Vocabulary 1 (MCAT Practice)

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 2,881
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MCAT Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The prince abdicated the crown and returned to his castle. Abdicated means A. Gave up B. Sold C. Reinvested into D. Auctioned

    • A.

      Gave up

    • B.

      Sold

    • C.

      Reinvested into

    • D.

      Auctioned

    Correct Answer
    A. Gave up
    Explanation
    The word "abdicated" means to give up or renounce a position of power or authority. In the given sentence, the prince abdicated the crown, which implies that he willingly gave up his position as ruler. Therefore, the correct answer is "A. Gave up."

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  • 2. 

    The convicted criminal absconded prior to the sentencing phase of the trial. Absconded means

    • A.

      Touched the jury

    • B.

      Reported immediately

    • C.

      Left after discussion

    • D.

      Departed suddenly

    Correct Answer
    D. Departed suddenly
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Departed suddenly". The word "absconded" means to depart or leave suddenly, especially to avoid detection or arrest. In the given context, the convicted criminal left abruptly before the sentencing phase of the trial, implying that they fled or escaped from the authorities.

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  • 3. 

    The aural component of balance is critical for postural control during ambulation. Aural means related to the

    • A.

      Eye

    • B.

      Ear

    • C.

      Nose

    • D.

      Mouth

    Correct Answer
    B. Ear
    Explanation
    The aural component of balance refers to the role that the ear plays in maintaining postural control while walking. The ear is responsible for detecting changes in head position and movement, which are important for maintaining balance and stability. The inner ear contains structures called the vestibular system, which includes the semicircular canals and otolith organs. These structures detect changes in head position and movement and send signals to the brain to help adjust body posture and maintain balance. Therefore, the correct answer is ear.

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  • 4. 

    The old man was benevolent with his fortune. Benevolent means

    • A.

      Secretive

    • B.

      Stingy

    • C.

      Kind

    • D.

      Careful

    Correct Answer
    D. Careful
    Explanation
    The word "benevolent" means kind and generous. It is used to describe someone who is willing to help others and shows goodwill. Therefore, the correct answer is "Kind".

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  • 5. 

    The extra dirt was a key buttress to the foundation. Buttress means

    • A.

      Limiting factor

    • B.

      Support

    • C.

      Overwhelming condition

    • D.

      Obstacle

    Correct Answer
    B. Support
    Explanation
    The word "buttress" means support. In the context of the sentence, the extra dirt was providing support to the foundation. This suggests that the extra dirt was necessary for the stability and strength of the foundation.

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  • 6. 

    The cathode of a battery was removed. Cathode means

    • A.

      Positive pole

    • B.

      Negative pole

    • C.

      Neutral pole

    • D.

      Opposite pole

    Correct Answer
    B. Negative pole
    Explanation
    The cathode of a battery is the electrode where reduction occurs. Reduction involves the gain of electrons, so the cathode is the negative pole of the battery.

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  • 7. 

    The doctor was known as a charlatan over the years of his practice. Charlatan means

    • A.

      Quack

    • B.

      Knowledgeable physician

    • C.

      Procedural physician

    • D.

      Medical examiner

    Correct Answer
    A. Quack
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Quack." A charlatan is someone who pretends to have knowledge or skills that they do not actually possess, especially in the field of medicine. This term is often used to describe someone who falsely claims to be a knowledgeable physician or medical professional. Therefore, the doctor being referred to in the question is known as a charlatan, or a quack.

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  • 8. 

    The wound exhibited signs of copious drainage requiring medical intervention. Copious means

    • A.

      Minimal

    • B.

      Clear

    • C.

      Maximal

    • D.

      Foul

    Correct Answer
    C. Maximal
    Explanation
    The word "copious" means a large amount or quantity. In the given context, the wound exhibited signs of copious drainage, indicating that there was a significant amount of fluid or discharge coming from the wound. This suggests that the drainage was extensive and abundant, requiring medical intervention to address the issue effectively.

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  • 9. 

    The attorney accused the witness of defaming the defendant. Defaming means

    • A.

      Killing

    • B.

      Badgering

    • C.

      Suffocating

    • D.

      Slandering

    Correct Answer
    D. Slandering
    Explanation
    The attorney accused the witness of defaming the defendant. Defaming means slandering, which refers to making false spoken statements about someone with the intention of damaging their reputation.

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  • 10. 

    The detective was able to derive the facts of the case. Derive means

    • A.

      Desist

    • B.

      Deter

    • C.

      Devise

    • D.

