Defense Mechanism (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia

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Defense Mechanism (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not one of the key steps in the grief process?     

    • A.

      Denial

    • B.

      Anger

    • C.

      Bargaining

    • D.

      Rejection

    Correct Answer
    D. Rejection
    Explanation
    The process of grief typically involves several key steps, including denial, anger, bargaining, and acceptance. Rejection, however, is not typically considered one of these key steps. While individuals may experience feelings of rejection during the grieving process, it is not universally recognized as a distinct step in the process.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following matches the definition: covering up a weakness by stressing a desirable or stronger trait?

    • A.

      Compensation

    • B.

      Projection

    • C.

      Rationalization

    • D.

      Dysphoria

    Correct Answer
    A. Compensation
    Explanation
    Compensation matches the definition of covering up a weakness by stressing a desirable or stronger trait. This term refers to the act of making up for a perceived deficiency in one area by emphasizing a different skill or attribute. It involves redirecting focus towards a more positive aspect to compensate for a weakness and maintain self-esteem or confidence.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following waveforms is most commonly found with light sleepers?

    • A.

      Theta

    • B.

      Alpha

    • C.

      Beta

    • D.

      Zeta

    Correct Answer
    A. Theta
    Explanation
    Theta waves are most commonly found with light sleepers. Theta waves are associated with drowsiness, daydreaming, and light sleep. They have a frequency of 4-7 Hz and are typically present during the early stages of sleep and during REM sleep. Light sleepers are more likely to experience disruptions in their sleep, leading to more frequent awakenings and a higher presence of theta waves.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following months matches with an infant first having the ability to sit-up independently?

    • A.

      4 months

    • B.

      6 months

    • C.

      8 months

    • D.

      10 months

    Correct Answer
    B. 6 months
    Explanation
    At around 6 months, most infants develop the ability to sit-up independently. This is considered a major milestone in their physical development. Prior to this age, infants may have some head control but are unable to sit up without support. By 6 months, their neck and back muscles have strengthened enough to support their body in a seated position, allowing them to sit up without assistance. Therefore, the correct answer is 6 months.

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  • 5. 

    Object permanence for toddlers develops in this age range?

    • A.

      5-10 months

    • B.

      10-14 months

    • C.

      12-24 months

    • D.

      15-24 months

    Correct Answer
    A. 5-10 months
  • 6. 

    Which of the following matches the definition: attributing of our own unwanted trait onto another person?  

    • A.

      Compensation

    • B.

      Projection

    • C.

      Rationalization

    • D.

      Dysphoria

    Correct Answer
    B. Projection
    Explanation
    Projection is the correct answer because it refers to the act of attributing our own unwanted traits, desires, or emotions onto someone else. This defense mechanism allows individuals to avoid facing their own flaws or insecurities by projecting them onto others. By projecting, individuals can distance themselves from these unwanted traits and instead believe that they belong to someone else.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following matches the definition: the justification of behaviors using reason other than the real reason? 

    • A.

      Compensation

    • B.

      Projection

    • C.

      Rationalization

    • D.

      Dysphoria

    Correct Answer
    C. Rationalization
    Explanation
    Rationalization is the correct answer because it refers to the process of justifying behaviors using reasons that are not the true or real reasons behind those behaviors. This means that individuals may come up with logical-sounding explanations to make their actions or decisions seem more acceptable or reasonable, even if they are not the actual motivations behind their behavior.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following matches the definition: response to severe emotion stress resulting in involuntary disturbance of physical functions?

    • A.

      Conversion disorder

    • B.

      Depressive reaction

    • C.

      Bipolar disorder

    • D.

      Alzheimer's disease

    Correct Answer
    A. Conversion disorder
    Explanation
    Conversion disorder matches the definition of a response to severe emotional stress resulting in involuntary disturbance of physical functions. Conversion disorder is a condition where a person experiences physical symptoms, such as paralysis or blindness, that cannot be explained by any underlying medical condition. These symptoms are believed to be a result of psychological distress or trauma.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following waveforms is most commonly found when you are awake?

    • A.

      Theta

    • B.

      Alpha

    • C.

      Beta

    • D.

      Zeta

    Correct Answer
    C. Beta
    Explanation
    Beta waves are the most commonly found waveform when a person is awake. These waves have a frequency range of 12-30 Hz and are associated with alertness, concentration, and active thinking. They are typically present when a person is engaged in tasks that require focus and mental activity, such as problem-solving, decision-making, and learning. Beta waves are also associated with increased stress and anxiety levels.

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  • 10. 

    The REM sleep cycle occur approximately every ____ minutes?

    • A.

      45

    • B.

      60

    • C.

      75

    • D.

      90

    Correct Answer
    D. 90
    Explanation
    The REM sleep cycle occurs approximately every 90 minutes. During REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep, our brain activity increases and we experience vivid dreams. This stage is important for memory consolidation and emotional regulation. The cycle starts with non-REM sleep and progresses through different stages, with REM sleep occurring at the end of each cycle. This pattern repeats throughout the night, with each cycle lasting around 90 minutes. Therefore, the correct answer is 90.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following reflexes is not found at birth?  

    • A.

      Babinski

    • B.

      Palmar

    • C.

      Moro

    • D.

      Flexion

    Correct Answer
    D. Flexion
    Explanation
    Flexion reflex is not found at birth. The flexion reflex is a protective response that causes the affected limb to withdraw from a painful or potentially harmful stimulus. This reflex develops gradually during the first few months of life. At birth, babies do not have a fully developed nervous system, and their reflexes are limited. The Babinski reflex, Palmar reflex, and Moro reflex are all present at birth and are important for the baby's survival and development.

