1999 AP U.S. Govt. & Politics

56 Questions | Total Attempts: 1493

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AP Government Quizzes & Trivia

If you are in AP U. S. Government, this is a practice test for the AP exam, so study study.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is an example of checks and balances, as established by the Constitution?
    • A. 

      A requirement that states lower their legal drinking age to eighteen as a condition of receiving funds through federal highway grant programs

    • B. 

      Media criticism of public officials during an election campaign period

    • C. 

      The Supreme Court's ability to overturn a lower court decision

    • D. 

      The requirement that presidential appointments to the Supreme Court be approved by the Senate

    • E. 

      The election of the President by the electoral college rather than by direct election

  • 2. 
    A primary election in which voters are required to identify a party preference before the election and are not allowed to split their ticket is called
    • A. 

      An open primary

    • B. 

      A blanket primary

    • C. 

      A closed primary

    • D. 

      A runoff primary

    • E. 

      A presidential preference primary

  • 3. 
    When selecting a vice-presidential candidate, a presidential nominee is usually concerned primarily with choosing a running mate who
    • A. 

      Has significant personal wealth

    • B. 

      Adds balance and appeal to the national ticket

    • C. 

      Comes from the same ideological wing of the party as the President

    • D. 

      Can serve as the most important domestic policy adviser to the President

    • E. 

      Can effectively preside over the Senate

  • 4. 
    The primary function of political action committees (PAC's) is to
    • A. 

      Serve as fund-raising organizations for challengers

    • B. 

      Provide members of Congress with unbiased information regarding proposed legislation

    • C. 

      Consult with the President regarding domestic policy

    • D. 

      Encourage broader participation in politics among the electorate

    • E. 

      Raise campaign funds to support favored candidates

  • 5. 
    Registered voters directly elect which of the following? I. The President and Vice President II. Supreme Court justices III. Members of the Senate IV. Members of the House of Representatives
    • A. 

      I only

    • B. 

      IV only

    • C. 

      I and II only

    • D. 

      III and IV only

    • E. 

      II, III, and IV only

  • 6. 
    The role of a conference committee in Congress is to
    • A. 

      Hold hearings on proposed legislation

    • B. 

      Oversee the actions of the executive branch of the government

    • C. 

      Decide which bills should be considered by the full Senate

    • D. 

      Conduct hearings that make information available to the public

    • E. 

      Reconcile differences in bills passed by the House and Senate

  • 7. 
    Supreme Court justices were given tenure subject to good behavior by the framers of the Constitution in order to ensure that
    • A. 

      Justices are free from direct political pressures

    • B. 

      Justices remain accountable to the public

    • C. 

      Justices are encouraged to make politically popular decisions

    • D. 

      Cooperation between the judicial and legislative branches is assured

    • E. 

      Presidents are encouraged to seek younger nominees for the Supreme Court

  • 8. 
    The committee system is more important in the House than in the Senate because
    • A. 

      The seniority system plays no role in the House and therefore committees must play a larger role

    • B. 

      The Constitution mandates the type of committee structure in the House

    • C. 

      Committee members are appointed by the President

    • D. 

      The House is so large that more work can by accomplished in committees than on the floor

    • E. 

      The majority party in the House prefers to give priority to the work of the committees

  • 9. 
    The most important source of the Supreme Court's caseload is
    • A. 

      Its original jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Its appellate jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Instruction from the solicitor general

    • D. 

      The special master's certification of cases for review

    • E. 

      Congress' certification of cases for review

  • 10. 
    A President attempting to influence Congress to pass a legislative program might employ all of the following strategies EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Using the media to draw attention to the legislative program

    • B. 

      Assigning legislative liaisons in the Executive Office of the President to lobby legislators

    • C. 

      Denying campaign reelection funds to legislators who oppose the President's policy stand

    • D. 

      Exploiting a partisan majority for the President's party in both the House and Senate

    • E. 

      Reminding legislators of high popularity fatings for the President in public opinion polls

  • 11. 
    Presidents have had the most success in changing the direction of decisions of the federal judiciary by
    • A. 

      Threatening to ask Congress to impeach specific judges

    • B. 

      Using the media to build consensus for the President's position

    • C. 

      Requesting that Congress reduce the term of office that judges may serve

    • D. 

      Using the appointment process to select judges with judicial philosophies similar to those of the President

    • E. 

      Pressuring Congress to pass the appropriate legislation to override judicial opinions

  • 12. 
    Which of the following did the most to expand civil rights in the 1950's?
    • A. 

      State legislative decisions desegregating public accommodations

    • B. 

      State court decisions outlawing poll taxes

    • C. 

      The passage of voting-rights legislation by Congress

    • D. 

      Executive orders mandating affirmative action

    • E. 

      The Supreme Court decision declaring state mandated school segregation to be unconstitutional

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is true about the right of free speech, as currently interpreted by the Supreme Court?
    • A. 

