The Ultimate Western Civilization Quiz!

61 Questions | Total Attempts: 597

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The Ultimate Western Civilization Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ___________, or away of the ancestors,a were tried and true values that had been handed down in Roman tradition.
    • A. 

      Virtus

    • B. 

      Lares

    • C. 

      Patria potestas

    • D. 

      Mos maiorum

    • E. 

      Penates

  • 2. 
    The legendary first king of Rome, ______, devised the plan to steal the Sabine women and make them Roman wives. 
    • A. 

      Alexander the Great

    • B. 

      Cicero

    • C. 

      Romulus

    • D. 

      Cato

    • E. 

      Gaius Gracchus

  • 3. 
    _________ was the chief deity of the Romans, corresponding to the Greek god Zeus. 
    • A. 

      Juno

    • B. 

      Romulus

    • C. 

      Vesta

    • D. 

      Capitoline

    • E. 

      Jupiter

  • 4. 
    The _______ tended the eternal flame that guaranteed the state's permanent existence and formed Rome's only female priesthood. 
    • A. 

      Lupercalias

    • B. 

      Vestal Virgins

    • C. 

      Lares

    • D. 

      Penates

    • E. 

      Sabines

  • 5. 
    The _______ festival honored the Italian deity of liberation and temporarily inverted the social order by having masters act as waiters to their slaves at a banquet.
    • A. 

      Lupercalia

    • B. 

      Auspices

    • C. 

      Veii

    • D. 

      Saturnalia

    • E. 

      Italia

  • 6. 
    The degree of influence of the  ____________ over the development of Rome is currently in considerable dispute. 
    • A. 

      Etruscans

    • B. 

      Greeks

    • C. 

      Egyptians

    • D. 

      Persians

    • E. 

      Gauls

  • 7. 
    According to legend, the kings of Rome were overthrown when _________was raped by the son of King Tarquin the Proud. 
    • A. 

      Tullia

    • B. 

      Livia

    • C. 

      Lucretia

    • D. 

      Cornelia

    • E. 

      Sabine

  • 8. 
    The ___________ were former consuls who were elected every five years to elect new senators. 
    • A. 

      Quaestors

    • B. 

      Aediles

    • C. 

      Jurists

    • D. 

      Censors

    • E. 

      Tribunes

  • 9. 
    Senators with legal expertise offered advice as ___________ in legal cases, operating as private citizens rather than officials. 
    • A. 

      Quaestors

    • B. 

      Aediles

    • C. 

      Jurists

    • D. 

      Censors

    • E. 

      Tribunes

  • 10. 
    The ________ were elected by the plebeians to protect their interests against patrician domination. 
    • A. 

      Quaestors

    • B. 

      Aediles

    • C. 

      Jurists

    • D. 

      Censors

    • E. 

      Tribunes

  • 11. 
    The Romans had their bloodiest loss ever when Hannibal defeated them at ___________ during the Second Punic War. 
    • A. 

      Zama

    • B. 

      Latium

    • C. 

      Cannae

    • D. 

      Messana

    • E. 

      Numidia

  • 12. 
    The Romans finally won the Second Punic War when ____________ invaded the Carthaginian homeland in 202 B.C.E. 
    • A. 

      Julius Caesar

    • B. 

      Gaius Gracchus

    • C. 

      Gnaius Marius

    • D. 

      Scipio

    • E. 

      Plautus

  • 13. 
    Roman literature was largely inspired by __________________. 
    • A. 

      Egyptian culture

    • B. 

      Hebrew culture

    • C. 

      Carthaginian culture

    • D. 

      Etruscan culture

    • E. 

      Greek and Hellenistic culture

  • 14. 
    The great orator _____________ formed the doctrine of humanity, which emphasized an appreciation for the uniqueness of each person. 
    • A. 

      Cato

    • B. 

      Cicero

    • C. 

      Terence

    • D. 

      Livy

    • E. 

      Fabius Pictor

  • 15. 
    _______ wrote poems that ridiculed politicians for their sexual behavior. 
    • A. 

      Cato

    • B. 

      Cicero

    • C. 

      Terence

    • D. 

      Catullus

    • E. 

      Fabius Pictor

  • 16. 
    The social-reforming Gracchi brothers were from the upper class and both served as ______________. 
    • A. 

      Latifundae

    • B. 

      Humanitas

    • C. 

      Populares

    • D. 

      Tribunes

    • E. 

      Optimates

  • 17. 
    The _________or knights were landowners who in the late republic were wealthy businessmen. 
    • A. 

      Populares

    • B. 

      Optimates

    • C. 

      Equites

    • D. 

      Tribunes

    • E. 

      Censors

  • 18. 
    Gaius Marius was most popular with the ___________. 
    • A. 

      Senate

    • B. 

      Optimates

    • C. 

      Gauls

    • D. 

      Proletarians

    • E. 

      Gracchus brothers

  • 19. 
    Sulla gained supreme power by putting down a rebellion in________. 
    • A. 

      North Africa

    • B. 

      Italy

    • C. 

      Egypt

    • D. 

      Greece

    • E. 

      Sicily

  • 20. 
    In 71 B.C.E. Pompey put down a massive slave rebellion led by __________ that involved 100,000 escaped slaves. 
    • A. 

      Regulus

    • B. 

      Accius

    • C. 

      Spartacus

    • D. 

      Masinissa

    • E. 

      Zama

  • 21. 
    All of the following describe personal qualities that Roman admired except:
    • A. 

      Virtue, faithfulness, courage, strength, and respect.

    • B. 

      Self-control and avoiding displays of emotion.

    • C. 

      Respect for traditions passed down from previous generations.

    • D. 

      The virtues of men, since women were considered too weak to be virtuous.

  • 22. 
    Which of the following best describes the Roman concept of authority and hierarchy? 
    • A. 

      They believed that some people were inherently superior to others and that society should be hierarchical.

    • B. 

      They believed that all people were born equal and should be given a chance to prove themselves.

    • C. 

      They believed that society should be divided into different orders based on status and that power should be shared equally among them.

    • D. 

      They believed that aristocrats deserved high respect and that nothing was expected of them in return.

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is not true about married women in Rome? 
    • A. 

      They exerted indirect political influence through their husbands.

    • B. 

      They were expected to teach values, morals, and virtue to their children.

    • C. 

      They were under the complete control of their husbands' patria potestas.

    • D. 

      They could accumulate property and own businesses.

  • 24. 
    The obligations required of patrons and clients are described by all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Client-patron relationships were supposed to endure over generations.

    • B. 

      A patron's most important obligation was to support a client and his family if they got into legal difficulties.

    • C. 

      Clients never had to lend money to their patrons.

    • D. 

      A client had to aid his patron's campaigns for public office by swinging votes his way.

  • 25. 
    All of the following are true of Roman educational practices except:
    • A. 

      Learning effective public speaking was extremely important for boys and girls.

    • B. 

      The Roman educational system reflected an admiration of Greek rhetoric and literature.

    • C. 

      Most children were taught at home with wealthy parents hiring tutors for their sons.

    • D. 

      Education prepared women to instill traditional social and moral values in their children.

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