1.
________ is done when a force, which is a push or pull, moves an object.
Explanation
In this question, the correct answer is "Work". Work is the physical process of using force to move an object. When a force is applied to an object and causes it to move, work is being done. Therefore, the given statement "Work is done when a force, which is a push or pull, moves an object" accurately describes the concept of work.
2.
The ability to do work or cause change is called ________.
Explanation
The term used to describe the ability to do work or cause change is "energy". Energy is the capacity of a system to perform work or transfer heat. It can exist in various forms such as kinetic energy, potential energy, thermal energy, and electrical energy. Energy is a fundamental concept in physics and is essential for any physical process or phenomenon to occur.
3.
Energy is measured in ____________.
Correct Answer
B. Joules
Explanation
Energy is measured in joules. Joule is the standard unit of energy in the International System of Units (SI). It is defined as the amount of work done when a force of one newton is applied over a distance of one meter. This unit is commonly used to measure various forms of energy such as mechanical, thermal, electrical, and chemical energy.
4.
________ is the rate at which energy is transferred.
Correct Answer
Power, power
Explanation
Power is the rate at which energy is transferred. It is the measure of how quickly work is done or how quickly energy is converted from one form to another. Power is calculated by dividing the amount of work done or energy transferred by the time taken to do it. Therefore, the correct answer is "Power".
5.
P = T/W
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The equation P = T/W is incorrect. It should be P = W/T, where P represents power, T represents time, and W represents work. Therefore, the correct answer is False.
6.
P = W/T
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The equation P = W/T represents power, where P is power, W is work, and T is time. This equation is true because power is defined as the amount of work done per unit of time. Therefore, the equation correctly expresses the relationship between power, work, and time.
7.
The two basic types of energy are ________ and ________ energy.
Correct Answer
kinetic, potential
kinetic, potential
Explanation
The correct answer is kinetic, potential. Kinetic energy refers to the energy possessed by a moving object, while potential energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its position or condition. In this question, the answer is repeated twice to emphasize the two basic types of energy.
8.
________ is how fast an object is moving.
Correct Answer
Speed, speed
Explanation
The word "speed" is repeated twice in the question, indicating that it is the correct answer. Speed is a measure of how fast an object is moving, making it the appropriate response to the question.
9.
The kinetic energy of an object depends on both its ___________ and its ___________.
Correct Answer
C. Speed, mass
Explanation
The correct answer is speed, mass. The kinetic energy of an object is determined by its speed and mass. Speed refers to the rate at which an object is moving, while mass refers to the amount of matter an object contains. The kinetic energy increases as the speed of an object increases, and it also increases with an increase in mass. Therefore, both speed and mass are factors that influence the kinetic energy of an object.
10.
The faster an object moves, the less kinetic energy it has.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The given statement is false. According to the kinetic energy formula, the kinetic energy of an object is directly proportional to the square of its velocity. This means that as the velocity of an object increases, its kinetic energy also increases. Therefore, the faster an object moves, the more kinetic energy it has, not less.
11.
Kinetic Energy = 1/2 x ________ x Speed²
Correct Answer
Mass, mass
Explanation
The equation for kinetic energy states that it is equal to half the mass multiplied by the square of the speed. Therefore, the correct answer is "mass" because it represents the quantity that needs to be multiplied by itself to calculate the kinetic energy. The term "mass" appears twice in the equation, indicating its importance in determining the amount of kinetic energy an object possesses.
12.
Potential energy related to an object's height is called ________________________.
Correct Answer
D. Gravitational potential energy (GPE)
Explanation
Gravitational potential energy (GPE) is the correct answer because it refers to the potential energy that an object possesses due to its height in a gravitational field. When an object is elevated or at a higher altitude, it gains potential energy that can be converted into other forms of energy when it falls or moves downwards. GPE is directly related to the object's height and is an important concept in understanding the behavior of objects in a gravitational field.
13.
Gravitational Potential Energy (GPE) = Weight x __________.
Correct Answer
C. Height
Explanation
Gravitational potential energy (GPE) is the energy possessed by an object due to its position in a gravitational field. The equation for GPE is GPE = Weight x Height. This means that the GPE of an object is directly proportional to its weight and the height at which it is located. As the height increases, the potential energy also increases. Therefore, height is the correct answer to complete the equation for GPE.
