US History Final Exam-civil War Review

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US History Final Exam-civil War Review - Quiz

11 Grade US History Exam Review Civil War.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Civil War began with which battle?

    • A.

      Ft. Sumter

    • B.

      Antietam

    • C.

      Gettysburg

    • D.

      Fts. Jackson and St. Phillip

    • E.

      Sherman's March

    Correct Answer
    A. Ft. Sumter
    Explanation
    The Civil War began with the Battle of Ft. Sumter. This battle took place on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked the Union-held Ft. Sumter in South Carolina. The Confederate bombardment of the fort marked the start of the Civil War, as it was the first military engagement between the Union and Confederate forces. The Union eventually surrendered the fort, but this battle ignited the conflict that would last for four years.

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  • 2. 

    General McClellan was fired after the Battle of _________ for ____________ .

    • A.

      Vicksburg ... breaking the seige

    • B.

      2nd Bull Run ... losing

    • C.

      Antietam ... hesitating

    • D.

      Gettysburg ... stealing shoes

    Correct Answer
    C. Antietam ... hesitating
    Explanation
    General McClellan was fired after the Battle of Antietam for hesitating. Antietam was a crucial battle in the American Civil War, and McClellan's hesitation and cautious approach during the battle drew criticism from President Lincoln. Despite having numerical superiority, McClellan failed to fully exploit the opportunities presented to him, allowing Confederate forces to escape and prolonging the war. This hesitation and lack of decisive action led to his dismissal from command.

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  • 3. 

    Which of these early eastern battles ended in a tie?

    • A.

      Ft. Sumter

    • B.

      1st Battle of Bull Run

    • C.

      Seven Days'

    • D.

      2nd Battle of Bull Run

    • E.

      Antietam

    Correct Answer
    E. Antietam
    Explanation
    Antietam is the correct answer because it was the only battle listed that ended in a tie. The other battles mentioned had clear outcomes, with one side emerging as the victor. Antietam, on the other hand, resulted in heavy casualties for both the Union and Confederate forces, but neither side gained a significant advantage. Therefore, it can be considered a tie.

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  • 4. 

    Who won most of the battles over control of the Mississippi River?

    • A.

      Union

    • B.

      Confederacy

    • C.

      Nazis

    • D.

      Britain

    • E.

      Spain

    Correct Answer
    A. Union
    Explanation
    During the American Civil War, the Union, which refers to the Northern states, won most of the battles over control of the Mississippi River. The Union's victory in these battles was crucial as it allowed them to gain control over a vital transportation route, splitting the Confederacy in two and limiting their ability to move troops and supplies. This strategic advantage played a significant role in the Union's ultimate victory in the war.

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  • 5. 

    Which battle was fought in Pennsylvania?

    • A.

      Ft. Sumter

    • B.

      Antietam

    • C.

      Fredricksburg

    • D.

      Gettysburg

    • E.

      Vicksburg

    Correct Answer
    D. Gettysburg
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Gettysburg. Gettysburg is a battle that took place in Pennsylvania during the American Civil War. It was a significant battle and considered a turning point in the war. The battle lasted for three days, from July 1 to July 3, 1863, and resulted in a Union victory. It is known for being one of the bloodiest battles in American history, with a high number of casualties on both sides. The outcome of the Battle of Gettysburg had a significant impact on the overall outcome of the Civil War.

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  • 6. 

    Who won the Vicksburg Seige, Sherman's March, and Grants' Series of Battles in Virgina?

    • A.

      Union

    • B.

      Confederates

    • C.

      Spain

    • D.

      Sweden

    • E.

      Britain

    Correct Answer
    A. Union
    Explanation
    During the American Civil War, the Union forces, led by General Ulysses S. Grant, won the Vicksburg Siege, Sherman's March, and a series of battles in Virginia. The Union's victory at the Vicksburg Siege in 1863 was a turning point in the war, as it gave the Union control of the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in two. Sherman's March, led by General William Tecumseh Sherman, was a devastating military campaign that targeted Confederate infrastructure and resources, further weakening the Confederacy. Grant's series of battles in Virginia, including the Battle of the Wilderness and the Siege of Petersburg, ultimately led to the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee and the end of the war.

