How Well Do You Know Modern Philosophy?

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How Well Do You Know Modern Philosophy? - Quiz

Evolved during the modern era, modern philosophy has been associated with modernity, but it is not modernity. Said to begin in the 17th century, it still has not been clear if modern philosophy indeed and actually ended in the 20th century.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Modern philosophy got its start in Western Europe during the...

    • A.

      20th century

    • B.

      15th century

    • C.

      17th century

    • D.

      12th century

    Correct Answer
    C. 17th century
    Explanation
    Modern philosophy got its start in Western Europe during the 17th century. This period, known as the Enlightenment, was characterized by a shift in thinking and a focus on reason and logic. Philosophers during this time, such as René Descartes and John Locke, sought to understand the nature of knowledge, the existence of God, and the relationship between the individual and society. Their ideas and writings laid the foundation for many of the philosophical concepts and debates that continue to shape our understanding of the world today.

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  • 2. 

    A prominent theorist of Modern Philosophy is...

    • A.

      Aristotle

    • B.

      Sir Francis Bacon

    • C.

      William Shakespeare

    • D.

      Indra Beetle

    Correct Answer
    B. Sir Francis Bacon
    Explanation
    Sir Francis Bacon is considered a prominent theorist of Modern Philosophy. He is known for his contributions to the scientific method and his emphasis on empirical observation and experimentation. Bacon's works, such as Novum Organum, had a significant influence on the development of modern scientific thinking. His ideas challenged traditional philosophical and scientific beliefs, making him a key figure in the transition from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment period. Aristotle, on the other hand, was a philosopher of ancient Greece and is generally associated with Classical Philosophy, not Modern Philosophy. William Shakespeare was a playwright and poet, not a philosopher. Indra Beetle is not a known figure in the field of philosophy.

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  • 3. 

    A piece of technical terminology in philosophy that refers to a specific period in the history of Western philosophy is...

    • A.

      Old philosophy

    • B.

      Philosophical theory

    • C.

      Contemporary philosophy

    • D.

      New philosophy

    Correct Answer
    C. Contemporary philosophy
    Explanation
    Contemporary philosophy refers to the current period in the history of Western philosophy. It encompasses the ideas and theories developed by philosophers in recent times. This term distinguishes the philosophy of today from older philosophical traditions such as ancient or medieval philosophy. It reflects the ongoing discussions and debates in philosophy that are relevant to the present time.

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  • 4. 

    Most historians see the Modern Philosophy period as beginning with the 1641 publication of Rene Descartes titled...

    • A.

      The Beginning

    • B.

      Meditations on First Philosophy

    • C.

      Philosophy Theory

    • D.

      Meditations

    Correct Answer
    B. Meditations on First Philosophy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Meditations on First Philosophy." Most historians consider the Modern Philosophy period to have started with the publication of Rene Descartes' work titled "Meditations on First Philosophy" in 1641. This philosophical text is significant because it explores Descartes' method of doubt and his quest for certain knowledge. It also introduces the famous phrase "Cogito, ergo sum" (I think, therefore I am), which has become a cornerstone of modern philosophy.

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  • 5. 

    Modern philosophy ended in which century?

    • A.

      20th

    • B.

      19th

    • C.

      17th

    • D.

      18th

    Correct Answer
    A. 20th
    Explanation
    Modern philosophy is generally considered to have originated in the 17th century with the works of philosophers such as René Descartes and John Locke. It then continued to develop throughout the 18th and 19th centuries with the contributions of thinkers like Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Nietzsche. However, the 20th century marked a significant shift in philosophical thought with the emergence of various movements such as existentialism, phenomenology, and analytical philosophy. Therefore, it can be concluded that modern philosophy ended in the 20th century.

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  • 6. 

    Rationalists argued that all knowledge must begin from certain innate ideas in the...

    • A.

      Mind

    • B.

      Soul

    • C.

      Brain

    • D.

      Body

    Correct Answer
    A. Mind
    Explanation
    Rationalists believed that all knowledge must originate from certain innate ideas in the mind. They argued that these innate ideas are present in every individual from birth and form the foundation for acquiring knowledge. According to rationalists, the mind is the source of these innate ideas and the starting point for understanding the world. They rejected the notion that knowledge can solely be acquired through sensory experiences or empirical evidence. Instead, they emphasized the importance of reason and logical thinking in the process of acquiring knowledge.

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  • 7. 

     Empiricists held that knowledge must begin with...

    • A.

      Acquisition

    • B.

      Ability

    • C.

      Sensory experience

    • D.

      Soulfulness

    Correct Answer
    C. Sensory experience
    Explanation
    Empiricists believed that knowledge is derived from sensory experience. They argued that all knowledge comes from our senses and that our mind is a blank slate at birth, which is gradually filled with knowledge through our interactions with the world. This view contrasts with the idea that knowledge is innate or predetermined. Empiricists emphasized the importance of observation, experimentation, and evidence in acquiring knowledge. Therefore, the correct answer is sensory experience, as it aligns with the core principles of empiricism.

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  • 8. 

    A major rationalist of the 17th century is...

    • A.

      Aristotle

    • B.

      Thomas Paine

    • C.

      Socrates

    • D.

      Baruch Spinoza

    Correct Answer
    D. Baruch Spinoza
    Explanation
    Baruch Spinoza is considered a major rationalist of the 17th century because of his influential philosophical works that emphasized reason and rationality in understanding the world. Spinoza's philosophy rejected religious dogma and emphasized the power of human reason to comprehend the natural world and human existence. His works, such as "Ethics" and "Theological-Political Treatise," had a significant impact on the development of rationalist thought and laid the foundation for the Enlightenment movement in Europe.

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  • 9. 

    A major figure of Empiricism is...

    • A.

      Wil Leo

    • B.

      Shakespeare

    • C.

      John Locke

    • D.

      Gottfried Leo

    Correct Answer
    C. John Locke
    Explanation
    John Locke is considered a major figure of Empiricism because he was one of the key philosophers who developed and popularized this philosophical school of thought. Empiricism emphasizes that knowledge comes primarily from sensory experience and observation, rather than innate ideas or reason alone. Locke's influential work, "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding," argued that the mind at birth is a blank slate or "tabula rasa" and that all knowledge is derived from experience. His ideas greatly shaped the fields of philosophy, psychology, and political theory, making him a significant figure in the development of Empiricism.

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  • 10. 

    Who said "The real is rational; the rational is real."?

    • A.

      Friedrich Hegel

    • B.

      Thomass Hobbes

    • C.

      Ytes Friedrich

    • D.

      Leo Gitt

    Correct Answer
    A. Friedrich Hegel
    Explanation
    Friedrich Hegel is the correct answer because he is known for his philosophical ideas, including the concept that the real is rational and the rational is real. This statement suggests that there is a connection between what is true or real and what is rational or logical, implying that rationality is a fundamental aspect of reality. Hegel's philosophy had a significant influence on many subsequent philosophers and thinkers.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 06, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Cripstwick
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