X Ps Lesson 1 Test

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X Ps Lesson 1 Test - Quiz

Learning Political Science is fun. . . . . . . 👍


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In Maharashtra, _______ seats are reserved for women in local self governing institutions.

    • A.

      50%

    • B.

      30%

    • C.

      40%

    • D.

      25%

    Correct Answer
    A. 50%
    Explanation
    In Maharashtra, 50% of the seats are reserved for women in local self-governing institutions. This means that half of the seats in these institutions are set aside specifically for women, ensuring their representation and participation in decision-making processes at the local level. This reservation policy aims to promote gender equality and empower women in governance and leadership roles.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following laws created a favourable environment for women to secure freedom and self - development?

    • A.

      Dowry Prohibition Act

    • B.

      Food Security Act

    • C.

      None of the above

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Dowry Prohibition Act
    Explanation
    The Dowry Prohibition Act created a favorable environment for women to secure freedom and self-development. This act aims to prohibit the giving or receiving of dowry, which is a common practice in many societies that often leads to the exploitation and abuse of women. By making dowry illegal, this law helps to empower women by protecting them from financial and emotional abuse, allowing them to have more control over their lives and pursue their own goals and aspirations.

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  • 3. 

    The essence of democracy is ___________.

    • A.

      Decentralization of power

    • B.

      Universal adult franchise

    • C.

      Policy of reservation of seats

    • D.

      Judicial decisions

    Correct Answer
    A. Decentralization of power
    Explanation
    Decentralization of power is the essence of democracy because it ensures that power is distributed among different levels and branches of government, allowing for checks and balances and preventing the concentration of power in the hands of a few. This promotes participation, accountability, and the protection of individual rights and freedoms. Decentralization also allows for local self-governance and decision-making, giving people a voice in matters that affect them directly. Overall, decentralization of power is a fundamental principle of democracy that fosters a more inclusive and representative system of government.

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  • 4. 

    Right to information came into force from ____________.

    • A.

      2005

    • B.

      2002

    • C.

      2004

    • D.

      2006

    Correct Answer
    A. 2005
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2005. The right to information came into force in 2005. This means that individuals have the right to access information held by public authorities. This law promotes transparency and accountability in government activities.

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  • 5. 

    The Indian government has been working in accordance with principles of the ____________.

    • A.

      Constitution

    • B.

      Parliament

    • C.

      President

    • D.

      Party

    Correct Answer
    A. Constitution
    Explanation
    The Indian government operates based on the principles outlined in the Constitution. The Constitution serves as the supreme law of the land and provides a framework for the functioning of the government, including the separation of powers, fundamental rights, and the structure of the government. It lays down the rights and responsibilities of citizens, as well as the powers and limitations of the government. The government's actions and decisions are expected to be in line with the principles and provisions of the Constitution.

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  • 6. 

    Men and women above ______ years of age can vote in India.

    • A.

      18

    • B.

      15

    • C.

      21

    • D.

      25

    Correct Answer
    A. 18
    Explanation
    In India, the legal voting age is 18 years. This means that both men and women who are above 18 years of age are eligible to vote. The voting age was reduced from 21 to 18 years in 1989, allowing a larger segment of the population to participate in the democratic process.

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  • 7. 

    ________ can make amendments to the Constitution.

    • A.

      Parliament

    • B.

      President

    • C.

      Prime Minister

    • D.

      Council of Ministers

    Correct Answer
    A. Parliament
    Explanation
    Parliament can make amendments to the Constitution because it is the legislative body responsible for enacting laws and making changes to the legal framework of a country. In a democratic system, Parliament represents the will of the people and has the authority to modify the Constitution in order to adapt it to the changing needs and values of society. The process of amending the Constitution usually involves a series of debates, discussions, and voting within the Parliament to ensure that any changes are carefully considered and reflect the consensus of the elected representatives.

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  • 8. 

    _______ got recognition because of 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution.

    • A.

      Local self governing institutions

    • B.

      Parliament

    • C.

      Legislative council

    • D.

      Cooperative societies

    Correct Answer
    A. Local self governing institutions
    Explanation
    Local self-governing institutions received recognition because of the 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution. These amendments were made in 1992 and provided a constitutional status to the Panchayats and Municipalities, making them the third tier of government in India. These amendments aimed to decentralize power and promote grassroots democracy by giving more autonomy and decision-making powers to local self-governing institutions. This recognition has helped in empowering local communities, promoting local development, and ensuring better governance at the grassroots level.

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  • 9. 

    __________ has made the government more transparent.

    • A.

      Right to Information

    • B.

      Equality

    • C.

      Freedom

    • D.

      Social Justice

    Correct Answer
    A. Right to Information
    Explanation
    The Right to Information has made the government more transparent by allowing citizens to access information held by public authorities. This enables people to hold the government accountable and make informed decisions. With this right, individuals can request information about government policies, decisions, and actions, ensuring transparency and reducing corruption. By providing access to information, the Right to Information promotes a more open and accountable government, ultimately leading to increased trust and participation in the democratic process.

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  • 10. 

    ________ and ________ are two features of good governance.

    • A.

      Transparency, responsible

    • B.

      Popular, populist

    • C.

      Efficient, democratic

    • D.

      Equality, decentralization

    Correct Answer
    A. Transparency, responsible
    Explanation
    Transparency and responsibility are two features of good governance. Transparency refers to the openness and accessibility of information, ensuring that decisions and actions are made in a clear and accountable manner. Responsible governance involves taking ownership of actions and decisions, considering the impact on society and the environment, and being held accountable for the outcomes. These two features are crucial for promoting trust, fairness, and effectiveness in governance systems.

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  • 11. 

    Indian democracy is considered the largest democracy in the world.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Indian democracy is considered the largest democracy in the world because it has the largest number of eligible voters. With a population of over 1.3 billion people, India conducts elections on a massive scale, involving millions of voters and thousands of candidates. The sheer size and diversity of the Indian electorate make it the largest democratic exercise in the world.

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  • 12. 

    Secrecy is the working of Government had increased due to Right to Information.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the working of the government has increased due to the Right to Information. However, this is not true. The Right to Information actually promotes transparency and openness in government operations by allowing citizens to access information held by public authorities. It does not increase secrecy, but rather aims to reduce it by ensuring that the government is accountable to the public. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 13. 

    The Constitution is a living document

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Constitution is considered a living document because it is meant to be interpreted and applied in the context of changing times and societal values. It is not meant to be static or unchangeable, but rather adaptable to the needs and progress of the society it governs. This allows for the Constitution to remain relevant and effective in addressing the evolving needs and challenges of the nation.

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  • 14. 

    Indian democracy is evidently unsuccessful.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is "Indian democracy is evidently unsuccessful." The correct answer is False. This means that the statement is not true. The word "evidently" suggests that there is clear and obvious evidence to support the statement, but the correct answer indicates that this is not the case. Therefore, the explanation is that the statement is not true and Indian democracy is not evidently unsuccessful.

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  • 15. 

    There is less friction in all inclusive democracy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An all-inclusive democracy refers to a system where all citizens have equal rights and opportunities to participate in the decision-making process. In such a system, there is likely to be less friction because all individuals are given a voice and their opinions are valued. This inclusivity fosters collaboration and understanding among different groups, reducing conflicts and disagreements. Therefore, it can be inferred that there is less friction in an all-inclusive democracy.

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  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Aug 23, 2019
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    Kajal Chawla
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