Quiz : Exciting Romans And Ancient Greece History!

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Quiz : Exciting Romans And Ancient Greece History! - Quiz


How well aware are you of the exciting history of the Romans and ancient Greece? If you're a real history buff, then this super fun quiz will surely delight you! Make sure to read all the questions carefully before answering. The people in ancient Rome and Greece lived fascinating lives. Do you believe you can get all of the questions correct? Find out by taking the quiz! Why don't you have a fun battle of knowledge with your friends by playing this quiz together? Wouldn't it be a fun way to spend the time? Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Romans built the most advanced society in the ancient world and famously invented the following:

    • A.

      Concrete

    • B.

      Roads

    • C.

      Baths

    • D.

      Plumbing (known as Aquaducts)

    • E.

      All of the above and more.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above and more.
    Explanation
    The Romans were known for their advanced society in the ancient world, and they invented various things such as concrete, roads, baths, and plumbing systems known as Aqueducts. These inventions were significant contributions to their society and had a lasting impact on architecture, infrastructure, and sanitation.

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  • 2. 

    The Greeks were enjoying hot water baths long before the Romans even thought of plumbing as an invention?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is suggesting that the Greeks were enjoying hot water baths before the Romans invented plumbing. This implies that the Greeks had some form of hot water bathing system in place before the Romans. Therefore, the answer "True" indicates that the statement is correct and the Greeks did indeed have hot water baths before the Romans.

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  • 3. 

    How did the Romans get water supplied to the city?

    • A.

      Tunnels

    • B.

      Aqueducts

    • C.

      Directly from the river Tiber

    • D.

      Plumbing

    Correct Answer
    B. Aqueducts
    Explanation
    The Romans got water supplied to the city through aqueducts. Aqueducts were a system of channels, pipes, and bridges that transported water from a source, such as a river or spring, to the city. These structures were built with precise engineering and allowed the Romans to bring fresh water to their cities for drinking, bathing, and other daily needs. Aqueducts were an impressive feat of Roman engineering and played a crucial role in the development and growth of their cities.

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  • 4. 

    How did the ancient Roman army use tortoises?

    • A.

      The 'tortoise' was a name for the way they used their shields.

    • B.

      For throwing at enemies.

    • C.

      They used the shells as soup bowls. For eating.

    Correct Answer
    A. The 'tortoise' was a name for the way they used their shields.
    Explanation
    The ancient Roman army used tortoises as a name for the way they used their shields. This means that they would hold their shields in a specific formation, overlapping them to create a protective barrier. This formation resembled the shape of a tortoise shell, hence the name. This tactic allowed the soldiers to advance towards the enemy while being protected from projectiles and attacks.

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  • 5. 

    What year did Mount Vesuvius erupt?

    • A.

      231 BC

    • B.

      52 BC

    • C.

      79 AD

    • D.

      167 AD

    Correct Answer
    C. 79 AD
    Explanation
    In 79 AD, Mount Vesuvius erupted. This eruption is famously known for burying the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum under layers of ash and volcanic debris. The eruption was catastrophic, resulting in the loss of thousands of lives and the destruction of entire communities. The event has been extensively studied by archaeologists and historians, providing valuable insights into ancient Roman life and culture.

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  • 6. 

    In what way was Pompeii like many other major Roman cities?

    • A.

      There were public baths

    • B.

      It had temples to Roman Gods such as Apollo

    • C.

      It had a forum where politics and business were carried out

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Pompeii was like many other major Roman cities because it had public baths, temples to Roman Gods such as Apollo, and a forum where politics and business were carried out. These were common features in Roman cities and were essential for the social, religious, and political life of the inhabitants.

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  • 7. 

    What two major crops were grown in the rich soil near the city of Pompeii?

    • A.

      Oranges and peaches

    • B.

      Corn and wheat

    • C.

      Squash and beans

    • D.

