1.
Algebra is one of the broad parts of .....
Correct Answer
A. Mathematics
Explanation
Algebra is one of the broad parts of mathematics because it deals with the study of mathematical symbols and the rules for manipulating these symbols. It focuses on solving equations, finding unknown variables, and analyzing mathematical structures. Algebra is a fundamental branch of mathematics that is used in various fields such as physics, engineering, economics, and computer science. It provides a foundation for more advanced mathematical concepts and techniques.
2.
A mathematician who does research in algebra is called an ....
Correct Answer
B. Algebraist
Explanation
The term "algebraist" is used to refer to a mathematician who specializes in research and study of algebra. This term is derived from the word "algebra," which is a branch of mathematics that deals with symbols and the rules for manipulating those symbols. Therefore, an algebraist is the correct term to describe a mathematician who focuses on algebraic research.
3.
The word algebra comes from ...
Correct Answer
C. Arabic
Explanation
The word "algebra" comes from Arabic. Algebra, as a branch of mathematics, was greatly developed by Arab mathematicians during the Islamic Golden Age. They made significant contributions to algebraic notation, solving equations, and the study of algebraic structures. The word "al-jabr" in Arabic means "reunion of broken parts" or "restoration". This term was used by the mathematician Al-Khwarizmi in his influential book "Kitab al-Jabr wa al-Muqabala" (The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing), which laid the foundation for algebra as a discipline.
4.
The word entered the English language during the ....
Correct Answer
A. 15th century
Explanation
During the 15th century, the word entered the English language.
5.
The mathematical meaning was first recorded in the ....
Correct Answer
A. 16th century
Explanation
The correct answer is the 16th century. This is the time period when the mathematical meaning was first recorded.
6.
The roots of algebra can be traced to the ancient ....
Correct Answer
C. Babylonian
Explanation
The roots of algebra can be traced back to the ancient Babylonians. They developed a sophisticated system of mathematics that included solving equations and working with unknown quantities. The Babylonians used clay tablets to record their mathematical knowledge, and these tablets contain some of the earliest known examples of algebraic equations. Their contributions to mathematics laid the foundation for future advancements in algebra and are still influential in modern mathematics.
7.
.... created a geometric objects where terms were represented by sides of geometric objects, usually lines, that had letters associated with them.
Correct Answer
B. The Greeks
Explanation
The Greeks created geometric objects where terms were represented by sides of geometric objects, usually lines, that had letters associated with them.
8.
The Greek mathematician ..... has traditionally been known as the "father of algebra".
Correct Answer
D. Diophantus
Explanation
Diophantus is traditionally known as the "father of algebra" because he made significant contributions to the development of algebraic equations and methods. He wrote a series of books called "Arithmetica" which introduced the concept of symbolic algebra and provided solutions to various algebraic problems. His work laid the foundation for future mathematicians to further expand and refine the field of algebra.
9.
Another Persian mathematician .... is credited with identifying the foundations of algebraic geometry and found the general geometric solution of the cubic equation.
Correct Answer
A. Omar Khayyam
Explanation
Omar Khayyam is credited with identifying the foundations of algebraic geometry and finding the general geometric solution of the cubic equation. He was a Persian mathematician who made significant contributions to mathematics and astronomy during the 11th and 12th centuries. His work on algebraic equations laid the groundwork for future developments in the field of algebraic geometry, which involves studying the geometric properties of solutions to algebraic equations. Khayyam's contributions to mathematics had a lasting impact and his work on the cubic equation was particularly groundbreaking.
10.
Another key event in the further development of algebra was the general algebraic solution of the cubic and quartic equations, developed in the ....
Correct Answer
C. Mid-16th century
Explanation
The general algebraic solution of the cubic and quartic equations was developed in the mid-16th century. This development marked a significant advancement in the field of algebra, as it provided a method for finding solutions to these types of equations using algebraic techniques. Prior to this, solutions to cubic and quartic equations were often found using geometric methods. The development of the general algebraic solution allowed for a more systematic and efficient approach to solving these equations, paving the way for further advancements in the field of algebra.