Health And Drugs Quiz - Diuretics

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 4283

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Health And Drugs Quiz - Diuretics - Quiz

Hey, are you a medical student and looking for some useful and informative questions on diuretics? If so, check out this 'Health And Drugs Quiz' and improve your practice on the same. Diuretics (also called water pills sometimes) are the substances that promote diuresis, the increased production of urine from our body. There are several types of diuretics. All diuretics exponentially increase the excretion of extra salt and water from our bodies through the kidneys. Learn more about diuretics by playing this health quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which drug functions at the proximal convoluted tubule?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Spironolactone

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • D. 

      Mannitol

  • 2. 
    Which of the following puts the drugs in the correct order from greatest to least ability to block sodium excretion?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone < furosemide < hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide < furosemide < spironolactone

    • C. 

      Furosemide < hydrochlorothiazide < spironolactone

    • D. 

      Furosemide < spironolactone < hydrochlorothiazide

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is paradoxically used to treat diabetes insipidus?
    • A. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Mannitol

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Furosemide

  • 4. 
    Which drug increases the risk of kidney stones? Decreases?
    • A. 

      Furosemide, spironolactone

    • B. 

      Furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide, spironolactone

  • 5. 
    Which drug causes an increase in plasma glucose, increase in urate levels, and lipid levels?
    • A. 

      Mannitol

    • B. 

      Spironolactone

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • D. 

      Furosemide

  • 6. 
    Which drug increases the risk of lithium and digoxin toxicity?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Mannitol

    • D. 

      Spironolactone

  • 7. 
    Which drugs MoA leads to dissipation of the medullary interstitial gradient?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone

    • B. 

      Furosemide

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • D. 

      Mannitol

  • 8. 
    Which drug is used for pulmonary edema and edemas of the heart, kidney, and liver?
    • A. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Furosemide

    • C. 

      Triamterene

    • D. 

      Spironolactone

  • 9. 
    Which drugs still works when renal blood flow and glomerular filtration are low?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Triamterene

  • 10. 
    Which drug blocks the Na/K/Cl transporter?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone

    • B. 

      Mannitol

    • C. 

      Conivaptan

    • D. 

      Furosemide

  • 11. 
    Which drug is proven to cross the placental barrier?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Mannitol

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

  • 12. 
    Which drug can cause ototoxicity, hyperglycemia, hyperuricemia, and also affects cholesterol in the body?
    • A. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Furosemide

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Amiloride

  • 13. 
    Which drug should not be used with gentamycin?  Why?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Conivaptan

    • D. 

      Triameterene

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is NOT a loop diuretic?
    • A. 

      Torsemide

    • B. 

      Ethacrynic acid

    • C. 

      Bumetanide

    • D. 

      All of the above are loop diuretics

  • 15. 
    Which drug can be used in patients with a sulfa allergy?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Ethacrynic acid

    • C. 

      Bumetanide

    • D. 

      Torsemide

  • 16. 
    Which of the following drugs is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor?
    • A. 

      Mannitol

    • B. 

      Amiloride

    • C. 

      Vaptans

    • D. 

      Acetazolamide

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is NOT a therapeutic use of acetazolamide?
    • A. 

      Urinary alkalinization

    • B. 

      Potassium sparing

    • C. 

      Acute mountain sickness

    • D. 

      Glaucoma

    • E. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is NOT an adverse effect of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors?
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • B. 

      Kidney stones

    • C. 

      Hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis

    • D. 

      Potassium wasting

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is NOT an osmotic diuretic?
    • A. 

      Urea

    • B. 

      Glycerin

    • C. 

      Mannitol

    • D. 

      Dorzolamide

    • E. 

      Isosorbide

  • 20. 
    Which type of drug can pull water out of cells all over the body?
    • A. 

      Mannitol

    • B. 

      Acetazolamide

    • C. 

      Thiazide diuretics

    • D. 

      Amiloride

  • 21. 
    The net effect of what type of drug is to pull water out of the body in excess of electrolytes?
    • A. 

      Thiazide diuretics

    • B. 

      Potassium sparing diuretics

    • C. 

      Loop diuretics

    • D. 

      Osmotic diuretics

  • 22. 
    Which drug can specifically exacerbate heart failure?
    • A. 

      Amiloride

    • B. 

      Acetazolamide

    • C. 

      Mannitol

    • D. 

      Spironolactone

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is NOT a therapeutic use of osmotic diuretics?
    • A. 

      Reduction in intracranial pressure

    • B. 

      Prophylaxis of renal failure

    • C. 

      Reduction of intraocular pressure

    • D. 

      Prophylaxis of heart failure

  • 24. 
    Which drug is approved for treatment of hyponatremia due to Syndrome of Inappropriate ADH Secretion?
    • A. 

      Acetazolamide

    • B. 

      Amiloride

    • C. 

      Furosemide

    • D. 

      Conivaptan

  • 25. 
    Which drug prevents ADH insertion of the aquaporin water channels mediating water reabsorption in the collecting duct?
    • A. 

      Conivaptan

    • B. 

      Furosemide

    • C. 

      Triamterene

    • D. 

      Mannitol

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