Aba Supervisor Quiz Number 1: Dimensions & Science....

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| By Thdhoran
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Thdhoran
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 553
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 563

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

This is a quiz aimed at refreshing some of information covered in the workshop. It will also challenge you with questions that weren't covered, but do illustrate the power of the scientific method.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does 'ABA' stand for?

    • A.

      Applying Behavioural Analysis

    • B.

      Applied Behavioural Analysis

    • C.

      All Beware Alerts!

    • D.

      Analysing Behaviour Assessment

    • E.

      Applied Behaviour Analysis

    Correct Answer
    E. Applied Behaviour Analysis
    Explanation
    'ABA' stands for Applied Behaviour Analysis. This field of study focuses on understanding and modifying human behavior through the application of scientific principles and techniques. It involves analyzing behavior patterns, identifying the factors that influence them, and implementing interventions to improve or change behavior. ABA is commonly used in various settings, including education, therapy, and healthcare, to help individuals with developmental disorders, such as autism, improve their skills and quality of life.

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  • 2. 

    What is one purpose of Science? 

    • A.

      Notion

    • B.

      Action

    • C.

      Prediction

    • D.

      Premonition

    Correct Answer
    C. Prediction
    Explanation
    the others are description & control!

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  • 3. 

    Which gene has been implicated in the ability for speech? 

    • A.

      FOX2P gene

    • B.

      FX3 gene

    • C.

      GEO4 gene

    • D.

      SPH3 gene

    • E.

      La8S gene

    Correct Answer
    A. FOX2P gene
    Explanation
    The correct answer is FOX2P gene. This gene has been implicated in the ability for speech.

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  • 4. 

    Who said the following:  "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select – doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors. I am going beyond my facts and I admit it, but so have the advocates of the contrary and they have been doing it for many thousands of years." 

    • A.

      Skinner

    • B.

      Pavlov

    • C.

      Thorndike

    • D.

      Bandura

    • E.

      Watson

    Correct Answer
    E. Watson
    Explanation
    The quote is attributed to John B. Watson, an American psychologist who is considered one of the founders of behaviorism. This quote reflects Watson's belief in the power of environmental factors in shaping human behavior, as opposed to innate traits or characteristics. He believed that with the right environment and conditioning, anyone could be trained to become any type of specialist, regardless of their natural abilities or background.

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  • 5. 

    Which 2 of the following are branches of Behaviour Analysis? 

    • A.

      Astrology

    • B.

      Experimental Analysis of Behaviour

    • C.

      Experiential Behaviour Therapy

    • D.

      Applied Behaviour Analysis

    • E.

      Psycho-Dynamic Person Centred therapy

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Experimental Analysis of Behaviour
    D. Applied Behaviour Analysis
    Explanation
    The two branches of Behavior Analysis are Experimental Analysis of Behavior and Applied Behavior Analysis. Experimental Analysis of Behavior focuses on studying the principles of behavior through controlled experiments and observations. It aims to understand the relationship between behavior and its environmental factors. Applied Behavior Analysis, on the other hand, applies the principles of behavior analysis to real-life situations. It involves assessing and modifying behavior to improve social, academic, and daily living skills. Astrology, Experiential Behavior Therapy, and Psycho-Dynamic Person-Centered therapy are not branches of Behavior Analysis as they do not involve the systematic study and analysis of behavior.

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  • 6. 

     What is distance from the Sun to the Earth? 

    • A.

      14 million miles

    • B.

      500 million miles

    • C.

      1 million miles

    • D.

      500,000 miles

    • E.

      93 million miles

    Correct Answer
    E. 93 million miles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 93 million miles. This is the average distance between the Sun and the Earth, also known as an astronomical unit (AU). It is the distance that light travels in about 8 minutes and 20 seconds. This distance is crucial for understanding the Earth's orbit around the Sun and its relationship to other celestial bodies in the solar system.

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  • 7. 

    What kind of conditioning is Ivan Pavlov known for discovering? 

    • A.

      Operant

    • B.

      Physical

    • C.

      Classical

    • D.

      Emotional

    Correct Answer
    C. Classical
    Explanation
    Ivan Pavlov is known for discovering classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which an organism learns to associate a neutral stimulus with a meaningful stimulus in order to produce a specific response. Pavlov's famous experiment with dogs, in which he conditioned them to salivate at the sound of a bell by pairing the bell with the presentation of food, is a classic example of classical conditioning.

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  • 8. 

