# Sun, Moon And Earth Quiz For 5th Grade

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Amber Collis
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We are surrounded by a lot of galaxies and planets. Do you understand our universe quite well? If yes, then try this 'Sun, Moon And Earth Quiz for 5th Grade' that we've created below. As you would know, the earth is just but a small part of the universe. In this test, we have covered the topics related to earth, the moon, and the sun. Take up the quiz and see what you can recall. All the best and enjoy!

• 1.

### What is the word for the path where the moon turns around the earth?

• A.

Turning

• B.

Orbit

• C.

Rotates

• D.

Revolution

B. Orbit
Explanation
The word for the path where the moon turns around the earth is "orbit." An orbit is the curved path that an object takes around a larger celestial body due to the force of gravity. In the case of the moon, it orbits around the Earth in a specific path. Therefore, "orbit" is the correct answer to the question.

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• 2.

### How many days does Moon take to orbit the Earth?

• A.

100days

• B.

1day

• C.

28days

• D.

59days

• E.

29days

C. 28days
Explanation
The correct answer is 28 days because the Moon takes approximately 28 days to complete one orbit around the Earth. This is known as the lunar month or the synodic month. During this time, the Moon goes through its different phases, from new moon to full moon and back to new moon again. This cycle repeats every 28 days, which is why we often associate the Moon with a monthly cycle.

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• 3.

### What is a Sun?

• A.

A star

• B.

A planet

• C.

A gas

• D.

A rock

A. A star
Explanation
A sun is a star. Stars are massive celestial bodies that emit light and heat due to nuclear reactions happening in their core. The sun is the closest star to Earth and is essential for sustaining life on our planet. It provides us with light, heat, and energy that supports various biological processes.

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• 4.

### Earth's rotation (turning on its axis) causes

• A.

Day and night

• B.

Solar eclipse

• C.

The seasons to change

• D.

The moon to appear as different shapes

A. Day and night
Explanation
The rotation of the Earth on its axis causes day and night. As the Earth spins, different parts of it are exposed to the Sun's light, creating daytime in those regions, while the opposite side experiences nighttime. This rotation is responsible for the regular cycle of 24 hours, with approximately 12 hours of daylight and 12 hours of darkness.

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• 5.

### The Earth revolves around

• A.

Itself

• B.

Mars

• C.

The moon

• D.

The sun

D. The sun
Explanation
The Earth revolves around the sun. This phenomenon is known as revolution and it takes approximately 365.25 days for the Earth to complete one revolution around the sun, causing the change in seasons. The gravitational force between the Earth and the sun is what keeps the Earth in its orbit around the sun. This revolution is responsible for the day and night cycle on Earth as well.

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• 6.

### Why does the moon appear to shine in the night sky?

• A.

The moon makes its own light.

• B.

The moon reflects the sun's light.

• C.

The moon lights up when it becomes dark.

• D.

The moon reflects the Earth's light.

B. The moon reflects the sun's light.
Explanation
The moon appears to shine in the night sky because it reflects the sun's light. The moon does not produce its own light, but rather reflects the sunlight that hits its surface. This reflection allows us to see the moon as a bright object in the night sky.

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• 7.

### Why does the moon appear to be larger than the stars?

• A.

The moon is larger than the stars.

• B.

The moon is brighter than the stars.

• C.

The moon is closer to Earth than the stars.

• D.

The moon is the largest of all stars.

C. The moon is closer to Earth than the stars.
Explanation
The moon appears to be larger than the stars because it is closer to Earth than the stars. Even though the stars are much larger than the moon, their distance from Earth makes them appear smaller. The moon, being relatively closer, appears larger in comparison.

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• 8.

### Earth has seasons because

• A.

The temperature of the sun changes.

• B.

Earth rotates on it axis.

• C.

Earth's axis is tilted as it moves around the sun.

• D.

The distance between Earth and the sun changes.

C. Earth's axis is tilted as it moves around the sun.
Explanation
The correct answer is that Earth's axis is tilted as it moves around the sun. This tilt causes different parts of the Earth to receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year, resulting in the changing seasons. When the axis is tilted towards the sun, a particular hemisphere experiences summer, while the other hemisphere experiences winter. As the Earth orbits the sun, the tilt causes the seasons to change.

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• 9.

### Which object in space produces its own light?

• A.

Moon

• B.

Star

• C.

Planet

• D.

Asteroid

B. Star
Explanation
Stars produce their own light through a process called nuclear fusion. In the core of a star, hydrogen atoms combine to form helium, releasing a tremendous amount of energy in the form of light and heat. This process is what makes stars shine brightly in the night sky. The other options listed (Moon, Planet, Asteroid) do not produce their own light but instead reflect the light from the Sun.

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• 10.

### About how long does one rotation of the Earth take?

• A.

24 hours

• B.

365 Days

• C.

12 hours

• D.

30 days

A. 24 hours
Explanation
The correct answer is 24 hours. This is because the Earth takes approximately 24 hours to complete one rotation on its axis. This rotation is what causes day and night to occur.

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• 11.

### About how long does one revolution of the Earth take?

• A.

24 hours

• B.

365 days

• C.

12 hours

• D.

30 days

B. 365 days
Explanation
One revolution of the Earth refers to the time it takes for the Earth to complete one orbit around the Sun. This duration is approximately 365 days.

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• 12.

### A solar eclipse may occur when ______________________.

• A.

There is a full moon

• B.

The moon is between the Earth and the sun

• C.

The Earth casts a shadow on the Earth.

• D.

The Earth is between the moon and the sun

B. The moon is between the Earth and the sun
Explanation
A solar eclipse occurs when the moon is between the Earth and the sun. During this alignment, the moon blocks the sun's light from reaching certain parts of the Earth, causing a temporary darkening of the sky. This phenomenon can only happen during a new moon phase when the moon is positioned directly between the Earth and the sun.

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• 13.

### A lunar eclipse may occure when ___________________.

• A.

The moon is between the Earth and the sun

• B.

There is a New Moon

• C.

The Earth is between the moon and the sun

• D.

The sun casts a shadow over the Earth

C. The Earth is between the moon and the sun
Explanation
A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth is between the moon and the sun. During this alignment, the Earth blocks the sunlight from reaching the moon, causing it to temporarily darken or appear red. This happens because the Earth's shadow is cast onto the surface of the moon, creating a celestial event known as a lunar eclipse.

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• Current Version
• Jan 31, 2024
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Dec 12, 2012
Quiz Created by
Amber Collis

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