Understand The Disease Of ALS - Neurology Quiz

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 11054

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Understand The Disease Of ALS - Neurology Quiz - Quiz

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND) or Lou Gehrig's disease, is a neurodegenerative neuromuscular disease that results in the progressive loss of motor neurons that control voluntary muscles. ALS is the most common type of motor neuron disease.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    SrA Shelby listens to her Command Chief say, “The Course 3 version can be rigorous so you’ll want to manage your time wisely because your achievements depend entirely on the effort you put forth. Invest time in reviewing lesson objectives and samples of behavior because they help you prepare for exams. Although the material is only in an online format, most students find it takes effective study habits, participating in group discussions, and effective use of EPME’s structured thinking process to make it through the course.” The Chief’s comments BEST explain ________ concepts and how they contribute to individual success.
    • A. 

      Time management

    • B. 

      Successful learning

    • C. 

      C. effective study habits

  • 2. 
    The day before graduating, SrA Hill is showing her dad, a military retiree, around the campus when he asks, “What was the hardest part of the course?” Hill replies, “The schedule was hard at first because I was juggling reading, writing, and homework assignments plus marathon study sessions with my flight. I finally settled into a routine that helped me pay attention in class, take good notes, and actively participate in classroom discussions. However, I would have to say the hardest part for me was the public speaking. Thank goodness, my flight came together to practice all the time. SrA Hill’s actions BEST illustrate __________ and its impact on her effectiveness.
    • A. 

      Time managements concepts

    • B. 

      Study and practice habits

    • C. 

      Elements of the learning process

  • 3. 
    While talking with another instructor, MSgt Moore says, “I’m concerned about SrA Michael, one of my students. She completes all assignments and I know she takes notes because she shares them with the flight, but she barely passed her briefing evaluations, which I believe is due to the flight helping her practice so much. Although I have seen her study with the flight, most of the time she studies alone. This morning she failed the formative exercise, by one question, and failed to meet the academic standard. I counseled her about additional study but I’m not sure she can pass the summative.” SrA Michael’s use of ____________ will MOST LIKELY _______________ her effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. effective use of the elements of the Learning Process; enhance

    • B. 

      B. ineffective use of the elements of the Learning Process; hinder

    • C. 

      C. effective use of the IDDP Structured Thinking Process; enhance

    • D. 

      D. ineffective use of the IDDP Structured Thinking Process; enhance

  • 4. 
    Speaking to his boss, SSgt Binder says, I’ve always been taught to spend all the funds in our account. Otherwise, we lose that for good. Should we spend the funds left in our account on things we do not really need? Binder’s boss responds, “you are the expert on resources…what do you think?” Binder replies, “I don’t know.” After Binder asks questions to find the facts and examines the issue from different viewpoints, he decides not to spend the funds. The following year, Binder’s budget is cut by the amount he did not spend. SSgt Binder’s final actions BEST illustrate __________ impact on mission effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. proficient critical thinking and its

    • B. 

      B. critical thinking hindrance and their

    • C. 

      C. System 1 approach to decision making and its

  • 5. 
    Observing how worried his subordinates looked while waiting to hear about the organizational restructure, SSgt Steven says, “It’s a commonly known fact that a restructure is mostly for the leadership of the organization, so I wouldn’t worry too much. We all know that the enlisted folks are the people that do most of the work around here and they wouldn’t want to change that!” Afterwards, his subordinates started joking about it. Because of ______, SSgt Steven’s comments will MOST likely _____his effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. critical thinking hindrances; not change

    • B. 

      B. critical thinking hindrances; decrease

    • C. 

      C. characteristics of a critical thinker; increase

    • D. 

      D. characteristics of a critical thinker; not change

  • 6. 
    During the staff meeting, MSgt Long says, “We are facing an extremely important and challenging mission. Since the recent budget cuts, our unit has been tasked to find more efficient ways to operate. To accomplish this, we must set aside our individual differences and approach this task with optimism and enthusiasm. I am confident that with a team effort, we will exceed the unacceptable status quo and find new and innovative ways to operate with this reduced budget.” Immediately after the meeting, several subordinates approach MSgt Long with their ideas and concerns. MSgt Long’s actions BEST illustrate _________ and its impact on NCO effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. Individualized Consideration

    • B. 

      B. Inspirational Motivation

    • C. 

      C. Intellectual Stimulation

  • 7. 
    SSgt Cox tells SrA Green, his newest instructor, “Since you’ve never instructed before, let’s begin an intensive training program. Your goal is to teach 18 of the 30 lessons during this next class. I will help you prepare to teach each lesson, as well as monitor your performance throughout the course to ensure compliance with standards.” After graduation, Cox says to Green, “Congratulations on meeting your goal! During the next class, you will be required to teach all 30 lessons. In the meantime, let’s work together on a plan for you to win Instructor of the Quarter.” Feeling a bit overwhelmed but excited about the opportunity, Green replies, “Okay.” SSgt Cox’s _______ will MOST likely ________ his and SrA Green’s effectiveness.
    • A. 

      Use of Transformational Leadership; enhance

    • B. 

      Misuse of Transformational Leadership; hinder

    • C. 

