Age Of Exploration-2018 Test 1

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Age Of Exploration-2018 Test 1 - Quiz


Final Test for the Unit! Best of Luck to You!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following best describes why the Age of Exploration occurred?

    • A.

      England and Spain wanted to expand their empire

    • B.

      Spain had claimed North and South America

    • C.

      European rulers wanted to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia

    • D.

      English defeated the Spanish Armada

    Correct Answer
    C. European rulers wanted to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia
    Explanation
    During the Age of Exploration, European rulers were motivated by the desire to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia. At that time, spices were highly valued and in high demand, but the existing trade routes were controlled by the Ottoman Empire, making them expensive and difficult to access. European rulers saw an opportunity to bypass these routes and establish direct trade with Asia, which would allow them to obtain spices at a lower cost. This led to the exploration and discovery of new sea routes, such as the voyages of Christopher Columbus and Vasco da Gama, in search of these valuable commodities.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is a negative effect of the Columbian Exchange?

    • A.

      Corn

    • B.

      Disease

    • C.

      Horses

    • D.

      Potatoes

    Correct Answer
    B. Disease
    Explanation
    The negative effect of the Columbian Exchange was the introduction of new diseases to the Americas. When Europeans arrived in the Americas, they brought with them diseases such as smallpox, measles, and influenza, which were previously unknown to the indigenous populations. These diseases caused widespread devastation and decimated the Native American population, as they had no immunity to these diseases. This had a lasting impact on the Americas, leading to the collapse of civilizations and the reshaping of societies.

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  • 3. 

    Which continent would be considered the New World?

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      Africa

    • C.

      Asia

    • D.

      North America

    Correct Answer
    D. North America
    Explanation
    North America would be considered the New World because it was discovered by European explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries, leading to the colonization and settlement by Europeans. This term "New World" was used to distinguish the newly discovered lands from the known regions of Europe, Africa, and Asia. North America became a significant destination for European settlers, resulting in the establishment of colonies and the eventual formation of the United States and Canada.

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  • 4. 

    Why was the Columbian Exchange named after Christopher Columbus?

    • A.

      He invented the term

    • B.

      He was an expert on New World species

    • C.

      His ship was nicknamed the Columbian Exchange

    • D.

      His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange

    Correct Answer
    D. His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange was named after Christopher Columbus because his voyages marked the beginning of the exchange. During Columbus' expeditions, the Old World and the New World were connected for the first time, leading to the transfer of plants, animals, diseases, and cultures between the two regions. This significant event in history was named after Columbus as he played a pivotal role in initiating this exchange through his explorations.

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  • 5. 

    Which group introduced horses within the Columbian Exchange?

    • A.

      Spanish

    • B.

      English

    • C.

      Native Americans

    • D.

      Dutch

    Correct Answer
    A. Spanish
    Explanation
    The Spanish introduced horses within the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange refers to the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia after Christopher Columbus's voyages in the late 15th century. Horses were one of the key animals introduced by the Spanish to the Americas, which had a significant impact on the Native American societies and the development of new economies and transportation systems.

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  • 6. 

    Why did Columbus call the Native Americans, Indians?

    • A.

      He thought that he had landed in Asia

    • B.

      He thought that he had the best name for them

    • C.

      He thought that he had landed in India, and called them Indians

    • D.

      The Indians used sign language and told Columbus the proper name

    Correct Answer
    C. He thought that he had landed in India, and called them Indians
    Explanation
    Columbus called the Native Americans Indians because he mistakenly believed that he had landed in India. He was searching for a new route to India and thought he had reached his destination, so he referred to the indigenous people he encountered as Indians.

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  • 7. 

    What percentage of Native Americans were impacted by death due to the Columbian Exchange?

    • A.

      90 %

    • B.

      50%

    • C.

      40%

    • D.

      60%

    Correct Answer
    A. 90 %
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange refers to the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World following Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas in 1492. This exchange had a significant impact on Native American populations, as they were exposed to new diseases brought by Europeans, to which they had little immunity. These diseases, such as smallpox, devastated Native American communities, leading to a high death toll. Therefore, it can be inferred that a large percentage of Native Americans were impacted by death due to the Columbian Exchange, making 90% the most likely answer.

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  • 8. 

    Political Map

    • A.

      Shows rivers, lakes, mountains, on a map

    • B.

      Shows cities, states, nations, boundaries, capital cities on map

    • C.

      Shows the International Date Line

    • D.