    Who, in 1938, published 'The Behaviour of Organisms'?

    • A.

      Pavlov

    • B.

      Thorndike

    • C.

      Heward

    • D.

      Watson

    • E.

      Skinner

    Correct Answer
    E. Skinner
    Explanation
    In 1938, B.F. Skinner published 'The Behaviour of Organisms'. Skinner was a psychologist and behaviorist known for his work on operant conditioning and the concept of reinforcement. His book explored the principles of behavior and laid the foundation for his later work on behavior analysis and the development of his famous Skinner Box. Skinner's contributions to the field of psychology have had a significant impact on our understanding of human and animal behavior.

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  • 9. 

    Operant behaviour refers to...

    • A.

      Behaviour

    • B.

      Behaviour determined by antecedents

    • C.

      Behaviour selected & maintained by consequences

    • D.

      Everything a person does...

    Correct Answer
    C. Behaviour selected & maintained by consequences
    Explanation
    Operant behavior refers to behavior that is selected and maintained by consequences. This means that the behavior is influenced by the outcomes or consequences that follow it. If a behavior leads to a positive consequence, such as a reward, it is more likely to be repeated in the future. On the other hand, if a behavior leads to a negative consequence, such as punishment, it is less likely to be repeated. Therefore, operant behavior is shaped and controlled by the consequences that follow it.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following are dimensions of ABA as described in the seminal paper by Baer et al (1968)

    • A.

      Effective

    • B.

      Operant

    • C.

      Reinforcement

    • D.

      Conceptually Systematic

    • E.

      Data

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Effective
    D. Conceptually Systematic
    Explanation
    The dimensions of ABA as described in the seminal paper by Baer et al (1968) are effective and conceptually systematic. These dimensions refer to the effectiveness of the interventions used in ABA, meaning that they produce meaningful and significant changes in behavior, and the systematic approach to conceptualizing and analyzing behavior, ensuring that interventions are based on a solid theoretical framework and are guided by data-driven decision-making.

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  • 11. 

    Cooper, Heward & Heron (2007) define ABA as "....the science in which tactics derived from the principles of behaviour are applied to improve_________________ behaviour."

    Correct Answer(s)
    socially significant
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "socially significant." According to Cooper, Heward, & Heron (2007), ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) is the science that applies tactics based on the principles of behavior to enhance socially significant behavior. This means that ABA focuses on improving behaviors that have a meaningful impact on an individual's daily life and interactions with others.

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  • 12. 

    Which is NOT a dimension of ABA (Baer et al 1968)

    • A.

      Conceptually Systematic

    • B.

      Generality

    • C.

      Applied

    • D.

      Technological

    • E.

      Reinforcing

    Correct Answer
    E. Reinforcing
    Explanation
    The dimension of "Reinforcing" is not a part of ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) as proposed by Baer et al in 1968. ABA focuses on the application of behavior principles to bring about meaningful and positive changes in behavior. The dimensions of ABA include Conceptually Systematic, Generality, Applied, and Technological, which emphasize the importance of using scientific principles, targeting socially significant behavior, and ensuring the effectiveness and practicality of interventions. The dimension of "Reinforcing" is not mentioned as a core component of ABA in Baer et al's framework.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following areas in the brain are linked to the production of speech?

    • A.

      Wernicke's

    • B.

      Bernicke's

    • C.

      Baroka's

    • D.

      Broca's

    • E.

      Isocortex

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Wernicke's
    D. Broca's
    Explanation
    Wernicke's area and Broca's area in the brain are both linked to the production of speech. Wernicke's area, located in the left hemisphere of the brain, is responsible for language comprehension and understanding. Damage to this area can result in receptive aphasia, where individuals have difficulty understanding spoken or written language. Broca's area, also located in the left hemisphere, is responsible for the production of speech. Damage to this area can result in expressive aphasia, where individuals have difficulty speaking or forming words. Therefore, both Wernicke's area and Broca's area are important for the production and comprehension of speech.

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  • 14. 

    How many pairs of chromosones do most human beings have? 

    • A.

      20

    • B.

      23

    • C.

      49

    • D.

      105,00

    • E.

      Zero

    Correct Answer
    B. 23
    Explanation
    Most human beings have 23 pairs of chromosomes. Chromosomes are structures found in the nucleus of cells that carry genetic information. Each pair of chromosomes consists of one chromosome inherited from the mother and one from the father. These chromosomes contain DNA, which contains the instructions for the development and functioning of an individual. Having 23 pairs of chromosomes is a characteristic of humans and is essential for the proper functioning and development of the human body.