14.
________ Potential Energy is the energy associated with objects that can be compressed or stretched.
Correct Answer
Elastic, elastic
Explanation
The given answer, "Elastic, elastic," is correct because elastic potential energy is the energy stored in objects that can be compressed or stretched. When an object is stretched or compressed, it gains potential energy, which is released when the object returns to its original shape. Elastic potential energy is commonly observed in objects like springs or rubber bands, where the energy is stored in the deformation of the material.
15.
Elastic potential energy: an object has a different type of potential energy due to its ________.
Correct Answer
shape
Explanation
The correct answer is shape. Elastic potential energy refers to the potential energy stored in an object due to its shape. When an object is deformed, it stores energy, which can be released when the object returns to its original shape. This energy is known as elastic potential energy and is dependent on the shape of the object.
16.
The form of energy associated with the motion, position or shape of an object is called ________ energy.
Correct Answer
Mechanical, mechanical
Explanation
The question asks for the form of energy associated with the motion, position, or shape of an object. The term that describes this type of energy is "mechanical" energy. The word "mechanical" is repeated twice in the answer, which may be a typographical error or redundancy.
17.
An object's mechanical energy is a combination of its ________ energy and kinetic energy.
Correct Answer
Potential, potential
Explanation
An object's mechanical energy is a combination of its potential energy and kinetic energy. Potential energy refers to the stored energy an object possesses due to its position or condition. It can be gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy, or chemical potential energy, depending on the specific situation. Kinetic energy, on the other hand, is the energy an object possesses due to its motion. Therefore, the correct answer is potential, potential, indicating that both potential energy and kinetic energy contribute to an object's mechanical energy.
18.
ME = PE + KE
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The equation ME = PE + KE represents the principle of conservation of mechanical energy, stating that the total mechanical energy of a system is the sum of its potential energy and kinetic energy. This equation holds true in situations where only conservative forces are at play, meaning that no energy is lost to non-conservative forces like friction or air resistance. Therefore, the given answer "True" is correct as it aligns with the fundamental concept of conservation of mechanical energy.
19.
A change of energy from one form to another is called an energy ________.
Correct Answer
Transformation, transformation
Explanation
When energy changes from one form to another, it is referred to as energy transformation. This process involves the conversion of energy from one type, such as potential energy, kinetic energy, or thermal energy, to another form. Energy transformation is a fundamental concept in physics and is observed in various natural phenomena and human-made systems.
20.
When you rub your hands together on a cold day, you use friction to transform mechanical energy (KE + PE) into ________ energy.
Correct Answer
thermal, heat
Explanation
When you rub your hands together on a cold day, the friction between your hands generates heat. This heat energy is a form of thermal energy.
21.
The law of ________ of energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only changed from one form to another.
Correct Answer
Conservation, conservation
Explanation
The law of conservation of energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only changed from one form to another. This means that the total amount of energy in a closed system remains constant over time. This principle is fundamental in understanding the behavior of energy in various physical processes and is a cornerstone of physics.
22.
The total amount of energy before and after any transformation maybe different.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
This statement is false because according to the law of conservation of energy, energy cannot be created or destroyed, it can only be transformed from one form to another. Therefore, the total amount of energy before and after any transformation remains the same.
23.
________ energy is the total kinetic and potential energy of the particles in an object. It is also sometimes known as heat energy, because when the particles in an object move rapidly, you can feel it as heat.
Correct Answer
Thermal, thermal
Explanation
The term "thermal energy" refers to the total kinetic and potential energy of the particles in an object. This energy is also commonly referred to as heat energy because when the particles in an object move rapidly, it can be felt as heat. Therefore, the correct answer is "thermal, thermal," as it accurately describes the concept of thermal energy and its relationship to heat.
24.
An object's thermal energy helps to determine its ________ state.
Correct Answer
Physical, physical
Explanation
An object's thermal energy helps to determine its physical state. The amount of thermal energy present in an object determines whether it is a solid, liquid, or gas. When an object gains or loses thermal energy, it can undergo a phase change, such as melting or boiling, which changes its physical state. Therefore, the thermal energy of an object is closely related to its physical state.
