Advanced Nitrogen Balance Exam

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| By Austinc123
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Austinc123
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 218
Questions: 8 | Attempts: 218

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Nitrogen Quizzes & Trivia

Nitrogen is one of the important gases found in the body. The nitrogen balance is calculated by subtracting nitrogen loss from nitrogen gain. A positive balance is better that a negative balance. How ready are you for the exam on this topic? Take up the quiz below to refresh your memory.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What area of the body produces the essential amino acids?

    • A.

      Pancreas

    • B.

      Heart

    • C.

      Liver

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    Essential amino acids are amino acids that the human body cannot produce on its own and must be obtained through the diet. Therefore, they are not produced by any specific area of the body. Instead, they must be acquired from external sources, primarily through the consumption of protein-rich foods like meat, dairy products, legumes, and certain grains.
    The body can synthesize non-essential amino acids on its own, but essential amino acids must come from dietary sources to support various biological processes, including the building of proteins and the functioning of enzymes.

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  • 2. 

    Which one of these amino acids is a non-essential amino acid.

    • A.

      Theornine

    • B.

      Profiline

    • C.

      Serinine

    • D.

      Cysteine

    • E.

      All of the above

    • F.

      Non of these are non-essential amino acids.

    Correct Answer
    D. Cysteine
    Explanation
    Cysteine is a non-essential amino acid because it can be synthesized by the human body. Non-essential amino acids are those that the body can produce on its own, so they do not need to be obtained from the diet. On the other hand, essential amino acids cannot be produced by the body and must be obtained from food sources.

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  • 3. 

    Dairy, Eggs, and Natural Sugars are good sources of protein.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Dairy, eggs, and natural sugars are not good sources of protein. While dairy and eggs do contain some protein, they are not as high in protein as other sources such as meat, fish, legumes, or tofu. Natural sugars, on the other hand, do not contain any significant amount of protein. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 4. 

    Bloated stomach is caused by swelling in the _______     _______ and stomach.

    Correct Answer
    Fatty Liver
    Explanation
    Bloated stomach is caused by swelling in the liver and stomach. Fatty liver is a condition where excess fat accumulates in the liver, leading to inflammation and swelling. This can result in symptoms such as bloating, discomfort, and a feeling of fullness in the abdominal area. Therefore, the correct answer is Fatty Liver.

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  • 5. 

    Which food contains the least amount of protien?

    • A.

      Eggs

    • B.

      Steak

    • C.

      Fish

    • D.

      Canola Oil

    Correct Answer
    D. Canola Oil
    Explanation
    Canola oil contains the least amount of protein compared to eggs, steak, and fish. While eggs, steak, and fish are all good sources of protein, canola oil is primarily composed of fats and does not contain a significant amount of protein. Therefore, it is the food option with the least amount of protein.

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  • 6. 

    Negative Nitrogen balance puts your body in an anabolic state.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      This was not discussed on the web site.

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Negative nitrogen balance actually puts the body in a catabolic state, not an anabolic state. In a negative nitrogen balance, the body is losing more nitrogen (from protein breakdown) than it is gaining, which indicates a breakdown of muscle tissue. An anabolic state, on the other hand, is characterized by a positive nitrogen balance, where the body is gaining more nitrogen than it is losing, indicating an increase in muscle tissue. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 7. 

    Which state is better for building muscle?

    • A.

      Anabolic

    • B.

      Catabolic

    Correct Answer
    A. Anabolic
    Explanation
    Anabolic is the correct answer because it refers to the state in which the body is building muscle and repairing tissues. This state is characterized by an increase in protein synthesis and a decrease in muscle breakdown. It is the ideal state for individuals looking to build muscle mass and increase strength. On the other hand, catabolic refers to the state in which the body is breaking down muscle tissue for energy. This state is usually associated with periods of intense exercise or calorie restriction, and it can lead to muscle loss.

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  • 8. 

    What macronutrient is Nitrogen found in?

    • A.

      Amino Acids

    • B.

      Carbohydrates

    • C.

      Glucose

    • D.

      Sucrose

    • E.

      All of the above

    • F.

      Amino Acids and Carbohydrates

    • G.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    G. None of the above
    Explanation
    Nitrogen is not found in any of the given options. Nitrogen is a macronutrient that is primarily found in proteins, nucleic acids, and other organic compounds. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins, which contain nitrogen. Carbohydrates such as glucose and sucrose do not contain nitrogen. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above".

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  • Current Version
  • Oct 06, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 13, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Austinc123
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