World Religions Exam Quiz: Trivia!

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World Religions Exam Quiz: Trivia! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A follower of Islam is called a __________________________.

    • A.

      Brahman

    • B.

      Missionary

    • C.

      Muslim

    • D.

      Hindi

    Correct Answer
    C. Muslim
    Explanation
    A follower of Islam is called a Muslim. Islam is a religion founded by Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century and its followers are known as Muslims. Muslims believe in the teachings of the Quran and follow the five pillars of Islam, which include faith in Allah, prayer, charity, fasting during Ramadan, and pilgrimage to Mecca. The term Muslim comes from the Arabic word "salam," meaning peace, and it represents the submission to the will of Allah. Muslims practice their faith through prayer, acts of kindness, and adherence to Islamic principles.

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  • 2. 

    The founder of Islam is  ___________________.

    • A.

      Siddhartha Gautama

    • B.

      Abraham

    • C.

      Jesus

    • D.

      Muhammad

    Correct Answer
    D. Muhammad
    Explanation
    Muhammad is the correct answer because he is recognized as the founder of Islam. He was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in the 6th century and received revelations from Allah, which were later compiled into the holy book of Islam, the Quran. Muhammad's teachings and leadership played a crucial role in the spread and establishment of Islam as a major world religion.

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  • 3. 

    The belief in one god is called ________________

    • A.

      Monotheism

    • B.

      Polytheism

    • C.

      Religion

    Correct Answer
    A. Monotheism
    Explanation
    Monotheism refers to the belief in one god. It is the opposite of polytheism, which is the belief in multiple gods. Religion, on the other hand, is a broader term that encompasses various beliefs and practices related to the worship of a higher power or powers. In this context, the correct answer is monotheism because it specifically identifies the belief in one god.

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  • 4. 

    The sacred text (holy book) of the Christians is the _______________.

    • A.

      Qu'ran or Koran

    • B.

      Bible

    • C.

      The Vedas

    • D.

      The Torah

    Correct Answer
    B. Bible
    Explanation
    The Bible is considered the sacred text or holy book of Christians. It is a collection of religious texts and scriptures that contain the teachings, history, and beliefs of Christianity. Divided into the Old Testament and the New Testament, the Bible is believed to be the inspired word of God by Christians, and it serves as a guide for their faith and moral principles. It includes various books, such as the Gospels, the Psalms, and the Epistles, which are considered essential for understanding Christian theology and practicing the religion.

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  • 5. 

    The founder of Buddhism is ______________________

    • A.

      Siddhartha Gautama

    • B.

      Jesus

    • C.

      Muhammad

    • D.

      Abraham

    Correct Answer
    A. Siddhartha Gautama
    Explanation
    Siddhartha Gautama is the founder of Buddhism. He was born in ancient India and later became known as the Buddha, meaning "the enlightened one." After years of searching for spiritual truth and enlightenment, Siddhartha Gautama achieved enlightenment under a Bodhi tree, becoming the Buddha. He then spent the rest of his life teaching his insights and principles, which formed the basis of Buddhism. Jesus, Muhammad, and Abraham are all significant figures in other religions (Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, respectively), but they are not the founders of Buddhism.

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  • 6. 

    Some of the sacred texts of the Hindus include __________________

    • A.

      The Torah and the Hebrew Bible

    • B.

      The Qu'ran and the teachings Abraham

    • C.

      The Vedas, Maharbharata, and the Upanishads

    Correct Answer
    C. The Vedas, Maharbharata, and the Upanishads
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Vedas, Maharbharata, and the Upanishads. These texts are considered sacred in Hinduism and are foundational to the religion. The Vedas are the oldest Hindu scriptures and contain hymns, rituals, and philosophical teachings. The Maharbharata is an epic poem that tells the story of a great war and includes moral and philosophical teachings. The Upanishads are philosophical texts that explore the nature of reality and the self. Together, these texts form an important part of Hindu religious and philosophical traditions.

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  • 7. 

    The sacred text (holy book) for followers of Islam is _______________

    • A.

      Bible

    • B.

      The Vedas

    • C.

      Qu'ran or Koran

    • D.

