Western Civ Test 1: Age Of Absolutism In Central And Eastern Europe

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Western Civilization Quizzes & Trivia

In western civilisation, absolutism refers to the form of absolute monarchy inspired by the Enlightenment. Such monarchs embrace rationality, and embraced education and religious tolerance. How much do you know about absolutism in the west?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    German realm that embraced most of Central Europe

    Explanation
    The Holy Roman Empire was a German realm that encompassed a significant portion of Central Europe. It was a complex political entity that existed from the Middle Ages until the early 19th century. Despite its name, the Holy Roman Empire was not truly Roman nor an empire in the modern sense. It was a loose confederation of states with the Holy Roman Emperor as its nominal head. The empire had a significant impact on the political, religious, and cultural development of Europe during its existence.

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  • 2. 

    What dynasty did the Holy Roman Emperor almost always go to, even though it was elected?

    Explanation
    The Holy Roman Emperor almost always belonged to the Hapsburg dynasty, even though the position was elected. This is because the Hapsburgs were the most powerful and influential family in Europe during the time of the Holy Roman Empire. Their extensive wealth, political alliances, and control over important territories made them the preferred choice for the position of Holy Roman Emperor. As a result, they were elected to the throne more frequently than any other dynasty, establishing a tradition of Hapsburg rule in the empire.

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  • 3. 

    For the Holy Roman's Empire over 300 territories, the only sources of unity were...

    Explanation
    The Holy Roman Empire consisted of over 300 territories, and the only sources of unity within this diverse empire were the Hapsburg crown and Catholicism. The Hapsburg crown, held by the Hapsburg family, provided a central authority and symbol of power that helped to maintain some level of cohesion among the territories. Additionally, Catholicism served as a unifying force, as it was the dominant religion throughout the empire and provided a common set of beliefs and values. These two factors helped to foster a sense of unity and identity within the Holy Roman Empire.

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  • 4. 

    This represented the Princes rebelling against the crown of HRE

    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the event being described is the 30 years war. The 30 years war was a conflict that took place in Europe from 1618 to 1648, primarily in the Holy Roman Empire. It involved various European powers and was fueled by religious and political tensions. The war resulted in significant devastation and reshaped the political landscape of Europe.

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  • 5. 

    Hapsburg only preside over HRE, but are absolute rulers of these territories...

    Explanation
    The Hapsburg family only held the title of the Holy Roman Emperor, which means they presided over the Holy Roman Empire. However, they were absolute rulers of the territories of Austria, Hungary, and Bohemia. This means that while they had authority over the Holy Roman Empire as its emperor, they had complete control and power over the specific regions of Austria, Hungary, and Bohemia.

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  • 6. 

    This Hapsburg territory was predominantly Catholic

    Explanation
    Austria was predominantly Catholic during the time of the Hapsburg rule. The Hapsburg dynasty, which originated in Austria, was known for its close ties to the Catholic Church and its efforts to maintain Catholicism as the dominant religion in its territories. This led to the promotion and preservation of Catholicism in Austria, making it the predominant religion in the region.

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  • 7. 

    This territory was predominantly Protestant

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Bohemia and Hungary. These territories were predominantly Protestant during the time period in question.

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  • 8. 

    During his reign, his biggest problem was the Turks, who controlled the Ottoman Empire.  They had gained control of 2/3 of Hungary.  He rallies Hungary to push Turks out.

    Explanation
    During Leopold I's reign, the Turks posed a significant challenge as they had taken control of a large portion of Hungary, which was under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. Leopold I's main problem was to address this Turkish control and he successfully rallied Hungary to resist and drive out the Turks.

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  • 9. 

    Wanted to take over Europe and convert it to Islam

    Explanation
    The Ottoman Empire wanted to take over Europe and convert it to Islam. The Ottoman Empire was a powerful and expansionist empire that existed from the 14th to the early 20th century. It had a strong military and was known for its conquests and territorial expansion. The empire was ruled by sultans who saw themselves as the leaders of the Islamic world and sought to spread their religion. They aimed to expand their influence and control over Europe, with the ultimate goal of converting the people to Islam.

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  • 10. 

