4th Gr Science Atmosphere

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4th Grade Science Quizzes & Trivia

The planet is surrounded by layers upon layers of gasses help in place by the gravity of the planet. In class, we covered the atmosphere and how it makes up the weather that we experience from time to time. We had fun measuring different weather elements. Test your understanding of the lessons through this test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The weight of air on the atmosphere pressing down on the Earth.

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Air pressure

    • C.

      Precipitation

    • D.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    B. Air pressure
    Explanation
    Air pressure is the correct answer because it refers to the weight of air on the atmosphere pressing down on the Earth. Air pressure is caused by the force of gravity pulling the air molecules towards the Earth's surface. It is responsible for various atmospheric phenomena, such as wind patterns and the formation of weather systems. Changes in air pressure can also affect the behavior of gases, liquids, and solids on the Earth's surface.

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  • 2. 

    The process by which heat from the sun builds up near the earths surface and is trapped there by the atmosphere.

    • A.

      Meteorologist

    • B.

      Atmosphere

    • C.

      Greenhouse effect

    • D.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    C. Greenhouse effect
    Explanation
    The greenhouse effect refers to the process where heat from the sun is trapped near the Earth's surface by the atmosphere. This occurs because certain gases in the atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide and methane, allow sunlight to pass through but prevent some of the heat from escaping back into space. As a result, the Earth's surface becomes warmer, similar to how heat is trapped in a greenhouse. This phenomenon is essential for maintaining a habitable temperature on Earth, but human activities that increase the concentration of greenhouse gases can lead to an enhanced greenhouse effect and global warming.

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  • 3. 

    The movement of water into the air as water vapor and back to the earths surface as rain, snow, sleet or hail.

    • A.

      Rain guage

    • B.

      Air mass

    • C.

      Thermometer

    • D.

      Water cycle

    Correct Answer
    D. Water cycle
    Explanation
    The water cycle refers to the continuous movement of water between the Earth's surface and the atmosphere. It involves the process of evaporation, where water from bodies of water or moist surfaces turns into water vapor and rises into the air. This water vapor then condenses into clouds and eventually falls back to the Earth as precipitation, such as rain, snow, sleet, or hail. The water cycle is essential for maintaining the Earth's water supply and plays a crucial role in weather patterns and the distribution of water resources.

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  • 4. 

    A person who studies the earths atmosphere, especially its patterns of climate and weather.

    • A.

      Weather

    • B.

      Meteorologist

    • C.

      Fromt

    • D.

      Atmosphere

    Correct Answer
    B. Meteorologist
    Explanation
    A meteorologist is a person who studies the Earth's atmosphere, particularly its patterns of climate and weather. They analyze and interpret data from various sources such as satellites, radar, and weather stations to forecast and understand weather conditions. Meteorologists use their knowledge and expertise to predict weather patterns, track storms, and provide valuable information for various industries and the general public.

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  • 5. 

    Clouds that are lovw-level and from in layers. Looks like a long horizontal blanket in the sky.

    • A.

      Atmosphere

    • B.

      Cumulus cloud

    • C.

      Stratus cloud

    • D.

      Climate

    Correct Answer
    C. Stratus cloud
    Explanation
    A stratus cloud is a low-level cloud that forms in layers and appears as a long horizontal blanket in the sky. Unlike cumulus clouds, which are fluffy and puffy, stratus clouds are flat and spread out. They often cover the entire sky and can bring overcast conditions. Stratus clouds are associated with stable atmospheric conditions and are commonly found in areas with cooler temperatures and high humidity.

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  • 6. 

    Clouds are thin, feathery clouds made of ice cystals. The form hihg in the sky. They indicate fair weather.

    • A.

      Cumulus cloud

    • B.

      Cirrus cloud

    • C.

      Rain gauge

    • D.

      Weathervane

    Correct Answer
    B. Cirrus cloud
    Explanation
    Cirrus clouds are thin, feathery clouds made of ice crystals that form high in the sky. They are often seen on clear days and indicate fair weather. Cumulus clouds are fluffy and can indicate the possibility of rain or storms. A rain gauge is a device used to measure the amount of rainfall. A weathervane is a tool that shows the direction from which the wind is blowing. Therefore, the correct answer is cirrus cloud because it matches the description of thin, feathery clouds that indicate fair weather.

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  • 7. 

    The process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid-state. When enough collects it becomes visible as a cloud.

    • A.

      Barometer

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Evaporation

    • D.

