Science Grade 6: Atmosphere

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6th Grade Science Quizzes & Trivia

The earth’s atmosphere is made up of various layers and the one closest to the earth, the troposphere. Did you know that the atmosphere is made up of more nitrogen than oxygen? If you said yes then you must have been attentive in class. Take up the quiz below and get to see if you remember a lot more from the topic.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the major chemical found in smog?

    • A.

      Radiation

    • B.

      CFCS

    • C.

      Ozone

    Correct Answer
    C. Ozone
    Explanation
    Ozone is the major chemical found in smog. Smog is a type of air pollution that occurs when pollutants like nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds react with sunlight. These reactions produce ozone, which is a harmful gas that can cause respiratory problems and other health issues. Ozone is a key component of smog and contributes to its characteristic hazy appearance and foul odor.

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  • 2. 

    ____________ is a form of oxygen with 3 oxygen atoms in each molecule.

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide

    • B.

      Ozone

    • C.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    B. Ozone
    Explanation
    Ozone is a form of oxygen with 3 oxygen atoms in each molecule. It is formed when oxygen molecules (O2) are broken apart by ultraviolet radiation from the sun. The resulting oxygen atoms (O) can then react with other oxygen molecules to form ozone (O3). Ozone is found in the Earth's ozone layer, which protects us from harmful UV radiation.

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  • 3. 

    Increased amounts of carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere may lead to ________________

    • A.

      Global warming

    • B.

      Greenhouse effect

    • C.

      Carbon monoxide poisoning

    Correct Answer
    A. Global warming
    Explanation
    Increased amounts of carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere may lead to global warming. This is because carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that traps heat from the sun in the Earth's atmosphere, causing the planet to warm up. This phenomenon, known as global warming, can have various negative effects on the environment, including melting ice caps, rising sea levels, and changes in weather patterns.

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  • 4. 

    The ozone layer in the stratosphere absorbs __________________

    • A.

      Ozone

    • B.

      Carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Ultraviolet radiation

    Correct Answer
    C. Ultraviolet radiation
    Explanation
    The ozone layer in the stratosphere absorbs ultraviolet radiation. Ozone molecules are made up of three oxygen atoms and have the ability to absorb and filter out harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. This absorption process prevents most of the UV radiation from reaching the Earth's surface, protecting living organisms from the damaging effects of excessive UV exposure, such as sunburns, skin cancer, and damage to the DNA.

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  • 5. 

    The condition in which a layer of warmer air provents polluted air from rising and escaping is called a ________________

    • A.

      Greenhouse effect

    • B.

      Global warming

    • C.

      Temperature inversion

    Correct Answer
    C. Temperature inversion
    Explanation
    A temperature inversion refers to a condition where a layer of warmer air traps cooler air near the surface, preventing it from rising and escaping. This phenomenon can lead to the accumulation of pollutants and decrease air quality. The greenhouse effect, on the other hand, refers to the trapping of heat in the Earth's atmosphere by greenhouse gases, leading to global warming. While global warming is related to the greenhouse effect, it is not the specific term used to describe the condition mentioned in the question. Therefore, the correct answer is temperature inversion.

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  • 6. 

    One group of gases that is responsible for destroying ozone in the ozone layer is _________________________

    • A.

      Chloroflurocarbons

    • B.

      Carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Ozone

    Correct Answer
    A. Chloroflurocarbons
    Explanation
    Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are a group of gases that contain carbon, chlorine, and fluorine atoms. When released into the atmosphere, they can reach the ozone layer and break down ozone molecules, leading to ozone depletion. CFCs were commonly used in refrigeration, air conditioning, aerosol propellants, and foam-blowing agents. Due to their harmful effects on the ozone layer, the production and use of CFCs have been regulated under the Montreal Protocol to protect the ozone layer and reduce their impact on climate change.

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  • 7. 

    Heat is trapped near the Earth's surface by the ____________________

    • A.

      Global warming

    • B.

      Greenhouse effect

    • C.

