombat positions in the military and work in factories at home. This is done out of necessity rather than a sudden realization of fairness or a result of women's organization.

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  • 17. 

    According to the cartoon why were Americans encouraged to turn out their lights?

    • A.

      The British could use lights to create a blockade.

    • B.

      The lights prevented American ships from seeing the British ships.

    • C.

      The ships provided a silhouette for ships,making them targets for German submarines.

    • D.

      The lights used to much electricity, creating city-wide blackouts.

    Correct Answer
    C. The ships provided a silhouette for ships,making them targets for German submarines.
    Explanation
    During wartime, it is crucial for ships to remain hidden from enemy submarines. The cartoon suggests that Americans were encouraged to turn out their lights because the lights on the ships created a silhouette, making them easily visible targets for German submarines. By turning out their lights, Americans could help protect their ships and prevent them from being attacked.

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  • 18. 

    Analyze the document and answer the question that follows.Many historians believe that the civil rights movement of the 1950's and 1960's had its roots in the "Double V" campaign and the march on Washington.  Alexander Allen, a member of the Urban League during the war, believed the World War II was a turning point for African Americans.     "Up to that point the doors to the industrial and economic opportunity were largely closed. under the pressure of government policy, the pressures of world opinion, the pressures of blacks themselves and their allies, all this began to change...The war forced the federal government to take a stronger position with reference to discrimination, and things began to change as a result. There was a tremendous attitudinal change that grew out of the war. There had been a new experience for blacks, and many weren't willing to go back to the way it was before."              -Quoted in  Wartime AmericaHow did the war change the status of African Americans in American society?

    • A.

      The African Americans were shut out, even more, from working in America.

    • B.

      The African Americans developed an attitude that nobody would hire them in America.

    • C.

      African Americans proved themselves so hard-working during WWII, that American employers were increasingly comfortable hiring them when it was over.

    • D.

      African Americans wanted to return to Africa and discover their pre-slavery roots when the war was over.

    Correct Answer
    C. African Americans proved themselves so hard-working during WWII, that American employers were increasingly comfortable hiring them when it was over.
    Explanation
    During World War II, African Americans faced increased opportunities for employment due to the pressures of government policy, world opinion, and the efforts of blacks and their allies. This resulted in a significant attitudinal change and a new experience for African Americans. They proved themselves to be hard-working during the war, which made American employers more comfortable hiring them after the war ended. This demonstrates how the war changed the status of African Americans in American society by opening up industrial and economic opportunities that were previously largely closed off to them.

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  • 19. 

    Study this map and answer the question that follows:To expand the image, right click on it.According to this map, Germany and its allies took over France between July 15 and September, 1944.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to the map, Germany and its allies did not take over France between July 15 and September 1944.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 10, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Thor1872
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