History Of The Roman Empire And Christianity Quiz

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Roman Empire Quizzes & Trivia

Embark on a captivating journey through the annals of history with our "History of the Roman Empire and Christianity Quiz." This quiz invites history enthusiasts to explore the profound intersections between the Roman Empire and the rise of Christianity. Uncover key events, influential figures, and the transformative impact of Christianity on the Roman world. From the Pax Romana to the spread of Christianity, this quiz delves into the intricacies of this pivotal era. Whether you're a student of history or an avid learner, challenge yourself with questions that illuminate the historical tapestry of the Roman Empire and the profound role Read moreplayed by Christianity. Immerse yourself in the rich narratives of ancient times and test your knowledge of this fascinating chapter in human history with our engaging quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Pope Leo III proclaimed Charlemagne to be emperor of the Romans because:

    • A.

      He helped crush a rebellion in Rome.

    • B.

      He converted his kingdom to Christianity.

    • C.

      He defeated the emperor of the eastern Roman emperor.

    • D.

      He drove the Muslims out of Spain.

    Correct Answer
    A. He helped crush a rebellion in Rome.
    Explanation
    The pope crowned Charlemagne, a Frank (Germanic), because of his assistance in putting down a rebellion in Rome. This made the eastern Roman Empire mad because they didn't think a non-Roman should have been given the throne.

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  • 2. 

    Part of a vassal's obligation under his feudal contract was to:

    • A.

      Serve all of his lords equally

    • B.

      Serve in the military

    • C.

      Be true to his word

    • D.

      Conquer neighboring kingdoms

    Correct Answer
    B. Serve in the military
    Explanation
    Vassals were required to provide military support when needed by their lord. If they had more than one lord, one of those was selected to be the liege lord, or supreme lord.

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  • 3. 

    The Truce of God required Christian nobles to:

    • A.

      Make peace with the Muslim empire

    • B.

      Spare the lives of enemies who converted to Christianity

    • C.

      Treat captives according to Christian guidelines

    • D.

      Stop fighting between Friday and Sunday each week

    Correct Answer
    D. Stop fighting between Friday and Sunday each week
    Explanation
    The pope hoped that nobles Christian nobles would stop fighting each other, so he created this law, that was intended to make it more difficult for these nobles to start wars.

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  • 4. 

    Feudalism developed as a way for medieval societies to:

    • A.

      Protect themselves

    • B.

      Increase trade

    • C.

      Feed the population

    • D.

      Build an empire

    Correct Answer
    A. Protect themselves
    Explanation
    Feudalism was a complex system in which all members protected each other, and were protected by each other.

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  • 5. 

    How were friars different from other monks?

    • A.

      They translated Greek and Roman works

    • B.

      They developed new methods of farming

    • C.

      They lived in isolated monasteries

    • D.

      They traveled and preached the Gospel

    Correct Answer
    D. They traveled and preached the Gospel
    Explanation
    Friars got out and mingled with regular people in society; most monks lived in monasteries and only spent time with other monks.

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  • 6. 

    What was the result of the Treaty of Verdun in 843?

    • A.

      Goths, Saxons, and Franks split Western Europe into three regions

    • B.

      Charlemagne's heirs split the empire into three regions

    • C.

      Charlemagne united the Christian world under his rule

    • D.

      The Magyars gave up their claims to parts of Germany

    Correct Answer
    B. Charlemagne's heirs split the empire into three regions
    Explanation
    It was Frankish tradition to split land up among male heirs, rather than giving land only to the oldest.

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  • 7. 

    To achieve salvation, medieval Christians believed they had to:

    • A.

      Make a pilgrimage to Rome

    • B.

      Read the Bible completely

    • C.

      Receive the sacraments

    • D.

      Pray to the pope daily

    Correct Answer
    C. Receive the sacraments
    Explanation
    Medieval Christians believed that to achieve salvation, they had to receive the sacraments. The sacraments were considered essential rituals that granted God's grace and forgiveness of sins. By participating in sacraments such as baptism, confession, communion, and others, Christians believed they were strengthening their relationship with God and ensuring their salvation. Making a pilgrimage to Rome, reading the Bible completely, and praying to the pope daily were not universally required for salvation in medieval Christianity.

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  • 8. 

    What step did Clovis make in ruling conquered lands in the late 400s?

    • A.

      Preserving the Roman legacy in Spain

    • B.

      Converting to Islam, the religion of his Spanish subjects

    • C.

      Rejecting the Roman legacy in Gaul

    • D.

      Converting to Christianity, the religion of his subjects in Gaul.

    Correct Answer
    D. Converting to Christianity, the religion of his subjects in Gaul.
    Explanation
    His conversion to Christianity after a battlefield experience was probably more about political advantage than genuine gratitude towards the Christian God.

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  • 9. 

    The claim of papal supremacy held that:

    • A.

      The pope was he head of the Western Church

    • B.

      The pope had authority over all religions

    • C.

      The pope had authority only over the Papal States

    • D.

      The pope had authority over kings and emperors

    Correct Answer
    D. The pope had authority over kings and emperors
    Explanation
    The claim of papal supremacy asserted that the pope had authority over kings and emperors. This means that the pope held a position of power and influence that extended beyond religious matters and into the realm of secular governance. The pope's authority over kings and emperors was based on the belief that he was the highest spiritual authority on Earth and therefore had the right to exert control over political rulers. This claim was a significant source of conflict and tension throughout history, as it challenged the authority of secular leaders and often led to power struggles between the papacy and monarchs.

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