The flat ribbon cable has a seven-wire twist that determines which is which.
Set jumpers on the individual drives to determine which is master and which is slave.
The IDE controller determines the hierarchy.
Both drives are considered equal.
You can destroy that hard drive.
The data will be erased, but the hard drive will be okay.
The system will not be able to communicate with that hard drive.
Nothing. It doesn’t matter how the cable is set up; it doesn’t have the seven-wire twist.
The drive will work, but will not run at the ATA/66 speed.
He might damage the motherboard.
He won’t be able to install the drive, because the cables are incompatible.
He will not be able to run in ATA mode.
Red controller connections on the motherboard
1 meter maximum cable length
One master, one slave
Two, with no master/slave distinction
There is no maximum other than the limitations of your motherboard.
A SATA bridge to plug into the connector on the PATA drive
A PATA converter to plug into the SATA bridge on the controller
Nothing at all; he can just connect the PATA drive directly to the SATA controller
He can’t do it; the SATA controller is not backward compatible with PATA drives
A SCSI controller
A SCSI chain