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  • 7. 

    The Battles of Ft. Henry, Ft. Donelson, and Shiloh were all fought in which state?

    • A.

      South Carolina

    • B.

      Tennessee

    • C.

      Mississippi

    • D.

      Pennsylvania

    • E.

      Virginia

    Correct Answer
    B. Tennessee
    Explanation
    The Battles of Ft. Henry, Ft. Donelson, and Shiloh were all fought in Tennessee. These battles were significant events during the American Civil War. Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson were fought in 1862 and were important Union victories that opened up the Tennessee River for Union forces. The Battle of Shiloh, also fought in 1862, was a major engagement that resulted in heavy casualties on both sides and ultimately ended in a Union victory. Tennessee was a crucial battleground during the Civil War, and these battles played a significant role in shaping the outcome of the conflict.

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  • 8. 

    Who was the Confederate President during the Civil War? 

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      Rutherford B. Hayes

    • C.

      Jefferson Davis

    • D.

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • E.

      Stonewall Jackson

    Correct Answer
    C. Jefferson Davis
    Explanation
    During the Civil War, Jefferson Davis served as the President of the Confederate States of America. He was elected to this position in 1861 and held it until the end of the war in 1865. Davis played a significant role in leading the Confederacy and making decisions during this tumultuous period in American history.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these statements is not true of Ulysses S. Grant?

    • A.

      He was the Union general during most battles for control of the Mississippi River.

    • B.

      He was promoted to be the Commander of all Union Armies.

    • C.

      He was elected President of the United States later.

    • D.

      He fought in the Mexican-American War

    • E.

      His nickname was "Unanimous Solidarity."

    Correct Answer
    E. His nickname was "Unanimous Solidarity."
  • 10. 

    Who was a union nurse that later founded the Red Cross?

    • A.

      Elenor Roosevelt

    • B.

      Robert E. Lee

    • C.

      Clara Barton

    • D.

      Stonewall Jackson

    • E.

      Florence Nightengale

    Correct Answer
    C. Clara Barton
    Explanation
    Clara Barton is the correct answer because she was a union nurse during the American Civil War and later founded the American Red Cross. She is known for her humanitarian work and dedication to providing aid and support to those in need. Elenor Roosevelt, Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and Florence Nightingale were not directly involved in the founding of the Red Cross.

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  • 11. 

    Who was imprisioned following the Civil War, held without trial, released, and retired to live off of charity and write his memiors?

    • A.

      George McClellan

    • B.

      Jefferson Davis

    • C.

      Robert E. Lee

    • D.

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • E.

      Abraham Lincoln

    Correct Answer
    B. Jefferson Davis
    Explanation
    Following the Civil War, Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States of America, was imprisoned without trial. After two years of imprisonment, he was released and retired to live off of charity. During this time, he wrote his memoirs, reflecting on his experiences and the events of the war. This period of imprisonment and retirement marked a significant change in Davis's life, as he transitioned from a prominent political figure to a more secluded existence.

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  • 12. 

    How did "Stonewall" Jackson's military career end?

    • A.

      He was depressed after Gettysburg, tried to quit, but the Confederate President wouldn't let him.

    • B.

      He was shot by friendly fire and died a few days later of pneumonia.

    • C.

      He retired, lived off charity, and wrote his memoirs.

    • D.

      He was assassinated by John Wilkes Boothe.

    • E.

      He was elected US President after Andrew Johnson.

    Correct Answer
    B. He was shot by friendly fire and died a few days later of pneumonia.
    Explanation
    "Stonewall" Jackson's military career ended when he was shot by friendly fire during the Battle of Chancellorsville. He was mistakenly shot by his own troops, which resulted in the amputation of his left arm. Unfortunately, he developed pneumonia and passed away a few days later due to complications from the injury.