      Shows the lines of latitude and longitude

    Correct Answer
    B. Shows cities, states, nations, boundaries, capital cities on map
    Explanation
    A political map is a type of map that displays cities, states, nations, boundaries, and capital cities. It provides a visual representation of these political divisions and helps us understand the political organization and structure of a region or country. By showing these features on a map, it allows us to easily identify and locate different political entities and their respective boundaries.

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  • 9. 

    Which European nation sent explorers towards Asia in search of better trade routes first

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      England

    • D.

      Portugal

    Correct Answer
    D. Portugal
    Explanation
    Portugal is the correct answer because they were the first European nation to send explorers towards Asia in search of better trade routes. In the 15th century, Portuguese explorers such as Vasco da Gama successfully sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and reached India, establishing direct trade routes with Asia. This exploration and trade expansion played a significant role in Portugal's rise as a global power during the Age of Discovery.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following reasons does not belong for Exploration towards the New World?(4 R's) 

    • A.

      Routes

    • B.

      Riches

    • C.

      Religion

    • D.

      Roads

    Correct Answer
    D. Roads
    Explanation
    The reason "Roads" does not belong in the exploration towards the New World is because it is not a commonly known or significant factor that motivated explorers to venture into the unknown. The other three reasons - Routes, Riches, and Religion - are widely recognized as the primary motivations for exploration during that time period. Roads, on the other hand, were already established and did not play a significant role in driving explorers to discover new lands.

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  • 11. 

    Which statement is correct about Columbus?

    • A.

      Columbus sailed with the support (ships & money) of the King and Queen of Spain

    • B.

      Columbus was searching for a route to Asia (India) but landed in North America

    • C.

      Columbus called the Natives Indians, since he thought he had landed in India

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the statements about Columbus are correct. Columbus did sail with the support of the King and Queen of Spain, he was indeed searching for a route to Asia but ended up landing in North America, and he called the natives Indians because he mistakenly believed he had arrived in India.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following statements would be true concerning the tools of early navigators?

    • A.

      Navigators tools were often inaccurate and could put a ship crew off the orginial course

    • B.

      Navigators had advanced tools for the time period and always were on course to destination

    • C.

      Explorers maps were models for the 21st Century--- easy to navigate

    • D.

      Navigators only relied on the ocean currents and sky in order to get to New World

    Correct Answer
    A. Navigators tools were often inaccurate and could put a ship crew off the orginial course
    Explanation
    The answer states that navigators' tools were often inaccurate and could lead a ship's crew off the original course. This implies that the tools used by early navigators were not reliable and could result in navigational errors.

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  • 13. 

    The Treaty of Tordesailles is important today because:

    • A.

      South American nations have a strong connection to Spain and Christian based religions due to the negotations that took place in 1494

    • B.

      North America became a colony of Portugal

    • C.

      This treaty had no impact on life today

    • D.

      The Spanish took over all the land in the New World and Old World

    Correct Answer
    A. South American nations have a strong connection to Spain and Christian based religions due to the negotations that took place in 1494
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesailles is important today because South American nations have a strong connection to Spain and Christian based religions due to the negotiations that took place in 1494. This treaty, signed between Spain and Portugal, divided the newly discovered lands of the New World between the two countries. As a result, Spain gained control over most of South America, leading to the establishment of Spanish colonies in the region. This colonization had a lasting impact on the culture, language, and religion of South American nations, as they adopted Spanish as their official language and embraced Christianity, which was brought by the Spanish colonizers.

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  • 14. 

    The King of England helped to negotiate the Treaty of Tordesailles.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesillas was negotiated between the Kingdom of Castile (Spain) and the Kingdom of Portugal, not England. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that the King of England helped negotiate the treaty.

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  • 15. 

    The Spanish Armanda was defeated by the English in 1588- which led to the downfall of the Spanish empire in the New World. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The defeat of the Spanish Armada by the English in 1588 indeed led to the downfall of the Spanish empire in the New World. The Spanish Armada was a fleet of ships sent by Spain to invade England and overthrow Queen Elizabeth I. However, the English were able to successfully defend themselves and defeated the Spanish Armada. This defeat weakened Spain's naval power and marked a turning point in the balance of power between Spain and England. It also allowed other European nations, such as England, to establish their dominance in the New World and expand their colonial empires.

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  • 16. 

    The Spanish conquistadors only wanted to bring religion to the New World.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "The Spanish conquistadors only wanted to bring religion to the New World" is false. While religion was certainly a significant aspect of the Spanish conquest of the New World, the conquistadors had multiple motivations, including acquiring wealth, expanding the Spanish Empire, and gaining power and prestige. They sought to exploit the resources and labor of the indigenous peoples, establish colonies, and establish Spanish dominance in the region. Religion was used as a tool to justify their actions and to convert the native populations to Christianity, but it was not their sole objective.