    Had no male heirs.  He feared that at his death, his personal territories would fall prey to surrounding powers, so he convinces everyone to sign the Pragmatic Sanctions

    Explanation
    Charles VI had no male heirs, which means that he did not have a direct male successor to inherit his personal territories. This posed a threat to the stability and security of his territories, as neighboring powers could potentially take advantage of the situation and seize control. In order to prevent this, Charles VI devised a plan to ensure the preservation of his territories by convincing everyone to sign the Pragmatic Sanctions. By doing so, he aimed to establish a clear and legitimate line of succession, thereby safeguarding his personal territories from external threats.

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  • 11. 

    Said that Maria Theresa, daughter of Charles VI, would succeed him to the throne.

    Explanation
    The term "Pragmatic Sanctions" refers to a series of legal documents that were issued to ensure the smooth succession of Maria Theresa to the throne after her father, Charles VI. These documents were designed to guarantee the inheritance rights of Maria Theresa and to prevent any disputes or challenges to her claim. The Pragmatic Sanctions played a crucial role in securing Maria Theresa's position as the ruler and maintaining stability within the Habsburg Empire.

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  • 12. 

    She could be empress of Hungary, Bohemia, and Austria, but not of the Holy Roman Empire

    Explanation
    Maria Theresa could not be the empress of the Holy Roman Empire because the position was reserved for males only. Although she held the titles of empress of Hungary, Bohemia, and Austria, the Holy Roman Empire followed the Salic Law, which excluded women from inheriting the imperial throne. Therefore, Maria Theresa was unable to become the empress of the Holy Roman Empire.

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  • 13. 

    Frederick II of Prussia invaded, causing Maria Theresa to have to defend her inheritance

    Explanation
    During the War of the Austrian Succession, Frederick II of Prussia invaded Austria, which led to Maria Theresa, the ruler of Austria, having to defend her inheritance. This war was fought between various European powers over the disputed succession of the Austrian throne after the death of Charles VI. Frederick II's invasion was a significant event in this war, as it challenged Maria Theresa's claim to the throne and forced her to defend her position.

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  • 14. 

    Maria Theresa reluctantly participates in the dismemberment of this territory

    Explanation
    Maria Theresa, the ruler of Austria, reluctantly participated in the dismemberment of Poland. During the late 18th century, Poland was weakened and vulnerable, and neighboring powers such as Austria, Prussia, and Russia took advantage of this situation to partition the country. Despite her reluctance, Maria Theresa had to participate in this territorial division to protect Austria's interests and maintain a balance of power in the region. This decision had significant consequences for Poland, leading to its eventual disappearance from the map for over a century.

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  • 15. 

    "She weeps, but she takes her share"

    Explanation
    This quote is attributed to Frederick II, who was referring to Maria Theresa. The quote suggests that although Maria Theresa may be upset or crying, she still takes what is rightfully hers or what she deserves. This could imply that despite any emotional turmoil or challenges she may face, Maria Theresa remains determined and assertive in claiming her share or asserting her rights.

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  • 16. 

    Where does the leadership of Germany fall to in the 18th century?

    Explanation
    In the 18th century, the leadership of Germany fell to Prussia. Prussia emerged as a dominant power under the rule of Frederick the Great, who implemented various reforms and expanded Prussia's territories through military conquests. Prussia's leadership in Germany was characterized by its strong military, centralized administration, and efficient bureaucracy. This period also saw Prussia becoming a key player in European politics and exerting its influence over other German states.

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  • 17. 

    Prussia was ruled by what dynasty during the age of absolutism?

    Explanation
    During the age of absolutism, Prussia was ruled by the Hohenzollern dynasty. The Hohenzollern family was a prominent noble family in Germany and they established their rule over Prussia in the 15th century. They played a significant role in the development and expansion of Prussia as a powerful state during the age of absolutism. Under their rule, Prussia became a militaristic and centralized state, with a strong emphasis on the power of the monarchy. The Hohenzollern dynasty continued to rule Prussia until the end of World War I.

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  • 18. 

