World War One Exam (Global History 4)

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World War One Exam (Global History 4) - Quiz

You can ace this exam if you understand the topic. Read each question carefully and check over your answers. If you don't reread the questions you will make a mistake. I took this test in school but was not carefully but I still did extremely well, so don't make stupid mistakes.
Part 1- Regents questions (30pts) (tricky so reread and you will get it)
Part 2- Multiple choice/open response questions (31pts)
Part 3- Essay (thematic) (30 pts) (very easy)
Good Luck and begin!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In 1917, Bolshevik leaders in Russia sought peace with Germany because the new Russian government.

    • A.

      Decided to join forces with Germany and the Central Powers

    • B.

      Needed to concentrate its troops and resources on its war with Turkey

    • C.

      Wanted to retain power and avoid German occupation

    • D.

      Needed to control the Baltic Sea and wanted a warm water port

    Correct Answer
    C. Wanted to retain power and avoid German occupation
    Explanation
    The Bolshevik leaders in Russia sought peace with Germany because they wanted to retain power and avoid German occupation. By making peace with Germany, they hoped to secure their control over the country and prevent any potential invasion or occupation by the German forces. This decision was driven by their desire to maintain their authority and protect the newly established Russian government.

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  • 2. 

    In Eastern Europe after World War I, the greatest obstacle to national unity in many nation- states was the.

    • A.

      Great ethnic diversity found in the region

    • B.

      Economic dependence of Eastern Europe on Japan

    • C.

      Acceptance of democratic traditions by most Eastern Europeans

    • D.

      Expansion of United States influence in region

    Correct Answer
    A. Great ethnic diversity found in the region
    Explanation
    The greatest obstacle to national unity in many Eastern European nation-states after World War I was the great ethnic diversity found in the region. This diversity led to tensions and conflicts between different ethnic groups, making it difficult to establish a unified national identity.

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  • 3. 

    Which statement best describes the relationship between World War I and the Russian Revolution.

    • A.

      World War I created conditions within Russia that helped trigger a revolution

    • B.

      World War I postponed the Russian Revolution by restoring confidence in the Czar

    • C.

      The Russian Revolution inspired the Russian people to win World War I

    • D.

      World War I gave the Czar's army the needed experience to suppress the Russian Revolution

    Correct Answer
    A. World War I created conditions within Russia that helped trigger a revolution
    Explanation
    During World War I, Russia faced numerous hardships such as food shortages, high casualties, and discontent among the population. These conditions created a sense of dissatisfaction and unrest among the Russian people, which ultimately led to the Russian Revolution. The war exacerbated existing social and economic issues, and the government's mismanagement of the war effort further eroded public trust in the monarchy. Thus, it can be concluded that World War I played a significant role in creating the conditions that triggered the revolution in Russia.

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  • 4. 

    A major cause of World War I was.

    • A.

      A decline in policy of imperialism

    • B.

      The existence of opposing alliances

    • C.

      An increase in acts of aggression by England

    • D.

      The spread of communism throughout Europe

    Correct Answer
    B. The existence of opposing alliances
    Explanation
    The major cause of World War I was the existence of opposing alliances. This refers to the system of alliances that had been formed by various countries prior to the war. These alliances, such as the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance, created a complex web of commitments and obligations among nations. When one country was attacked, its allies were bound to come to its defense, leading to a chain reaction of declarations of war. This system of alliances greatly escalated the conflict and turned a localized dispute into a global war.

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  • 5. 

    Why was the Balkan region referred to as the "Powder Keg of Europe" prior to World War I?

    • A.

      The aggression of the Ottoman Empire was disrupting the balance of power

    • B.

      Yugoslavia was invading its neighboring countries

    • C.

      Nationalistic and imperialistic rivalries were increasing

    • D.