      Ozone layer

    Correct Answer
    B. Greenhouse effect
    Explanation
    The greenhouse effect is the process in which certain gases in the Earth's atmosphere trap heat from the sun, preventing it from escaping back into space. This trapped heat warms the Earth's surface, leading to global warming. The greenhouse effect is caused by the presence of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor in the atmosphere. These gases absorb and re-radiate infrared radiation, effectively trapping heat and raising the Earth's temperature. The ozone layer, on the other hand, plays a different role in protecting the Earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun.

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  • 8. 

    Name the main layers of our atmosphere from Earth to space.

    Correct Answer
    troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere
    Explanation
    The main layers of our atmosphere from Earth to space are troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere. The troposphere is the lowest layer and is where weather occurs. The stratosphere contains the ozone layer, which absorbs harmful UV radiation. The mesosphere is the middle layer and is where meteors burn up. The thermosphere is the uppermost layer and is where the auroras occur.

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  • 9. 

    Most scientists base their climate predictions on _______________________

    Correct Answer
    computer models
    Explanation
    Scientists base their climate predictions on computer models because these models are designed to simulate and analyze complex climate systems. By inputting various data such as temperature, precipitation, and greenhouse gas emissions, these models can generate projections and predictions of future climate conditions. Computer models allow scientists to understand the interactions and feedback loops within the climate system, helping them make informed predictions about climate change and its potential impacts.

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  • 10. 

    Describe how an aneroid barometer is different from a mercury barometer.

  • 11. 

    Which of the following are gases that increase the greenhouse effect?

    • A.

      Carbon monoxide

    • B.

      Carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Ozone

    • D.

      Water vapor

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Carbon dioxide
    D. Water vapor
    Explanation
    Carbon dioxide and water vapor are both gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is a natural process that occurs when certain gases trap heat in the Earth's atmosphere, leading to an increase in temperature. Carbon dioxide is released through human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes. Water vapor is the most abundant greenhouse gas and is naturally present in the atmosphere through evaporation. Both of these gases absorb and emit infrared radiation, trapping heat and causing the Earth's temperature to rise.

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  • 12. 

    The Earth's atmosphere contains about four times as much ____________ as ____________

    Correct Answer(s)
    nitrogen as oxygen
    nitrogen oxygen
    Explanation
    The Earth's atmosphere contains about four times as much nitrogen as oxygen. This means that the amount of nitrogen in the atmosphere is four times greater than the amount of oxygen.

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  • 13. 

    Which is the layer of atmosphere in which weather occurs?

    • A.

      Mesosphere

    • B.

      Exosphere

    • C.

      Troposphere

    • D.

      Ionosphere

    Correct Answer
    C. Troposphere
    Explanation
    The troposphere is the layer of the atmosphere in which weather occurs. It is the lowest layer and extends from the Earth's surface up to about 10-15 kilometers. This is where most of the Earth's weather phenomena, such as clouds, rain, and storms, take place. The temperature decreases with altitude in the troposphere, which creates the conditions for weather patterns to form.

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  • 14. 

    The major source of photochemical smog is __________________________________.

    Correct Answer
    gases emitted by cars and trucks
    gases emitted by automobiles and trucks
    gases emitted by trucks and cars
    Explanation
    The major source of photochemical smog is gases emitted by cars and trucks, as well as gases emitted by automobiles and trucks. These vehicles release pollutants such as nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds, which react with sunlight to form ozone and other harmful pollutants. These pollutants contribute to the formation of smog, which can have adverse effects on human health and the environment.

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  • 15. 

    Layers of the atmosphere are classified according to their position.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    they are classified according to their temperature

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  • 16. 

    Air in the atmosphere has pressure because _____________________________.

    Correct Answer
    air has mass
    Explanation
    Air in the atmosphere has pressure because air has mass. The mass of the air molecules exerts a force on the surrounding area, creating pressure. As gravity pulls the air molecules towards the Earth's surface, the weight of the air column above a specific point increases, resulting in higher pressure. Therefore, the presence of mass in the air is responsible for the atmospheric pressure we experience.

