World Religions Practice Test

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World Religions Practice Test - Quiz

This test assesses your knowledge of the five major world religions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A follower of Islam is called a __________________________.

    • A.

      Brahman

    • B.

      Missionary

    • C.

      Muslim

    • D.

      Hindi

    Correct Answer
    C. Muslim
    Explanation
    A follower of Islam is called a Muslim. Islam is a religion that originated in the 7th century in the Arabian Peninsula and its followers are called Muslims. Muslims believe in the teachings of the Quran and follow the five pillars of Islam, which include faith in Allah, prayer, fasting, giving to charity, and pilgrimage to Mecca. The term Muslim comes from the Arabic word "salam," meaning peace, and it refers to someone who submits to the will of Allah.

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  • 2. 

    The founder of Islam is  ___________________.

    • A.

      Siddhartha Gautama

    • B.

      Abraham

    • C.

      Jesus

    • D.

      Muhammad

    Correct Answer
    D. Muhammad
    Explanation
    Muhammad is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the founder of Islam. He was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in the 6th century and is considered to be the last prophet of God in Islamic belief. Muhammad received revelations from God, which later became the basis for the Islamic holy book, the Quran. He played a crucial role in spreading the teachings of Islam and establishing it as a major world religion.

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  • 3. 

    The belief in one god is called ________________

    • A.

      Monotheism

    • B.

      Polytheism

    • C.

      Religion

    Correct Answer
    A. Monotheism
    Explanation
    The belief in one god is called monotheism. This term refers to the belief system that acknowledges and worships a single deity. It is the opposite of polytheism, which is the belief in multiple gods. Religion, on the other hand, is a broader term that encompasses various belief systems and practices, including both monotheistic and polytheistic religions.

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  • 4. 

    The sacred text (holy book) of the Christians is the _______________.

    • A.

      Qu'ran or Koran

    • B.

      Bible

    • C.

      The Vedas

    • D.

      The Torah

    Correct Answer
    B. Bible
    Explanation
    The Bible is considered the sacred text or holy book of Christians. It is a collection of religious texts and scriptures that are regarded as inspired by God. The Bible is divided into two main sections, the Old Testament and the New Testament, and it contains various books, including historical accounts, poetry, prophecies, and teachings of Jesus Christ. It serves as a guide for Christian beliefs, practices, and moral values, and is considered the ultimate authority in Christianity.

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  • 5. 

    The founder of Buddhism is ______________________

    • A.

      Siddhartha Gautama

    • B.

      Jesus

    • C.

      Muhammad

    • D.

      Abraham

    Correct Answer
    A. Siddhartha Gautama
    Explanation
    Siddhartha Gautama is the founder of Buddhism. He was born in ancient India and later became known as Buddha, meaning "awakened one." After years of spiritual searching, he achieved enlightenment under a Bodhi tree and began teaching others about the path to end suffering. His teachings, known as the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, form the basis of Buddhism. Jesus, Muhammad, and Abraham are all important figures in other religions (Christianity, Islam, and Judaism) but are not the founders of Buddhism.

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  • 6. 

    The sacred text (holy book) for followers of Islam is _______________

    • A.

      Bible

    • B.

      The Vedas

    • C.

      Qu'ran or Koran

    • D.

      The Torah

    Correct Answer
    C. Qu'ran or Koran
    Explanation
    The sacred text for followers of Islam is the Qu'ran or Koran. This book is considered the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel. It is believed to contain the teachings and guidance for Muslims in matters of faith, worship, and daily life. The Qu'ran is highly respected and revered by Muslims worldwide and serves as a source of inspiration, moral guidance, and spiritual enlightenment.

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  • 7. 

    This man was the founder of Judaism

    • A.

      Solomon

    • B.

      Abraham

    • C.

      Jesus

    • D.

