Word Roots Amspar Medical Terminology Study Aid

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Word Roots Amspar Medical Terminology Study Aid - Quiz

Fill in the blanks to help you recall word roots


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Give the correct word root for abdomen

    Explanation
    The correct word root for abdomen is "abdomino-". This word root is derived from the Latin word "abdomen" which refers to the region of the body between the chest and the pelvis. The addition of the suffix "-o" indicates that it is a noun form. Therefore, "abdomino-" is the correct word root for abdomen.

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  • 2. 

    Give the correct word root for gland (any)

    Explanation
    The correct word root for gland is "Adeno-". This word root is derived from the Greek word "aden," meaning gland. It is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to various types of glands, such as adenoma (a benign tumor of glandular tissue) or adenitis (inflammation of a gland).

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  • 3. 

    Give the correct word root for albumin

    Explanation
    The correct word root for albumin is "albumen-/albumin-". This word root refers to the protein albumin, which is found in egg whites and blood plasma. It is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate substances or conditions related to albumin.

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  • 4. 

    Give the correct word root for air sac

    Explanation
    The correct word root for "air sac" is "alveolo-". This word root is derived from the Latin word "alveolus", which means "small cavity". In the context of the respiratory system, "alveolo-" refers to the small, thin-walled sacs in the lungs where gas exchange takes place. These sacs are responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and the bloodstream.

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  • 5. 

    Give the correct word root for man

    Explanation
    The correct word root for man is "andro-". This root is derived from the Greek word "andros" which means "man" or "male". It is commonly used in words related to masculinity or male characteristics.

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  • 6. 

    Give the correct word root for vessel

    Explanation
    The correct word root for vessel is "angio-". This root is derived from the Greek word "angeion" which means "vessel". It is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to blood vessels or other tubular structures in the body, such as lymphatic vessels or bronchioles.

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  • 7. 

    Give the correct word root for aorta

    Explanation
    The word root "aorto-" is the correct answer for the word "aorta". The word root "aorto-" specifically refers to the aorta, which is the largest artery in the body that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body. By using the word root "aorto-", medical professionals can easily identify and understand terms related to the aorta and its functions.

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  • 8. 

    Give the correct word root for appendix

    Explanation
    The correct word root for appendix is "appendico-". This word root is derived from the Latin word "appendix," which means "appendage" or "attachment." By adding the suffix "-o," which indicates a connection or relation, the word root "appendico-" is formed. This word root is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to the appendix, a small, tube-like structure attached to the large intestine.

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  • 9. 

    Give the correct word root for artery

    Explanation
    The correct word root for artery is arterio-. This root is derived from the Latin word "arteria," meaning "windpipe" or "artery." It is used to form medical terms related to arteries, such as arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) or arteriography (imaging of the arteries).

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  • 10. 

    Give the correct word for joint

    Explanation
    The correct word for "joint" is "arthro-". The prefix "arthro-" is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to joints or the articulation of bones. It is derived from the Greek word "arthron" which means joint. This prefix is often used in words such as arthritis (inflammation of the joints) or arthroscopy (a procedure to visualize and treat joint problems).

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  • 11. 

    Give the correct word root for bile

    Explanation
    The correct word root for bile is "bili-". This root is derived from the Latin word "bilis", which means "bile". It is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to anything related to bile, such as bilirubin (a pigment found in bile) or biliary (relating to the bile ducts). The root "bili-" helps to identify and understand terms associated with bile and its functions in the body.

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  • 12. 

    Give the correct word root for eyelid

    Explanation
    The word root "blepharo-" is the correct answer for the term "eyelid". This word root is derived from the Greek word "blepharon" which means "eyelid". By adding the suffix "-o", it becomes "blepharo-", which is used to refer to the eyelid in medical terminology.

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  • 13. 

    Give the correct word root for bronchus/tube to the lung

    Explanation
    The correct word root for bronchus/tube to the lung is "broncho-". This word root is derived from the Greek word "bronchos", which means windpipe or throat. It is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to the bronchial tubes, which are the main air passages that lead to the lungs.

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  • 14. 

    Give the correct word root for bronchiole/small air tube to lung

    Explanation
    The correct word root for a small air tube to the lung is "bronchiolo-". This word root is derived from the term "bronchiole", which refers to the tiny airways in the lungs that branch off from the bronchi. The addition of the "-o" suffix indicates that it is a noun form. Therefore, "bronchiolo-" accurately represents the concept of a small air tube leading to the lung.

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  • 15. 

    Give the correct word root for cell

    Explanation
    The correct word root for "cell" is "cyto-". This root is derived from the Greek word "kutos", meaning "cell" or "hollow vessel". It is commonly used in scientific terms related to cells, such as cytology (the study of cells) and cytoplasm (the substance within a cell). The prefix "cyto-" is used to form various words related to cells, such as cytoplasmic (pertaining to the cytoplasm) and cytotoxic (toxic to cells).

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  • 16. 

    Give the correct word root for tooth

    Explanation
    The correct word root for tooth is "dento-". This root is derived from the Latin word "dens", which means tooth. It is commonly used in medical and dental terminology to refer to anything related to teeth, such as dental procedures, tooth structure, and tooth diseases.

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  • 17. 

    Give the correct word root for skin

    Explanation
    The correct word root for skin is "Derm-/dermo-". This word root is derived from the Greek word "derma", which means skin. It is commonly used in medical terms related to the skin, such as dermatology (the study of skin) and dermatitis (inflammation of the skin). The word root "Derm-/dermo-" helps to identify and understand various skin-related conditions, diseases, and treatments.

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  • 18. 

    Give the correct word root for duodenum (part of the neck)

    Explanation
    The correct word root for duodenum, which is a part of the neck, is "duodeno-". The term "duodeno-" refers specifically to the duodenum, which is the first part of the small intestine. It is located in the upper abdomen, near the neck of the gallbladder. This word root is derived from the Latin word "duodeni," meaning "twelve," as the duodenum is approximately twelve finger-widths long.

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  • 19. 

    Give the correct word root for brain

    Explanation
    The correct word root for brain is "encephalo-". This root is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to the brain. It is derived from the Greek word "enkephalos" which means "within the head". By using this root, medical professionals can easily identify terms related to the brain, such as encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or encephalopathy (a disorder affecting the brain).

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  • 20. 

    Give the correct word root for lining of heart

    Explanation
    The correct word root for the lining of the heart is "endocardio-". This term refers to the innermost layer of the heart, which is composed of endothelial cells. It provides a smooth surface for blood flow and helps prevent clotting. The word root "endocardio-" is derived from the Greek words "endo" meaning "within" and "kardia" meaning "heart".

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  • 21. 

    Give the correct word root for endometrium (lining of uterus0

    Explanation
    The correct word root for endometrium is "endometrio-". This word root specifically refers to the lining of the uterus.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 08, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Annienicholls
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