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  • 17. 

    A Spanish conquistador's mission was to bring wealth and fame to himself.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Spanish conquistadors were driven by the desire to acquire wealth and fame. They embarked on expeditions to conquer new territories and exploit their resources, such as gold, silver, and other valuable commodities. These conquests were often motivated by the promise of personal gain and the desire to enhance their social status and reputation. The conquistadors' success in bringing back riches and establishing colonies in the New World contributed to their own wealth and fame, as well as that of their country.

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  • 18. 

    African Americans were sold into slavery once that Native American population started to die out- for a needed labor force in the mines, etc.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the time when Native American populations began to decline, African Americans were indeed sold into slavery to meet the demand for labor in various industries such as mines. This practice was driven by the need for a workforce to replace the diminishing Native American population. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 19. 

    Columbus : Spain Vasco da Gama: _______________

    • A.

      Portugal

    • B.

      England

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      Russia

    Correct Answer
    A. Portugal
    Explanation
    Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese explorer, so the correct answer is Portugal.

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  • 20. 

    Select which statement is not true.

    • A.

      Columbus sailed under the Spanish, he thought he made it to India, therefore he called the natives, Indians

    • B.

      Spain was the first country to search for a sea route to Asia

    • C.

      Spices were used to preserve food

    • D.

      Vasco da Gama sailed for Portugal

    Correct Answer
    B. Spain was the first country to search for a sea route to Asia
    Explanation
    The statement "Spain was the first country to search for a sea route to Asia" is not true. Portugal was actually the first country to search for a sea route to Asia. This is evident from the fact that Vasco da Gama, who sailed for Portugal, successfully reached India in 1498, nearly a decade before Columbus's voyage in 1492. Columbus's voyage was actually funded by Spain, but it was not the first attempt by a country to find a sea route to Asia.

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  • 21. 

    Using the passage from Columbus ship log in 1492, answer the following question. September 24, 1492: " I am having serious troubles with the crew, despite the signs of land that we have... I am told by a few trusted men... that if I persist in going forward they will throw me into the sea some night. They will then affirm that I fell overboard while taking the position of the North Star with my quadrant. Since I am a foreigner, little or no account will be asked of the matter..."Based upon this ship log entry, what type of relationship do you think that Columbus had with his crew?

    • A.

      Pleasant

    • B.

      Joyful

    • C.

      Contempt/upseting

    • D.

      Accepted

    Correct Answer
    C. Contempt/upseting
    Explanation
    Based on the ship log entry, it can be inferred that Columbus had a contemptuous and upsetting relationship with his crew. The passage mentions serious troubles with the crew and their threat to throw him into the sea. This indicates a lack of trust and hostility towards Columbus, suggesting a negative and strained relationship.

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  • 22. 

    How did the printing press change lives of the people of Europe?

    • A.

      Books could be purchase by anyone, cheaper to buy them

    • B.

      Books were now available in many languages and more people could read them

    • C.

      The innovation made communication easier and faster for ideas to spread throughout Europe

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The printing press changed the lives of the people of Europe in multiple ways. Firstly, it made books more accessible to everyone as they could be purchased by anyone, making them cheaper to buy. Secondly, the printing press allowed books to be available in many languages, enabling more people to read them. Lastly, the innovation of the printing press made communication easier and faster, allowing ideas to spread throughout Europe more quickly. Therefore, the answer "All of the above" is correct as it encompasses all the ways in which the printing press changed people's lives in Europe.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following would be the greatest cause of death to Native Americans (indigenous peoples) during the Age of Exploration? 

    • A.

      Searching for new trade routes to Asia

    • B.

      Disease

    • C.

      Warfare

    • D.

      Slavery

    Correct Answer
    B. Disease
    Explanation
    During the Age of Exploration, the greatest cause of death to Native Americans (indigenous peoples) was disease. When Europeans arrived in the Americas, they brought with them diseases such as smallpox, measles, and influenza, to which Native Americans had no immunity. As a result, these diseases spread rapidly among Native American populations, leading to devastating consequences and high mortality rates. This was exacerbated by the lack of medical knowledge and resources available to Native Americans, making disease the primary cause of death during this period.

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  • 24. 

    Identify the postive impact of the Columbian Exchange.

    • A.

      Bird flu which spreads globally

    • B.

      Slavery

    • C.

      Crops and new foods are spread across the globe

    • D.