      It protects the right to express opinions even without the actual use of words

    • B. 

      It protects the use of language deemed obscene by the courts

    • C. 

      It allows citizens to disobey laws that they believe to be unjust

    • D. 

      It is protected from infringement by the federal government but not from infringement by state governments

    • E. 

      It cannot be limited in any manner

  • 14. 
    The importance of Shays' Rebellion to the development of the United States Constitution was that it
    • A. 

      Revealed the necessity of both adding the Bill of Rights to the Constitution and creating a new system of checks and balances

    • B. 

      Demonstrated the intensity of anti-ratification sentiment within the thirteen states

    • C. 

      Indicated that a strong, constitutionally designed national government was needed to protect property and maintain order

    • D. 

      Convinced the delegates attending the Constitutional Convention to accept the Connecticut Plan

    • E. 

      Reinforced the idea that slavery should be outlawed in the new Constitution

  • 15. 
    In a federal system of government, political power is primarily
    • A. 

      Vested in local governments

    • B. 

      Vested in the regional governments

    • C. 

      Vested in the central government

    • D. 

      Divided between the central government and regional governments

    • E. 

      Divided between regional governments and local governments

  • 16. 
    Which of the following generalizations about group voting tendencies is true?
    • A. 

      Jewish voters tend to vote Republican

    • B. 

      Protestant voters tend to be more liberal than Roman Catholics on economic issues

    • C. 

      More women than men identify themselves as Republicans

    • D. 

      Rural voters are more likely to support Democratic candidates than are urban voters

    • E. 

      African American Democrats tend to support the more liberal candidates within their party

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is a significant trend in the presidential nominating process over the past three decades?
    • A. 

      Replacement of national party conventions by national primaries for each party

    • B. 

      Increasing importance of presidential primaries rather than state conventions

    • C. 

      A sharply declining role for politicial action committees (PAC's)

    • D. 

      Decreasing cost of campaigns

    • E. 

      Increasing control by political party leaders over outcomes

  • 18. 
    Congressional standing committees are best described as
    • A. 

      Specially appointed investigative bodies

    • B. 

      Joint committees of the two houses of Congress

    • C. 

      Committees created for each session

    • D. 

      Permanent subject-matter committees

    • E. 

      Advisory staff agencies

  • 19. 
    All of the followign powers are granted to the President by the Constitution EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Commissioning officers in the armed forces

    • B. 

      Addressing the Congress on the state of the union

    • C. 

      Receiving ambassadors

    • D. 

      Granting pardons for federal offenses

    • E. 

      Forming new cabinet-level departments

  • 20. 
    In which of the following did Congress move to regain powers previously lost to the executive branch?
    • A. 

      Budget and Impoundment Control Act

    • B. 

      Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act

    • C. 

      Presidential Disability Act

    • D. 

      Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    • E. 

      Persian Gulf War Resolution

  • 21. 
    Which of the following actions can Gongress take if the Supreme Court finds a federal law unconstitutional?
    • A. 

      Appeal the Court's decision to the District of Columbia's Court of Appeals

    • B. 

      Formally request the President to veto the Court's decision

    • C. 

      Remove certain members of teh Court and replace them with new members

    • D. 

      Try to amend the Constitution

    • E. 

      Reenact the same law

  • 22. 
    Which of the following statements about Congress is true?
    • A. 

      Members of Congress only occasionally are interested in and pay attention to constituents

    • B. 

      The legislative process is frequently lengthy, decentralized, and characterized by compromise and bargaining

    • C. 

      Lobbyists and political action committees successfully induce most members of Congress to trade their votes for campaign contributions

    • D. 

      The growth in the size of Congress as organization is the principal cause of growth in the federal budget deficit

    • E. 

      Debate in both houses is structured by elaborate rules enacted by leaders of the majority party

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is articulated in the War Powers Resolution?
    • A. 

      The President may declare war

    • B. 

      The President must finance any war efforts from a special contingency fund

    • C. 

      The President must bring troops home from hostilities within 60 to 90 days unless Congress extends the time

    • D. 

      The president may not nationalize state militias without congressional consent

    • E. 

      The President may not send troops into hostilities without a declaration of war from Congress or a resolution from the United Nations

  • 24. 
    In the 1992 election, the membership of Congress was altered significantly by an increase in the number of
    • A. 

      Conservative Democrates

    • B. 

      Liberal Republicans

    • C. 

      Third-party representatives

    • D. 

      Political independents

    • E. 

      Minorities and women

  • 25. 
    Discrimination in public accommodations was made illegal in the United States as a direct result of the
    • A. 

      Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    • B. 

      Supreme Court decision in Sweatt v. Painter

    • C. 

      Civil Rights Act of 1964

    • D. 

      Montgomery bus boycott

    • E. 

      Voting Rights Act of 1965

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