      The Torah

    Correct Answer
    C. Qu'ran or Koran
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Qu'ran or Koran. The Qu'ran is the holy book of Islam, believed to be the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. It is considered the most important and sacred text for Muslims, containing guidance on various aspects of life, including religious beliefs, moral values, and social practices. It serves as a source of spiritual guidance and is recited and studied by Muslims worldwide. The Bible is the sacred text for Christians, the Vedas for Hindus, and the Torah for Jews.

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  • 8. 

    This man was the founder of Judaism.

    • A.

      Solomon

    • B.

      Abraham

    • C.

      Jesus

    • D.

      Mohammad

    Correct Answer
    B. Abraham
    Explanation
    Abraham is considered the founder of Judaism because he is believed to be the first person to have a covenant with God and to establish the monotheistic belief in one God. He is considered the father of the Jewish people and the patriarch of the Israelite tribes. His story is central to the Jewish faith, as he is seen as a model of faith and obedience to God's commands. Through his descendants, including Isaac and Jacob, the Jewish people trace their lineage back to Abraham.

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  • 9. 

    Which is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Faith associated with Islam?

    • A.

      Give to charity

    • B.

      Pray 5 x's per day

    • C.

      Travel to Mecca at least once in your lifetime

    • D.

      Become a missionary in a foreign land

    Correct Answer
    D. Become a missionary in a foreign land
    Explanation
    The Five Pillars of Faith associated with Islam are the basic acts of worship that every Muslim is expected to follow. These pillars are: Shahada (faith), Salat (prayer), Zakat (charity), Sawm (fasting), and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). Becoming a missionary in a foreign land is not one of the pillars, as it is not explicitly mentioned in Islamic teachings.

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  • 10. 

    The Five Pillars of Faith which include praying five times a day and making a pilgrimage to what holy city? Muslims also face this city when they pray.

    • A.

      Mecca

    • B.

      Jerusalem

    • C.

      Istanbul

    • D.

      Beijing

    Correct Answer
    A. Mecca
    Explanation
    Muslims are required to perform five pillars of faith, one of which is making a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. This pilgrimage, known as Hajj, is a mandatory act of worship for all able-bodied Muslims who can afford it. Additionally, Muslims pray five times a day while facing the Kaaba, a sacred structure located in Mecca. Therefore, Mecca is the correct answer as it is the city to which Muslims must make a pilgrimage and face when praying.

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  • 11. 

    All three major monotheistic religions developed in this region.

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      North America

    • C.

      Middle East or Southwest Asia

    • D.

      China

    Correct Answer
    C. Middle East or Southwest Asia
    Explanation
    The Middle East or Southwest Asia is the correct answer because this region is historically known as the birthplace and center of the three major monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. These religions originated in this region and have had a significant impact on its culture, history, and development. The region is home to important religious sites such as Jerusalem, Mecca, and Medina, making it a crucial location for followers of these religions.

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  • 12. 

    Hinduism and Buddhism both developed in this area.

    • A.

      Middle East

    • B.

      Europe

    • C.

      India

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    C. India
    Explanation
    Hinduism and Buddhism both developed in India. India is considered the birthplace of these two major religions. Hinduism originated thousands of years ago and is one of the oldest religions in the world. Buddhism, founded by Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha), also emerged in India around the 6th century BCE. Both religions have had a significant influence on Indian culture, philosophy, and way of life. India's rich religious and philosophical heritage has made it a sacred land for millions of people around the world.

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  • 13. 

    Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all ____________________________.

    • A.

      Believe in many divine Gods

    • B.

      Worship only one God

    • C.

      Follow the teachings of the Qu'ran

    • D.

      Believe Jesus was the son of God

    Correct Answer
    B. Worship only one God
    Explanation
    Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all worship only one God. These three religions are monotheistic, meaning they believe in and worship a single divine being. They reject the idea of multiple gods and emphasize the importance of monotheism in their teachings and practices. This common belief in the oneness of God is a fundamental aspect that unifies these religions despite their differences in other aspects of theology and practice.

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  • 14. 

    The Torah is the sacred writing (holy book) for which religion?

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Judaism
    Explanation
    The Torah is the sacred writing for Judaism. It is the central text of the Jewish religion and contains the foundational laws, teachings, and narratives of Judaism. It is considered to be the word of God as revealed to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Torah consists of the five books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, and is highly revered and studied by Jewish people as a guide for moral and spiritual living.

