Eex 3601 Applied Behavior

128 Questions | Total Attempts: 365

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Eex 3601 Applied Behavior - Quiz

Study Guide for Final


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When a previously reinforced behavior is no longer reinforced, its rate of occurrence decreases.  This procedure is called:            
    • A. 

      Extinction

    • B. 

      Negative reinforcement

    • C. 

      Positive punishment

    • D. 

      Positive reinforcement

  • 2. 
    In Pavlovian terminology, a stimulus such as food which elicits a response without preliminary training is called
    • A. 

      Primary stimulus

    • B. 

      Secondary stimulus

    • C. 

      Conditioned stimulus

    • D. 

      Discriminative stimulus

  • 3. 
    This term has been used to describe the application of operant procedures to change behavior.  It is sometimes confused with procedures such as electroconvulsive shock and drug therapies and has lead to negative reactions toward applied behavior analysis.
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Gestalt therapy

    • C. 

      Discovery learning

    • D. 

      Behavior modification

  • 4. 
    In the operant learning model, any event that is generally considered unpleasant (e.g., teacher reprimands) but quickly follows a response (e.g., student talk-outs) and increases the probability of that response is technically called:
    • A. 

      A punisher

    • B. 

      An antecedent

    • C. 

      A releaser

    • D. 

      A reinforcer

  • 5. 
    Data collection and ongoing evaluation of the effects of ABA programs on student behavior are important parts of the teacher’s ethical responsibilities
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    forms of Recognized applied behavior analysis include
    • A. 

      Hypnosis

    • B. 

      Drug therapy

    • C. 

      Electroconvulsive shock therapy

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    _______________________________ consent ensures that program participation was not coerced by threats or rewards.  This type of consent makes it unethical for teachers or administrators to suggest that, unless a particular procedure is used, children will have to be placed in more restrictive settings.
  • 8. 
    Individuals with this philosophical orientation reject any systematic effort to change behavior on the grounds that it is coercive and a violation of free will and personal freedom.
    • A. 

      Humanists

    • B. 

      Constructivists

    • C. 

      Existentialists

    • D. 

      Behaviorists

  • 9. 
    Applied behavior analysis does not lend itself easily to accountability.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Save     Developmental explanations of human behavior are more verifiable and parsimonious than behavioral explanations of human behavior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    One important task of a behaviorist teacher is to describe their students’ behaviors in observable and ___________________ terms.
  • 12. 
    This operant learning principle is defined as following a response with a consequence that causes a decrease in the rate of that response
    • A. 

      Negative punishment

    • B. 

      Negative reinforcement

    • C. 

      Positive punishment

    • D. 

      Positive reinforcement

  • 13. 
    An explanation that provides reliable answers about what students are likely to do under certain environmental circumstances is said to have:
    • A. 

      Inclusiveness

    • B. 

      Verifiability

    • C. 

      Predictive utility

    • D. 

      Parsimony

  • 14. 
    The effective application of behavioral interventions often reduces the need for more drastic procedures such as psychosurgery, drug therapy, and electroconvulsive shock.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Deprivation and satiation are two kinds of ____________  events that temporarily change the value of reinforcers
  • 16. 
    The colleague who used the label “anal-retentive” to describe Professor Grundy’s organization of his research material was utilizing which of the following explanations of Grundy’s hoarding behavior
    • A. 

      Biophysical

    • B. 

      Developmental

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Behavioral

  • 17. 
    Knowing that a student is developmentally disabled because of a chromosomal disorder tells a teacher everything about how to arrange classroom conditions to promote learning for that student.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Any behavior which has an effect on the environment and is controlled by consequent events is called:             
    • A. 

      An unconditioned reflex

    • B. 

      Operant behavior

    • C. 

      Respondent behavior

    • D. 

      A releaser

  • 19. 
    In the operant conditioning model, a stimulus which precedes a behavior is called:
    • A. 

      A punisher

    • B. 

      A reinforcer

    • C. 

      An antecedent

    • D. 

      A consequence

  • 20. 
    This type of behavior can be present at birth, requires no previous learning, or it can be acquired through systematic arrangement of antecedent events.
    • A. 

      Introspective behavior

    • B. 

      Operant behavior

    • C. 

      Respondent behavior

    • D. 

      Neutral stimulus

  • 21. 
    In an attempt to keep up with his paperwork, Mr. Martin goes ahead and writes Frankie's IEP goals, objectives, and behavior management plan for the next year before Frankie's actual IEP meeting. Which ethical rule is Mr. Martin ignoring?
    • A. 

      The right to the most effective treatment procedures available

    • B. 

      The right to a therapeutic environment

    • C. 

      The right to services whose overriding goal is personal welfare

    • D. 

      Programs that teach functional skills

  • 22. 
    _______________________________ consent is based upon a full understanding of the planned behavior change program.  Parents and advocates must demonstrate they comprehend all aspects of the program, including any risk.  If necessary, information must be provided in the native language of those involved. 
  • 23. 
    Behaviorists say the goal of applied behavior analysis is to increase a student's ability to make choices and exercise options.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Winett and Winkler (1972) examined published articles reporting the application of ABA procedures and concluded that the technology of applied behavior analysis was being used primarily to:
    • A. 

      Improve academic performance

    • B. 

      Develop self-control behaviors

    • C. 

      Enhance language skills

    • D. 

      Establish "law and order" in the classroom

  • 25. 
    One way for teachers to facilitate the ethical use of ABA procedures is to involve other people-especially parents and students--in assessing the significance of the target behavior, the appropriateness of the procedures, and the importance of the results of any behavioral intervention.  This process is called:  ___________   _________________.
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