Primary Health care Nursing Quiz

81 Questions

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Primary Health care Nursing Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Australia  is a member/ supporter of which WHO initiatives:
    • A. 

      Alma-Ata, Ottawa & Jakarta

    • B. 

      Alma-Ata, Jakarta & Bangkok

    • C. 

      Jakarta, Bangkok & Alma-Ata

    • D. 

      Bangkok, Chiang Mai & Ottawa

  • 2. 
    ________ health care is essential health care, universally accessible to individuals and families and practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology 
  • 3. 
    ______________ is the capacity of individuals, groups and communities to make independent decisions
    • A. 

      Self-Determinism

    • B. 

      Self-Competency

    • C. 

      Cultural-Compentency

    • D. 

      Cultural-Determinsm

  • 4. 
    Cultural competency implies understanding and sensitivity of different cultural beliefs and practices
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Selective Public Health Care is:
    • A. 

      All of the above

    • B. 

      Client is a passive recipient

    • C. 

      Service provision is not holistic, equitable or sustainable

    • D. 

      Health achieved through medical interventions

  • 6. 
    Comprehensive PHC is?
    • A. 

      Holistic understanding and implementation of healthcare and wellbeing that is equitable,empowering and sustainable.

    • B. 

      Health achieved through medical interventions

    • C. 

      Client is a passive recipient and Service provision is not holistic, equitable or sustainable

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
     Primary care is the same as primary health care 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    _______ nursing is when a client is managed by a single nurse. 
  • 9. 
    _______ capital concerns the extent of trust, reciprocity and mutual cooperation that are available to individuals and communities. 
  • 10. 
    Social _________ assumes each person needs to have access to particular resources and structures
  • 11. 
    Community capacity is:1.Commitment to underpinning values via policies & practices2.Knowledge of terms and concepts of social capacity3.Experience in community development – recognise power positions4.Quality of collaborative relationships – requires good communication & negotiation skills
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    At risk population groups in Australia for concerning health needs & higher risk of disease:
    • A. 

      Indigenous Health

    • B. 

      The Elderly

    • C. 

      Disability

    • D. 

      Young Children

    • E. 

      Rural and remote area population

    • F. 

      Teenages

    • G. 

      Prison population

  • 13. 
    A ________ describes any group which has a common connection or common interest, or at least one common characteristic
  • 14. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Socioecological approach to community health recognises that a person:
    • A. 

      All of the above

    • B. 

      Social environment, norms and values of community

    • C. 

      Government policies that reflect the community and Needs removal of barriers to promote healthy lifestyle changes

    • D. 

      Interconnected with environment factors

  • 16. 
    Community nursing is Nursing that takes place outside of an institutional setting or hospital
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The current issues influencing community nursing practice:
    • A. 

      Social model of health & redressing health inequities that lead to illness is a primary focus

    • B. 

      Equity central principle & social model of health & redressing health inequities that lead to illness is a primary focus

    • C. 

      Redressing health inequities that lead to illness is a primary focus

    • D. 

      Equity central principle & social model of healt

  • 18. 
    Access, Affordability, Availability & Acceptability are part of the _____________ approach
  • 19. 
    Australian community nurses work with two major foci which are:
    • A. 

      PHC & Community Based Clinical Care

    • B. 

      Society & PHC

    • C. 

      PHC & Individual Clinical Care

    • D. 

      Individual Clinical Care & Community Based Clinical Care

  • 20. 
    _______ area nurses travel to  isolated communities throughout the region in four wheel drive vehicles.
  • 21. 
    Child __________ and health assessment is to do with things like child health surveillance, brain development, assessing function at key stages and age & local resources
  • 22. 
    The 6 guidle lines for Health Promoting in ______ are:•1. The physical environment•2. The health policy•3. The social environment•4. Community relationships•5. Personal health skills•6. Relationships with other health services
  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Contemporary

    • B. 

      Social

    • C. 

      Nursing

    • D. 

      Individual

  • 24. 
    ______  __________ is the process of enabling people to increase control over, & to improve, their Health
  • 25. 
    __________  __________ Consciously constructed opportunities for learning involving some form of communication designed to improve health literacy, improving knowledge & developing life skills which are conducive to individual & community health. 
  • 26. 
    ____________  ________ Is ‘the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process and understand basic health information and the services needed to make appropriate health decisions’
  • 27. 
    _____ is a collaborative, person-centred form of guiding to elicit & strengthen a person’s own motivation for change; Engaging, Focusing, Evoking & Planning. 
  • 28. 
    What does OARS stand for?
    • A. 