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  • 13. 

    Who led a march of destruction through three southern states to bring the Civil War to an end?

    • A.

      "Stonewall" Jackson

    • B.

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • C.

      Willam Tecumseh Sherman

    • D.

      Robert E. Lee

    • E.

      Michael Jackson

    Correct Answer
    C. Willam Tecumseh Sherman
    Explanation
    During the Civil War, General William Tecumseh Sherman led a march of destruction known as the "March to the Sea" through three southern states, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. This military campaign aimed to break the will of the Confederate states and bring an end to the war. Sherman's troops destroyed infrastructure, confiscated supplies, and disrupted the Confederate economy, causing significant damage and demoralizing the southern population. This march played a crucial role in hastening the end of the Civil War.

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  • 14. 

    Which of these men was not a Union general?

    • A.

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • B.

      George McClellan

    • C.

      "Stonewall" Jackson

    • D.

      William Sherman

    Correct Answer
    C. "Stonewall" Jackson
    Explanation
    "Stonewall" Jackson was not a Union general because he was a Confederate general during the American Civil War. He was known for his tactical brilliance and aggressive fighting style, earning his nickname "Stonewall" for his steadfastness in battle. He played a significant role in several Confederate victories before his untimely death in 1863.

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  • 15. 

    Who said this? “My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or destroy Slavery….  [A]ccording to my view of official duty … [despite] my oft-expressed personal siwh that all men, everywhere, could be free.”

    • A.

      Robert E. Lee

    • B.

      William Yancey

    • C.

      Jefferson Davis

    • D.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • E.

      Ulysses S. Grant

    Correct Answer
    D. Abraham Lincoln
    Explanation
    Abraham Lincoln said this quote. In the quote, Lincoln states that his main objective in the Civil War is to save the Union, rather than to save or destroy slavery. He also mentions his personal belief in the freedom of all men. This quote reflects Lincoln's stance on the war and his commitment to preserving the United States as one nation.

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  • 16. 

    Who said this and why?It is the “most execrable measure recorded in the history of guilty man.”

    • A.

      Phillip Yancey in response to Britain's refusal to buy Southern cotton

    • B.

      Robert E. Lee in response to the death of his collegue

    • C.

      Abraham Lincoln expressing his views of slavery

    • D.

      Jefferson Davis in reaction to the Emancipation Proclamation

    • E.

      Clara Barton in describing soldiers' living conditions

    Correct Answer
    D. Jefferson Davis in reaction to the Emancipation Proclamation
    Explanation
    Jefferson Davis said this in reaction to the Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation was a presidential proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War, which declared that all slaves in Confederate territory were to be set free. Davis, as the president of the Confederate States of America, strongly opposed this measure and viewed it as the most execrable measure in the history of guilty man.

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  • 17. 

    Who complained and why? It’s a “rich man’s war and poor man’s fight.”

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln to explain the suspension of habeous corpus

    • B.

      Poor Northerners who didn't want to help slaves

    • C.

      Poor Southerners who were angry about the draft

    • D.

      Jefferson Davis to recruit bounty jumpers

    Correct Answer
    C. Poor Southerners who were angry about the draft
    Explanation
    The correct answer is poor Southerners who were angry about the draft. This is indicated by the statement "It's a 'rich man's war and poor man's fight'", which suggests that the poor Southerners were frustrated and resentful about being forced to fight in a war that primarily benefited the wealthy.

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  • 18. 

    What was the context of this quote? “It is an error to say that ‘Cotton is King.’  It is not.  It is a great and influential factor in commerce, but not its dictator.”

    • A.

      The South hoped that the cotton trade would force Britain to be an ally during the Civil War, but Britain had other options and never recognized the Confederacy as a separate nation.

    • B.