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  • 15. 

    The belief that the soul never dies but is continually reborn or reincarnated is associated with which religion?

    • A.

      Islam

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Judaism

    • D.

      Hinduism and Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    D. Hinduism and Buddhism
    Explanation
    The belief that the soul never dies but is continually reborn or reincarnated is associated with Hinduism and Buddhism. In these religions, it is believed that individuals go through a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, known as samsara. This cycle continues until one achieves enlightenment or liberation from the cycle of rebirth, which is the ultimate goal.

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  • 16. 

    Following the Eightfold Path and the Four Noble Truths to achieve enlightenment is associated with which religion?

    • A.

      Buddhism

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Christianity

    Correct Answer
    A. Buddhism
    Explanation
    Following the Eightfold Path and the Four Noble Truths are fundamental teachings in Buddhism. The Eightfold Path consists of eight principles that guide individuals towards liberation from suffering, while the Four Noble Truths outline the nature of suffering and the path to its cessation. These teachings are central to Buddhist philosophy and practice, emphasizing the importance of self-reflection, moral conduct, and mindfulness. Therefore, the correct answer is Buddhism.

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  • 17. 

    Diwali, the festival of Lights is important to which religion?

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Judaism

    • C.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    C. Hinduism
    Explanation
    Diwali, also known as the festival of Lights, is a significant celebration in Hinduism. It is a time when Hindus celebrate the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. The festival is marked by lighting diyas (oil lamps) and candles, decorating homes with colorful rangoli designs, exchanging gifts, and enjoying delicious sweets. It is a time for families to come together, offer prayers, and seek blessings from deities. Therefore, the correct answer is Hinduism.

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  • 18. 

    The following symbol represents what religion?

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Judaism

    Correct Answer
    C. Islam
    Explanation
    The symbol provided does not represent any specific religion. The question is incomplete or not readable, and therefore, it is not possible to provide an explanation for the given answer.

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  • 19. 

    The Star of David, honors King David who ruled the kingdom of Israel from 1000-962 BC. This is associated with which religion?

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    A. Judaism
    Explanation
    The Star of David is a symbol that is closely associated with Judaism. It is named after King David, who was a significant figure in Jewish history and ruled the kingdom of Israel. The star is a representation of the Jewish faith and is often used as a symbol of Jewish identity.

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  • 20. 

    The "Om" symbol represents the religion of _________________.

    • A.

      Buddhism

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Judaism

    Correct Answer
    B. Hinduism
    Explanation
    The "Om" symbol is a sacred sound and a spiritual icon in Hinduism. It is considered to be the primordial sound that created the universe and represents the essence of the ultimate reality or Brahman. The symbol is widely used in Hindu religious rituals, chants, and meditation practices. It is also associated with various Hindu deities and is considered a symbol of protection and auspiciousness.

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  • 21. 

    Ramadan is the holy month of fasting for which religion?

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    Correct Answer
    C. Islam
    Explanation
    Ramadan is the holy month of fasting for Islam. During this month, Muslims around the world observe fasting from sunrise to sunset as a way to purify their souls, practice self-discipline, and show solidarity with those less fortunate. It is a time of increased prayer, reflection, and acts of charity. The fasting in Ramadan is considered one of the Five Pillars of Islam, making it a significant religious practice for Muslims.

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  • 22. 

    This religion believes that the main god and creator, Brahman, takes the form of three deities. There are hundreds of other gods in this religion. What religion is this?

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    B. Hinduism
    Explanation
    Hinduism is the correct answer because it is a religion that believes in the existence of the main god and creator, Brahman, who takes the form of three deities: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Hinduism also incorporates the worship of hundreds of other gods and goddesses, making it a polytheistic religion.

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  • 23. 

    The cross and the wheel of Dharma are a symbol for what two faiths, respectively?

    • A.

      Hinduism and Islam

    • B.

      Christianity and Islam

    • C.

      Christianity and Buddhism

    • D.

      Judaism and Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    C. Christianity and Buddhism
    Explanation
    The cross is a symbol of Christianity, representing the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The wheel of Dharma, also known as the Dharmachakra, is a symbol of Buddhism, representing the teachings and path to enlightenment. Therefore, the cross and the wheel of Dharma are symbols for Christianity and Buddhism, respectively.