      Use of Transactional Leadership; enhance

    • D. 

      Misuse of Transactional Leadership; hinder

  • 8. 
    During her mid-term feedback with SrA Duck, TSgt Wilson says, “I am very impressed with how you completed that last big project. It was extremely demanding both physically and mentally and you completed it with a bold and fearless attitude.” Embarrassed Duck admits, “I’ve never thought of myself as bold and fearless. I just like to be challenged.” TSgt Wilson replies, “In that case, I have another assignment that requires someone with your competitive spirit. Interested?” Duck responds, “Absolutely!” TSgt Wilson’s comments BEST illustrate her understanding of ____________ impact on NCO effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. temperaments and their

    • B. 

      B. blind spots and their

    • C. 

      C. maturity and its

  • 9. 
    SrA Staples is frustrated because his supervisor, TSgt Stevenson, never gives him or any of his coworkers any positive feedback, even when they put in extra effort. Trying to open a line of communication, Staples asks Stevenson for a moment of his time. He says, “Sir, sometimes we’d like to hear that we’re doing a good job or at least get a thank you.” Stevenson replies, “I don’t see how that matters, but I do appreciate how hard all of you work, especially considering how well everyone follows procedures and adheres to the rules around here.” TSgt Stevenson’s _______ will MOST likely ________his effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. acknowledgment of his Blue temperament; increase

    • B. 

      B. failure to acknowledge his Orange temperament; decrease

    • C. 

      C. acceptance of feedback about his blind spot; increase

    • D. 

      D. failure to acknowledge feedback about his blind spot; decrease

  • 10. 
    During his in-processing briefing, SrA Holt hears the speaker say, “As a member of the USAF, you are part of a specialized society whose values, beliefs, and behaviors are different from the rest of the people in this country.” The speaker’s comments BEST explain ____________.
    • A. 

      A. schema

    • B. 

      B. micro-culture

    • C. 

      C. macro-culture

  • 11. 
    When SSgt Ivey arrived at her deployment location, she immediately began learning about the Air Force mission, the country, and the local culture. She compared what she saw to her own past experiences, traditions, and beliefs and then, after carefully considering her options, she determined her best option was to gather more information before doing anything else. A few days later, she was glad she did, because looking back she realized it helped her interact more effectively with leaders from the local village and that they seemed to appreciate her efforts. SSgt Ivey’s actions BEST illustrate _______________ impact on her effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. Cross Cultural Competence skills and their

    • B. 

      B. use of the OODA Loop and its

    • C. 

      C. application ethnocentrism and its

  • 12. 
    _________ organizes, trains, equips, and deploys combat ready forces to support combatant commanders around the globe.
    • A. 

      A. ACC

    • B. 

      B. AETC

    • C. 

      C. AFSOC

  • 13. 
    _____ promotes cooperation among nations, responds to crises, and deters or defeats state and nonstate aggression, and supports development and, when necessary, reconstruction in order to establish the conditions for regional security, stability, and prosperity.
    • A. 

      A. USSOCOM

    • B. 

      B. USCENTCOM

    • C. 

      C. USSOUTHCOM

  • 14. 
    During a pre-deployment briefing, A1C Addison asks SSgt Potter, “So how exactly do we contribute in a joint environment?” Potter replies, “It’s our job to control the airspace above the battlefield, provide transport for and deliver forces, and protect and sustain any and all troops on the battlefield so that military operations can be successful! Our job becomes even more vital when operations escalate into a full scale war.” SSgt Potter’s comments BEST explain some of the _____________ and their impact on mission effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. Air Force Core Functions

    • B. 

      B. Principles of Joint Operations

    • C. 

      C. Range of Military Operations

  • 15. 
    After gaining experience with a local law enforcement team, SSgt Lee deploys in support of a short term operation to enforce peace in an unstable nation. After a nighttime flight into the area, Lee’s team exits the helicopter and stays alert for hostile forces. Once they reach the entry control point the commander greets them and tells them to prepare for a combat patrol. The scenario BEST illustrates ____________ and their impact on mission effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. major operations and campaigns

    • B. 

      B. crisis response and limited contingency operations

    • C. 

      C. military engagement, security cooperation, and deterrence

  • 16. 
    During a Nuclear Surety Inspection, Chief Amber briefs the inspection team, “Our systems are built with certain principles, strict criteria, and with different techniques that ensure our nuclear systems are dependable and free from environmental risks and threats. They are also designed within the constraints of operational effectiveness, time, and cost throughout their life cycle. Because of this, we have a lower risk of unintentional nuclear weapon release.” Chief Amber’s comments BEST explain ___________ and its impact on mission effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. key elements of nuclear safety

    • B. 

      B. passive nuclear security measures

    • C. 

      C. key components of nuclear reliability

  • 17. 
    SSgt Vargas calls his crew together and says, “Lately we have had an increase in Quality Assurance inspection failures and a lot of minor write ups. The number of write-ups tells me that all of you are letting little things slip on a regular basis. I expect each of you to display a higher level of responsibility in your work. Unfortunately, to ensure our nuclear weapons program is within standards, I now have to conduct random spot inspections in order to hold everyone liable for following instructions.” If SSgt Vargas acts on his comments concerning ______, he will MOST likely have a __________ impact on the mission.
    • A. 