      The South hoped to finance the Civil War with procedes from Cotton, but the Union burned their fields and so they had to turn to tobacco.

    • C.

      The North hoped that the South would sell its cotton to the Union army in order to make uniforms, but the South withheld its cotton as a war tactic to try to cripple the northern cities.

    • D.

      The South sold its cotton to India and Egypt, thereby bypassing old markets in Britain and making money for the war.

    • E.

      The South burned its own cotton in order to keep it from falling into Union hands.

    Correct Answer
    A. The South hoped that the cotton trade would force Britain to be an ally during the Civil War, but Britain had other options and never recognized the Confederacy as a separate nation.
    Explanation
    During the Civil War, the South believed that their cotton trade would be influential enough to persuade Britain to support them. However, Britain had alternative options and did not acknowledge the Confederacy as an independent nation. This suggests that although cotton played a significant role in commerce, it did not have the power to dictate Britain's actions or secure their alliance.

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  • 19. 

    What was the Anaconda Plan?

    • A.

      The Confederate plan to strangle the North

    • B.

      The Union plan to strangle the South

    • C.

      General Lee's plan to release deadly snakes in Union war camps

    • D.

      President Lincoln's plan to free the slaves

    Correct Answer
    B. The Union plan to strangle the South
    Explanation
    The Anaconda Plan was the Union's strategy during the American Civil War to cut off the Confederate states from their resources and isolate them. It aimed to block Southern ports, control the Mississippi River, and divide the Confederacy by capturing key cities. The plan was named after the constricting snake, symbolizing the Union's intention to squeeze the South into submission. This strategy was devised by Union General Winfield Scott and was an important factor in ultimately defeating the Confederacy.

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  • 20. 

    Which of these was not part of the Anaconda Plan?

    • A.

      Blockade ports

    • B.

      Capture the capital of Richmond, Virginia

    • C.

      Control the Mississippi River

    • D.

      Set fire to farms and private homes in Georgia

    Correct Answer
    D. Set fire to farms and private homes in Georgia
    Explanation
    The Anaconda Plan was a strategy developed by the Union during the American Civil War. It aimed to defeat the Confederacy by implementing a naval blockade, capturing the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, and gaining control of the Mississippi River. The plan did not include setting fire to farms and private homes in Georgia. This answer is correct because it accurately identifies the element that was not part of the Anaconda Plan.

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  • 21. 

    How were the goals of the Anaconda Plan accomplished?

    • A.

      The win at Gettysburg led to Union control of the Mississippi River; Lee and Jackson converged on Washington, DC from different directions, leaving a path of destruction along the way; and Britain sent soldiers to Canada.

    • B.

      The win at Gettysburg led to Union control of the Mississippi River; Grant and Sherman converged on New Orleans from different directions, leaving a path of destruction along the way; Lee stole Confederate supplies like shoes and gave them to Union soldiers.

    • C.

      The Seige of Vicksburg led to Union control of the Mississippi River; Grant and Sherman converged on Richmond from different directions, leaving a path of destruction along the way; Union ships blocked ports and other battles caused major port cities like New Orleans and Savannah to fall.

    • D.

      The Seven Days' Battle led to Confederate control of the Cumberland River; Lee and Jackson converged on Washington, DC from different directions, leaving a path of destruction along the way; and Britain sent soldiers to Canada.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Seige of Vicksburg led to Union control of the Mississippi River; Grant and Sherman converged on Richmond from different directions, leaving a path of destruction along the way; Union ships blocked ports and other battles caused major port cities like New Orleans and Savannah to fall.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that the Siege of Vicksburg resulted in Union control of the Mississippi River. Additionally, it states that Grant and Sherman converged on Richmond from different directions, causing destruction along the way. Union ships also blocked ports, and battles in cities like New Orleans and Savannah led to their fall. This combination of military actions and strategic control of key waterways and cities demonstrates how the goals of the Anaconda Plan were accomplished.