      Mohammad

    Correct Answer
    B. Abraham
    Explanation
    Abraham is considered the founder of Judaism because he is believed to have made a covenant with God and established the belief in one God. He is also considered the father of the Jewish people, as he had a son named Isaac who went on to have children that formed the twelve tribes of Israel. Abraham's story is central to the Hebrew Bible and his teachings and actions laid the foundation for the Jewish faith.

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  • 8. 

    The Five Pillars of Faith which include praying five times a day and making a pilgrimage to what holy city? Muslims also face this city when they pray.

    • A.

      Mecca

    • B.

      Jerusalem

    • C.

      Istanbul

    • D.

      Beijing

    Correct Answer
    A. Mecca
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mecca. The Five Pillars of Faith in Islam include praying five times a day and making a pilgrimage to Mecca, which is considered the holiest city in Islam. Muslims also face towards Mecca when they pray, as it is believed to be the direction of the Kaaba, the most sacred site in Islam.

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  • 9. 

    Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all ____________________________.

    • A.

      Believe in many divine Gods

    • B.

      Worship only one God

    • C.

      Follow the teachings of the Qu'ran

    • D.

      Believe Jesus was the son of God

    Correct Answer
    B. Worship only one God
    Explanation
    Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all worship only one God. These three religions are monotheistic, meaning they believe in the existence of a single, supreme deity. In Judaism, this God is known as Yahweh. In Christianity, God is referred to as the Holy Trinity, consisting of the Father, the Son (Jesus), and the Holy Spirit. In Islam, the one God is called Allah. Despite their theological differences, all three religions emphasize the belief in and worship of a singular, all-powerful God.

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  • 10. 

    The Torah is the sacred writing (holy book) for which religion?

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Judaism
    Explanation
    The Torah is the sacred writing for Judaism. It is the first five books of the Hebrew Bible and is considered the most important text in Judaism. It contains the laws, teachings, and history of the Jewish people, and is seen as a guide for living a righteous life. Therefore, the correct answer is Judaism.

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  • 11. 

    The belief that the soul never dies but is continually reborn or reincarnated is associated with which religion?

    • A.

      Islam

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Judaism

    • D.

      Hinduism and Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    D. Hinduism and Buddhism
    Explanation
    The belief in reincarnation, the idea that the soul is reborn after death, is associated with Hinduism and Buddhism. In these religions, it is believed that the soul goes through a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, known as samsara. This cycle continues until the soul achieves enlightenment and breaks free from the cycle, reaching a state of liberation or nirvana.

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  • 12. 

    Following the Eightfold Path and the Four Noble Truths to achieve enlightenment is associated with which religion?

    • A.

      Buddhism

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Christianity

    Correct Answer
    A. Buddhism
    Explanation
    Following the Eightfold Path and the Four Noble Truths are fundamental teachings in Buddhism. The Eightfold Path consists of eight principles that guide individuals towards achieving enlightenment and ending suffering. The Four Noble Truths are the core beliefs that explain the nature of suffering and the path to liberation. These teachings are specific to Buddhism and are not associated with Hinduism, Islam, or Christianity. Therefore, the correct answer is Buddhism.

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  • 13. 

    The following symbol represents what religion?

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Judaism

    Correct Answer
    C. Islam
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Islam because the question asks which religion is represented by the given symbol, and out of the options provided, Islam is the only religion associated with this symbol.

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  • 14. 

    The Star of David, honors King David who ruled the kingdom of Israel from 1000-962 BC. This is associated with which religion?

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    A. Judaism
    Explanation
    The Star of David is a symbol associated with Judaism. It is named after King David, who ruled the kingdom of Israel in ancient times. The star has been used as a Jewish symbol for centuries and is often seen on synagogues, tombstones, and the Israeli flag. It represents the Jewish faith and is a significant emblem of Jewish identity and culture.

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  • 15. 

    The "Om" symbol represents the religion of _________________.

    • A.