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  • 24. 

    The predominant religion in the Middle East (located between Africa and Asia), including countries such as Saudi Arabia and Iraq is __________________

    • A.

      Islam--Sunni

    • B.

      Christianity--Protestant

    • C.

      Hinduism

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    A. Islam--Sunni
    Explanation
    The predominant religion in the Middle East, including countries such as Saudi Arabia and Iraq, is Islam, specifically the Sunni branch. Sunni Islam is the largest denomination within Islam and is followed by the majority of Muslims in the Middle East. This branch of Islam is characterized by its adherence to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and the belief in the caliphate as the rightful political and religious leadership of the Muslim community.

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  • 25. 

    The predominant religion in South America is ____________________

    • A.

      Christianity--Roman Catholic

    • B.

      Islam--Sunni

    • C.

      Christianity--Protestant

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    A. Christianity--Roman Catholic
    Explanation
    The predominant religion in South America is Christianity, specifically Roman Catholicism. This is due to the significant influence of Spanish and Portuguese colonization in the region, which brought Catholicism as the main religion. The majority of South American countries have a high percentage of Roman Catholic followers, and Catholic traditions and practices are deeply ingrained in the culture and society of the region.

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  • 26. 

    The predominant religion in East Asia, including Japan and China, and south Asian countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand is _______________________.

    • A.

      Christianity--Catholic

    • B.

      Islam--Sunni

    • C.

      Buddhism

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    C. Buddhism
    Explanation
    Buddhism is the correct answer because it is the predominant religion in East Asia, including countries like Japan and China, as well as in South Asian countries like Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand. Buddhism originated in India and spread to these regions, where it has had a significant impact on the culture, philosophy, and way of life. It emphasizes the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, also known as the Buddha, and promotes the pursuit of enlightenment and the cessation of suffering.

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  • 27. 

    The predominant religion in India is __________________.

    • A.

      Islam--Sunni

    • B.

      Buddhism

    • C.

      Judaism

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    D. Hinduism
    Explanation
    Hinduism is the correct answer because it is the largest and most widely practiced religion in India. With a majority of the population identifying as Hindus, Hinduism has a significant influence on the country's culture, traditions, and way of life. It encompasses a wide range of beliefs, rituals, and philosophies, making it a diverse and complex religion. Hinduism's presence in India can be traced back thousands of years, and it continues to play a central role in the lives of millions of people in the country.

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  • 28. 

    What two religions make up more the 50% of the world's followers?

    • A.

      Hinduism and Buddhism

    • B.

      Christianity and Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam and Judaism

    • D.

      Christianity and Islam

    Correct Answer
    D. Christianity and Islam
    Explanation
    Christianity and Islam make up more than 50% of the world's followers because they are the two largest religions in terms of the number of adherents. Christianity has the highest number of followers, with approximately 2.4 billion people identifying as Christians, while Islam is the second-largest religion, with around 1.9 billion Muslims worldwide. Together, these two religions account for more than half of the global population of religious believers.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following statements are true about the graph?

    • A.

      There are more people who follow Judaism than people who follow Buddhism.

    • B.

      The nonreligious make up the third largest group.

    • C.

      There are more Buddhists and Hindus than there are Christians.

    • D.

      Islam is the most widely followed religion in the world.

    Correct Answer
    B. The nonreligious make up the third largest group.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The nonreligious make up the third largest group." This means that out of all the religious groups represented in the graph, the nonreligious category has the third highest number of people. This implies that there are at least two other religious groups with a larger number of followers than the nonreligious category.

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  • 30. 

    The clergy for Christianity are called _______________.

    • A.

      Rabbis

    • B.

      Priests or ministers

    • C.

      Imams

    • D.

      Brahman

    Correct Answer
    B. Priests or ministers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is priests or ministers. In Christianity, the clergy refers to individuals who are ordained and hold religious authority within the church. They are responsible for leading worship services, administering sacraments, and providing spiritual guidance to the congregation. The term "priests or ministers" encompasses both the Catholic and Protestant denominations, as they use different titles but fulfill similar roles within their respective churches. Rabbis are Jewish religious leaders, imams are Islamic religious leaders, and Brahman is a term used in Hinduism to refer to the ultimate reality or divine essence.