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  • 22. 

    Who suspended the writ of habeous corpus?

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      Jefferson Davis

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    C. Both
    Explanation
    During the American Civil War, both Abraham Lincoln, the President of the United States, and Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States, suspended the writ of habeas corpus. This legal action allowed for the arrest and detention of individuals without trial, which was seen as necessary for maintaining order and suppressing dissent during the war. Lincoln did so on a nationwide scale, while Davis did it within the Confederate states. Both leaders believed that this extreme measure was necessary to protect their respective governments and maintain control during the turbulent times of the war.

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  • 23. 

    What is habeous corpus?

    • A.

      A person cannot be held in jail without food and water

    • B.

      A person can be held in jail if they support an enemy of the US

    • C.

      A person can be held in jail if they can't produce proof of citizenship

    • D.

      A person cannot be held in jail without appearing before a judge first

    • E.

      A person cannot voice objections to government policies during war time

    Correct Answer
    D. A person cannot be held in jail without appearing before a judge first
    Explanation
    Habeas corpus is a legal principle that ensures a person cannot be held in jail without being brought before a judge first. This means that before someone can be detained, they have the right to challenge the legality of their imprisonment in court. This protection is important in safeguarding individual rights and preventing unlawful detention by the government.

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  • 24. 

    Why was habeous corpus suspended during the Civil War?

    • A.

      So Confederates could be punished by their captors

    • B.

      So prisoner of war camps could exist

    • C.

      So dissenters could be held in jail without trials

    • D.

      So presidents could feel more powerful

    • E.

      So the Emancipation Proclamation could take effect

    Correct Answer
    C. So dissenters could be held in jail without trials
    Explanation
    During the Civil War, the suspension of habeas corpus allowed dissenters to be held in jail without trials. This was done to suppress opposition and maintain control over individuals who were critical of the government or the war effort. By suspending habeas corpus, the authorities could detain individuals indefinitely without providing them the right to challenge their imprisonment in court. This action was seen as necessary to maintain order and ensure the stability of the Union during a time of intense conflict and political division.

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  • 25. 

    What does dissent mean?

    • A.

      Reduction

    • B.

      Disagreement

    • C.

      Agreement

    • D.

      Surplus

    • E.

      Disbelief

    Correct Answer
    B. Disagreement
    Explanation
    Dissent refers to a difference of opinion or disagreement among individuals or groups. It implies a lack of agreement or consensus on a particular matter. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "disagreement".

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  • 26. 

    What does secede mean?

    • A.

      Add on

    • B.

      Achieve one's goals

    • C.

      Surround and starve out

    • D.

      Split, separate, or withdraw from

    • E.

      Form a confederacy

    Correct Answer
    D. Split, separate, or withdraw from
    Explanation
    Secede means to split, separate, or withdraw from a larger group or organization. It refers to the act of breaking away or disassociating oneself from a political entity or alliance. This can happen when a region or group decides to form its own independent entity, separate from the larger whole.

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  • 27. 

    What does emancipation mean?

    • A.

      Explanation

    • B.

      An oozing substance

    • C.

      Freedom

    • D.

      Slavery

    • E.

      Confrontation

    Correct Answer
    C. Freedom
    Explanation
    Emancipation refers to the act of being set free or liberated from a state of bondage or oppression. It signifies the freedom from slavery, restrictions, or any form of subjugation. Therefore, the given correct answer, "freedom," accurately captures the meaning of emancipation.

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  • 28. 

    What does abolish mean?

    • A.

      complain, disagree

    • B.

      Stop, halt, bring to an end

    • C.

      Start, ignite, like a spark

    • D.

      Free, release

    • E.

      Escape

    Correct Answer
    B. Stop, halt, bring to an end
    Explanation
    Abolish means to stop, halt, or bring something to an end. It refers to the act of eliminating or getting rid of something completely. This could be applied to various contexts such as abolishing a law, a system, a practice, or an institution. The word does not relate to complaining, disagreeing, starting, igniting, freeing, or escaping.