      Grapes and olive treees

    Correct Answer
    D. Grapes and olive treees
    Explanation
    The correct answer is grapes and olive trees. This is because the city of Pompeii was located in an area with rich soil, which was ideal for growing these two crops. Grapes were grown for wine production, which was an important industry in ancient Pompeii. Olive trees were cultivated for olive oil, which was also a valuable commodity in the region. Both crops played a significant role in the economy and agriculture of Pompeii.

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  • 8. 

    What work of Roman engineering was important in allowing the Roman Army to protect such a large Empire?

    • A.

      Miles of Aqueducts leading into Rome

    • B.

      The arch

    • C.

      A paved network of roads

    • D.

      The Colosseum

    Correct Answer
    C. A paved network of roads
    Explanation
    A paved network of roads was important in allowing the Roman Army to protect such a large Empire because it facilitated efficient transportation and communication. The well-constructed roads enabled the Roman Army to quickly and easily move troops, supplies, and messages throughout the Empire. This allowed for rapid response to threats and the ability to maintain control over distant regions. The roads also facilitated trade and economic development, which contributed to the stability and prosperity of the Empire.

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  • 9. 

    What was the armor that the Roman soldiers wore made of?

    • A.

      Strips of iron

    • B.

      Bones from oxen

    • C.

      Toughened leather

    • D.

      Hardened steel

    Correct Answer
    A. Strips of iron
    Explanation
    Roman soldiers wore armor made of strips of iron. This type of armor, known as lorica segmentata, consisted of overlapping iron plates that provided protection to the torso. The iron strips were flexible, allowing the soldiers to move easily in battle while still offering effective defense against weapons. The use of iron in the armor made it durable and resistant to damage, making it a popular choice among Roman soldiers.

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  • 10. 

    The main division of the Roman army was around 5400 soldiers. What was this division called?

    • A.

      Troop

    • B.

      Legion

    • C.

      Platoon

    • D.

      Brigade

    Correct Answer
    B. Legion
    Explanation
    The main division of the Roman army was called a Legion. A Legion consisted of around 5400 soldiers and was the largest and most important unit in the Roman military. Legions were highly organized and versatile, capable of fighting both in open battles and in siege warfare. They were led by a Legatus, who was a high-ranking officer appointed by the Roman Senate. Legions played a crucial role in the expansion and maintenance of the Roman Empire, and their disciplined and effective tactics made them one of the most formidable military forces of their time.

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  • 11. 

    What type of entertainment did the Romans attend at the Colosseum?

    • A.

      Gladiator games

    • B.

      Chariot races

    • C.

      Opera

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Gladiator games
    Explanation
    The Romans attended gladiator games at the Colosseum. This was a popular form of entertainment where trained fighters would battle each other or wild animals in front of a large audience. Chariot races were also a common form of entertainment in ancient Rome, but they were held at the Circus Maximus, not the Colosseum. Opera, on the other hand, did not exist during Roman times. Therefore, the correct answer is gladiator games.

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  • 12. 

    What architectural feature did the Romans use to make their constructions such as bridges and the colosseum strong?

    • A.

      The dome

    • B.

      The arch

    • C.

      The gable

    • D.

      The colonnade

    Correct Answer
    B. The arch
    Explanation
    The Romans used the arch as an architectural feature to make their constructions strong. The arch distributes the weight evenly, allowing for a greater load-bearing capacity. This structural element was crucial in building structures like bridges and the Colosseum, as it provided stability and durability. The arch also allowed for the creation of larger open spaces, enabling the Romans to construct grand and impressive buildings.

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  • 13. 

    Roman numerals were used by the Ancient Romans as their numbering system. We still use them sometimes today.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Roman numerals were indeed used by the Ancient Romans as their numbering system. They used a combination of letters to represent different values, such as I for 1, V for 5, X for 10, and so on. While we may not use them extensively today, Roman numerals are still occasionally used in various contexts, such as on clock faces, in movie titles, or for numbering chapters or sections in books.

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  • 14. 

    What was the name of the large stadium in the city of Rome where chariot races were held?

    • A.

      Arena Maximus

    • B.

      Colosseum

    • C.

      Circus Maximus

    • D.