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  • 31. 

    The clergy for Judaism are called _________________.

    • A.

      Monks

    • B.

      Priests

    • C.

      Rabbis

    • D.

      Imams

    Correct Answer
    C. Rabbis
    Explanation
    In Judaism, the clergy are referred to as Rabbis. Rabbis are spiritual leaders and teachers who are knowledgeable in Jewish law, rituals, and traditions. They play a crucial role in guiding the Jewish community, leading worship services, providing religious instruction, and offering counseling and support to their congregants. Unlike priests, who are common in other religious traditions, Judaism does not have a hierarchical priesthood. Instead, Rabbis are considered to be scholars and experts in Jewish religious texts and are responsible for interpreting and applying these teachings in their communities.

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  • 32. 

    This is a holy day for Judaism and begins every Friday evening and ends every Saturday evening. It begins with the lighting of the candles, followed by a family meal.

    • A.

      Hanukkah

    • B.

      Shabat or the Sabbath

    • C.

      Ramadan

    • D.

      Diwali

    Correct Answer
    B. Shabat or the Sabbath
    Explanation
    Shabat or the Sabbath is the correct answer because it is a holy day for Judaism that begins every Friday evening and ends every Saturday evening. It is observed by lighting candles and having a family meal. Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday, but it is not observed every Friday evening and Saturday evening. Ramadan is a month-long Islamic holiday, and Diwali is a Hindu festival of lights.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following is NOT part of the Christian holy text?

    • A.

      Old Testament.

    • B.

      New Testament.

    • C.

      Qu'ran.

    • D.

      The Holy Bible

    Correct Answer
    C. Qu'ran.
    Explanation
    The Qu'ran is not part of the Christian holy text because it is the central religious text of Islam. The Christian holy text consists of the Old Testament and the New Testament, which together make up the Holy Bible. The Qu'ran, on the other hand, is specific to the Islamic faith and is considered the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. Therefore, it is not included in the Christian holy text.

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  • 34. 

    What are the clergy in Buddhism called?

    • A.

      Savior.

    • B.

      Priests

    • C.

      Monks

    • D.

      Rabbis

    Correct Answer
    C. Monks
    Explanation
    In Buddhism, the clergy are called monks. Monks are individuals who have dedicated their lives to the study and practice of Buddhism. They live in monasteries and follow a strict code of conduct known as the Vinaya. Monks are responsible for preserving and teaching the teachings of the Buddha, as well as providing spiritual guidance and support to the Buddhist community. They often engage in meditation, study scriptures, and perform rituals as part of their religious duties.

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  • 35. 

    One of the practices of  Buddhism is to :

    • A.

      Follow the Five Pillars of Faith, including travel at least once to Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

    • B.

      Meditate and say mantras from one of the holy books.

    • C.

      Be baptized as a baby.

    • D.

      Take communion, bread and wine, from a priest.

    Correct Answer
    B. Meditate and say mantras from one of the holy books.
    Explanation
    One of the practices of Buddhism is to meditate and say mantras from one of the holy books. Meditation is a key aspect of Buddhist practice, as it helps individuals to cultivate mindfulness, concentration, and insight. Mantras, on the other hand, are sacred sounds or phrases that are repeated during meditation to focus the mind and connect with spiritual energies. This practice is not specific to any particular holy book, as Buddhism encompasses various traditions and texts, such as the Pali Canon, Mahayana sutras, and Tibetan Buddhist scriptures.

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  • 36. 

    Gurus are a type of clergy in what religion?

    • A.

      Islam

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Judaism

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    D. Hinduism
    Explanation
    Gurus are a type of clergy in Hinduism. In Hinduism, gurus are spiritual teachers or guides who provide knowledge, wisdom, and guidance to their disciples. They are highly respected and considered to be enlightened individuals who have attained a higher level of spiritual understanding. Gurus play a significant role in the spiritual and personal development of their followers, providing teachings, rituals, and practices to help them on their spiritual journey. They are seen as a link between the individual and the divine, guiding them towards self-realization and enlightenment.

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  • 37. 

    There are no official clergy in Islam, but people who lead prayers at a mosque are called _________.

    • A.

      Imams

    • B.

      Rabbis

    • C.