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  • 29. 

    What does annex mean?

    • A.

      Add on to, such as a piece of land

    • B.

      Splite or separate from

    • C.

      An eating disorder

    • D.

      An organized protest

    • E.

      A deadly bacteria used for biological warfare

    Correct Answer
    A. Add on to, such as a piece of land
    Explanation
    Annex means to add on to, such as a piece of land. This term is commonly used to describe the act of incorporating additional territory into an existing country or state. It involves the extension of borders or boundaries to include the annexed area. This can occur through various means, such as treaties, agreements, or forceful acquisition. Annexation is often motivated by political, strategic, or economic reasons, allowing the annexing entity to gain control and authority over the annexed territory.

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  • 30. 

    Grant and Sherman believed in total war.  Which tactics did they employ?  (Check two.)

    • A.

      They cut out the tonges of captured soldiers

    • B.

      They had more men to lose, so they just kept attacking to wear down the enemy, no matter how many of their own soldiers died

    • C.

      They burned everything in site,including civilian homes and farms, and wrapped railroad tracks around trees

    • D.

      They held woman and children hostage

    • E.

      They held Southern sympathizers in POW camps without trial

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. They had more men to lose, so they just kept attacking to wear down the enemy, no matter how many of their own soldiers died
    C. They burned everything in site,including civilian homes and farms, and wrapped railroad tracks around trees
    Explanation
    Grant and Sherman believed in total war and employed two tactics. Firstly, they had more men to lose, so they continuously attacked to wear down the enemy, regardless of their own soldier casualties. Secondly, they implemented a scorched-earth policy by burning everything in sight, including civilian homes and farms, and even wrapping railroad tracks around trees. These tactics aimed to weaken the enemy's morale, infrastructure, and resources, ultimately leading to their defeat.

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  • 31. 

    Define conscription.

    • A.

      Writing

    • B.

      Payments for a series of magazines

    • C.

      Draft

    • D.

      Guilty of a crime

    • E.

      Enlisting in the military, taking the sign-up bonus, quitting, then doing it again

    Correct Answer
    C. Draft
    Explanation
    Conscription refers to the practice of requiring individuals to serve in the military, usually during times of war or national emergency. It is a system where individuals are selected or drafted into military service, regardless of their willingness to serve. This can involve compulsory enlistment, training, and deployment in the armed forces. The term "draft" is commonly used to describe this process, where eligible individuals are chosen or assigned to serve in the military.

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  • 32. 

    Which side surrendered at the end of the Civil War?

    • A.

      Union

    • B.

      Confederates

    • C.

      Britain

    • D.

      France

    • E.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    B. Confederates
    Explanation
    The Confederates surrendered at the end of the Civil War. The Civil War was fought between the Union (Northern states) and the Confederates (Southern states) from 1861 to 1865. The Confederates, led by General Robert E. Lee, eventually surrendered to the Union forces on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. This marked the end of the Civil War and the defeat of the Confederate states.

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  • 33. 

    What was Appomatox Court House?

    • A.

      The original name for the White House

    • B.

      The horse Robert E. Lee was riding when the treaty ending the Civil War was signed

    • C.

      The building where the treaty ending the Civil War was signed

    • D.

      The village where the treaty ending the Civil War was signed

    • E.

      The cabin where Abraham Lincoln was born

    Correct Answer
    D. The village where the treaty ending the Civil War was signed
    Explanation
    Appomattox Court House refers to the village where the treaty ending the Civil War was signed. It is not the original name for the White House, the horse Robert E. Lee was riding, the building where the treaty was signed, or the cabin where Abraham Lincoln was born.

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  • 34. 

    When did the Civil War end?

    • A.

      April, 1865

    • B.

      Never, it is still going on

    • C.

      August, 1861

    • D.

      July, 1776

    • E.