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  • 17. 

    What is the formula for calculation the density of an object?

    Correct Answer
    density = mass/ volume, m/v, mass/ volume
    Explanation
    The formula for calculating the density of an object is given by dividing the mass of the object by its volume. This can be represented as density = mass/ volume or simply as density = m/v. Both expressions convey the same meaning and are mathematically correct.

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  • 18. 

    Water vapor is water in the form of ______________.

    • A.

      Gas

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Liquid

    Correct Answer
    A. Gas
    Explanation
    Water vapor is the gaseous state of water. When water is heated, it evaporates and turns into water vapor. This is because the heat energy causes the water molecules to gain enough energy to break free from the liquid state and become a gas. Water vapor is invisible to the naked eye and is lighter than air, which allows it to rise into the atmosphere. It can condense back into liquid form when it cools down, forming clouds or dew.

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  • 19. 

    The thick, brownish haze found when certain gases react in sunlight is ____________________________

    Correct Answer
    photochemical smog
    Explanation
    Photochemical smog refers to the thick, brownish haze that forms when certain pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds, react in the presence of sunlight. These pollutants are released from various sources, including vehicle emissions, industrial processes, and power plants. When exposed to sunlight, these pollutants undergo a series of complex chemical reactions, leading to the formation of photochemical smog. This smog is characterized by its brownish color and can have harmful effects on human health, causing respiratory issues and eye irritation. It is a common phenomenon in urban areas with high levels of pollution.

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  • 20. 

    Earths atmosphere is important to living things because:

    Correct Answer
    it provides all the oxygen and other gases needed, oxygen
    Explanation
    The Earth's atmosphere is crucial for the survival of living things because it provides all the necessary oxygen and other gases required for respiration. Oxygen is essential for the process of cellular respiration, which generates energy for organisms. Additionally, the atmosphere contains other important gases such as carbon dioxide, which is vital for photosynthesis in plants. Without the atmosphere, living organisms would not have access to the necessary gases for their survival and metabolic processes.

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  • 21. 

    Where is the ozone layer located?

    • A.

      Troposphere

    • B.

      Exosphere

    • C.

      Upper atmosphere

    • D.

      Lower atmosphere

    Correct Answer
    C. Upper atmosphere
    Explanation
    The ozone layer is located in the upper atmosphere. This layer is found approximately 10 to 50 kilometers above the Earth's surface, specifically in the stratosphere. It plays a crucial role in protecting life on Earth by absorbing a significant amount of the sun's harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation.

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  • 22. 

    ________________________ is the common indoor air pollutant which can endanger the life of people through second hand smoke.

    Correct Answer
    cigarette smoke
    Explanation
    Cigarette smoke is a common indoor air pollutant that can pose a threat to people's lives through secondhand smoke. Secondhand smoke refers to the smoke exhaled by a smoker or the smoke emitted from the burning end of a cigarette. It contains numerous harmful chemicals and toxins, including nicotine, carbon monoxide, and carcinogens. Breathing in secondhand smoke can lead to various health issues, such as respiratory problems, heart disease, and even cancer. Therefore, cigarette smoke is a significant indoor air pollutant that should be avoided to protect the health and well-being of individuals.

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  • 23. 

    The ozone layer protects people from too much ___________________

    • A.

      Ultraviolet radiation

    • B.

      Carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Chemical radiation

    Correct Answer
    A. Ultraviolet radiation
    Explanation
    The ozone layer acts as a shield in the Earth's atmosphere, protecting living organisms from excessive exposure to harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. UV radiation can cause various health issues, including skin cancer, cataracts, and weakened immune system. By absorbing and filtering out most of the UV radiation, the ozone layer ensures that only a safe amount reaches the Earth's surface, allowing life to thrive. Carbon dioxide and chemical radiation are not related to the ozone layer's protective function against UV radiation.

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  • 24. 

    ____________________ is an indoor air pollutant that is a colorless, odorless, gas that forms when wood, coal, oil or gas is completely burned.

    • A.

      Cigarette smoke

    • B.

      Carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Carbon monoxide

    Correct Answer
    C. Carbon monoxide
    Explanation
    Carbon monoxide is an indoor air pollutant that is a colorless, odorless gas that forms when wood, coal, oil, or gas is completely burned. It is produced by incomplete combustion and can be extremely dangerous as it binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells, reducing their ability to carry oxygen. This can lead to carbon monoxide poisoning, which can cause symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, nausea, and even death in high concentrations. Therefore, carbon monoxide is a significant concern in indoor environments and proper ventilation and carbon monoxide detectors are essential for safety.

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  • 25. 

    Earth's atmosphere traps energy from the sun and allows water to exist as a _____________

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Liquid

    • C.

      Gas

    Correct Answer
    B. Liquid
    Explanation
    Earth's atmosphere traps energy from the sun, creating a suitable environment for water to exist as a liquid. The atmosphere acts as a barrier, preventing the water from evaporating into a gas and escaping into space. This allows water to cycle through various forms, such as rain, rivers, and oceans, sustaining life on Earth.

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  • 26. 

    What are the two most abundant gases in the atmosphere?

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide

    • B.

      Nitrogen

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      Water vapor

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Nitrogen
    C. Oxygen
    Explanation
    The two most abundant gases in the atmosphere are nitrogen and oxygen. Nitrogen makes up about 78% of the atmosphere, while oxygen accounts for approximately 21%. These gases are essential for supporting life on Earth.

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  • 27. 

    Instruments used to measure air pressure are called ____________________

    • A.

      Anerometers

    • B.

      Barometers

    • C.

      Thermometers

    Correct Answer
    B. Barometers
    Explanation
    Barometers are instruments used to measure air pressure. They work by detecting the weight of the atmosphere above them and converting it into a measurement of pressure. Anerometers are used to measure wind speed, not air pressure. Thermometers are used to measure temperature, not air pressure. Therefore, the correct answer is barometers.

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  • 28. 

    The less mass in a given volume of air, the ________________ the air.

    • A.

      Equally dense

    • B.

      More dense

    • C.

      Less dense

    Correct Answer
    C. Less dense
    Explanation
    When there is less mass in a given volume of air, it means that the air molecules are more spread out. This leads to a lower density of air because there are fewer molecules per unit volume. Therefore, the air is less dense.

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  • 29. 

    What happens to air pressure as you rise farther into the atmosphere?

    • A.

      The air pressure increases

    • B.

      The air pressure decreases

    • C.

      The air pressure stays the same

    Correct Answer
    B. The air pressure decreases
    Explanation
    As you rise farther into the atmosphere, the air pressure decreases. This is because the weight of the air above decreases as you move higher, resulting in less pressure exerted on the air below. Additionally, the density of the air decreases with altitude, leading to a decrease in air pressure.

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  • 30. 

    The National Weather Service measures air pressure in units called _______________

    Correct Answer
    millibars
    Explanation
    The National Weather Service measures air pressure in millibars. Millibars are a unit of measurement commonly used in meteorology to represent atmospheric pressure. This unit is derived from the bar, which is defined as 100,000 pascals. Millibars provide a convenient scale for measuring air pressure, with typical values ranging from around 900 to 1100 millibars. By monitoring changes in air pressure, meteorologists can make predictions about weather patterns and identify areas of high or low pressure systems.

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  • 31. 

    What is the first layer of atmosphere an astronaut passes through during re-entry from space?

    • A.

      Troposphere

    • B.

      Iososphere

    • C.

      Mesosphere

    • D.

      Exosphere

    Correct Answer
    D. Exosphere
    Explanation
    During re-entry from space, an astronaut first passes through the exosphere. The exosphere is the outermost layer of the Earth's atmosphere, extending from about 600 kilometers above the Earth's surface to the edge of space. It is a very thin layer, consisting mainly of extremely low-density gas molecules. As the astronaut enters the exosphere, they would experience a gradual transition from the vacuum of space to the more dense atmosphere of Earth.

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  • Mar 11, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 16, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Quancy75
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