    Capital of Brandenburg

    Explanation
    Berlin is the correct answer because it is the capital of Brandenburg. Brandenburg is a state in Germany, and Berlin is not only its capital but also the largest city in the state. It is a significant cultural, political, and economic center, known for its rich history, vibrant art scene, and diverse architecture. Berlin is also the capital of Germany and plays a crucial role in the country's political and social landscape.

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  • 19. 

    The ruler of Brandenburg was also what?

    Explanation
    The ruler of Brandenburg held the title of Elector of the Holy Roman Emperor. This means that they were one of the seven electors who had the power to choose the Holy Roman Emperor. Being an elector was a position of great importance and influence within the Holy Roman Empire. Therefore, the ruler of Brandenburg not only governed their own territory but also played a significant role in the selection of the overall ruler of the empire.

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  • 20. 

    How do Hohenzollerns increase their wealth and power during the Protestant Revolution?

    Explanation
    During the Protestant Revolution, the Hohenzollerns increased their wealth and power by converting to Lutheranism and seizing church property. By becoming Lutheran, they aligned themselves with the religious movement that was gaining popularity and influence at the time. This allowed them to gain the support and favor of other Lutheran rulers and followers, which in turn increased their political power. Additionally, seizing church property provided the Hohenzollerns with valuable resources and assets that further enhanced their wealth and influence.

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  • 21. 

    Why do the Hohenzollerns increase the size of their army and create an efficient civil service governing from Berlin?

    Explanation
    The Hohenzollerns increased the size of their army and created an efficient civil service governing from Berlin in order to unify Brandenburg and Prussia. By having a strong military and an effective administrative system, they were able to consolidate their power and control over these territories, ensuring a centralized and unified government. This allowed them to exert authority and establish a strong presence in the region, solidifying their rule and expanding their influence.

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  • 22. 

    This ruler adds prestige by obtaining the title of King of Prussia after the War of the Spanish Succession

    Explanation
    Frederick I was able to add prestige by obtaining the title of King of Prussia after the War of the Spanish Succession. This achievement elevated his status and solidified his rule, giving him greater influence and recognition on the international stage. The title of King of Prussia symbolized power and authority, enhancing Frederick I's reputation and establishing him as a significant ruler in Europe.

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  • 23. 

    Believed that the destiny of Prussia lay with the army.  Increased the army to over 80,000 men.  4th biggest army in Europe, and the most efficient.

    Explanation
    Frederick William I, also known as the Soldier King, believed that the destiny of Prussia was closely tied to its army. He significantly increased the size of the army, expanding it to over 80,000 men. This made Prussia's army the fourth largest in Europe at the time. Not only was it large, but it was also considered the most efficient army in Europe. Therefore, the answer to the question is Frederick William I, as he was the ruler of Prussia who implemented these military reforms and built a powerful army.

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  • 24. 

    "Salvation belongs to the Lord, everything else is my business"

  • 25. 

    Subjected to the highest possible training, but enjoyed the arts.  Tried to run away with his gay lover, but was caught.  One of the greatest soldiers when he ascended throne.

    Explanation
    Frederick II was a ruler who was highly trained in military tactics but also had a strong appreciation for the arts. Despite his training, he attempted to escape with his gay lover but was ultimately captured. Once he ascended the throne, he proved to be one of the greatest soldiers in history.

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  • 26. 

    Frederick II became known as this, because he greatly increased the size of Prussia, doubled the size of the Prussian army, and took from Austria the right to dominate German affairs

    Explanation
    Frederick II earned the title "Frederick the Great" due to his significant achievements in expanding Prussia's territory and military power. He successfully enlarged the size of Prussia, doubling its army, and also diminished Austria's control over German affairs. These accomplishments solidified his reputation as a great ruler and military strategist, leading to the nickname "Frederick the Great."

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  • 27. 

    Joined Prussia and Brandenburg

    Explanation
    Frederick II is the correct answer because he was the ruler who successfully united Prussia and Brandenburg. He reigned as the King of Prussia from 1740 until his death in 1786. Frederick II is known for his military successes, administrative reforms, and cultural patronage. His efforts to consolidate and strengthen Prussia and Brandenburg laid the foundation for the eventual formation of the German Empire.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 15, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Kastepp

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