Westward Expansion And Manifest Destiny! History Quiz

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Westward Expansion And Manifest Destiny! History Quiz - Quiz

The term ‘Westward Expansion’ refers to the period during the 19th Century when the United States federal government acquired more than a million square miles of land west of the Mississippi River, resulting in widespread American migration to the west. Can you tell us all about what happened during this period and what led to it in this quiz? Let’s find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What Was The Westward Expansion?

    • A.

      Everyone in the United States moved to western states

    • B.

      The United States decided to expand to the west and have more land

    • C.

      The United States expanded from the west to the east

    • D.

      All Americans realized the west was cooler than the east

    Correct Answer
    B. The United States decided to expand to the west and have more land
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The United States decided to expand to the west and have more land." This answer accurately describes the concept of westward expansion, which refers to the period in American history when the United States government actively encouraged and supported the movement of settlers and the acquisition of new territories in the western part of the country. This expansion was driven by various factors, including the desire for more land, access to resources, and the belief in Manifest Destiny, the idea that it was the nation's destiny to expand across the continent.

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  • 2. 

    Which States Became Part Of The United States During This Time Period?

    • A.

      Louisiana, Oregon, California, New York, and Arizona

    • B.

      Oregon, New Mexico, Arizona, Texas and Florida

    • C.

      All 50 states

    • D.

      Oregon, Texas, Florida, Louisiana, California, and New Mexico

    Correct Answer
    D. Oregon, Texas, Florida, Louisiana, California, and New Mexico
    Explanation
    During this time period, which is not specified in the question, the states that became part of the United States were Oregon, Texas, Florida, Louisiana, California, and New Mexico.

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  • 3. 

    Who Was President During The Mexican War?

    • A.

      Andrew Jackson

    • B.

      George Washington

    • C.

      James K. Polk

    • D.

      Abraham Lincoln

    Correct Answer
    C. James K. Polk
    Explanation
    James K. Polk was the President during the Mexican War. The Mexican War took place from 1846 to 1848, and Polk served as the 11th President of the United States from 1845 to 1849. Polk was a strong advocate for the expansion of U.S. territory, and the Mexican War was fought over territorial disputes between the United States and Mexico. Polk's administration played a significant role in initiating and overseeing the war, ultimately resulting in the acquisition of vast territories in the Southwest, including California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.

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  • 4. 

    Why Did Northern States Appose To Annexing Texas?

    • A.

      Because it was a slave state and the northern states had banned slavery

    • B.

      Because it could possibly spark a war with Mexico

    • C.

      Because it would give the southern states more power and there would be less balance between the states

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The northern states opposed annexing Texas for multiple reasons. Firstly, Texas was a slave state, and the northern states had already banned slavery, so they did not want to support or expand the institution of slavery. Secondly, annexing Texas could potentially lead to a war with Mexico, which the northern states wanted to avoid. Lastly, annexing Texas would give more power to the southern states and disrupt the balance between the states, which the northern states were concerned about. Therefore, all of the above reasons contributed to the opposition of the northern states to annexing Texas.

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  • 5. 

    What Year Was The Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty Signed?

    • A.

      1803

    • B.

      1846

    • C.

      1848

    • D.

      1847

    Correct Answer
    C. 1848
    Explanation
    The Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty was signed in 1848. This treaty ended the Mexican-American War and established the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and Mexico. It also ceded a large portion of Mexico's territory, including California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming, to the United States. The treaty was significant in shaping the borders of both countries and had long-lasting effects on the history and development of the United States and Mexico.

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  • 6. 

    Who First Wrote About The Idea "Manifest Destiny"?

    • A.

      Andrew Jackson

    • B.

      John O'Sullivan

    • C.

      James K. Polk

    • D.

      General Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna

    Correct Answer
    B. John O'Sullivan
    Explanation
    John O'Sullivan is credited with first writing about the idea of "Manifest Destiny." In an article published in 1845, he used the term to express the belief that it was America's destiny to expand its territory from coast to coast. O'Sullivan argued that it was the duty of the United States to spread its democratic values and institutions across the continent. This concept became influential and played a significant role in shaping American expansionism in the 19th century.

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  • 7. 

    Before Louisiana Became Part Of The United States, Who Was It Owned By?

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      Spain

    • C.

      Mexico

    • D.

      Great Britain

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. France
    B. Spain
    Explanation
    Louisiana was initially owned by France, as it was a French colony during the 18th century. However, in 1762, France transferred the territory to Spain as a result of the Treaty of Fontainebleau. Spain then owned Louisiana until 1800 when it was secretly returned to France through the Treaty of San Ildefonso. Finally, in 1803, France sold the territory to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase.

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  • 8. 

    What Was The United States "Manifest Destiny"?

    • A.

      That America needed more slave states

    • B.

      That America needed to expand to the west and gain more land

    • C.