      June, 1835

    Correct Answer
    A. April, 1865
    Explanation
    The Civil War ended in April 1865. This is a well-known fact in history, as it marks the surrender of the Confederate Army and the subsequent collapse of the Confederate States of America. The war began in 1861 and lasted for four years, resulting in the reunification of the United States and the abolition of slavery.

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  • 35. 

    Why was the Union army particularly brutal in South Carolina?

    • A.

      Because this is where the Civil War ended

    • B.

      Because this is where most of the Civil War was fought

    • C.

      Because this is where the Civil War began

    • D.

      Because they wanted control of the Mississippi River

    Correct Answer
    C. Because this is where the Civil War began
    Explanation
    The Union army was particularly brutal in South Carolina because this is where the Civil War began. As the first state to secede from the Union and the location of the attack on Fort Sumter, South Carolina was seen as the starting point of the conflict. The Union army sought to assert its dominance and send a message by being harsh and punitive towards the state that initiated the war.

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  • 36. 

    What is a cavalry?

    • A.

      Military on horses

    • B.

      A place of crosses, like a graveyard

    • C.

      Horses and mules

    • D.

      Soldiers on boats

    • E.

      Types of weapons

    Correct Answer
    A. Military on horses
    Explanation
    A cavalry refers to a military unit that fights on horseback. They are trained soldiers who use horses as their primary means of transportation and engage in combat while mounted. This type of military unit has been historically significant and played a crucial role in warfare, especially before the advent of modern vehicles. The cavalry's mobility and speed on horseback provided them with a tactical advantage on the battlefield.

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  • 37. 

    When Union soldiers reached the state of ___________, they began handing out _____________ because they knew the war was almost over.

    • A.

      South Carolina ... shovels

    • B.

      North Carolina ... food and supplies

    • C.

      Georgia ... blankets and pamphlets

    • D.

      Tennessee ... money for rebuilding

    Correct Answer
    B. North Carolina ... food and supplies
    Explanation
    During the Civil War, Union soldiers reached North Carolina and began handing out food and supplies. This suggests that they believed the war was almost over and wanted to provide assistance to the people in need. The distribution of food and supplies indicates a gesture of goodwill and support, potentially indicating that the Union soldiers were confident in their victory and wanted to help the state recover from the war's impact.

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  • 38. 

    For the Union, emancipation was not just a _____________ issue; it became a weapon of __________ .

    • A.

      Controversial ... secession

    • B.

      Sensitive ... commerce

    • C.

      Confusing ... peace

    • D.

      Moral ... war

    Correct Answer
    D. Moral ... war
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "moral ... war". This is because the Union viewed emancipation not only as a controversial issue but also as a moral imperative. Emancipation became a weapon of war for the Union, as they believed that freeing the slaves would weaken the Confederate forces and undermine their ability to continue the war. By framing emancipation as a moral cause, the Union sought to gain support both domestically and internationally for their war efforts.

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  • 39. 

    Copperheads were ________ Democrats who advocated peace with the _______ .

    • A.

      Northern ... South

    • B.

      Southern ... North

    • C.

      Eastern ... British

    • D.

      Western ... French

    Correct Answer
    A. Northern ... South
    Explanation
    Copperheads were Democrats who advocated peace with the South. This is because the term "Copperheads" refers to a faction of Democrats in the Northern states during the American Civil War who opposed the war and sought a negotiated settlement with the South. Therefore, the correct answer is "Northern ... South".

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  • 40. 

    The four border states were these:

    • A.

      Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina

    • B.

      Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia, and Texas

    • C.

      Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and Missouri

    • D.

      Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Kentucky

    Correct Answer
    C. Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and Missouri
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and Missouri. These four states were known as the border states during the American Civil War. They were located on the border between the Union (Northern states) and the Confederacy (Southern states). These states were crucial because they had significant slave populations but chose to remain in the Union. Their loyalty to the Union provided a strategic advantage to the Northern states during the war.