      A. reliability and accountability; negative

    • B. 

      B. reliability and accountability; positive

    • C. 

      C. accountability and compliance; negative

    • D. 

      D. accountability and compliance; positive

  • 18. 
    During a pre-deployment briefing SSgt Rener says, “I know you are all leaving out next week and this is a first deployment for some of you. All of you will face new challenges and hardships. Use the training and support network you have so you can endure, bounce back, and develop in these hard times. When you return, the unit needs you back at one hundred percent.” SSgt Rener’s comments BEST explain ______ and its impact on mission effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. courage

    • B. 

      B. resilience

    • C. 

      C. hardiness of spirit

  • 19. 
    A1C Royce works at the base chapel. Over the last week, Royce has been late three times. This morning he strolls in a half hour late and as his supervisor presents him with paperwork, he asks, “Why can’t you come in on time? I need you here to take care of phone calls and our visitors, especially first thing in the morning.” Royce replies, “As chapel assistants, we don’t actually counsel people or make a difference, so what’s the big deal if I’m a few minutes late? Besides, you know my wife just gave me divorce papers, I could use a little understanding from you while I get through this trying time in my life.” A1C Royce’s initial comments BEST illustrate a failure to understand _______ impact on mission effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. the profession of arms and its

    • B. 

      B. direction, discipline, and recognition and their

    • C. 

      C. the profession of arms and warrior ethos and their

  • 20. 
    SSgt Hester is a PME instructor who is conducting a lesson on customs and courtesies. He reminds his students about the importance of being professional in and out of uniform. He explains to them whether you’re in Air Force PT gear or ABUs you must always render the proper respect to the flag. He also reminds them of an age old tradition that is held at the end of each duty day and it serves as a dual function. SSgt Hester’s comments BEST illustrates a__________________.
    • A. 

      A. reveille ceremony

    • B. 

      B. retreat ceremony

    • C. 

      C. flag folding ceremony

  • 21. 
    Recently promoted, SSgt Dooney is well respected and liked throughout the work center. Although he is in charge, he still desires to have the same relationship with his former peers, so he makes decisions based on their desires. As a result, the work center has missed several important deadlines and Dooney is having a hard time getting people to accomplish even the simplest mission related tasks. SSgt Dooney’s actions BEST illustrate ______.
    • A. 

      A. adherence to an ethical principle

    • B. 

      B. falling for an ethical trap

    • C. 

      C. observance of military ethics

  • 22. 
    SSgt Mayberry, the NCOIC is strongly devoted to his religious beliefs. While on watch he does not allow any talk about things he considers secular, like partying and drinking, and denies time off for activities which in his opinion, are not in good taste and do not promote ethical behavior. Although morale seems okay, one or two members have talked about switching flights. Because SSgt Mayberry ______, his actions will MOST likely ______ his effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. appropriately placed principle ahead of purpose and people; enhance

    • B. 

      B. failed to place people ahead of principle and purpose; hinder

    • C. 

      C. applied ethical relativism; enhance

    • D. 

      D. applied ethical relativism; hinder

  • 23. 
    During a staff meeting, SSgt Bank says, “If you are the victim of unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature that causes an offensive or hostile working environment, you need to report this immediately. In addition, if you are the victim of threats, harassment, or behavior that causes fear for your personal safety, this is something you need to report through the chain of command. Finally, another area you don’t have to endure alone is if someone has forced abusive sexual contact with you. As your supervisor, I need you all to be able to focus and trust your fellow Airmen.” SSgt Bank’s final comments BEST explain _________ and its impact on unit effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. Sexual Assault

    • B. 

      B. Sexual Harassment

    • C. 

      C. Workplace Violence

  • 24. 
    Sitting with SSgt Roy, TSgt Ingram says, “You seem a little different since you returned from combat operations.” Roy replies, “Lately, I feel anxious all the time…like I need to watch my back.” Ingram adds, “I’ve also noticed that you don’t play sports or take on challenging tasks anymore.” Roy replies, “I couldn’t care less about those things. Why take excessive risks? Besides, I don’t have the energy I used to have because every time I try to sleep my mind replays graphic scenes from the last convoy. Aside from that, I think I’m handling it all pretty well.” This scenario BEST illustrates ____________ and its impact on NCO effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. potential sources of stress

    • B. 

      B. combat and operational stress

    • C. 

      C. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • 25. 
    SSgt Amani tells TSgt Rowe, “I noticed something was different about SrA Jack. He let me know he was going through a rough patch and after our talk, he decided to speak to a chaplain. Even though I had a lot of work to do, I drove him to the chapel and waited until he was finished. I talk with him every day and he seems to be feeling much better now.” SSgt Amani’s _______ will MOST likely ________ his effectiveness.
    • A. 

      A. understanding of stress management; enhance

    • B. 

      B. misunderstanding of stress management; hinder

    • C. 

      C. understanding of the Wingman Concept; enhance

    • D. 

      D. misunderstanding of the Wingman Concept; hinder

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