      Buddhism

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Judaism

    Correct Answer
    B. Hinduism
    Explanation
    The "Om" symbol is a sacred sound and a spiritual icon in Hinduism. It is considered the most important symbol in Hinduism and represents the ultimate reality, consciousness, and the essence of the universe. The symbol is chanted and meditated upon in Hindu rituals and is believed to connect individuals with the divine. Therefore, the correct answer is Hinduism.

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  • 16. 

    This religion believes that the main god and creator, Brahman, takes the form of three deities. There are hundreds of other gods in this religion. What religion is this?

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    B. Hinduism
    Explanation
    Hinduism is the correct answer because it is a religion that believes in the existence of a main god and creator, Brahman, who takes the form of three deities. Additionally, Hinduism is known for its belief in hundreds of other gods, making it distinct from the other religions mentioned.

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  • 17. 

    The cross and the wheel of Dharma are a symbol for what two faiths, respectively?

    • A.

      Hinduism and Islam

    • B.

      Christianity and Islam

    • C.

      Christianity and Buddhism

    • D.

      Judaism and Hinduism

    Correct Answer
    C. Christianity and Buddhism
    Explanation
    The cross is a symbol commonly associated with Christianity, representing the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. The wheel of Dharma, on the other hand, is a symbol associated with Buddhism, representing the teachings and path to enlightenment. Therefore, Christianity and Buddhism are the two faiths respectively represented by the cross and the wheel of Dharma.

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  • 18. 

    The predominant religion in the Middle East (located between Africa and Asia), including countries such as Saudi Arabia and Iraq is __________________

    • A.

      Islam--Sunni

    • B.

      Christianity--Protestant

    • C.

      Hinduism

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    A. Islam--Sunni
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Islam--Sunni. The Middle East, including countries like Saudi Arabia and Iraq, is predominantly Muslim and the majority of Muslims in this region follow the Sunni branch of Islam. Sunni Islam is the largest branch of Islam globally and is followed by the majority of Muslims worldwide. It is characterized by its adherence to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and the belief in the four rightly guided caliphs as the successors of the Prophet.

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  • 19. 

    What two religions make up more the 50% of the world's followers?

    • A.

      Hinduism and Buddhism

    • B.

      Christianity and Hinduism

    • C.

      Islam and Judaism

    • D.

      Christianity and Islam

    Correct Answer
    D. Christianity and Islam
    Explanation
    Christianity and Islam make up more than 50% of the world's followers because they are the two largest religions in terms of the number of adherents. Christianity has the highest number of followers, with approximately 2.3 billion believers, while Islam is the second-largest religion, with around 1.8 billion followers. Together, these two religions account for a significant majority of the global population who identify with a religious faith.

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  • 20. 

    The clergy for Christianity are called _______________.

    • A.

      Rabbis

    • B.

      Priests or ministers

    • C.

      Imams

    • D.

      Brahman

    Correct Answer
    B. Priests or ministers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "priests or ministers." In Christianity, the clergy refers to individuals who are ordained and hold a religious leadership role within the church. They are responsible for leading worship services, administering sacraments, providing spiritual guidance, and conducting religious ceremonies. The terms "priests" and "ministers" are commonly used to refer to the clergy in Christianity, depending on the specific denomination or tradition.

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  • 21. 

    The clergy for Judaism are called _________________.

    • A.

      Monks

    • B.

      Priests

    • C.

      Rabbis

    • D.

      Imams

    Correct Answer
    C. Rabbis
    Explanation
    Rabbis are the clergy for Judaism. They are religious leaders who are trained in Jewish law, rituals, and teachings. Rabbis have the authority to lead religious services, interpret religious texts, provide guidance and counsel, and officiate at life cycle events such as weddings and funerals. They play a central role in the Jewish community and are responsible for teaching and preserving Jewish traditions and values.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following is NOT part of the Christian holy text?

    • A.

      Old Testament.

    • B.

      New Testament.

    • C.

      Qu'ran.

    • D.