      Roman speedway

    Correct Answer
    C. Circus Maximus
    Explanation
    Circus Maximus was the name of the large stadium in the city of Rome where chariot races were held. The term "circus" refers to a large oval or circular structure used for public events, and "Maximus" means "greatest" in Latin, indicating the grandeur and importance of this particular stadium. The Circus Maximus was a significant part of Roman culture and entertainment, attracting large crowds for thrilling chariot races and other spectacles.

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  • 15. 

    Who often paid for the games and entertainment in Ancient Rome?

    • A.

      The poor people did in order to try and impress the rich

    • B.

      The government did with taxes from the poor

    • C.

      The wealthy citizens of Rome, so they would be popular with the people.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The wealthy citizens of Rome, so they would be popular with the people.
    Explanation
    In Ancient Rome, the wealthy citizens often paid for the games and entertainment in order to gain popularity among the people. By financing these events, they could cultivate a positive image and maintain their influence in society. This practice allowed the wealthy to demonstrate their wealth and generosity, which in turn helped them gain support and admiration from the general population.

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  • 16. 

    In the Colosseum, who had to sit or stand at the back, near the top of the stadium?

    • A.

      Senators

    • B.

      Men

    • C.

      Women

    • D.

      Important officials

    Correct Answer
    C. Women
    Explanation
    In the Colosseum, women had to sit or stand at the back, near the top of the stadium. This was because seating in the Colosseum was divided based on social status and gender. Women, regardless of their social standing, were considered less important than men and were therefore relegated to the upper levels of the stadium. Senators and important officials, being men, would have had better seats closer to the action.

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  • 17. 

    Where did the colosseum get its name?

    • A.

      From the most famous gladiator of the day

    • B.

      From the emperor who built it

    • C.

      From the architect who designed it

    • D.

      From the large statue of Nero that stood nearby

    Correct Answer
    D. From the large statue of Nero that stood nearby
    Explanation
    The colosseum got its name from the large statue of Nero that stood nearby. The statue, known as the Colossus of Nero, was a massive bronze statue of the emperor Nero. Although the statue itself no longer exists, it was a prominent feature in the area where the colosseum was built. The name "colosseum" is derived from the Latin word "colossus," which means a giant statue. Therefore, the colosseum was named after the nearby statue of Nero.

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  • 18. 

    Around what year was the city of Rome founded?

    • A.

      467 AD

    • B.

      753 BC

    • C.

      500 AD

    • D.

      58 BC

    Correct Answer
    B. 753 BC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 753 BC. This date is widely accepted as the founding year of the city of Rome. According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus, twin brothers who were raised by a she-wolf. They decided to build a city on the Palatine Hill, and Romulus became its first king. This date is significant in Roman history as it marks the beginning of the Roman civilization and the establishment of one of the most influential empires in history.

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  • 19. 

    What civilization did the Romans borrow many of their Gods such as Jupiter from?

    • A.

      Chinese

    • B.

      Egyptian

    • C.

      Greek

    • D.

      Persia

    Correct Answer
    C. Greek
    Explanation
    The Romans borrowed many of their Gods, such as Jupiter, from the Greek civilization. The Romans admired and were influenced by Greek culture and mythology, and as a result, they adopted and adapted many of the Greek Gods into their own pantheon. This cultural exchange between the Romans and the Greeks can be seen in various aspects of Roman society, including their religious beliefs and practices.

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  • 20. 

    From what Roman God of fire do we get the word volcano?

    • A.

      Jupiter

    • B.

      Vulcan

    • C.

      Mercury

    • D.

      Ceres

    Correct Answer
    B. Vulcan
    Explanation
    The word "volcano" is derived from the Roman god Vulcan. Vulcan was the god of fire, including volcanic fire, and was believed to be responsible for the creation and eruption of volcanoes. Therefore, the correct answer is Vulcan.

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  • 21. 

    Who were the twins that the roman legend says founded the city of Rome?

    • A.

      Cain and Abel

    • B.

      Diana and Apollo

    • C.

      Romulus and Remus

    • D.

