Test Yourself On Diabetes Complications

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| By Anna
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Anna
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Quizzes Created: 31 | Total Attempts: 18,369
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Test Yourself On Diabetes Complications - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Complications are far less common and less severe in people with well controlled

    • A.

      Blood sugar level

    • B.

      Kidney function

    • C.

      Medical records

    • D.

      Red blood cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Blood sugar level
    Explanation
    Well-controlled blood sugar levels can help prevent complications in individuals with diabetes. High blood sugar levels over a prolonged period can cause damage to various organs and systems in the body, leading to complications such as heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, and eye problems. By maintaining blood sugar levels within a target range through proper management of diet, exercise, and medication, individuals can reduce the risk and severity of these complications.

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  • 2. 

    An abnormal low blood glucose which causes patient to sweat, weak and have symptoms of sympathetic activation is

    • A.

      Hypoglycemia

    • B.

      Aenoroglycemia

    • C.

      Rhenoglycemia

    • D.

      Ketoacidosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypoglycemia
    Explanation
    Hypoglycemia is the correct answer because it is characterized by an abnormally low blood glucose level. This condition can cause symptoms such as sweating, weakness, and sympathetic activation.

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  • 3. 

    An acute and dangerous Complication where low insulin levels causes the liver to turn fatty acid to keton for fuel

    • A.

      Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    • B.

      Diabetic Neopathy

    • C.

      Diabetic Nephropathy

    • D.

      Diabetic myotopathy

    Correct Answer
    A. Diabetic Ketoacidosis
    Explanation
    Diabetic Ketoacidosis is a condition that occurs when there is a severe lack of insulin in the body, leading to high blood sugar levels. In response to this, the liver starts breaking down fatty acids into ketones for energy. However, when ketone levels become too high, it can cause the blood to become acidic, leading to a dangerous condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. This condition is characterized by symptoms such as excessive thirst, frequent urination, abdominal pain, and confusion. Immediate medical attention is required to treat diabetic ketoacidosis and prevent further complications.

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  • 4. 

    A Medical emergency state in which a patient with diabetes mellitus is unconscious is known as

    • A.

      Diabetes encephalopathy

    • B.

      Diabetes Nephropathy

    • C.

      Diabetes Coma

    • D.

      Diabetes retinopathy

    Correct Answer
    C. Diabetes Coma
    Explanation
    Diabetes Coma is the correct answer because it accurately describes the medical emergency state in which a patient with diabetes mellitus is unconscious. A diabetes coma occurs when blood sugar levels become either too high or too low, leading to a loss of consciousness. This condition is a severe complication of diabetes and requires immediate medical attention. Diabetes encephalopathy refers to brain damage caused by diabetes, diabetes nephropathy refers to kidney damage caused by diabetes, and diabetes retinopathy refers to damage to the blood vessels in the retina due to diabetes.

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  • 5. 

    The damage to small blood vessels which can cause diabetes Nephropathy will surely leads to

    • A.

      Lithuania

    • B.

      Microangiopathy

    • C.

      Angiopathy

    • D.

      Cardiomyopathy

    Correct Answer
    B. Microangiopathy
    Explanation
    Microangiopathy is the correct answer because it refers to the damage to small blood vessels, which is mentioned in the question. This damage can occur in various parts of the body, including the kidneys, and is commonly associated with diabetes nephropathy. Therefore, microangiopathy is directly related to the condition described in the question. The other options, Lithuania, angiopathy, and cardiomyopathy, are unrelated and do not fit the context of the question.

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  • 6. 

    Cardiovascular disease to which accelerated atherosclerosis is contributed may lead to

    • A.

      Microvascular disease

    • B.

      Hypoglycemia disease

    • C.

      Endothelial ​​​

    • D.

      Ketoacidosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Microvascular disease
    Explanation
    Cardiovascular disease, particularly accelerated atherosclerosis, can contribute to the development of microvascular disease. Atherosclerosis is the buildup of plaque in the arteries, leading to narrowing and hardening of the blood vessels. This can impair blood flow to various organs, including the smaller blood vessels, known as microvessels. Reduced blood flow to these microvessels can result in damage to the tissues and organs they supply, leading to microvascular disease. This can manifest as conditions such as diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, and peripheral neuropathy.

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  • 7. 

    Chronic elevation of blood glucose level leads to damage of blood vessels called 

    • A.

      Microangiopathy

    • B.

      Angiopathy

    • C.

      Nephropathy

    • D.

      Cardiomyopathy

    Correct Answer
    B. Angiopathy
    Explanation
    Chronic elevation of blood glucose levels can lead to damage of blood vessels, a condition known as angiopathy. This condition affects the small blood vessels and can occur in various parts of the body, including the eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Angiopathy is a common complication of diabetes and can contribute to the development of other complications such as nephropathy (kidney damage) and neuropathy (nerve damage). It is important to manage blood glucose levels effectively to prevent or minimize the risk of angiopathy and its associated complications.

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  • 8. 

    The kidney blood vessels that take in more glucose than normal since they do not depend on insulin are the

    • A.

      Endothelial cells

    • B.

      White blood cell

    • C.

      Platelets

    • D.

      Red blood cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Endothelial cells
    Explanation
    Endothelial cells are the correct answer because they line the blood vessels and are responsible for regulating the flow of substances in and out of the bloodstream. Unlike other cells in the body, endothelial cells do not depend on insulin to take in glucose. Therefore, they can absorb more glucose than normal, leading to increased glucose levels in the kidney blood vessels. This is especially important for maintaining proper kidney function, as glucose is an essential energy source for the kidneys.

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  • 9. 

    What are mostly treated with sugary drinks or foods ?

    • A.

      Erectile dysfunction

    • B.

      Microangiopathy

    • C.

      Ketoacidosis

    • D.

      Hypoglycemia

    Correct Answer
    D. Hypoglycemia
    Explanation
    Hypoglycemia is mostly treated with sugary drinks or foods because it is a condition characterized by low blood sugar levels. Consuming sugary drinks or foods helps to quickly raise the blood sugar levels and alleviate the symptoms of hypoglycemia.

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  • 10. 

    Ketoacidosis can easily become severe enough to cause hypotension, shocks and 

    • A.

      Erectile dysfunction

    • B.

      Stroke

    • C.

      Paralysis

    • D.

      Death

    Correct Answer
    D. Death
    Explanation
    Ketoacidosis is a serious condition that occurs when the body produces high levels of ketones, which are acidic compounds. If left untreated, ketoacidosis can lead to severe complications such as hypotension (low blood pressure), shock, and ultimately death. These complications occur due to the imbalance in the body's electrolytes and the buildup of toxic acids.

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