Health And Drugs Quiz - Diuretics

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 3176

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Health And Drugs Quiz - Diuretics

A diuretic is a substance that promotes diuresis, the enhanced production of urine in our body. There are several types of diuretics. All diuretics exponentially increase the excretion of water from our body, through the kidneys. Know more about Diuretics in this Health and Drugs Quiz. Answer each question carefully.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is a potassium losing diuretic? 
    • A. 

      Amiloride

    • B. 

      Conivaptan

    • C. 

      Triamterene

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

  • 2. 
    Which drug functions at the proximal convoluted tubule?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Spironolactone

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • D. 

      Mannitol

  • 3. 
    1     Which drug directly blocks the sodium channel through which sodium can normally be reabsorbed from the tubular fluid in the cortical collecting duct?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone

    • B. 

      Amiloride

    • C. 

      Furosemide

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

  • 4. 
    Which drug works more quickly and why?  Spironolactone or Triamterene
  • 5. 
    Which of the following puts the drugs in the correct order from greatest to least ability to block sodium excretion?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone < furosemide < hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide < furosemide < spironolactone

    • C. 

      Furosemide < hydrochlorothiazide < spironolactone

    • D. 

      Furosemide < spironolactone < hydrochlorothiazide

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is paradoxically used to treat diabetes insipidus?
    • A. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Mannitol

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Furosemide

  • 7. 
    Which drug increases the risk of kidney stones? Decreases?
    • A. 

      Furosemide, spironolactone

    • B. 

      Furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide, spironolactone

  • 8. 
    Which drug causes an increase in plasma glucose, increase in urate levels, and lipid levels?
    • A. 

      Mannitol

    • B. 

      Spironolactone

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • D. 

      Furosemide

  • 9. 
    Which drug increases the risk of lithium and digoxin toxicity?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Mannitol

    • D. 

      Spironolactone

  • 10. 
    Which drugs MoA leads to dissipation of the medullary interstitial gradient?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone

    • B. 

      Furosemide

    • C. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • D. 

      Mannitol

  • 11. 
    Which drug is used for pulmonary edema and edemas of the heart, kidney, and liver?
    • A. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Furosemide

    • C. 

      Triamterene

    • D. 

      Spironolactone

  • 12. 
    Which drugs still works when renal blood flow and glomerular filtration are low?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Triamterene

  • 13. 
    Which drug blocks the Na/K/Cl transporter?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone

    • B. 

      Mannitol

    • C. 

      Conivaptan

    • D. 

      Furosemide

  • 14. 
    Which drug is proven to cross the placental barrier?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Mannitol

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

  • 15. 
    Which drug can cause ototoxicity, hyperglycemia, hyperuricemia, and also affects cholesterol in the body?
    • A. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • B. 

      Furosemide

    • C. 

      Spironolactone

    • D. 

      Amiloride

  • 16. 
    Which drug should not be used with gentamycin?  Why?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • C. 

      Conivaptan

    • D. 

      Triameterene

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is NOT a loop diuretic?
    • A. 

      Torsemide

    • B. 

      Ethacrynic acid

    • C. 

      Bumetanide

    • D. 

      All of the above are loop diuretics

  • 18. 
    Which drug can be used in patients with a sulfa allergy?
    • A. 

      Furosemide

    • B. 

      Ethacrynic acid

    • C. 

      Bumetanide

    • D. 

      Torsemide

  • 19. 
    Which of the following drugs is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor?
    • A. 

      Mannitol

    • B. 

      Amiloride

    • C. 

      Vaptans

    • D. 

      Acetazolamide

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is NOT a therapeutic use of acetazolamide?
    • A. 

      Urinary alkalinization

    • B. 

      Potassium sparing

    • C. 

      Acute mountain sickness

    • D. 

      Glaucoma

    • E. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is NOT an adverse effect of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors?
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • B. 

      Kidney stones

    • C. 

      Hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis

    • D. 

      Potassium wasting

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is NOT an osmotic diuretic?
    • A. 

      Urea

    • B. 

      Glycerin

    • C. 

      Mannitol

    • D. 

      Dorzolamide

    • E. 

      Isosorbide

  • 23. 
    Which type of drug can pull water out of cells all over the body?
    • A. 

      Mannitol

    • B. 

      Acetazolamide

    • C. 

      Thiazide diuretics

    • D. 

      Amiloride

  • 24. 
    The net effect of what type of drug is to pull water out of the body in excess of electrolytes?
    • A. 

      Thiazide diuretics

    • B. 

      Potassium sparing diuretics

    • C. 

      Loop diuretics

    • D. 

      Osmotic diuretics

  • 25. 
    Which drug can specifically exacerbate heart failure?
    • A. 

      Amiloride

    • B. 

      Acetazolamide

    • C. 

      Mannitol

    • D. 

      Spironolactone

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