6th Grade Science Chapter 12 Managing Materials In The Body

107 Questions | Total Attempts: 104

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6th Grade Science Quizzes & Trivia

There are a lot of materials that come into our body but not all of them are beneficial to the functioning of the body. This therefore puts emphasis on the body choosing which materials to keep and which to discard. Take up the quiz below and get to review chapter 12 on managing material in the body. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _____________ provides your body with materials to grow and repair tissues. It also provides energy for everything you do.
    • A. 

      Food

    • B. 

      Air

    • C. 

      Water

    • D. 

      Nutrients

  • 2. 
    This is the unit used to measure the energy and foods:
    • A. 

      Calorie (c)

    • B. 

      Joule (J)

    • C. 

      Calorie (C)

    • D. 

      Newton (N)

  • 3. 
    ____________ are the substances in foods that provide the raw materials and energy the body needs to carry out all its processes.
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Vitamins

    • C. 

      Molecules

    • D. 

      Nutrients

  • 4. 
    Which of these is NOT one of the 6 types of nutrients that people need?
    • A. 

      Fats

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Cholesterols

    • D. 

      Water

    • E. 

      Minerals

    • F. 

      Proteins

    • G. 

      Vitamins

  • 5. 
    Simple carbohydrates, called [Blank], can give you a quick burst of energy. 
  • 6. 
    [Blank] are complex carbohydrates that can provide long-term energy as they break down into simple carbohydrates.
  • 7. 
    [Blank], a specific carbohydrate, helps your digestive system function properly however your body can't digest it. 
  • 8. 
    No more than 30% of your daily Calories should come from [Blank].
  • 9. 
    All of these are different types of fats EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Multiunsaturated

    • B. 

      Monounsaturated

    • C. 

      Trans

    • D. 

      Saturated

    • E. 

      Polyunsaturated

  • 10. 
    Proteins are made up of small, linked units called [Blank].
  • 11. 
    Vitamins provide the body with raw materials and energy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Vitamins act as helper molecules in your body's chemical reactions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Nutrients that aren't made by living things are called [Blank].
  • 14. 
    Minerals do not provide your body with raw materials and energy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Your body needs small amounts of minerals to carry out chemical processes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    [Blank] is the most important nutrient required by all the body's vital processes.
  • 17. 
    Water accounts for about ________ of the average healthy person's body weight because it makes up most of the body's fluids, including blood
    • A. 

      55%

    • B. 

      60%

    • C. 

      65%

    • D. 

      85%

  • 18. 
    Under normal conditions, you need to take in about ______________ of water every day to stay healthy.
    • A. 

      2 liters

    • B. 

      1 liter

    • C. 

      3 liters

    • D. 

      1 quart

  • 19. 
    Your entire digestive system is about _________ long from beginning to end.
    • A. 

      3 meters

    • B. 

      6 meters

    • C. 

      9 meters

    • D. 

      12 meters

  • 20. 
    All of these are jobs of the digestive system EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Eliminates waste

    • B. 

      Absorbs nutrients

    • C. 

      Breaks down food

    • D. 

      Sends nutrients to vital organs

  • 21. 
    The process by which your body breaks down food into small nutrient molecules is called [Blank].
  • 22. 
    In mechanical digestion, bits of food are torn or ground into smaller pieces. This kind of digestion occurs mostly in the:
    • A. 

      Stomach and small intestine

    • B. 

      Mouth and stomach

    • C. 

      Mouth and small intestine

    • D. 

      Mouth and large intestine

  • 23. 
    In chemical digestion, chemicals break foods into their building blocks. This takes place in many parts of the digestive system but primarily in the:
    • A. 

      Mouth and small intestine

    • B. 

      Mouth and large intestine

    • C. 

      Small intestine and large intestine

    • D. 

      Stomach and small intestine

  • 24. 
    [Blank] is the process by which nutrient molecules pass from your digestive system into your blood.
  • 25. 
    Absorption takes place before digestion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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