Radiation Syndrome Trivia Questions

100 Questions | Total Attempts: 65

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Syndrome Quizzes & Trivia

Otherwise known as radiation toxicity, radiation syndrome is a health condition caused by exposure to radiation of the entire body or parts of the body. The quiz below gauges and advances your knowledge on this illness.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    During the process of radioactive decay, what is another name for the electromagnetic force that causes protons to tear apart the nucleus of the atom?
    • A. 

      Coulomb.

    • B. 

      Positron.

    • C. 

      Isomeric

    • D. 

      Transformation.

  • 2. 
    Which statement best describes an alpha particle?
    • A. 

      Heavy and fast.

    • B. 

      Heavy and slow.

    • C. 

      Light and fast.

    • D. 

      Light and slow.

  • 3. 
    Which particle is considered the most ionizing?
    • A. 

      Positron.

    • B. 

      Electron.

    • C. 

      Alpha

    • D. 

      Beta.

  • 4. 
    In beta plus (B+) decay, the parent nucleus changes a
    • A. 

      Proton into a neutron and gives off a positively charged particle.

    • B. 

      Neutron into a proton and gives off a positively charged particle.

    • C. 

      Proton into a neutron and gives off a negatively charged particle.

    • D. 

      Neutron into a proton and gives off a negatively charged particle.

  • 5. 
    What can be used to classify a neutron?
    • A. 

      Size.

    • B. 

      Heat.

    • C. 

      Speed.

    • D. 

      Weight.

  • 6. 
    What is the process by which an alpha particle gains kinetic energy?
    • A. 

      Ionization.

    • B. 

      Excitation.

    • C. 

      Bremmstrahlung.

    • D. 

      Compton scattering.

  • 7. 
    The linear energy transfer (LET) of a beta particle is lower than that of an alpha particle because of its
    • A. 

      Larger mass and higher speed.

    • B. 

      Larger mass and slower speed.

    • C. 

      Smaller mass and higher speed.

    • D. 

      Smaller mass and slower speed.

  • 8. 
    Which type of radiation poses the most serious external hazard because of its high penetrating ability?
    • A. 

      Beta.

    • B. 

      Gamma.

    • C. 

      Alpha.

    • D. 

      Positron.

  • 9. 
    Which can be used to calculate the amount of activity at any point in time, given the activity at another point in time?
    • A. 

      Radioactive decay

    • B. 

      Effective half-life.

    • C. 

      Biological half-life.

    • D. 

      Radioactive half-life.

  • 10. 
    Radioactive materials are cleared from the body at a predictable rate; this is known as
    • A. 

      Radioactive decay.

    • B. 

      Effective half-life.

    • C. 

      Biological half-life.

    • D. 

      Radioactive half-life.

  • 11. 
    Which term is the most often seen exposure unit for ionizing radiation?
    • A. 

      Curie.

    • B. 

      Coulomb.

    • C. 

      Roentgen.

    • D. 

      Becquerel.

  • 12. 
    Because most radiation work exposures are very small, the exposure rate most often used is
    • A. 

      Coulomb per kg.

    • B. 

      Roentgen per hour.

    • C. 

      Milliroentgen per hour.

    • D. 

      Disintegrations per second.

  • 13. 
    Which type of ionizing radiation has been found more effective in producing cataracts?
    • A. 

      Beta.

    • B. 

      Alpha

    • C. 

      X-Rays

    • D. 

      Neutrons

  • 14. 
    When comparing the relative toxicity of various radiations, what is the result of a higher rate of linear energy transfer (LET)?
    • A. 

      More effective in producing biological damage.

    • B. 

      Less effective in producing biological damage.

    • C. 

      More effective in reducing how much energy was absorbed.

    • D. 

      Less effective in reducing how much energy was absorbed.

  • 15. 
    Which type of cells, if genetically altered by ionizing radiation, might the offspring of the individual carrying the mutation could also have this alteration?
    • A. 

      Stem.

    • B. 

      Somatic.

    • C. 

      Lactotrope.

    • D. 

      Reproductive.

  • 16. 
    What term is used to classify radiation health effects in which a given condition is not seen until a certain dose is received?
    • A. 

      Linear.

    • B. 

      Nonlinear.

    • C. 

      Stochastic.

    • D. 

      Nonstochastic.

  • 17. 
    What types of cells are most easily damaged by ionizing radiation?
    • A. 

      Bone.

    • B. 

      Blood.

    • C. 

      Nerve.

    • D. 

      Muscle.

  • 18. 
    Acute radiation syndrome typically occurs when the radiation dose exceeds
    • A. 

      0.01 Gy (1 rad).

    • B. 

      0.1 Gy (10 rad).

    • C. 

      1 Gy (100 rad).

    • D. 

      100 Gy (10,000 rad).

  • 19. 
    X-ray production that is intentionally accelerated into a material with high atomic number (Z) for the purpose of bremsstrahlung interactions to generate X-ray photons is
    • A. 

      Protrons.

    • B. 

      Neutrons.

    • C. 

      Electrons.

    • D. 

      Positrons.

  • 20. 
    Which component of an x-ray tube is negatively charged?
    • A. 

      Anode.

    • B. 

      Cathode.

    • C. 

      Tube head.

    • D. 

      Collimator.

  • 21. 
    What term is used to identify the area of the target bombarded by electrons at any moment in time in an x-ray machine?
    • A. 

      Field.

    • B. 

      Parameter.

    • C. 

      Focal spot.

    • D. 

      Total distance.

  • 22. 
    What role does the collimator play in x-ray production?
    • A. 

      Reduces scatter radiation.

    • B. 

      Filters out lower energy photons.

    • C. 

      Slows down the eventual burnout of the tube head.

    • D. 

      Increases the number of electrons fired from the filament.

  • 23. 
    Within the radioisotope permit program which of the following is not a type of material that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulates?
    • A. 

      Source.

    • B. 

      Byproduct.

    • C. 

      Radiological.

    • D. 

      Special nuclear.

  • 24. 
    Which is an example of an item that would be covered by a template permit?
    • A. 

      Medical.

    • B. 

      Academic.

    • C. 

      Targeting devices.

    • D. 

      Research and development.

  • 25. 
    Who has the board responsibility of ensuring the receipt, possession, distribution, use, transfer, and disposal of radioactive materials within the Air Force?
    • A. 

      Master Material License Committee.

    • B. 

      Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

    • C. 

      Radioisotope Committee.

    • D. 

      Radiation Commission.