25.
A substance can change from one physical state to another when its thermal energy changes. This can be done by freezing, melting, boiling, etc.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
When the thermal energy of a substance changes, it can undergo a change in physical state. This is because thermal energy affects the arrangement and movement of the particles in the substance. For example, when thermal energy is removed from a substance, it can cause the particles to slow down and come closer together, resulting in freezing or solidification. On the other hand, when thermal energy is added, the particles can gain energy and move more freely, leading to melting or boiling. Therefore, it is true that a substance can change from one physical state to another when its thermal energy changes.
26.
As molecules move faster and faster, they move closer together. At a certain point, the molecules are moving fast enough that a physical change of state occurs.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement suggests that as molecules move faster, they move closer together, which is incorrect. In reality, as molecules move faster, they tend to spread out and move farther apart. This is because the kinetic energy of the molecules increases with their speed, causing them to overcome intermolecular forces and expand. Therefore, the statement is false.
27.
The faster the particles (atoms/molecules) move in a substance, the higher the temperature of that substance.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The statement is a fundamental principle of thermodynamics known as the kinetic theory of gases. According to this theory, temperature is directly related to the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. When particles move faster, they have higher kinetic energy, which results in a higher temperature. Therefore, it is true that the faster the particles move in a substance, the higher the temperature of that substance.
28.
The slower the particles move in a substance, the ________ the temperature of that substance.
Correct Answer
Lower, lower
Explanation
The slower the particles move in a substance, the lower the temperature of that substance. This is because temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. When the particles move slower, it means they have less kinetic energy, which results in a lower temperature.
29.
An object is in motion if its position changes relative to another object.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because motion is defined as a change in position of an object with respect to another object. If an object's position changes in relation to another object, it means that it is in motion. Therefore, the correct answer is true.
30.
A ________ is a place or object used for comparison to determine if something is in motion.
Correct Answer
Reference point, reference point
Explanation
A reference point is a place or object that is used as a comparison to determine if something is in motion. It serves as a fixed position that helps us observe and measure the movement of other objects or locations. By comparing the position of an object to the reference point, we can determine if it is stationary or in motion. Having multiple reference points allows for more accurate measurements and comparisons, enhancing our understanding of motion.
31.
The ________ of an object is the distance the object moves per unit of time.
Correct Answer
Speed, speed
Explanation
The term "speed" refers to the rate at which an object moves or the distance it covers in a given amount of time. It is a measure of how fast an object is traveling and is calculated by dividing the distance traveled by the time taken. In this context, the word "speed" is used twice to emphasize that it is the correct answer for both blanks in the sentence.
32.
Speed = ________/Time
Correct Answer
Distance, distance
Explanation
The formula given is Speed = Distance/Time. Since the question asks for the missing term, it can be inferred that the missing term should be "Distance". The formula states that speed is equal to distance divided by time, indicating that distance is the quantity being measured in relation to speed. Therefore, "Distance" is the correct answer.
33.
SI unit for speed is meters per second, m/s.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The SI unit for speed is meters per second, abbreviated as m/s. This unit is commonly used in physics and other scientific disciplines to measure the rate at which an object is moving. It represents the distance traveled by an object in meters divided by the time taken to travel that distance in seconds. Therefore, the given statement is true.
34.
Average speed = Total time/Total distance
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The given statement is false. The correct formula for average speed is Total distance/Total time, not Total time/Total distance. This is because average speed is calculated by dividing the total distance traveled by the total time taken to cover that distance.
35.
Average speed = Total distance/Total time
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The given statement is true. Average speed is calculated by dividing the total distance traveled by the total time taken. This formula is commonly used to determine the average speed of an object or person over a given period. By dividing the total distance by the total time, we can obtain the average speed at which the object or person was moving. Therefore, the statement is correct.
36.