      Open questions, Affirmations, Reflection & Summarise

    • B. 

      Ownership, Age, Race & Summary

    • C. 

      Openness, Aggravation, Reality & Summary

    • D. 

      Open questions, Age, Reality & Summary

  • 29. 
    _____________ is the process by which formerly separate economies, states & cultures are being tied together, & people are becoming increasingly aware of their growing interdependence
    • A. 

      Globalisation

    • B. 

      Socialization

    • C. 

      Communities

    • D. 

      Nationalization

  • 30. 
    Care transitions are:1.Discharge planning commences at admission2.Discharge planning is interdisciplinary3.Incurable chronic conditions require ongoing self-management4.High client turnover in hospitals5.Role of the nurse in discharge planning is integral6.Effective discharge planning has positive outcomes
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    Older people are defined as being:
    • A. 

      70 years or older

    • B. 

      80 years or older

    • C. 

      75 years or older

    • D. 

      85 years or older

  • 32. 
    _______ is the systematic stereotyping of, & discrimination against, individuals or groups because of their age.
  • 33. 
    Ageing does involve biological, cognitive, sensory & functional changes that affect an older person’s resilience against infection & other diseases, & their ability to undertake certain tasks & activities.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    _______ is a group of symptoms associated with a slow  progressive loss of intellectual functions — including attention, memory, judgement, language, orientation,  motor & spatial skills and is a disorder, not an identity.
    • A. 

      Dementia

    • B. 

      Retardation

    • C. 

      Epilepsy

    • D. 

      Depersonalization

  • 36. 
    A families roles always take precedence over the rights of the older person.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
     Australia's Model of ________ care provision is:1.Care of the dying has been hidden2.  PCA3.Principles of palliative care4.Varied mode of delivery of care
  • 38. 
    _________________ models of care are:1.Nursing role differentiation in PC2.Specialist palliative care3.All health professionals require a level of palliative care skill4.Primary health care & palliative care
  • 39. 
    ______________ care in residential aged care1.Aged Care Act 19972.The Guidelines for a _________ Approach in Residential Aged Care (Department of Health & Ageing 2006c)3.The ________ approach is inclusive, holistic & aims at symptom control4.End-of-life care5.Accreditation requirements
  • 40. 
    Which type of care considers emotional, physical, social, economic and spiritual needs of the person?
    • A. 

      Holistic

    • B. 

      Palliative

    • C. 

      Community

    • D. 

      Hospital

  • 41. 
    Risks fall into two main categories:
    • A. 

      Potential & Occupational

    • B. 

      Occupational & Individual

    • C. 

      Individual & Societal

    • D. 

      Potential & Individual

  • 42. 
    • A. 

      Ethical Code

    • B. 

      Patient Code

    • C. 

      Nursing Code

    • D. 

      Societal Code

  • 43. 
    When given a gift from a patient how should a nurse respond?
    • A. 

      Accept it graciously

    • B. 

      Decline politely

    • C. 

      Accept but then dispose of it

    • D. 

      Decline rudely

  • 44. 
    _______ capacity - is the ability of a person to act under law
  • 45. 
    The Tort of Negligence often arise when:
    • A. 

      Nurses work outside the boundaries of practice

    • B. 

      Nurses do not get permission to perform a procedure

    • C. 

      Nurses do not properly explain a prodedure

    • D. 

      Nurses a nurse trespasses

  • 46. 
    In regards to the elements of negligence there needs to have been:
    • A. 

      A duty of care

    • B. 

      A failure to act

    • C. 

      The act or failure to act needs to have been the direct cause of damage to the patient

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 47. 
    How many deaths a year in Australia need a coronial inquiries? 
    • A. 

      5000

    • B. 

      2500

    • C. 

      10000

    • D. 

      1000

  • 48. 
    • A. 

      Appears to have been unexpected, unnatural, violent or to have resulted directly or indirectly from accident or injury

    • B. 

      The death occurs during hospital treatment

    • C. 

      Occurs during an anaesthetic

    • D. 

      Death occurs during a public event

    • E. 

      The identity of the person who died is unknown

    • F. 

      Occurs as a result of an anaesthetic and is not due to natural causes.

    • G. 

      The person who died was a person ‘held in care’ immediately before their death

    • H. 

      The deceased is under the age of 16

    • I. 

      A death certificate has not been signed on behalf of the deceased

  • 49. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    A client invites a nurse into their domain to allow them to carry out whatever nursing functions are considered _________ and which have been negotiated and agreed upon.
  • 51. 
    •Purpose•Pre- visit•Planning•Assessment•Risk management & personal safety•Community resources & referral•Case management & follow up•ConclusionThese are all phases of a ______  ______
  • 52. 
    General __________ is one of the community nurse’s best practice tools. 
  • 53. 
    Epidemiology is the science that studies the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined:
    • A. 

