Grade 10 Science Trivia

Reviewed by Daniel P
Daniel P, MSEd, Science |
Science Education
Review Board Member
With 11 years of urban teaching, Daniel excels as a STEM club teacher, demonstrating expertise in curriculum design, differentiated instruction for IEPs, and adept use of Google Classroom. His commitment to education shines through in his impactful contributions to STEM learning. Daniel holds a MSEd in Science Education from The City College of New York and a BA in History from Binghamton University. With certifications in Special Education and Biology, he is dedicated to curriculum development and enhancing educational experiences for students.
, MSEd, Science
Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Penelopeqs
P
Penelopeqs
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 94,807
Questions: 20 | Viewed: 91,904

1.

In all living things, the basic unit of life is the:

Answer: Cell
Explanation:
The basic unit of life in all living things is the cell. Cells are the smallest structural and functional units of organisms, capable of carrying out all the processes necessary for life. They contain genetic material, organelles, and a plasma membrane that separates the internal environment of the cell from the external environment. Cells can exist as single-celled organisms or be part of a multicellular organism, working together to perform specific functions and maintain the overall health and functioning of the organism.
2.

A group of tissues working together to perform a common function is called a(n):

Answer: Organ
Explanation:
A group of tissues working together to perform a common function is called an organ. This is because organs are composed of different types of tissues that work together to carry out specific functions in the body.
3.

Plant cells that can develop into any type of tissue are called:

Answer: Meristems
Explanation:
Meristems are plant cells that have the ability to differentiate into any type of tissue, making them capable of giving rise to various plant structures. They are found in the growing tips of roots and shoots and are responsible for the growth and development of plants. Unlike embryonic stem cells, which are found in animal embryos and have the potential to develop into any type of cell in the body, meristems specifically refer to plant cells with this regenerative capacity. Blood cells and xylems are not able to develop into other tissues.
4.

Chromosomes move toward opposite ends of the cell during:

Answer: Anaphase
Explanation:
During anaphase, the chromosomes move toward opposite ends of the cell. This is facilitated by the spindle fibers, which attach to the centromeres of the chromosomes and pull them apart. As the spindle fibers shorten, the chromosomes are separated and move towards the poles of the cell. This process ensures that each daughter cell receives a complete set of chromosomes during cell division.
5.

The mitochondria and chloroplast are mostly responsible for:

Answer: Energy Production
Explanation:
The mitochondria and chloroplast are mostly responsible for energy production. Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell because they generate the majority of the cell's energy through cellular respiration. Chloroplasts, on the other hand, are found in plant cells and are responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which sunlight is converted into chemical energy in the form of glucose. Both of these organelles play crucial roles in energy production within cells.
6.

Prokaryotic cells differ from eukaryotic cells because prokaryotic cells do not contain: 

Answer: A nucleus
Explanation:
Prokaryotic cells differ from eukaryotic cells in that they lack a nucleus. While eukaryotic cells have a well-defined nucleus that houses the genetic material, prokaryotic cells do not possess a true nucleus. Instead, their DNA is found in a region called the nucleoid, which is not enclosed by a membrane. This distinction is one of the defining characteristics of prokaryotic cells and is a fundamental difference between the two types of cells.
7.

Which of the following is the tube that leads from the throat to the stomach?

Answer: Esophagus
Explanation:
The esophagus is the tube that leads from the throat to the stomach. It is responsible for transporting food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach for digestion. The trachea, on the other hand, is the tube that leads from the throat to the lungs and is involved in the process of breathing. The bronchioles are small branches of the bronchi in the lungs, and the nasal cavity is the hollow space behind the nose.
8.

In humans, after which stage of the gastrointestinal (digestive) tract is food fully digested?

Answer: Small Intestines
Explanation:
 Food is fully digested after the small intestine stage of the gastrointestinal tract. The small intestines are responsible for the majority of nutrient absorption and digestion. In the small intestines, the breakdown of food into smaller molecules occurs, allowing for the absorption of nutrients into the bloodstream. The large intestines primarily absorb water and electrolytes and are not involved in the final stages of digestion. The stomach aids in the digestion process by breaking down food with stomach acid, but it is not the final stage of digestion. The rectum is the final part of the digestive tract where waste is stored before elimination, but it is not where food is fully digested.
9.

What is the main function of White blood cells?

Answer: Fight infection
Explanation:
White blood cells are an essential part of the immune system. Their main function is to fight infection. They help to identify and destroy pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, and other harmful substances that enter the body. White blood cells play a crucial role in defending the body against infections and maintaining overall health. They are also responsible for recognizing and eliminating pathogens, promoting inflammation, and coordinating immune responses to protect the body from illness and disease.
10.