      The area was the leading supplier of military equipment to the rest of the world

    Correct Answer
    C. Nationalistic and imperialistic rivalries were increasing
    Explanation
    Prior to World War I, the Balkan region was referred to as the "Powder Keg of Europe" because nationalistic and imperialistic rivalries were increasing. This means that there was a growing sense of nationalism and desire for expansion among the various countries in the region. These rivalries and tensions eventually led to the outbreak of the war as each country sought to assert its dominance and protect its interests. The term "Powder Keg" implies that the region was a potential source of explosive conflict, highlighting the volatile and unstable nature of the Balkans at that time.

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  • 6. 

    The major impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany was that the Treaty led to.

    • A.

      An era of peace and international good will in Germany

    • B.

      A stable Germany that was both democratic and strong

    • C.

      An increase in Germany's desire to regain its power and prestige

    • D.

      A leadership position for Germany in the League of Nations

    Correct Answer
    C. An increase in Germany's desire to regain its power and prestige
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Versailles imposed heavy reparations on Germany, blamed Germany for starting World War I, and led to territorial losses. These harsh terms created a sense of humiliation and resentment among the German population. As a result, it fueled a desire within Germany to regain its power and prestige, leading to a rise in nationalism and ultimately contributing to the outbreak of World War II.

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  • 7. 

    "Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated"! "Germany Declares War on Russia and France"! "Peace Treaty Signed at Versailles"! Which events is referred to in these headlines?

    • A.

      Franco- Prussian War

    • B.

      Crimean War

    • C.

      World War I

    • D.

      Cold War

    Correct Answer
    C. World War I
    Explanation
    The given headlines "Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated", "Germany Declares War on Russia and France", and "Peace Treaty Signed at Versailles" are referring to the events of World War I. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the spark that ignited the war, leading to Germany declaring war on Russia and France. The war eventually ended with the signing of the peace treaty at Versailles. Therefore, World War I is the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    What was a major cause of WW1?

    • A.

      Rebellious in colonial lands in Africa and Asia

    • B.

      Expansion of communism into western Europe

    • C.

      Militarism in the nations of Europe

    • D.

      Inability of the League of Nations to keep the peace

    Correct Answer
    C. Militarism in the nations of Europe
    Explanation
    Militarism in the nations of Europe was a major cause of WW1. During this time, there was a significant increase in military spending and the arms race among European countries. The belief in the power and importance of military strength led to a sense of competition and tension between nations. This ultimately contributed to the outbreak of the war as countries were eager to assert their dominance and protect their interests through military means.

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  • 9. 

    Growing nationalism and militarism in Europe and the creation of secret alliances were

    • A.

      Reasons for the rise of democracy

    • B.

      Causes of WW1

    • C.

      Requirements for economic developments

    • D.

      Reasons for the collapse of communism

    Correct Answer
    B. Causes of WW1
    Explanation
    The growing nationalism and militarism in Europe, along with the creation of secret alliances, were causes of World War 1. Nationalism led to increased competition and rivalries between nations, while militarism resulted in the arms race and the buildup of military forces. The creation of secret alliances further escalated tensions and created a complex web of alliances that eventually led to the outbreak of the war. These factors collectively contributed to the causes of World War 1.

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  • 10. 

    Which statement explains the decline in unemployment rates in Britain between 1914 and 1918.

    • A.

      World War 1 generated jobs at home in England and in the military

    • B.

      Many new jobs were available in Britain's African colonies

    • C.

      Assembly-line production of consumer goods required more workers

    • D.

      The British were buying huge amount of war materials from the United States

    Correct Answer
    C. Assembly-line production of consumer goods required more workers
    Explanation
    During World War 1, assembly-line production of consumer goods increased, which led to a higher demand for workers. This increase in job opportunities in the manufacturing sector contributed to the decline in unemployment rates in Britain between 1914 and 1918.

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  • 11. 

    The Success of he women's suffrage movement in 20th century Europe resulted in part from women

    • A.

      Holding high political offices

    • B.

      Working in factories during World War I

    • C.

      Being encouraged to have large families

    • D.

