1.
Most large pieces of electrical equipment in the homes use electricity from the mains supply. What is the voltage of the mains supply?
Correct Answer
B. 230V
Explanation
In most regions, the standard mains supply voltage is 230V. This voltage level is carefully chosen to balance the efficiency of electrical appliances with safety considerations. It allows for effective power delivery without exposing users to excessive risks.
2.
Which uses more energy: listening to the radio for 40 minutes or using an electric fire for 15 minutes?
Correct Answer
D. It depends on the specific models and usage conditions of the radio and the electric fire.
Explanation
Energy consumption varies significantly between different appliances. The specific power ratings, efficiency levels, and usage conditions of the radio and electric fire are crucial factors. Without this detailed information, determining which consumes more energy is not feasible.
3.
How long would you have to listen to a radio to use 900,000 joules of energy, if the radio uses 100 joules of energy per second?
Correct Answer
B. 150 minutes
Explanation
To calculate the time needed to consume 900,000 joules, divide the total energy by the energy consumption per second. In this case, it would take 150 minutes of continuous radio operation. If the radio uses 100 joules of energy per second, it would use 6000 joules per minute (100 joules/second * 60 seconds/minute). Therefore, to use 900,000 joules of energy, you would need to listen to the radio for 150 minutes (900,000 joules / 6000 joules/minute). This calculation demonstrates the direct relationship between energy consumption, power rating, and usage time.
4.
What are the units of power?
Correct Answer
C. Watts (W)
Explanation
Power is quantified in watts (W), representing the rate at which energy is either consumed or produced. One watt equals one joule per second, making it a fundamental unit in the realm of electrical measurements.
5.
The more energy we use, the ________ the electricity bill.
Correct Answer
Higher
Explanation
There is a direct correlation between energy usage and electricity bills. As energy consumption increases, the cost reflected on the electricity bill also rises. This relationship underscores the economic impact of energy consumption.
6.
________ ________ watt(s)= 1 joule used every second
Correct Answer
one
1
Explanation
Watts are the unit of power. The power of an appliance describes the rate at which the appliance uses energy. Power measured in Watts refers to how much energy (joules) an appliance uses each second. An appliance that uses 1 joule of energy per second has a power of 1 Watt.
7.
If a toaster has a power rating of 1100W and it takes 1 minute to make toast, how many joules of energy are required to make a slice of toast?
Correct Answer
C. 66000
Explanation
If a toaster has a power rating of 1100W (which means it uses 1100 joules of energy per second), and it takes 60 seconds to make toast, then it would use 66,000 joules of energy (1100 joules/second * 60 seconds). This calculation demonstrates how power ratings can be used to estimate energy usage for specific tasks.
8.
If a kettle has a power rating of 2250 Watts, how would it be expressed in Kilowatts?
Correct Answer
B. 2.25 kW
Explanation
To convert watts to kilowatts, you divide by 1000 because there are 1000 watts in a kilowatt. Therefore, a kettle with a power rating of 2250 watts would be expressed as 2.25 kilowatts. This conversion is often used when dealing with larger power values, as it makes the numbers more manageable and easier to comprehend.
9.
A device with a power rating of 500 Watts consumes half as much energy as a device with a power rating of 1000 Watts in the same amount of time.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
Contrary to the statement, the energy consumption is directly proportional to the power rating. In the given scenario, a device with a power rating of 1000W would consume twice as much energy as a device with a power rating of 500W in the same time frame.
10.
Which factor determines the total energy consumed by an electrical appliance over time?
Correct Answer
A. Power rating
Explanation
The total energy consumed by an electrical appliance is determined by its power rating and the duration of usage. Power rating reflects the rate of energy consumption per unit of time, making it a crucial factor in calculating total energy usage.