      That it was our obvious fate to have a war with Mexico

    • D.

      That America needed less slavery

    Correct Answer
    B. That America needed to expand to the west and gain more land
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that America needed to expand to the west and gain more land. Manifest Destiny was a belief held by many Americans in the 19th century that it was their destiny and duty to expand the United States across the continent. This expansion was seen as a way to spread democracy, extend American values, and secure resources. It led to the acquisition of territories such as Texas, California, and Oregon through treaties, purchases, and wars.

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  • 9. 

    Which Different Countries was Oregon Owned By In 1819?

    • A.

      The United States, Great Britain, Spain, and Russia

    • B.

      Spain, Mexico, France, and Great Britain

    • C.

      The United States, Great Britain, Spain, and Mexico

    • D.

      Mexico and The United States

    Correct Answer
    A. The United States, Great Britain, Spain, and Russia
    Explanation
    In 1819, Oregon was owned by the United States, Great Britain, Spain, and Russia. This period marked a time of territorial disputes and claims by different nations over the region. The United States and Great Britain both had competing claims, while Spain and Russia also had some presence in the area. This eventually led to the Oregon Treaty in 1846, where the United States and Britain agreed to divide the region between themselves.

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  • 10. 

    Which Territory Was Once Known As The Lone Star Republic For Ten Years?

    • A.

      California

    • B.

      New Mexico

    • C.

      Texas

    • D.

      Louisiana

    Correct Answer
    C. Texas
    Explanation
    Texas was once known as the Lone Star Republic for ten years because it gained independence from Mexico in 1836 and functioned as an independent nation until it joined the United States in 1845. The nickname "Lone Star" refers to the single star on the Texas flag, symbolizing Texas as a separate and independent entity. This period in Texas history is significant as it marked the formation of a distinct Texan identity and set the stage for Texas becoming the 28th state of the United States.

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  • 11. 

    What Caused The Mexican War?

    • A.

      Mexico was angry about the United States annexing Texas

    • B.

      Sixteen American troops where shot at by a Mexican army

    • C.

      The United States and Mexico had different ideas of which river was the border between Mexico and Texas

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Mexican War was caused by a combination of factors. Mexico was angry about the United States annexing Texas, which led to tensions between the two countries. Additionally, sixteen American troops were shot at by a Mexican army, further escalating the conflict. Another point of contention was the disagreement between the United States and Mexico regarding the border between Mexico and Texas, specifically which river should serve as the border. All of these factors contributed to the outbreak of the Mexican War.

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  • 12. 

    What Did The Guadalupe Hidalgo Give To The United States?

    • A.

      Texas and Louisiana

    • B.

      Louisiana and The Mexican Cession

    • C.

      California and The Mexican Cession

    • D.

      The Mexican Cession and Texas

    Correct Answer
    D. The Mexican Cession and Texas
    Explanation
    The Guadalupe Hidalgo gave the United States the Mexican Cession and Texas. This treaty, signed in 1848, ended the Mexican-American War and resulted in Mexico ceding a large portion of its territory to the United States. The Mexican Cession included present-day California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming. Texas, which had previously declared independence from Mexico and later annexed by the United States, was also recognized as part of the treaty.

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  • 13. 

    Who Went Into Florida With 1,700 Troops And Tortured Seminole Indians?

    • A.

      James K. Polk

    • B.

      General Santa Anna

    • C.

      Andrew Jackson

    • D.

      John O'Sullivan

    Correct Answer
    C. Andrew Jackson
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson is the correct answer because he was the one who went into Florida with 1,700 troops and tortured Seminole Indians. Jackson's actions were part of his military campaign against the Seminole tribe during the First Seminole War in 1818. He believed that the Seminoles were aiding escaped slaves and carrying out raids on American settlements. Jackson's invasion of Florida and his harsh treatment of the Seminoles ultimately led to the United States acquiring Florida from Spain in the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819.

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  • 14. 

    When Was The Louisiana Purchase Ratified?

    • A.

      1800

    • B.

      1848

    • C.

      1863

    • D.

      1803

    Correct Answer
    C. 1863
  • 15. 

    Why Did Some Americans Worry About Purchasing Louisiana?

    • A.

      Because it was 15 million and it could be hard to govern such a large country

    • B.

      Because it would turn into a slave state

    • C.

      Because Mexico wanted it as their territory

    • D.

      Because they were against the idea of Manifest Destiny

    Correct Answer
    A. Because it was 15 million and it could be hard to govern such a large country
    Explanation
    Some Americans worried about purchasing Louisiana because it was a large territory and they believed it would be difficult to effectively govern such a vast area. The sheer size and diverse population of the territory posed challenges in terms of administration, infrastructure development, and maintaining control over the region. These concerns were based on practical considerations and the logistical difficulties associated with managing such a vast territory.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 09, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Srosenstock
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