      Diseases spread rapidly like small pox

    Correct Answer
    C. Crops and new foods are spread across the globe
    Explanation
    The positive impact of the Columbian Exchange is that it led to the spread of crops and new foods across the globe. This exchange introduced various plants and agricultural products to different regions, leading to increased diversity and availability of food. This had long-lasting effects on the global food supply, contributing to the development of new cuisines and improving nutrition in many parts of the world.

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  • 25. 

    The Spanish set up missions in the New World in order to spread Christanity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Spanish set up missions in the New World to spread Christianity. This was part of their efforts to convert the indigenous populations to Catholicism and establish a religious presence in the newly colonized territories. These missions served as centers for religious instruction, conversion, and the establishment of churches and Christian communities. The Spanish believed that spreading Christianity was not only a religious duty but also a way to exert control and influence over the native populations. Therefore, the statement that the Spanish set up missions in the New World to spread Christianity is true.

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  • 26. 

    Which factor explains why European nations wanted to increase trade with other nations?

    • A.

      The scarcity of resources in Europe

    • B.

      The desire to explore into unknown lands across the globe

    • C.

      Religious wars

    • D.

      The value of cultural exchange between nations

    Correct Answer
    A. The scarcity of resources in Europe
    Explanation
    European nations wanted to increase trade with other nations due to the scarcity of resources in Europe. This means that Europe did not have enough natural resources to meet its growing population's needs. By increasing trade with other nations, European countries could obtain the resources they lacked, such as spices, precious metals, and raw materials, to support their economies and maintain their power. Additionally, trade allowed for the exchange of goods, ideas, and technologies, contributing to cultural development and progress.

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  • 27. 

    Determine which navigational tool does not belong with the Age of Exploration.

    • A.

      Compass

    • B.

      Clock

    • C.

      Quadrant

    • D.

      Astrolabe

    Correct Answer
    B. Clock
    Explanation
    The clock does not belong with the Age of Exploration because it was not a navigational tool used during that time period. The compass, quadrant, and astrolabe were all commonly used instruments for navigation during the Age of Exploration, but the clock was not. The clock was not yet developed with the accuracy and reliability needed for navigation purposes during that time.

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  • 28. 

    Native Americans converted to Christianity and worked in the missions in order to escape the Spanish conquistadors. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Native Americans converting to Christianity and working in the missions was a common practice during the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Many Native Americans saw conversion as a way to protect themselves and their communities from the violent actions of the Spanish conquistadors. By assimilating into the Spanish colonial system, they hoped to gain some degree of safety and stability. Therefore, the statement that Native Americans converted to Christianity and worked in the missions to escape the Spanish conquistadors is true.

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  • 29. 

    Select the group that controlled the trade routes before the Age of Exploration began.

    • A.

      England

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Moors

    • D.

      Muslims from the Ottoman Empire

    Correct Answer
    D. Muslims from the Ottoman Empire
    Explanation
    Before the Age of Exploration began, the trade routes were controlled by Muslims from the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire was a powerful and influential empire that spanned across Europe, Asia, and Africa. They had a strong navy and controlled key trade routes, such as the Silk Road and the Mediterranean Sea. Their control over these routes allowed them to dominate the trade and accumulate wealth and power. Therefore, the Muslims from the Ottoman Empire were the group that controlled the trade routes before the Age of Exploration.

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  • 30. 

    Why was Prince Henry the Navigator important to the nation of Portugal?

    • A.

      He was king and began the search for new ports

    • B.

      He was king who freed slaves of Columbus sea voyages

    • C.

      He created a navigation school which taught sailors the best techniques to sail using given equipment from the time, & ships were built

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. He created a navigation school which taught sailors the best techniques to sail using given equipment from the time, & ships were built
    Explanation
    Prince Henry the Navigator was important to the nation of Portugal because he created a navigation school that taught sailors the best techniques to sail using the equipment available at that time, and also played a crucial role in the development of shipbuilding. This allowed Portugal to become a leading maritime power, as its sailors were well-trained and its ships were technologically advanced.

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  • 31. 

    The caravel ....

    • A.

      Was a large sailing vessel that Columbus used to sail to India

    • B.

      A small sailing ship, light, fast, quicker in the open waters and good for a longer voyage to the New World

    • C.

      A navigation instrument that Columbus and other explorers used during the Age of Exploration

    • D.

      A war during the Crusades

    Correct Answer
    B. A small sailing ship, light, fast, quicker in the open waters and good for a longer voyage to the New World
    Explanation
    The caravel was a small sailing ship that was light, fast, and well-suited for longer voyages to the New World. This type of ship was favored by explorers like Columbus during the Age of Exploration because its design allowed for greater maneuverability and efficiency in open waters. Its smaller size also made it easier to navigate and explore new territories.

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