      Deduce

    Correct Answer
    D. Deduce
    Explanation
    The detective was able to deduce the facts of the case. To deduce means to draw a conclusion or inference based on evidence or reasoning. Therefore, the detective used the available information to come to a logical understanding of the case.

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  • 11. 

    The scientist was able to evoke powerful emotions from her audience. Evoke means

    • A.

      Sell

    • B.

      Calm

    • C.

      Call forth

    • D.

      Exaggerate

    Correct Answer
    C. Call forth
    Explanation
    The word "evoke" means to call forth or bring out strong emotions or reactions from someone. In this context, the scientist was successful in eliciting or bringing out powerful emotions from her audience.

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  • 12. 

    The judge was fallible during deliberation. Fallible means

    • A.

      Careful not to err.

    • B.

      Falsely accused

    • C.

      Loyal to his supporters

    • D.

      Capable of mistakes

    Correct Answer
    D. Capable of mistakes
    Explanation
    Fallible means capable of making mistakes. This means that the judge in question is not infallible or perfect, and is prone to making errors or incorrect judgments during deliberation.

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  • 13. 

    The chemist collected the germane data during the experiment. Germane means

    • A.

      Relevant

    • B.

      Obscure

    • C.

      Limited

    • D.

      Usual

    Correct Answer
    A. Relevant
    Explanation
    The chemist collected the germane data during the experiment. Germane means relevant in this context.

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  • 14. 

    The desperados held up in a grotto in New Mexico during the escape. Grotto means

    • A.

      Large cave

    • B.

      Small cavern

    • C.

      Hotel

    • D.

      Motel

    Correct Answer
    B. Small cavern
    Explanation
    A grotto is a small cavern, usually a natural or artificial cave-like structure. In this context, the desperados sought refuge in a grotto in New Mexico during their escape, indicating that they hid in a small cavern.

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  • 15. 

    The official exhibited a heedless attitude when dealing with the dignitaries. Heedless means

    • A.

      Thoughtless

    • B.

      Pleasant

    • C.

      Friendly

    • D.

      Bitter

    Correct Answer
    A. Thoughtless
    Explanation
    The word "heedless" means not paying attention or not being careful. In the given context, the official exhibited a thoughtless attitude when dealing with the dignitaries, suggesting that he was not considerate or mindful of their needs or expectations.

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  • 16. 

    The Sherman tank commander noted innumerable troops moving forward against his position. Innumerable means

    • A.

      Limited

    • B.

      Weary

    • C.

      Countless

    • D.

      Harmless

    Correct Answer
    C. Countless
    Explanation
    The word "innumerable" means that there are too many to be counted or numbered. In the given context, the tank commander observes a large number of troops advancing towards his position. Therefore, the correct answer is "Countless" as it accurately reflects the meaning of "innumerable" in this scenario.

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  • 17. 

    The general tried to instill in his troops the hope of victory. Instill means

    • A.

      Infuse

    • B.

      Delay

    • C.

      Inscribe

    • D.

      Indict

    Correct Answer
    A. Infuse
    Explanation
    The word "instill" means to gradually introduce or implant something, such as a belief or a feeling, into someone's mind or heart. In this context, the general is trying to infuse or inspire his troops with the hope of victory. He wants to gradually build up their confidence and optimism, boosting their morale and motivation for the upcoming battle.

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  • 18. 

    The winning team of the World Series often has a jovial attitude. Jovial means

    • A.

      Merry

    • B.

      Sad

    • C.

      Somber

    • D.

      Laborious

    Correct Answer
    A. Merry
    Explanation
    The winning team of the World Series often has a jovial attitude because they are happy and cheerful. "Jovial" means merry, so it makes sense that the winning team would be in high spirits and celebrate their victory with joy and happiness.

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  • 19. 

    The plant entered the latent phase of development in the fall. Latent means

    • A.

      First

    • B.

      Growth

    • C.

      Last

    • D.

      Dormant

    Correct Answer
    D. Dormant
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dormant." The word "latent" refers to a period of inactivity or dormancy in the growth and development of a plant. In the context of the given information, the plant entered a phase of inactivity or dormancy during the fall season. This suggests that the plant is not actively growing or developing during this time.

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  • 20. 

    The yacht club members were excited about conditions on the loch. Loch means

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Lake

    • C.

      Gulf

    • D.

      Ocean

    Correct Answer
    B. Lake
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Lake". A "loch" is a Scottish term used to refer to a body of water, specifically a lake. It is commonly used to describe a narrow, deep inlet of the sea or a lake surrounded by land. In this context, the yacht club members were excited about the conditions on the loch, indicating that they were excited about the conditions on the lake.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 08, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Tekcor

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