241 Diuretics

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 1459

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Diuretic Quizzes & Trivia

241 Diuretics


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is a potassium losing diuretic? 
    • A. 

      Amiloride

    • B. 

      Conivaptan

    • C. 

      Triamterene

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

  • 2. 
    Which drug functions at the proximal convoluted tubule?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Spironolactone

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • D. 

      Mannitol

  • 3. 
    1     Which drug directly blocks the sodium channel through which sodium can normally be reabsorbed from the tubular fluid in the cortical collecting duct?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone

    • B. 

      Amiloride

    • C. 

      Furosemide

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

  • 4. 
    Which drug works more quickly and why?  Spironolactone or Triamterene
  • 5. 
    Which of the following puts the drugs in the correct order from greatest to least ability to block sodium excretion?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone < furosemide < hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide < furosemide < spironolactone

    • C. 

      Furosemide < hydrochlorothiazide < spironolactone

    • D. 

      Furosemide < spironolactone < hydrochlorothiazide

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is paradoxically used to treat diabetes insipidus?
    • A. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Mannitol

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Furosemide

  • 7. 
    Which drug increases the risk of kidney stones? Decreases?
    • A. 

      Furosemide, spironolactone

    • B. 

      Furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide, spironolactone

  • 8. 
    Which drug causes an increase in plasma glucose, increase in urate levels, and lipid levels?
    • A. 

      Mannitol

    • B. 

      Spironolactone

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • D. 

      Furosemide

  • 9. 
    Which drug increases the risk of lithium and digoxin toxicity?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Mannitol

    • D. 

      Spironolactone

  • 10. 
    Which drugs MoA leads to dissipation of the medullary interstitial gradient?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone

    • B. 

      Furosemide

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • D. 

      Mannitol

  • 11. 
    Which drug is used for pulmonary edema and edemas of the heart, kidney, and liver?
    • A. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Furosemide

    • C. 

      Triamterene

    • D. 

      Spironolactone

  • 12. 
    Which drugs still works when renal blood flow and glomerular filtration are low?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Triamterene

  • 13. 
    Which drug blocks the Na/K/Cl transporter?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone

    • B. 

      Mannitol

    • C. 

      Conivaptan

    • D. 

      Furosemide

  • 14. 
    Which drug is proven to cross the placental barrier?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Mannitol

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

  • 15. 
    Which drug can cause ototoxicity, hyperglycemia, hyperuricemia, and also affects cholesterol in the body?
    • A. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Furosemide

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Amiloride

  • 16. 
    Which drug should not be used with gentamycin?  Why?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Conivaptan

    • D. 

      Triameterene

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is NOT a loop diuretic?
    • A. 

      Torsemide

    • B. 

      Ethacrynic acid

    • C. 

      Bumetanide

    • D. 

      All of the above are loop diuretics

  • 18. 
    Which drug can be used in patients with a sulfa allergy?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Ethacrynic acid

    • C. 

      Bumetanide

    • D. 

      Torsemide

  • 19. 
    Which of the following drugs is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor?
    • A. 

      Mannitol

    • B. 

      Amiloride

    • C. 

      Vaptans

    • D. 

      Acetazolamide

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is NOT a therapeutic use of acetazolamide?
    • A. 

      Urinary alkalinization

    • B. 

      Potassium sparing

    • C. 

      Acute mountain sickness

    • D. 

      Glaucoma

    • E. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is NOT an adverse effect of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors?
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • B. 

      Kidney stones

    • C. 

      Hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis

    • D. 

      Potassium wasting

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is NOT an osmotic diuretic?
    • A. 

      Urea

    • B. 

      Glycerin

    • C. 

      Mannitol

    • D. 

      Dorzolamide

    • E. 

      Isosorbide

  • 23. 
    Which type of drug can pull water out of cells all over the body?
    • A. 

      Mannitol

    • B. 

      Acetazolamide

    • C. 

      Thiazide diuretics

    • D. 

      Amiloride

  • 24. 
    The net effect of what type of drug is to pull water out of the body in excess of electrolytes?
    • A. 

      Thiazide diuretics

    • B. 

      Potassium sparing diuretics

    • C. 

      Loop diuretics

    • D. 

      Osmotic diuretics

  • 25. 
    Which drug can specifically exacerbate heart failure?
    • A. 

      Amiloride

    • B. 

      Acetazolamide

    • C. 

      Mannitol

    • D. 

      Spironolactone