# Earth Quiz For 5th Grade Students

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We heartily welcome you to our super informative and cool Earth quiz for 5th-grade students. Unlike all other planets in our solar system, the earth is unique in several ways. Learn about planet earth and test your 5th grader's knowledge of the various characteristics that the earth exhibits as a planet and the habitation of humans and other living species. Let's learn more about this gorgeous planet by playing this super fun quiz! We are sure that our quiz will delight you fully. Have fun!

• 1.

### The earth is flattened at the North and South poles and bulges at the _____

• A.

Meridien

• B.

Top

• C.

Equator

• D.

Bottom

C. Equator
Explanation
The earth is flattened at the North and South poles due to the centrifugal force generated by its rotation. This causes the equator, which is the widest part of the earth, to bulge outwards. The equator experiences the greatest centrifugal force because it is furthest from the axis of rotation. Therefore, the correct answer is Equator.

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• 2.

### _____ is the only planet in our solar system not named after Roman or Greek gods.

• A.

Pluto

• B.

Saturn

• C.

Venus

• D.

Earth

D. Earth
Explanation
The question asks for the only planet in our solar system that is not named after Roman or Greek gods. Pluto, Saturn, and Venus are all named after Roman gods, while Earth is not. Therefore, the correct answer is Earth.

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• 3.

### How old is the earth?

• A.

4.543 billion years

• B.

4.543 million years

• C.

3.238 billion years

• D.

3.238 million years

A. 4.543 billion years
Explanation
The correct answer is 4.543 billion years. This is the estimated age of the Earth based on radiometric dating of rocks and minerals. By analyzing the decay of radioactive isotopes, scientists have determined that the Earth formed around 4.543 billion years ago. This age is supported by multiple lines of evidence, including the ages of meteorites and moon rocks, as well as the ages of the oldest rocks on Earth.

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• 4.

### What is the earth's distance from the sun?

• A.

234.6 million km

• B.

149.6 million km

• C.

50 million km

• D.

3 million km

B. 149.6 million km
Explanation
The correct answer is 149.6 million km. This is the average distance between the Earth and the Sun, known as an astronomical unit (AU). It is the distance traveled by light in about 8 minutes and 20 seconds. This distance is crucial for determining the Earth's position in the solar system and plays a significant role in understanding various astronomical phenomena, such as the seasons and the intensity of sunlight received by the Earth.

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• 5.

### In what position is the earth, when counting planets from the sun?

• A.

5th

• B.

1st

• C.

3rd

• D.

4th

C. 3rd
Explanation
The correct answer is 3rd because when counting planets from the sun, the Earth is the third planet. It is located between Venus, which is the second planet, and Mars, which is the fourth planet.

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• 6.

### ____ is the earth's natural satellite.

• A.

Sun

• B.

Mars

• C.

Stars

• D.

Moon

D. Moon
Explanation
The moon is the earth's natural satellite. It orbits around the earth and is the closest celestial body to our planet. The moon's gravitational pull affects the tides and it also plays a significant role in stabilizing the earth's rotation. It is visible from earth and has been a subject of fascination and study for centuries.

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• 7.

### _____ was the first man to land on the moon.

• A.

Neil Armstrong

• B.

Harrison Schmitt

• C.

Ronald Evans

• D.

Charles Duke

A. Neil Armstrong
Explanation
Neil Armstrong was the first man to land on the moon. He achieved this historic feat on July 20, 1969, as part of NASA's Apollo 11 mission. Armstrong famously took the first step onto the lunar surface and said the iconic words, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." His role as the commander of the mission and his significant contribution to space exploration make him the correct answer for this question.

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• 8.

### Of the 70% of water that covers the earth, how much of it is fresh water?

• A.

10%

• B.

3%

• C.

5%

• D.

50%

B. 3%
Explanation
Only 3% of the water covering the earth is fresh water. The remaining 97% is saltwater, making fresh water a scarce resource. This small percentage of fresh water is crucial for human consumption, agriculture, and various other purposes. It highlights the importance of conservation and sustainable management of this limited resource.

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• 9.

### _____ is the hottest region of the earth.

• A.

The Kalahari Desert

• B.

The Arizonian Desert

• C.

The Sahara Desert

• D.

Texas

C. The Sahara Desert
Explanation
The Sahara Desert is the correct answer because it is widely recognized as the hottest region on Earth. It covers a vast area in North Africa and experiences extremely high temperatures, often exceeding 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit). The desert is known for its harsh and arid conditions, with little vegetation and sparse human population. Its hot and dry climate is a result of its location near the equator and the presence of the subtropical high-pressure system, which creates intense heat and limited rainfall in the region.

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• 10.

### _____ is the coldest region on the earth.

• A.

• B.

Russia

• C.

• D.

Antartica

D. Antartica
Explanation
Antarctica is the coldest region on Earth because it is located at the South Pole and is covered in a thick ice sheet. The continent experiences extremely low temperatures due to its high latitude and the presence of the polar ice cap. The average temperature in Antarctica can drop to as low as -80 degrees Celsius (-112 degrees Fahrenheit). The harsh climate and freezing temperatures make it the coldest region on Earth.

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• Current Version
• Aug 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Mar 15, 2019
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