      Condensation

    Correct Answer
    D. Condensation
    Explanation
    Condensation is the correct answer because it refers to the process of changing from a gaseous state to a liquid or solid state. When water vapor in the air cools down, it loses energy and condenses into water droplets or ice crystals. This process is responsible for the formation of clouds when enough water vapor collects and becomes visible.

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  • 8. 

    A climate that usually has warm,dry summers and cold, wet winters

    • A.

      Temperature

    • B.

      Weather

    • C.

      Temperate climate

    • D.

      Tropical climate

    Correct Answer
    C. Temperate climate
    Explanation
    A temperate climate is characterized by warm, dry summers and cold, wet winters. This means that the region experiences moderate temperatures throughout the year, with distinct seasons. The summers are typically warm and dry, while the winters are cold and wet. This climate is commonly found in regions that are located between the tropics and the polar regions, such as Europe and parts of North America.

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  • 9. 

    A hot, rainy climate

    • A.

      Tropical climate

    • B.

      Atmosphere

    • C.

      Polar climate

    • D.

      Weathervane

    Correct Answer
    A. Tropical climate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tropical climate". A tropical climate is characterized by high temperatures and heavy rainfall throughout the year. This type of climate is typically found in regions near the equator, such as the tropical rainforests. The hot and rainy conditions in a tropical climate support the growth of diverse plant and animal species, making these regions highly biodiverse.

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  • 10. 

    The mixture of gases that surrounds a planet.

    • A.

      Condensation

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Evaporation

    • D.

      Atmosphere

    Correct Answer
    D. Atmosphere
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "atmosphere" because it refers to the mixture of gases that surrounds a planet. The other options, condensation, precipitation, and evaporation, are processes related to the water cycle and do not define the gases surrounding a planet.

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  • 11. 

    A tall vertical cloud charged with electricity associated with thunderstorms. They look like a bunch of clouds topped on top of one another.

    • A.

      Cumuloniumbus

    • B.

      Cumulous clouds

    • C.

      Cirrus clouds

    • D.

      Weather

    Correct Answer
    A. Cumuloniumbus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "cumuloniumbus." This term refers to a tall vertical cloud charged with electricity that is associated with thunderstorms. These clouds have a distinctive appearance, resembling a bunch of clouds stacked on top of one another.

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  • 12. 

    An instrumnet used by meteorologists to measure rainfall or precipitation.

    • A.

      Climate

    • B.

      Braometer

    • C.

      Front

    • D.

      Rain gauge

    Correct Answer
    D. Rain gauge
    Explanation
    A rain gauge is an instrument used by meteorologists to measure rainfall or precipitation. It is designed to collect and measure the amount of rain that falls in a specific area over a given period of time. This information is important for understanding and predicting weather patterns and climate conditions. A rain gauge typically consists of a cylindrical container with measurement markings, which collects and measures the amount of rainwater that accumulates inside it. By regularly monitoring the rainfall, meteorologists can gather data to analyze and make informed predictions about weather patterns and climate trends.

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  • 13. 

    A climate that has a very cold temperatures all through the year

    • A.

      Tropical climate

    • B.

      Polar climate

    • C.

      Weathervane

    • D.

      Air mass

    Correct Answer
    B. Polar climate
    Explanation
    A polar climate refers to a climate that has very cold temperatures throughout the year. This type of climate is characterized by long, harsh winters and short, cool summers. It is typically found in the polar regions near the Earth's poles, such as the Arctic and Antarctica. The extreme cold temperatures in a polar climate are due to the low angle of the sun's rays, which results in less solar energy reaching the surface. This creates a frigid environment with icy conditions and little vegetation.

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  • 14. 

    The degree of heat or cold of a body or an environment.

    • A.

      Air pressure

    • B.

      Weather

    • C.

      Climate

    • D.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    D. Temperature
    Explanation
    Temperature refers to the degree of heat or coldness of a body or an environment. It is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. Temperature is different from air pressure, weather, and climate, as those terms refer to other aspects of the atmosphere. Temperature is a fundamental concept in understanding and predicting weather patterns and climate conditions.

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  • 15. 

    The process where water is changed from a liquid state to a gaseous state or water vapor when the sun heats the liquid

    • A.

      Weather

    • B.

      Evaporation

    • C.

      Precipitation

    • D.

      Air mass

    Correct Answer
    B. Evaporation
    Explanation
    Evaporation is the correct answer because it accurately describes the process of water changing from a liquid state to a gaseous state or water vapor when the sun heats the liquid. This process occurs when the energy from the sun causes the water molecules to gain enough energy to break free from the liquid and become a gas. Evaporation is an important part of the water cycle and plays a crucial role in weather patterns and the distribution of water on Earth.