      The Holy Bible

    Correct Answer
    C. Qu'ran.
    Explanation
    The Qu'ran is not part of the Christian holy text because it is the central religious text of Islam. The Christian holy text consists of the Old Testament and the New Testament, which together make up the Holy Bible. The Old Testament contains the religious writings of ancient Israel, while the New Testament focuses on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and the early Christian community. The Qu'ran, on the other hand, is considered the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in Islam.

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  • 23. 

    What are the clergy in Buddhism called?

    • A.

      Savior.

    • B.

      Priests

    • C.

      Monks

    • D.

      Rabbis

    Correct Answer
    C. Monks
    Explanation
    In Buddhism, the clergy is called "monks." Monks are individuals who have devoted their lives to following the teachings of Buddha and practicing meditation and self-discipline. They live in monasteries and are responsible for preserving and spreading the teachings of Buddhism. Monks follow a strict code of conduct and are respected for their wisdom and spiritual guidance.

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  • 24. 

    What is Karma?

    • A.

      The soul in Hinduism.

    • B.

      Meditation that leads to enlightenment.

    • C.

      A measurement of how good or bad a person has been.

    • D.

      The sacred text of Buddhism.

    Correct Answer
    C. A measurement of how good or bad a person has been.
    Explanation
    Karma is a concept in Hinduism and Buddhism that refers to the consequences of a person's actions. It is believed that every action, whether good or bad, creates a kind of energy that will eventually bring about corresponding results in the future. This answer accurately describes karma as a measurement of how good or bad a person has been, as it signifies the idea that one's actions determine their future experiences and circumstances.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following religions believe in Karma?

    • A.

      Hinduism.

    • B.

      Buddhism.

    • C.

      All of the above.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Both Hinduism and Buddhism believe in the concept of karma. In Hinduism, karma refers to the law of cause and effect, where one's actions in this life will determine their fate in future lives. Similarly, Buddhism also believes in karma, but with the understanding that it is not only tied to future lives but also to the present life. Both religions emphasize the importance of moral actions and the consequences they have on one's spiritual journey. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 26. 

    This religion can be divided into Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox sects.

    • A.

      Judaism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    B. Christianity
    Explanation
    Christianity can be divided into Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox sects. Each of these sects has its own distinct beliefs, practices, and traditions, while still recognizing Jesus Christ as the central figure of their faith. Catholicism is the largest sect within Christianity and is centered around the authority of the Pope and the sacraments. Protestantism emerged from the Reformation and emphasizes individual interpretation of the Bible and salvation through faith alone. Orthodox Christianity originated in the Eastern Roman Empire and places a strong emphasis on tradition and the authority of the Ecumenical Patriarch. Overall, Christianity encompasses a wide range of beliefs and practices within its different sects.

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  • 27. 

    The Western Wailing Wall is located in Jerusalem, Israel  and is an important place of prayer, mostly for people of the __________________ faith. 

    • A.

      Jewish

    • B.

      Hindu

    • C.

      Buddhist

    • D.

      Muslim

    Correct Answer
    A. Jewish
    Explanation
    The Western Wailing Wall is located in Jerusalem, Israel and is an important place of prayer, mostly for people of the Jewish faith. This is because the Western Wailing Wall is considered to be the most sacred site in Judaism. It is the last remaining part of the Second Temple, which was destroyed in 70 CE. Jewish people from all over the world come to the Western Wailing Wall to pray and leave notes with their wishes and prayers in the cracks of the wall.

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  • 28. 

    Check the two main sects of Islam.

    • A.

      Sunni

    • B.

      Tibetan

    • C.

      Reformed

    • D.

      Shia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sunni
    D. Shia
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly identifies the two main sects of Islam, which are Sunni and Shia. Sunni and Shia are the two largest branches of Islam, with Sunni Muslims comprising the majority of the Muslim population worldwide. The split between Sunni and Shia occurred after the death of Prophet Muhammad, and it was mainly due to differences in beliefs and opinions regarding the succession of leadership within the Muslim community. Sunni and Shia Muslims have distinct religious practices, traditions, and interpretations of Islamic teachings.

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