      Serving in combat positions during World War I

    Correct Answer
    B. Working in factories during World War I
    Explanation
    During World War I, many men were drafted into the military, leaving a shortage of workers in factories. As a result, women were encouraged to take up jobs in factories to support the war effort. This experience of working in factories during the war gave women a newfound sense of independence and empowerment. It showcased their capabilities and proved that they were just as capable as men in contributing to society. This experience played a significant role in shaping the women's suffrage movement in 20th century Europe, as it challenged traditional gender roles and paved the way for women to demand equal political rights.

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  • 12. 

    Which global event caused the overall reduction of unemployment between 1914 and 1918?

    • A.

      The Great Depression

    • B.

      Completion of the panama canal

    • C.

      World War I

    • D.

      World War II

    Correct Answer
    C. World War I
    Explanation
    World War I caused the overall reduction of unemployment between 1914 and 1918. During this time, many men were drafted into the military, leading to a decrease in the available workforce. Additionally, the war created a surge in demand for military supplies and equipment, leading to an increase in production and employment in industries related to the war effort.

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  • 13. 

    During World War I, which group of people were victims of genocide

    • A.

      Arabs in Egypt

    • B.

      Palestinians in Syria

    • C.

      Algerians in France

    • D.

      Armenians in the Ottoman Empire

    Correct Answer
    D. Armenians in the Ottoman Empire
    Explanation
    During World War I, the group of people who were victims of genocide were the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire, under the rule of the Young Turks, implemented a systematic campaign to exterminate the Armenian population. This campaign involved mass killings, forced deportations, and death marches, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 1.5 million Armenians. The genocide was driven by a combination of ethnic, religious, and political factors, with the Ottoman government viewing the Armenian population as a threat to their empire.

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  • 14. 

    The Treaty of Versailles contributed to the economic collapse of Germany after World War I by.

    • A.

      Mandating economic reforms in Germany

    • B.

      Requiring that Germany pay for war damages

    • C.

      Placing a quota on goods exported from Germany

    • D.

      Devaluing Germany currency

    Correct Answer
    B. Requiring that Germany pay for war damages
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Versailles contributed to the economic collapse of Germany after World War I by requiring that Germany pay for war damages. This financial burden placed on Germany was immense and led to a severe economic crisis. The country struggled to meet the reparation payments, which resulted in hyperinflation and a devaluation of the German currency. The economic reforms mandated by the treaty also added to the economic instability, further exacerbating the collapse.

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  • 15. 

    The harsh terms included in the treaties ending World War I have been used to explain the.

    • A.

      Fascist Revolution in Spain

    • B.

      Bolshevik Revolution in Russia

    • C.

      Rise of Nazism in Germany

    • D.

      Armenian massacre in Turkey

    Correct Answer
    C. Rise of Nazism in Germany
    Explanation
    The harsh terms included in the treaties ending World War I, such as the Treaty of Versailles, imposed heavy reparations on Germany, limited its military capabilities, and redrew its borders. These terms humiliated and economically crippled Germany, leading to widespread discontent among the German population. This discontent created a fertile ground for extremist ideologies like Nazism to take root, as Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party promised to restore German pride and power. Therefore, the rise of Nazism in Germany can be attributed to the harsh terms of the post-WWI treaties.

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  • 16. 

    Observation of a solider in World War I: Private Archie Surfleet, February 8th, 1918- We have been in camp near the wood at Ecurie for some days now and a move miserable existence it would be hard to imagine. There is nothing but unrest and uncertainty and everyone here is absolutely fed up to the teeth. - Malcolm Brown, Tommy Goes to War Which hypothesis can best be supported by this passage?

    • A.

      Allied forces were on the verge of winning the war

    • B.

      Technology had created a military stalemate

    • C.

      Revolution in Russia hastened the end of the war

    • D.

      Conditions contributed to low morale

    Correct Answer
    D. Conditions contributed to low morale
    Explanation
    The passage describes the soldier's observation of the camp and his statement that everyone is "absolutely fed up to the teeth." This suggests that the conditions in the camp are contributing to low morale among the soldiers.