      Spartacus and Caesar

    Correct Answer
    C. Romulus and Remus
    Explanation
    Romulus and Remus were the twins that the Roman legend says founded the city of Rome. According to the legend, they were abandoned as infants and raised by a she-wolf. As they grew older, they decided to build a city on the banks of the Tiber River. However, a dispute arose between them over who would rule the city, and Romulus ultimately killed Remus. Romulus then became the first king of Rome and named the city after himself. This legend is an important part of Roman mythology and the founding story of Rome.

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  • 22. 

    Before Rome converted to Christianity what frequently happened to Christians?

    • A.

      They were not liked, but we're tolerated

    • B.

      They were well thought of

    • C.

      They were persecuted and killed

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. They were persecuted and killed
    Explanation
    Before Rome converted to Christianity, Christians were frequently persecuted and killed. This was a result of their refusal to worship the Roman gods and their allegiance to Jesus Christ. The Roman authorities saw Christianity as a threat to their power and often subjected Christians to brutal punishments, including imprisonment, torture, and death. This persecution continued until the Emperor Constantine legalized Christianity in the 4th century and eventually made it the official religion of the Roman Empire.

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  • 23. 

    In 700 BC, Rome started out a collection of small villages in Italy. As Rome became more powerful, it changed from a kingdom to a republic and then an _ _ _ _ _ _. Augustus was Rome’s first Emperor.                    

    Correct Answer
    Empire, empire empire
    Explanation
    In 700 BC, Rome indeed began as a collection of small villages and evolved significantly over the centuries. As Rome grew in power, it transitioned from a kingdom to a republic, and eventually into an empire. This transformation is marked by the end of the Roman Republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire, which is traditionally dated to 27 BC when Augustus (formerly Octavian) became Rome's first Emperor after the defeat of Marc Antony and Cleopatra.

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  • 24. 

    The Romans used Greek-style columns when they designed buildings, but added domes and  _ _ _ _ _ _, which were a unique feature of Roman architecture.

    Correct Answer
    arches
    Explanation
    The Romans used Greek-style columns in their building designs, but they also incorporated arches, which were a distinct characteristic of Roman architecture. The addition of arches allowed for greater structural stability and allowed the Romans to create larger and more elaborate buildings. This innovation in architectural design set Roman architecture apart from Greek architecture and became a defining feature of their style.

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  • 25. 

    We still see the influence of Roman culture everywhere today. Roman _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ are seen on some clocks and many buildings. The names of the months and planets come from Rome. English capital letters come from Rome.

    Correct Answer
    numerals
    Explanation
    The given answer, "numerals," is correct because Roman numerals are still seen on some clocks and many buildings today. Additionally, the names of the months and planets in English come from Rome, and English capital letters also have their origins in Rome.

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  • 26. 

    In the early days, Romans believed in the Roman gods. As the empire grew, so did the spread of a new religion. This religion was known as _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.

    Correct Answer
    christianity
    Explanation
    As the Roman Empire expanded, a new religion called Christianity began to spread. This religion eventually replaced the belief in Roman gods among the Romans.

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  • 27. 

    Rome built the most powerful army in the world. When the Roman Army took control of new lands or territories, they would sometimes take prisoners and make them slaves. Some slaves were trained as _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.

    Correct Answer
    gladiators
    Explanation
    When Rome conquered new lands, they would often capture prisoners and force them into slavery. Some of these slaves were trained as gladiators. Gladiators were professional fighters who would entertain the Roman citizens by engaging in combat with each other or with wild animals in arenas. They were highly skilled and were seen as a form of entertainment for the Roman people.

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  • 28. 

    Engineers built huge bridges called Aquaducts to carry water pipes across long distances. They built large pools and public _ _ _ _ houses where people could gather to wash and for exercise and conversation.

    Correct Answer
    bath
    Explanation
    The engineers built aqueducts to transport water over long distances, and they also constructed large pools and public bathhouses where people could gather to wash, exercise, and socialize.

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  • Apr 15, 2024
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