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  • 15. 

    The 'Three-Term-Contingency' is...

    • A.

      One way we analyse behaviour (what happened before, what behaviour we see & what happens after)

    • B.

      The function of behaviour

    • C.

      Is contingency shaped

    • D.

      Is what it is

    Correct Answer
    A. One way we analyse behaviour (what happened before, what behaviour we see & what happens after)
    Explanation
    The 'Three-Term-Contingency' refers to a method used to analyze behavior by considering what happened before, the behavior observed, and what happens after. This approach helps to understand the factors that influence and shape behavior. By examining the antecedents and consequences of behavior, we can gain insights into the causes and functions of behavior.

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  • 16. 

    Science, as a method for accumulating and assessing knowledege, is inherently

    • A.

      Certain

    • B.

      Uncertain

    • C.

      Improbable

    • D.

      Guess work

    Correct Answer
    B. Uncertain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is uncertain because science is a constantly evolving field where new discoveries and advancements are made regularly. Scientific knowledge is based on evidence and experimentation, but it is always subject to revision and refinement as new information becomes available. The uncertainty in science arises from the fact that theories and hypotheses are continually tested and evaluated, and can be modified or discarded if new evidence contradicts them. Therefore, science acknowledges the limitations of human understanding and the potential for new discoveries to challenge existing knowledge.

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  • 17. 

    Science is...

    • A.

      Evidence -based

    • B.

      Faith-based

    • C.

      Humour-based

    • D.

      Illusion-based

    Correct Answer
    A. Evidence -based
    Explanation
    Science is evidence-based because it relies on empirical evidence, observation, and experimentation to understand and explain the natural world. Scientific theories and explanations are supported by data and evidence that can be tested, replicated, and verified by other scientists. This approach ensures that scientific knowledge is objective, reliable, and constantly evolving as new evidence emerges. Faith-based, humour-based, and illusion-based are not accurate descriptions of science, as they do not align with the rigorous methods and principles of the scientific method.

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  • 18. 

    Heward (2005) stated that everything about ABA is

    • A.

      "mystical and meta-physical"

    • B.

      "psycho-babble hoodle-flip"

    • C.

      "hidden and magical"

    • D.

      "visible, public and explicit..."

    Correct Answer
    D. "visible, public and explicit..."
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "visible, public and explicit..." because Heward (2005) describes ABA as being observable and measurable. This means that the principles and techniques used in ABA are based on objective data and can be seen and understood by others. It emphasizes the importance of clear and explicit strategies that can be easily communicated and replicated.

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  • 19. 

    Who is usually attributed as being the pioneer of utilising ABA in the education of children with Autism? 

    • A.

      Thorndike

    • B.

      Lovaas

    • C.

      Bandura

    • D.

      Rogers

    • E.

      Elgar

    Correct Answer
    B. Lovaas
    Explanation
    Lovaas is usually attributed as being the pioneer of utilizing ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) in the education of children with Autism. ABA is a therapeutic approach that focuses on understanding and modifying behavior through the use of reinforcement and other behavior principles. Lovaas conducted groundbreaking research in the 1960s and 1970s, demonstrating the effectiveness of ABA in improving the behavior and skills of children with Autism. His work laid the foundation for the development of early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) programs, which have become the gold standard for treating children with Autism.

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  • 20. 

    How many children were in the intensive, experimental group cited in Lovaas's 1987 paper?

    • A.

      12

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      19

    • D.

      23

    • E.

      42

    Correct Answer
    C. 19
    Explanation
    In Lovaas's 1987 paper, the intensive, experimental group consisted of 19 children.

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  • 21. 

    Science can de described as...

    • A.

      Open, democratic and evolving

    • B.

      Closed and elitist

    • C.

      Arrogant

    • D.

      Subjective

    • E.

      Process driven methodologically

    Correct Answer
    A. Open, democratic and evolving
    Explanation
    science is sometimes accused of arrogance- but this is to utterly confuse a % of those who practice science (who may or may not display arrogant behaviour) with the process of accumulating knowledge which can often lead to cherished notions being challenged by new discoveries and facts (e.g. the earth being flat, the earth being at the centre of the universe etc etc ad infinitum!)

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  • 22. 

    Three factors that determine succesful ABA interventions include being

    • A.

      Consistent

    • B.

      Intensive

    • C.

      Quality

    • D.

      Latitude

    • E.