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  • 17. 

    Why was it difficult to gain an advantage OVER the enemy in Trench warfare?

    • A.

      Too many soldiers died of disease in the trenches

    • B.

      The machine gun made in nearly impossible for troops to advance

    • C.

      No weapons were used

    • D.

      Too few soldiers were willing to kill enemy soldiers

    Correct Answer
    B. The machine gun made in nearly impossible for troops to advance
    Explanation
    The machine gun played a significant role in making it difficult for troops to gain an advantage over the enemy in trench warfare. Its rapid-fire capability and high lethality made it almost impossible for soldiers to advance without suffering heavy casualties. The machine gun provided the defending side with a strong defensive advantage, as it could mow down waves of attacking troops before they could reach the enemy's trenches. This created a stalemate situation where both sides were heavily entrenched and struggled to make any significant progress.

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  • 18. 

    Russia's defense of Serbia best demonstrates.

    • A.

      The shared belief of communism

    • B.

      The idea of pan- slavism

    • C.

      The shared hatred of the United States

    • D.

      The breakdown of the alliance system

    Correct Answer
    B. The idea of pan- slavism
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the idea of pan-Slavism. Pan-Slavism was a movement that aimed to unite all Slavic peoples under one political entity. Russia's defense of Serbia during the crisis leading up to World War I was largely motivated by their support for pan-Slavism, as Serbia was a predominantly Slavic nation. This demonstrates Russia's belief in the idea of pan-Slavism and their willingness to protect and support fellow Slavic countries.

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  • 19. 

    In the Middle East, an immediate effect of World War I was the.

    • A.

      Unification of Arab countries against the League of Nations

    • B.

      Divisions of large sections of the area amount the Allies

    • C.

      Revival of Islamic fundamentalism in Arab nations

    • D.

      Creation of the state of Israel.

    Correct Answer
    B. Divisions of large sections of the area amount the Allies
    Explanation
    An immediate effect of World War I in the Middle East was the divisions of large sections of the area among the Allies. This refers to the post-war partitioning of the region by the victorious powers, primarily Britain and France, through agreements such as the Sykes-Picot Agreement. These divisions created new borders and boundaries that disregarded existing ethnic and religious communities, leading to tensions and conflicts that still persist in the region today.

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  • 20. 

    Nations generally enter into alliances with other nations as a result of. (Survey question, if correct you will get +5)

    • A.

      A desire to conquer the other nation

    • B.

      A nation's self- interest

    • C.

      A goal to assist the other nation

    • D.

      An international law

    Correct Answer
    B. A nation's self- interest
    Explanation
    If you thought if was 2 then you are correct. If you pick 3 you are still correct, but on the regents the correct answer is 2. A nation generally enters into an alliance for its own self interest. For example Russia say it is going to protect Serbia. Russia hopes for Serbia's services back!

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  • 21. 

    Who is on the Central Power side.

    Correct Answer
    Ottoman Empire, Austria- Hungary, Germany, and Bulgaria
    Explanation
    The Central Powers during World War I consisted of the Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Bulgaria. These countries formed an alliance and fought against the Allied Powers, which included countries such as France, Russia, and the United Kingdom. The Central Powers aimed to expand their territories and influence in Europe and the Middle East. Together, they fought against the Allied Powers in various battles and conflicts throughout the war.

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  • 22. 

    Who is on the Allies side.

    Correct Answer
    Russia, United States,Japan, France, Great Britain and Italy
    Explanation
    The Allies side consists of Russia, United States, Japan, France, Great Britain, and Italy. These countries formed an alliance during World War II to combat the Axis powers. They worked together to defeat Germany, Italy, and Japan. Each country played a crucial role in the war effort, contributing troops, resources, and strategic support.

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  • 23. 

    Pick your side! Which side would you want to be on? Would the results change? What is your battle strategy? Write a 1 paragraph essay answering the questions above. Add outside information and research for full credit. (Actual regents essay)

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 03, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Feb 26, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Andrewprefera
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