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  • 16. 

    An instrument used by meteorologists to determine wind direction.

    • A.

      Weather vane

    • B.

      Barometor

    • C.

      Temperature

    • D.

      Cirrus

    Correct Answer
    A. Weather vane
    Explanation
    A weather vane is an instrument used by meteorologists to determine wind direction. It consists of a flat or pointed shape that rotates freely on a vertical rod. The shape is typically designed to catch the wind, causing it to point in the direction from which the wind is blowing. This allows meteorologists to track wind patterns and make predictions about weather conditions.

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  • 17. 

    Any form of water that falls from clouds to earths surface. can be either a solid or a liquid.

    • A.

      Tropical

    • B.

      Climate

    • C.

      Condensation

    • D.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    D. Precipitation
    Explanation
    Precipitation refers to any form of water, such as rain, snow, sleet, or hail, that falls from clouds to the Earth's surface. It can occur in both solid and liquid states depending on the temperature. This term is relevant to the given keywords as tropical climates often experience high levels of precipitation due to the warm and moist air, which leads to condensation and the subsequent formation of clouds.

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  • 18. 

    A drive system in which engine power is transmitted through the front wheels only

    • A.

      All wheel drive

    • B.

      Front

    • C.

      Weathervane

    • D.

      Climate

    Correct Answer
    B. Front
    Explanation
    The given answer, "front," suggests that the correct answer is referring to a drive system where engine power is transmitted through the front wheels only. This means that the vehicle is front-wheel drive, with the engine powering only the front wheels for propulsion.

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  • 19. 

    A large body of air that has about the same temperature, air pressure and moisture throughout

    • A.

      Cirrus cloud

    • B.

      Air control

    • C.

      Air mass

    • D.

      Weather

    Correct Answer
    C. Air mass
    Explanation
    An air mass refers to a large body of air that has similar characteristics such as temperature, air pressure, and moisture throughout. It is a distinct entity that can cover a vast area and remains relatively stable as it moves. Air masses play a crucial role in determining weather patterns and can influence the formation of clouds and precipitation. Therefore, the given answer "air mass" accurately describes the described characteristics of a large body of air with uniform temperature, air pressure, and moisture.

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  • 20. 

    An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure

    • A.

      Climate

    • B.

      Thermometer

    • C.

      Skymeter

    • D.

      Barometer

    Correct Answer
    D. Barometer
    Explanation
    A barometer is an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure. It is commonly used in weather forecasting to determine changes in weather patterns. By measuring the pressure exerted by the atmosphere, a barometer can provide information about the current and future weather conditions. This makes it a useful tool for meteorologists and anyone interested in monitoring the climate. A thermometer, on the other hand, measures temperature, while a skymeter is not a recognized instrument. Therefore, the correct answer is barometer.

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  • 21. 

    A tool used to measure how hot or cold something is

    • A.

      Byosphere

    • B.

      Thermometer

    • C.

      Weathervane

    • D.

      Air pressure

    Correct Answer
    B. Thermometer
    Explanation
    A thermometer is a tool used to measure how hot or cold something is. It typically consists of a glass tube filled with a liquid, such as mercury or alcohol, that expands or contracts with temperature changes. The liquid rises or falls in the tube, indicating the temperature. Thermometers are commonly used in various fields, including meteorology, medicine, and cooking, to accurately measure and monitor temperature.

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  • 22. 

    Average weather conditions of an area over a long period of time

    • A.

      Climate

    • B.

      Weather

    • C.

      Barometer

    • D.

      Front

    Correct Answer
    A. Climate
    Explanation
    Climate refers to the average weather conditions of an area over a long period of time. It takes into account factors such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, and wind patterns. Climate is different from weather, which refers to the short-term conditions of the atmosphere at a specific time and place. A barometer is a device used to measure atmospheric pressure, while a front is a boundary between two different air masses.

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  • 23. 

    Is in constant motion. a continual process through 4 stages.

    • A.

      Weather

    • B.

      Greenhouse effect

    • C.

      Water cycle

    • D.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    C. Water cycle
    Explanation
    The given answer, "water cycle," is the most appropriate explanation for the statement "is in constant motion, a continual process through 4 stages." The water cycle refers to the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the Earth's surface. It involves four main stages: evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and collection. This process is constant and ongoing, as water evaporates from bodies of water, condenses in the atmosphere to form clouds, falls back to the Earth as precipitation, and eventually collects in rivers, lakes, and oceans to restart the cycle.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 29, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Chaneynezbeth
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