      Attitude

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Consistent
    B. Intensive
    C. Quality
    Explanation
    Successful ABA interventions require consistency, intensity, and quality. Consistency refers to the regularity and reliability of implementing the intervention techniques. Intensity refers to the level of engagement and focus in delivering the intervention, ensuring that it is sufficiently challenging and impactful. Quality refers to the effectiveness and evidence-based nature of the intervention, ensuring that it is based on sound principles and techniques. These three factors work together to create a structured and effective intervention program that maximizes the potential for positive outcomes.

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  • 23. 

    Approximately, how many stars are there in our galaxy? (not in the universe as a whole)

    • A.

      Between 100-120

    • B.

      Between 100,000-200,000

    • C.

      Between 1 and 2 million

    • D.

      Between 150-400 billion

    • E.

      There is only one star, our 'Sun'... the rest are pretty lights that come out at night...

    Correct Answer
    D. Between 150-400 billion
    Explanation
    There are between 150-400 billion stars in our galaxy. This estimate is based on current scientific research and observations. The exact number is difficult to determine due to the vastness of space and the limitations of our technology. However, astronomers have been able to estimate this range by studying the distribution and density of stars in our galaxy and extrapolating from there.

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  • 24. 

    True or false: ABA is used only with children with Autism?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Maybe

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    it has a wide number of applications!

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  • 25. 

    The Royal Society chose 'Nullius In Verba' as their motto as it articulated which principle?

    • A.

      Believe what you see

    • B.

      Believe what you hear

    • C.

      Trust your instinct

    • D.

      Take data

    • E.

      Take no-ones word for it

    Correct Answer
    E. Take no-ones word for it
    Explanation
    this is one way of maintaining philosophical doubt, or being skeptical and needing more than someone just saying 'this is how it is'...

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  • 26. 

    ABA is best when...

    • A.

      Structured yet flexible...

    • B.

      Rigid

    • C.

      Chaotic

    • D.

      Arrogant

    • E.

      Prosaic

    Correct Answer
    A. Structured yet flexible...
    Explanation
    ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) is a therapeutic approach that is best when it is structured yet flexible. This means that it provides a clear and organized framework for interventions, but also allows for adjustments based on individual needs and progress. A structured approach ensures consistency and helps individuals with behavioral challenges learn new skills and behaviors. However, flexibility is important because each person is unique and may require personalized strategies. ABA strikes a balance between structure and flexibility to effectively address a wide range of behaviors and promote positive outcomes.

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  • 27. 

    E.B.P. stands for

    • A.

      Evidence beats practice

    • B.

      Evidence begets principle

    • C.

      Evidence based practice

    • D.

      Evidenced biased principle

    • E.

      Evidence by practice

    Correct Answer
    C. Evidence based practice
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "evidence based practice." This term refers to the approach of making decisions and providing healthcare services based on the best available evidence from research, clinical expertise, and patient preferences. It emphasizes the importance of using scientific evidence to inform and guide clinical decision-making, ensuring that healthcare practices are grounded in reliable and up-to-date information.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following are the constituent particles of an atom?electron, the proton and the neutron

    • A.

      Protein

    • B.

      Proton

    • C.

      Neutron

    • D.

      Electron

    • E.

      Cerns

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Proton
    C. Neutron
    D. Electron
    Explanation
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gh4F5BQ8hgw

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  • 29. 

    In the 1940's, Autism as a distinct developmental disability, was first described by which two people? 

    • A.

      Skinner

    • B.

      Asperger

    • C.

      Lovaas

    • D.

      Bettleheim

    • E.

      Kanner

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Asperger
    E. Kanner
    Explanation
    In the 1940s, two individuals, Asperger and Kanner, were the first to describe Autism as a distinct developmental disability.

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  • 30. 

    Which famous behaviourist said that rather than learning by trial & error, we should seek to set up the learning environment to provide positive consequences for desirable behaviours?

    • A.

      Skinner

    • B.

      Thorndike

    • C.

      Lovaas

    • D.

      Watson

    • E.

      Baer

    Correct Answer
    A. Skinner
    Explanation
    Skinner is the correct answer because he is a famous behaviorist who believed in operant conditioning, which involves learning through positive reinforcement. He emphasized the importance of setting up the learning environment to provide positive consequences for desirable behaviors, rather than relying on trial and error. Skinner's work has had a significant impact on the field of psychology and his ideas continue to be influential in understanding human behavior.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 23, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Thdhoran
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