If peristalsis is an action of a particular organ, you would expect this organ to be partly composed of:

Answer: Smooth muscle tissue
Explanation:
Peristalsis is the coordinated muscular contraction and relaxation that propels materials through the digestive tract. It is a characteristic action of organs such as the esophagus, stomach, and intestines. Smooth muscle tissue is responsible for this rhythmic movement, as it is capable of involuntary contractions. Cartilage, epithelial tissue, and connective tissue do not have the contractile ability required for peristalsis.
11.

Large vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called:

Answer: Arteries
Explanation:
Large vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called arteries. Arteries have thick, muscular walls that allow them to withstand the high pressure of blood being pumped by the heart. They transport oxygenated blood to various parts of the body, delivering nutrients and oxygen to the tissues. Unlike veins, arteries carry oxygen-rich blood, and they play a crucial role in maintaining the circulatory system's overall function.
12.

Which system in an animal cell could be compared to the vascular system in a plant?

Answer: Xylem and phloem
Explanation:
In an animal cell, the system that could be compared to the vascular system in a plant is the xylem and phloem. These structures are responsible for transporting water, nutrients, and sugars within a plant, similar to the circulatory system in animals. The other options (roots, stamen and pistil, ground tissue system) are not directly analogous to the plant's vascular system.
13.

In what order does oxygen travel through the lungs?

Answer: Bronchus, Bronchiole, Alveoli
Explanation:
Oxygen travels through the lungs from the bronchus to the bronchiole to the alveoli. The bronchus is the main airway that leads from the trachea into the lungs. It branches into smaller tubes called bronchioles, which further divide into tiny air sacs called alveoli. In the alveoli, oxygen is exchanged with carbon dioxide in the capillaries.
14.

Which best describes the path of blood through the vessels of the circulatory system?

Answer: Arteries, Arterioles, Capillaries, Venules, Veins
Explanation:
Blood flows from the heart to the arteries, which are large blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart. From the arteries, blood flows into smaller blood vessels called arterioles. Arterioles then lead into tiny blood vessels called capillaries, where the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products occurs between the blood and the surrounding tissues. After passing through the capillaries, blood enters the venules, which are small veins. Finally, blood flows from the venules into larger veins, which carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart.
15.

A chemical property is illustrated by the following:

Answer: Wood burns
Explanation:
Wood burning is an example of a chemical property because it involves a chemical reaction. When wood is exposed to heat, it undergoes combustion, breaking down its chemical structure and releasing energy in the form of heat and light. This process is irreversible and results in the formation of new substances, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor.
16.

A covalent bond would most likely form between a:

Answer: Chlorine atom and another chlorine atom
Explanation:
A covalent bond is formed when two atoms share electrons. In this case, a chlorine atom and another chlorine atom would most likely form a covalent bond because both chlorine atoms have the same electronegativity, meaning they have similar tendencies to attract electrons. This allows them to share electrons equally and form a stable molecule. On the other hand, bonds between chlorine and magnesium, chlorine and iron, or sodium and fluorine would be less likely to be covalent due to the significant difference in electronegativity between these elements.
17.

Which group on the periodic table has elements with full valence shells?

Answer: Noble gases
Explanation:
Noble gasses have elements with full valence shells. Valence shells are the outermost electron shells of an atom, and having a full valence shell makes an element stable and less likely to react with other elements. Noble gasses, such as helium, neon, and argon, have full valence shells, which is why they are chemically unreactive.
18.

When forming compounds, metal elements tend to:

Answer: Lose electrons
Explanation:
When forming compounds, metal elements tend to lose electrons. This is because metals have fewer valence electrons, which are the electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom. By losing these electrons, metals can achieve a stable electron configuration similar to that of a noble gas. This process of losing electrons is known as oxidation and allows metals to form positive ions, which can then bond with other elements to form compounds.
19.

On the periodic table, elements in the same vertical column have the same:

Answer: Number of valence electrons
Explanation:
Elements in the same vertical column on the periodic table, also known as groups or families, have the same number of valence electrons. Valence electrons are the electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom and are responsible for the chemical properties of the element. Elements in the same group have similar chemical behavior because they have the same number of valence electrons, which determines how they interact with other atoms to form compounds. 
20.

Which of the following does not represent a chemical change?

Answer: NaCl dissolves easily in water
Explanation:
NaCl dissolving easily in water does not represent a chemical change, it is a physical change. Dissolving is a process where molecules are separated and dispersed in the water, but no new substances are formed.  NaCl reforms into the same substance when water containing it is evaporated.
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.