Biology: Adaptation MCQ Quiz

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 556

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Biology: Adaptation MCQ Quiz

Are you familiar with the term adaptation, and would you be able to pass this quiz? Biological Adaptation is the procedure by which a species converts and is fitted to its environment. It is the result of natural selection, which has already determined the course of the organism's proceeding generations. Living things adapt to their environment in many ways, such as in their structure, physiology, or genetics. If you want to learn more, look no further than this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A behavioral adaptation for dealing with a hot climate could include:
    • A. 

      Large scales on the back of a lizard

    • B. 

      Hibernating during the hottest part of the day

    • C. 

      A small kidney to conserve water

    • D. 

      Feeding during the hottest part of the day

  • 2. 
    A plant growing towards a source of light is a form of:
    • A. 

      Positive thigmotropism

    • B. 

      Negative thigmotropism

    • C. 

      Positive phototropism

    • D. 

      Negative thigmotropism

  • 3. 
    A C3 plant is one that is able to grow:
    • A. 

      In all climates

    • B. 

      In arid climates

    • C. 

      In wet climates

    • D. 

      In moderate climates

  • 4. 
    The stomatal opening of a plant is:
    • A. 

      Always found on the upper part of a leaf

    • B. 

      Always found on the lower part of a leaf

    • C. 

      Is an opening for the release of water

    • D. 

      Is an opening for the absorption of carbon dioxide

  • 5. 
    C4 plants:
    • A. 

      Have stomata on the upper side of leaves

    • B. 

      Only absorb carbon dioxide at night and use it during the day

    • C. 

      Grow well in moderate climates

    • D. 

      Grow well in wet climates

  • 6. 
    Animals growing in fresh water marine environments employ many physiological strategies to enable them to better survive. An example of a marine physiological strategy is:
    • A. 

      Fish "schooling" together to ward off predators

    • B. 

      Having a "short" kidney to enable fast excretion of water

    • C. 

      Having a "long" kidney to aid in fast absorption of water

    • D. 

      Having dark scales on the upper side of their torso to confuse predators

  • 7. 
    A behavioral adaptations could be:
    • A. 

      Penguins huddling together to keep warm

    • B. 

      Fast beating of wings to fly quickly away from predators

    • C. 

      Humans having a low voice box for high pitched sounds

    • D. 

      A "short" kidney to aid in water absorption

  • 8. 
    Convergent evolution is when two unrelated species have similar environmental pressures and adapt structures to over come such situations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Look at the dentition of the following skull- The skull is most likely to be that of a:
    • A. 

      Herbivore

    • B. 

      Omnivore

    • C. 

      Carnivore

    • D. 

      Piscivore (eats fish)

  • 10. 
    The equation below is that of...
    • A. 

      Photosynthesis

    • B. 

      Respiration

  • 11. 
    The reactants in cellular respiration are...
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Carbon Dioxide

    • C. 

      Water

    • D. 

      Chlorophyll

  • 12. 
    A plant that produce bark, have flower parts in multiples of 4 or 5 and have branching (pairs) of the veins in their leaves is known as....
    • A. 

      Monocots

    • B. 

      Dicots

    • C. 

      CAM plants

    • D. 

      C3 plants

  • 13. 
    A type of plant that don’t produce bark, have flowers in multiples of 3 and have parallel veins. They are a distinctive group. One of the most noticeable traits is that a their flower is trimerous, with the flower parts in threes or in multiples of three. That is to say, a flower typically has three, six, or nine petals...
    • A. 

      Monocots

    • B. 

      Dicots

    • C. 

      CAM Plants

    • D. 

      C4 plants

  • 14. 
    A type of evolution occurs when a group from a specific population develops into a new species. In order to adapt to various environmental conditions, the two groups develop into distinct species due to differences in the demands driven by the environmental circumstances.
    • A. 

      Convergent Evolution

    • B. 

      Divergent Evolution

  • 15. 
    These plants often show features, such as thick, reduced leaves with a low surface-area-to-volume ratio, thick cuticle, and stomata sunken into pits. These plants utilize an elaborate carbon fixation pathway in a way that the stomata are open at night to permit entry of CO2 to be fixed and stored. Then, during the day the CO2 is released for use. In this way, the plant is provided with high concentration of CO2 while the stomata are closed during the hottest and driest part of the day to prevent the excessive loss of water. These plants are therefore highly adapted to arid conditions.
    • A. 

      C3 plants

    • B. 

      C4 plants

    • C. 

      CAM plants

  • 16. 
    In this animation, the shoot of the plant is showing...
    • A. 

      Positive phototropism

    • B. 

      Negative phototropism

    • C. 

      Positive geotropism

    • D. 

      Negative geotropism

  • 17. 
    When a plant responds to touch in a positive or negative way, this is known as...
    • A. 

      Geotropism

    • B. 

      Phototropism

    • C. 

      Thigmotropism

    • D. 

      Hydrotropism

  • 18. 
    READ THIS: Weta have long strong legs for jumping; they have a hard exoskeleton (a skeleton that is on the outside of their bodies; and they tend to hide away in rotten logs or under leaves. How many structural adaptations were mentioned in the text above?
    • A. 

      0

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      3

  • 19. 
    Which of the following would be useful adaptation(s) if you lived on a cold snowy mountain? (There may be more than one answer).
    • A. 

      Long thick fur to aid heat retention

    • B. 

      Small ears to combat heat loss

    • C. 

      Small hooves to sink into the snow

    • D. 

      Dark coloured fur

  • 20. 
    Which of the following would be useful adaptation(s) if you lived in a hot dry place? (There may be more than one answer). NOTE: Not all of these adaptations would necessarily be in the same animal!
    • A. 

      Large ears to aid in heat loss

    • B. 

      Long thick fur to aid heat retention

    • C. 

      Being nocturnal (night activity)

    • D. 

      Having a hump for water storage

Back to Top Back to top