      Populations

    • B. 

      Individuals

    • C. 

      Social groups

    • D. 

      Religions

  • 54. 
    Active involvement of people sharing in the issues that affect their lives by drawing on existing human & material resources to enhance self-help & social support and the key principles are Complementary to primary health care & health promotion is know as:
    • A. 

      Community Development

    • B. 

      Social Development

    • C. 

      Individual Development

    • D. 

      Government Development

  • 55. 
    SWOT stands for:
    • A. 

      Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats

    • B. 

      Society, Women, Old people and Teens

    • C. 

      Social, Work, Outside and Time

    • D. 

      Society, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Time

  • 56. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 57. 
    _________ populations are populations that are more likely to experience poor health.
    • A. 

      Vulnerable

    • B. 

      Indigenous

    • C. 

      Dependable

    • D. 

      Aging

  • 58. 
    • A. 

      People living with permanent disability, mental illness & other chronic conditions

    • B. 

      People who are homeless, dealing with addiction, or experiencing family violence & abuse

    • C. 

      People from certain racial & ethnic minority groups, such as indigenous Australians, new immigrants, refugees & asylum seekers

    • D. 

      People with limited self-care capacity, such as the frail-aged, the very young & those with limited educational & social capacity

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 59. 
    __________ occurs over time & entails change & adaptation, such as; developmental, personal, relational, situational, societal & Environmental
  • 60. 
    Which is the correct order for the transition model?
    • A. 

      Familiar Life, An Ending, Limbo & Becoming ordinary

    • B. 

      Familiar Life, Limbo, Becoming ordinary & An Ending

    • C. 

      Becoming ordinary, Familiar Life, Limbo & An Ending

    • D. 

      An Ending, Limo, Familiar Life & Becoming ordinary,

  • 61. 
    Finding the issue, locating what the person wants to do about the situation and developing a collaborative goal that can be action is also known as:
    • A. 

      Find, Locate & Develop

    • B. 

      Look, Think & Act

    • C. 

      Find, Think & Action

    • D. 

      Look, Locate & Action

  • 62. 
    1/5 people and 45% of Australians ages 16-85 years have it and generally a challenge for generalist nurses is:
    • A. 

      Mental Health Issues

    • B. 

      Diabetic Issues

    • C. 

      Social Issues

    • D. 

      Chronic Health Issues

  • 63. 
  • 64. 
    _________  __________ is when nurses look for similar cultural practices with their client instead of establishing trust & considering client differences.
  • 65. 
    ____________ is believing that one’s own ethnic group, nation or culture is superior instead of providing ‘safe’ care where client’s values are accepted
  • 66. 
    _____________ is an emotional reaction based on information by experience or hearsay rather than recognising your own prejudice & overcoming them in the workplace
  • 67. 
    What percentage of 19.7 million Australians have a chronic illness?
    • A. 

      77%

    • B. 

      45%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      20%

  • 68. 
    Nearly 100% > 65 years have at least one chronic condition 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 69. 
    _________ condition is a permanently altered health state that is caused by a non-reversible pathological condition & which leaves a residual disability
  • 70. 
    ___________ is when several chronic conditions exist simultaneously in one person and impact on a person’s quality of life, require self-care & ongoing medical & nursing management for symptom control.
  • 71. 
    Indigenous Burden of disease is less than double the rate of burden for non-indigenous Australians
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 72. 
    Because of chronic diseases & associated risk factors there is ______ life expectancy gap between Indigenous Australians & non-indigenous Australians, 
    • A. 

      2/3

    • B. 

      1/2

    • C. 

      1/3

    • D. 

      2/4

  • 73. 
    The Biggest causes of mortality among Indigenous Australians are  circulatory diseases, diabetes, kidney disease, cancer & respiratory diseases
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 74. 
    Substitution of care’ initiatives, in which non-registered nurses are employed at the lowest cost to care for people with single chronic illnesses, such as asthma, cancer & rheumatoid arthritis, are emerging, esp. in aged care is know as:
    • A. 

      Skill Mix

    • B. 

      Mixed Care

    • C. 

      Skill Change

    • D. 

      Mixed Nursing

  • 75. 
    Any ___________ relating to chronic conditions needs to be comprehensive, consistent & tailored to the needs of the individual & the family
    • A. 

      Communication

    • B. 

      Diagnosis

    • C. 

      Diagnostic

    • D. 

      Care