Atmosphere, Greenhouse Effect And Energy Transfer Of Water Cycle Test 1

37 Questions | Total Attempts: 155

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Atmosphere, Greenhouse Effect And Energy Transfer Of Water Cycle Test 1 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following would be the most abundant atmospheric component?
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Nitrogen

    • D. 

      Argon

  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements would be FALSE?
    • A. 

      The Earth's atmosphere has changed naturally over time

    • B. 

      The Earth's atmosphere does not change

    • C. 

      Human activities have caused significant changes in the Earth's atmosphere

    • D. 

      Living things must adapt to changes within the Earth's atmosphere

  • 3. 
    Scientists from the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) are concerned about air quality. Which substance that is found to be present in the atmosphere, would provide evidence of poor air quality? 
    • A. 

      Argon

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Nitrogen

    • D. 

      CFC's

  • 4. 
    Why does the troposphere experience the greatest amount of atmospheric pressure compared to the other atmospheric layers?
    • A. 

      It produces the ozone layer

    • B. 

      It has the highest temperatures

    • C. 

      It contains a high concentration of gas particles

    • D. 

      It is the region in which weather occurs

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is the only list representing natural components of the atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Dust, argon, smog

    • B. 

      Pollen, oxygen, carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Pollen, sulfuric acid, smog

    • D. 

      Dust, oxygen, sulfuric acids

  • 6. 
    What is the relationship between altitude and air density within the Earth's atmosphere?
    • A. 

      As altitude increases, air density decreases

    • B. 

      As altitude increases, air density increases

    • C. 

      As altitude increases, air density remains the same

    • D. 

      There is no relationship between altitude and air density with the Earth's atmosphere

  • 7. 
    Which layer of the atmosphere is best described by the following: layer of the atmosphere where weather occurs, has the highest air pressure and density 
    • A. 

      Troposphere

    • B. 

      Stratosphere

    • C. 

      Mesophere

    • D. 

      Exosphere

  • 8. 
    Collection of water on the earth can be in the form of....
    • A. 

      Oceans

    • B. 

      Rivers

    • C. 

      Lakes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Precipitation includes rain or snow.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    As water is heated, it evaporates into the atmosphere. As this water vapor rises into the atmosphere, it can saturate the air with moisture and cause high amounts of humidity. When air has a lot of humidity, dew and even fog can form, depending on the air temperature. The table below shows the temperature and dew point of an area on 4 separate mornings. Use the table to determine which morning(s) would most likely have fog.   Temperature Dew Point Morning #1 58°F 55°F Morning #2 47°F 40°F Morning #3 61°F 60°F Morning #4 48°F 48°F  
    • A. 

      Morning 1

    • B. 

      Morning 2

    • C. 

      Morning 3

    • D. 

      Morning 4

    • E. 

      Both 3 and 4

  • 11. 
    What is the relative humidity when the air temperature is at the dew point?  
    • A. 

      50 percent

    • B. 

      100 percent

    • C. 

      10 percent

    • D. 

      20 percent

  • 12. 
    Different surfaces absorb the sun's energy in different ways. These differences have an influence on the weather. As the surface of Earth heats up, the air above the surface heats up as well. In certain parts of the Earth, air will heat up more quickly than others. Select the the surface (s)  that would cause air above the surface to heat the fastest.
    • A. 

      Paved road on a sunny day

    • B. 

      Snowy hillside

    • C. 

      Desert landscape

    • D. 

      Both A and C

  • 13. 
    What would you expect to happen to the air pressure as a storm approaches?  
    • A. 

      It would remain steady

    • B. 

      It would increase

    • C. 

      It would decrease

    • D. 

      It would increase, then decrease

  • 14. 
    The map below shows the temperatures of surface water in different parts of the world. Read the descriptions below and decide which part of the map the description corresponds to.    
    • A. 

      Region 1 has the least amount of energy absorbed

    • B. 

      Region 2 Temperatures will heat up quickly , and will cool faster

    • C. 

      Region 3 Area experiences more evaporation into the atmosphere

    • D. 

      All of the above statements are true

  • 15. 
    When the greenhouse effect becomes stronger, more and more heat will be trapped on the Earth, increasing the average temperature here. What is this called?
    • A. 

      Global warming

    • B. 

      Global cooling

    • C. 

      Global heating

    • D. 

      Greenhouse heating

  • 16. 
    The greenhouse effect and ozone depletion (holes in ozone layer) are the same thing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    What's the name of the lower atmosphere that contains the greenhouse gases?
    • A. 

      Mesosphere

    • B. 

      Troposphere

    • C. 

      Exosphere

    • D. 

      Atmosphere

  • 18. 
    Without the "greenhouse effect"... 
    • A. 

      Overnight temperatures would plunge downward

    • B. 

      The Earth would heat up dramatically

    • C. 

      The atmosphere would leave

    • D. 

      The earth would catch on fire

  • 19. 
    Which of the following are greenhouse gases?
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • B. 

      Water vapor

    • C. 

      Methane

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    What do scientists think the effect will be of having more greenhouse gases in our atmosphere?
    • A. 

      More Warming of the atmosphere

    • B. 

      More air in the atmosphere

    • C. 

      More cooling of the atmosphere

    • D. 

      Less air in the atmosphere

  • 21. 
    What do greenhouse gases do in our atmosphere?
    • A. 

      These gases absorb the sun heat & emits radiant energy

    • B. 

      These gases keep all the air within the Earth

    • C. 

      Increases the Earth's temperature

    • D. 

      It makes the Earth cooler

  • 22. 
    What do humans do that releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Burn fossil fuels (like gas and coal)

    • B. 

      Ride bikes and use solar energy

    • C. 

      Use of CFC's

    • D. 

      Both A and C

  • 23. 
    The ozone layer protects us from UV rays. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    The greenhouse effect is beneficial as it helps to sustain life on earth by naturally trapping heat in the atmosphere. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The Sun’s rays strike the surface most directly at the equator.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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