      Priests

    • D.

      Monks

    Correct Answer
    A. Imams
    Explanation
    In Islam, there is no official clergy like in some other religions. However, individuals who lead prayers at a mosque are called Imams. They are knowledgeable in Islamic teachings and are responsible for leading the congregation in prayer, delivering sermons, and providing guidance on religious matters. Imams play a crucial role in the Islamic community, leading the community in worship and serving as spiritual leaders.

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  • 38. 

    This religion is the oldest religion of the five major world religions. 

    • A.

      Hinduism.

    • B.

      Buddhism.

    • C.

      Judaism.

    • D.

      Islam.

    Correct Answer
    A. Hinduism.
    Explanation
    Hinduism is considered the oldest religion among the five major world religions. It originated in the Indus Valley civilization around 4000 years ago, making it one of the oldest organized religions in the world. Hinduism has a rich history and diverse set of beliefs, rituals, and practices that have evolved over time. It is characterized by its emphasis on karma, dharma, and the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment. Hinduism predates Buddhism, Judaism, and Islam, making it the correct answer in this context.

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  • 39. 

    What is Karma?

    • A.

      The soul in Hinduism.

    • B.

      Meditation that leads to enlightenment.

    • C.

      A measurement of how good or bad a person has been.

    • D.

      The sacred text of Buddhism.

    Correct Answer
    C. A measurement of how good or bad a person has been.
    Explanation
    Karma is a concept in Hinduism that refers to the belief that a person's actions in this life or in past lives will determine their fate or destiny. It is seen as a measurement of how good or bad a person has been, with positive actions leading to positive outcomes and negative actions leading to negative outcomes. This belief is deeply ingrained in Hindu philosophy and is a central aspect of the religion.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following religions believe in Karma?

    • A.

      Hinduism.

    • B.

      Buddhism.

    • C.

      All of the above.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Both Hinduism and Buddhism believe in the concept of Karma. In Hinduism, Karma refers to the consequences of one's actions, which can determine their future lives and experiences. It is believed that good actions lead to positive consequences, while bad actions lead to negative consequences. Similarly, in Buddhism, Karma is the law of cause and effect, where one's actions have a direct impact on their future experiences and rebirth. Both religions emphasize the importance of ethical behavior and the idea that one's actions have consequences, making the answer "All of the above" correct.

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  • 41. 

    This religion can be divided into Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox sects.

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    B. Christianity
    Explanation
    Christianity can be divided into Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox sects. Each of these sects has its own distinct beliefs, practices, and traditions, while still recognizing Jesus Christ as the central figure of the religion. This division within Christianity occurred over time due to theological disagreements and differences in interpretation of scripture. The Catholic Church, the largest sect, believes in the authority of the Pope and the importance of sacraments. Protestantism emerged from the Reformation, emphasizing individual interpretation of the Bible and salvation through faith alone. The Orthodox Church, primarily found in Eastern Europe and the Middle East, has its own unique liturgy and traditions.

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  • 42. 

    The Western Wailing Wall is located in Jerusalem, Israel and is an important place of prayer, mostly for people of the __________________ faith. 

    • A.

      Jewish

    • B.

      Hindu

    • C.

      Buddhist

    • D.

      Muslim

    Correct Answer
    A. Jewish
    Explanation
    The Western Wailing Wall is located in Jerusalem, Israel and is an important place of prayer, mostly for people of the Jewish faith. This is because the Wailing Wall is the last remaining part of the Second Temple, which was a Jewish holy site. It holds significant religious and historical importance for Jews around the world, making it a central place of prayer and pilgrimage for them.

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  • 43. 

    Christianity began with:

    • A.

      The Covenant of the Hebrews.

    • B.

      The receiving of the Ten Commandments by Moses.

    • C.

      The enlightenment of Siddhartha Gautama.

    • D.

      The teachings that Jesus of Nazareth started.

    Correct Answer
    D. The teachings that Jesus of Nazareth started.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the teachings that Jesus of Nazareth started. This is because Christianity is a religion that is based on the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Jesus is considered to be the central figure in Christianity, and his teachings formed the foundation of the Christian faith. While the Covenant of the Hebrews and the receiving of the Ten Commandments by Moses are significant events in the history of Judaism, they do not directly relate to the beginning of Christianity. The enlightenment of Siddhartha Gautama refers to the birth of Buddhism, which is a separate religion from Christianity.