___________________ speed is the speed at which an object is moving at a given instant in time.
Correct Answer
A. Instantaneous
Explanation
The term "instantaneous" refers to the speed of an object at a specific instant in time. It is the speed at which the object is moving at that exact moment. This is different from average speed, which is calculated over a certain period of time, and constant speed, which refers to a speed that remains the same throughout the entire motion. "Absolute" does not accurately describe the speed of an object in this context, so it is not the correct answer.
37.
Speed in a given direction is called ________.
Correct Answer
Velocity, velocity
Explanation
Velocity is the correct answer for the given question. Speed is a scalar quantity that only measures the magnitude of the motion, whereas velocity is a vector quantity that measures both the magnitude and direction of the motion. Therefore, speed in a given direction is called velocity.
38.
You can show the motion of an object on a line graph in which you plot ________ versus ________.
Correct Answer
distance, time
distance, time
Explanation
The motion of an object can be shown on a line graph by plotting the distance on the y-axis and time on the x-axis. This allows us to visually represent how the distance changes over time. By plotting multiple points on the graph, we can track the object's movement and observe any patterns or trends in its motion.
39.
The steepness of a line on a graph showing motion is called ________. This tells you the rate of change.
Correct Answer
slope
Explanation
The steepness of a line on a graph showing motion is called slope. The slope represents the rate of change, indicating how quickly the motion is occurring. It is a measure of the vertical change (rise) divided by the horizontal change (run) between two points on the line. A steeper slope indicates a faster rate of change, while a flatter slope suggests a slower rate of change. Therefore, slope is an important concept in understanding and analyzing motion on a graph.
40.
The slope of a distance versus time graph represents speed. The steeper this slope is, the lesser the speed.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because the slope of a distance versus time graph represents the speed, not the other way around. A steeper slope indicates a greater speed, not a lesser speed.
41.
On a distance versus time graph, a constant slope represents motion at a constant speed.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
A distance versus time graph shows the relationship between the distance an object travels and the time it takes. When the graph has a constant slope, it means that the object is covering equal amounts of distance in equal amounts of time. This indicates that the object is moving at a constant speed, as the speed is determined by the distance covered in a given time. Therefore, the statement is true.
42.
You can calculate the slope of a line by dividing the rise by the run.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because the slope of a line is calculated by dividing the vertical change (rise) by the horizontal change (run) between any two points on the line. This ratio represents the steepness or incline of the line. By dividing the rise by the run, we can determine the slope of the line.
43.
________ is the rate at which velocity changes.
Correct Answer
Acceleration, acceleration
Explanation
Acceleration is the rate at which velocity changes. It measures how quickly an object's velocity is changing over time. When an object accelerates, its velocity increases or decreases, or its direction changes. Therefore, the correct answer to the question is "acceleration." The repetition of the word "acceleration" in the answer reinforces the concept that acceleration is the rate at which velocity changes.
44.
A change in velocity can involve a change in either speed or direction, or both.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
A change in velocity refers to any change in an object's speed or direction, or both. This means that if an object speeds up, slows down, changes direction, or any combination of these, there is a change in velocity. Therefore, the statement "A change in velocity can involve a change in either speed or direction, or both" is true.
45.
Deceleration is the same as negative acceleration.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
Deceleration refers to the decrease in velocity over time, while negative acceleration refers to the decrease in speed or velocity in the opposite direction. Since both terms describe a decrease in velocity, they are essentially the same concept. Therefore, the statement "Deceleration is the same as negative acceleration" is true.
46.
Even an object that is traveling in a constant speed can be accelerating. The simplest example of this type of motion is circular motion, or centripetal acceleration.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
Objects can be accelerating even if they are traveling at a constant speed because acceleration is not only determined by speed, but also by changes in direction. In circular motion, such as when an object moves in a circle, there is a constant change in direction, resulting in a centripetal acceleration towards the center of the circle. This means that even if the object's speed remains constant, it is still experiencing acceleration due to the change in its direction of motion. Therefore, the statement is true.
47.
If an object isn't changing direction, you can describe its acceleration as the rate at which its speed changes.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because acceleration is defined as the rate at which an object's velocity changes. If an object is not changing direction, it means its velocity is only changing in magnitude, which is equivalent to its speed. Therefore, the acceleration of the object can be described as the rate at which its speed changes.