Laissez-faire economics and a free market would best serve society’s interests.
Society would benefit if technology and scientific principles were embraced.
Technological innovations were suspect, and society should return to simpler ways and values.
Immigration was at the root of all urban social problems.
French immigrants settling in Quebec
English settlers in Jamestown
English Separatists in Plymouth
Spanish settlers in Florida, Central America, and California
The Great Awakening
The Second Great Awakening
Religious evils and injustices in the church
Modern injustices of industrialized society
Appalling health conditions in slaughterhouses
The American public school system
The number and diversity of religions in the United States decreased.
The number and diversity of religions in the United States increased.
The majority of Americans abandoned organized religion.
The majority of Americans became much more conservative religiously.
The Establishment clause forbids the government from suppressing freedom of religious worship.
The Establishment clause guarantees that the “establishment” and not the government will oversee religious freedom in the United States.
The Establishment clause forbids the government from creating an official religion or supporting religious activities.
The Establishment clause allows the government to create an official religion.
A the Japanese invasion on China and Korea
Russian and Japanese control over China and Korea
Domestic expansionist pressures
“leasehold” domination of China’s economy by European nations
He sent forces to support Panamanian revolt from Columbia in 1903.
He annexed Panama in 1903.
He refinanced the bankrupt French company that had started building the canal.
He sent forces to support the Columbian overthrow of Panama in 1903.
Attempts to protect autonomy in Latin America
Extensions of the Monroe Doctrine
Invitations to other nations to invest in Latin America
Efforts to thwart burgeoning socialism in Latin America
For the first time in U.S. history, women and African Americans were included in the draft.
President Wilson had to abandon all Progressive ideas of government in order to successfully fight the war.
As opposed to other wars,World War I had little effect on the way U.S. civilians used resources at home.
Large numbers of African Americans and Mexican Americans filled job opportunities created by the draft.
With the new prosperity many households had radios and leisure time to follow sports broadcasts closely.
With the new prosperity more people than ever were participating in professional sports, making them more competitive.
Organized sports had not existed prior to 1920.
Sports were the only form of popular entertainment available in the 1920s.
Harding firmly believed that “the chief business of the American people is business.”
Harding’s economic policies would lead the nation into the Great Depression.
Harding advocated “cooperative individualism,” giving business much freedom from control.
Harding’s administration was marked by the Teapot Dome and other scandals.
The “Back to Africa” movement
The American Civil Liberties Union
The Jazz Age flappers of the 1920s
The resurgent Nativists of the 1920s
During the 1920s no Americans had access to alcohol.
Urban social problems associated with alcohol practically vanished.
Organized crime and smuggling flourished.
Christian Fundamentalism was born.
The impact of the Harlem renaissance was not felt outside of African American neighborhoods.
The Harlem Renaissance was in large part a result of the Great Migration.
Women played a negligible role in the Harlem renaissance.
The Harlem renaissance involved some of the arts (music, literature) but not others (painting, theater).
The huge growth of popular culture created a sense of shared national identity.
American jazz culture was held in contempt in Europe.
For the first time, African Americans were fairly represented in popular media.
The quality of early radio and film was uniformly poor.
Established financial empires collapsed.
New luxury goods were available only to the very wealthy.
The lifestyle of most Americans was unaffected.
Many Americans embraced the idea of consumer credit.