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  • 12. 

    Parallel play for toddlers develops in this age range?

    • A.

      5-10 months

    • B.

      10-14 months

    • C.

      12-24 months

    • D.

      24-48 months

    Correct Answer
    D. 24-48 months
    Explanation
    Parallel play is a type of play where children play alongside each other without actively engaging with each other. It typically occurs between the ages of 24-48 months. During this stage, children are beginning to develop social skills and are more aware of their peers. They may imitate each other's actions and show interest in what others are doing, but they are not yet ready for cooperative play. Therefore, the correct answer is 24-48 months.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is not a sign of anxiety? 

    • A.

      Dyspnea

    • B.

      Hyperventilation

    • C.

      Moist mouth

    • D.

      GI symptoms

    Correct Answer
    C. Moist mouth
    Explanation
    Anxiety often causes symptoms such as dyspnea (shortness of breath), hyperventilation (rapid breathing), and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms like nausea or stomachache. However, a moist mouth is not typically considered a sign of anxiety. Anxiety tends to cause dry mouth due to increased stress and decreased saliva production. Therefore, a moist mouth is not a common symptom associated with anxiety.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following best describes a person that is completely awake falling asleep spontaneously? 

    • A.

      Cataplexy

    • B.

      Narcolepsy

    • C.

      Transitional sleep

    • D.

      REM absence

    Correct Answer
    A. Cataplexy
    Explanation
    Cataplexy is a sudden and temporary loss of muscle tone or control that is often triggered by strong emotions such as laughter, surprise, or anger. It is commonly associated with narcolepsy, a sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden episodes of falling asleep. During cataplexy, a person who is completely awake may suddenly lose muscle control and fall asleep spontaneously. Therefore, cataplexy best describes a person that is completely awake falling asleep spontaneously.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following best describes a person that is unable to tell you were there hand or foot is?

    • A.

      Autotopagnosia

    • B.

      Cataplexy

    • C.

      Ergophobia

    • D.

      Anosognosia

    Correct Answer
    A. Autotopagnosia
    Explanation
    Autotopagnosia is a condition characterized by the inability to recognize or locate one's own body parts. Individuals with autotopagnosia have difficulty identifying where their hand or foot is, as they lack the awareness of their own body in space. This condition is often caused by damage to the parietal lobe of the brain, which is responsible for spatial awareness and body representation.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is not a characteristic of a panic disorder?

    • A.

      Nausea

    • B.

      Excessive perspiration

    • C.

      Urination

    • D.

      Chest pain

    Correct Answer
    C. Urination
    Explanation
    Urination is not a characteristic of a panic disorder. Panic disorder is characterized by sudden and recurrent panic attacks, which are intense periods of fear and discomfort. Symptoms of panic attacks may include nausea, excessive perspiration, and chest pain. However, urination is not typically associated with panic attacks.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following categories would a 70 year old adult be placed in? 

    • A.

      Intimacy vs. Isolation

    • B.

      Generativitiy vs. Stagnation

    • C.

      Integrity vs. Despair

    • D.

      Longevity vs. Guilt

    Correct Answer
    C. Integrity vs. Despair
    Explanation
    Integrity vs. Despair is the correct answer because this stage of Erik Erikson's psychosocial development theory occurs during late adulthood, typically around the age of 65 and above. It is characterized by reflecting on one's life and accepting the successes and failures, leading to feelings of integrity or a sense of fulfillment. On the other hand, if individuals feel dissatisfied and regretful about their life choices, they may experience despair. Since the individual in question is 70 years old, they would likely be in this stage of development.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following categories would a 60 year old adult be placed in? 

    • A.

      Intimacy vs. Isolation

    • B.

      Generativitiy vs. Stagnation

    • C.

      Integrity vs. Despair

    • D.

      Longevity vs. Guilt

    Correct Answer
    B. Generativitiy vs. Stagnation
    Explanation
    A 60-year-old adult would be placed in the category of Generativity vs. Stagnation. This stage of psychosocial development, according to Erik Erikson's theory, occurs during middle adulthood. During this stage, individuals strive to contribute to society and leave a lasting impact through their work, relationships, and involvement in the community. They may also experience feelings of stagnation if they feel unproductive or unfulfilled.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following categories would a 20 year old adult be placed in?  

    • A.

      Intimacy vs. Isolation

    • B.

      Generativitiy vs. Stagnation

    • C.

      Integrity vs. Despair

    • D.

      Longevity vs. Guilt

    Correct Answer
    A. Intimacy vs. Isolation
    Explanation
    A 20-year-old adult would be placed in the category of "Intimacy vs. Isolation" because this stage of development, according to Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory, occurs during early adulthood. During this stage, individuals seek to form close and meaningful relationships with others, exploring and developing intimate relationships. Failure to establish these connections can lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following describes a person using words that have no known meaning?

    • A.

      Neologisms

    • B.

      Neolithic

    • C.

      Verbalism

    • D.

      Delusional blocking

    Correct Answer
    A. Neologisms
    Explanation
    Neologisms refer to the use of words that have no known meaning. This means that when a person uses neologisms, they are using words that are not recognized or understood by others. Neolithic refers to a specific period in history, verbalism refers to an excessive use of words, and delusional blocking is not related to using words with no known meaning. Therefore, the correct answer is neologisms.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 14, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 04, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    RNpedia.com
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