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  • 44. 

    Check the two main sects of Islam.

    • A.

      Sunni

    • B.

      Tibetan

    • C.

      Reformed

    • D.

      Shia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sunni
    D. Shia
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly identifies the two main sects of Islam, which are Sunni and Shia. These two sects have different beliefs and practices, with Sunni being the larger sect and Shia being the smaller one. Sunni Muslims follow the teachings of Prophet Muhammad and believe in the importance of community consensus, while Shia Muslims believe in the divine right of Ali, the cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad, to lead the Muslim community.

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  • 45. 

    What is the language of Judaism?

    • A.

      Greek

    • B.

      Arabic

    • C.

      Hebrew

    • D.

      Polish

    Correct Answer
    C. Hebrew
    Explanation
    Hebrew is the language of Judaism because it is the oldest and most sacred language in Jewish culture. It is the language in which the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) is written, as well as the language used in Jewish prayers and rituals. Hebrew holds great significance in Jewish religious and cultural traditions, and it is taught and studied by Jewish communities worldwide.

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  • 46. 

    Jews who keep kosher 

    • A.

      Must pray five times a day

    • B.

      Follow a dietary law of eating

    • C.

      Face Israel when they pray

    • D.

      Must visit the Western Wailing Wall

    Correct Answer
    B. Follow a dietary law of eating
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "follow a dietary law of eating." Jews who keep kosher adhere to a set of dietary laws known as kashrut. These laws dictate what foods can and cannot be eaten, how they should be prepared, and how they should be consumed. Kosher dietary practices include avoiding certain types of meat, such as pork, and separating meat and dairy products. Following these dietary laws is an important aspect of Jewish religious observance.

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  • 47. 

    Check all the following that are TRUE about Israel

    • A.

      Today, it is predominately Jewish

    • B.

      It used to be called Palestine

    • C.

      It is a holy place to Judaism, Islam and Christianity

    • D.

      In the 20th century, despite different religious beliefs, it has been a land of peace.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Today, it is predominately Jewish
    B. It used to be called Palestine
    C. It is a holy place to Judaism, Islam and Christianity
    Explanation
    Israel is predominately Jewish today, as the question states. It used to be called Palestine, which is also true. Israel is indeed a holy place to Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, as it is home to important religious sites for all three religions. However, the statement that it has been a land of peace in the 20th century, despite different religious beliefs, is not accurate. Israel has experienced numerous conflicts and tensions throughout the 20th century, including the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and various wars with neighboring countries.

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  • 48. 

    The pope is the leader of the ____________________ church in Christianity.

    • A.

      Roman Catholic

    • B.

      Greek Orthodox

    • C.

      Baptist

    • D.

      Methodist

    Correct Answer
    A. Roman Catholic
    Explanation
    The pope is the leader of the Roman Catholic church in Christianity. The Roman Catholic church is the largest Christian denomination in the world, with the pope serving as its spiritual head. The pope is believed to be the successor of Saint Peter, who was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. The pope is responsible for guiding and governing the Roman Catholic church, making important decisions, and representing the faith to the world.

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  • 49. 

    Choose the statement that is true based on the data in the graph. 

    • A.

      Most people in the world are Europeans

    • B.

      The majority of Muslims are from Sub Sahara Africa

    • C.

      Most Buddhists are from the Middle East

    • D.

      Christians can be found in many different places in the world

    Correct Answer
    D. Christians can be found in many different places in the world
    Explanation
    The graph does not provide any data on the distribution of different religious groups or their geographic locations. Therefore, it is not possible to determine the accuracy of any of the statements based on the data in the graph.

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  • 50. 

    Unlike other world religions, Hinduism does not have a single founder.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hinduism does not have a single founder because it is a complex and diverse religion that has evolved over thousands of years. It originated in the ancient Indus Valley civilization and has been influenced by various cultures, traditions, and beliefs. Hinduism is characterized by a wide range of scriptures, rituals, gods, and philosophical systems, making it difficult to attribute its origins to a single individual. Instead, it has developed organically through the contributions of numerous sages, thinkers, and religious leaders throughout history.

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