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  • 41. 

    Which of these states did not secede from the Union before April, 1861?

    • A.

      Texas

    • B.

      Virginia

    • C.

      South Carolina

    • D.

      Alabama

    Correct Answer
    B. Virginia
    Explanation
    Virginia did not secede from the Union before April, 1861. While Texas, South Carolina, and Alabama all seceded from the Union before this date, Virginia initially voted against secession in April 1861. However, after the outbreak of the Civil War and the Union's call for troops to suppress the rebellion, Virginia ultimately seceded on April 17, 1861.

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  • 42. 

    True or False.  _____ The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in the Union.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Emancipation Proclamation did not actually free slaves in the Union. It was a presidential proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War, which declared that all slaves in Confederate territory were to be set free. However, it did not apply to the states that were loyal to the Union. The proclamation was a significant step towards the abolition of slavery, but it did not immediately free all slaves in the Union.

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  • 43. 

    True or False.  In the Trent incident, Confederates arrested two Union delegates on their way to Britain.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Trent incident refers to an event during the American Civil War where a British ship, the Trent, was intercepted by a Union warship. The Union forces did arrest two Confederate diplomats who were on board the Trent, but they were not Union delegates on their way to Britain. Therefore, the statement that Confederates arrested two Union delegates on their way to Britain is false.

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  • 44. 

    True or False.  Britain did recognize the Confederacy as a separate nation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Britain did not recognize the Confederacy as a separate nation during the American Civil War. Despite sympathizing with the Confederacy and relying on Southern cotton for their textile industry, Britain ultimately decided to remain neutral and not officially recognize the Confederacy. This decision was influenced by several factors, including the Union's naval blockade of Southern ports, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the potential risks of supporting a secessionist movement.

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  • 45. 

    True or False.  Ulysses S. Grant was shot accidentally by his own men.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Ulysses S. Grant was not shot accidentally by his own men. Grant was a Union general during the American Civil War and later served as the 18th President of the United States. While he was involved in several battles during the war, there is no record of him being shot by his own soldiers.

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  • 46. 

    True or False.  Draft riots occurred primarily in the rural South.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Draft riots occurred primarily in the rural South" is false. Draft riots actually occurred primarily in the urban areas of the Northern states during the American Civil War. These riots were sparked by opposition to the military draft and were fueled by factors such as economic grievances and racial tensions. The most notable draft riot took place in New York City in 1863, where it resulted in widespread violence and destruction.

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  • 47. 

    True or False.  President Lincoln was a northern Democrat.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    President Lincoln was not a northern Democrat. He was a member of the Republican Party. Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States in 1860 as a Republican candidate. He played a crucial role in the abolition of slavery and the preservation of the Union during the American Civil War. His presidency is often associated with the Republican Party's rise to prominence and the advancement of their political agenda. Therefore, the statement that President Lincoln was a northern Democrat is false.

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  • 48. 

    True or False.  The Battle of Gettysburg began when the Confederates were trying to steal weapons.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is "The Battle of Gettysburg began when the Confederates were trying to steal weapons." The correct answer is False. The Battle of Gettysburg did not begin because the Confederates were trying to steal weapons. It was a major battle fought during the American Civil War in 1863 between the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General Robert E. Lee, and the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by General George G. Meade. The battle was fought primarily because the Confederates were attempting to invade the North and gain a strategic advantage.

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  • 49. 

    True or False.  Jeb Stuart led the Union cavalry.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Jeb Stuart did not lead the Union cavalry. He was a Confederate general during the American Civil War and is known for his leadership of the Confederate cavalry. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 50. 

    True or False.  Most of the Civil War was fought in the North.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False. The statement is incorrect as most of the Civil War was actually fought in the South. The war began when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, and the majority of the battles and campaigns took place in Southern states such as Virginia, Tennessee, and Georgia. The North, also known as the Union, fought to preserve the United States and ultimately emerged victorious in 1865.

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